• opportunistic
  • While not classified as AIDS-defining, these malignancies are affecting the HIV/AIDS community greatly and have been referred to as "AIDS-associated malignancies" 1 , 5 or "opportunistic" cancers. (thebody.com)
  • Kaposi's
  • In the HIV-negative population, Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a rare, typically indolent cancer that affects older people or those receiving immunosuppressants following an organ transplant. (thebody.com)
  • Viral Load
  • HCV+ subjects remained at increased risk for death and hospitalization post-HAART even after additional adjustment for antiretroviral use and time-updated CD4 cell and viral load measures. (natap.org)
  • hepatitis
  • The virus replicates quickly and more rapidly with very high titre in the blood making it more infectious than HIV and hepatitis C, because of this any contact of the blood with the mucosal membranes has a high risk of contracting the virus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • lymphoma
  • The risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL, also referred to as AIDS-related lymphoma) is substantially increased in the HIV-infected population, with risks ranging from approximately 40 to 400 times that of the general population, depending on the specific study and the type of NHL, though most studies report rates of 100 to 200 fold. (thebody.com)
  • 17 Data also indicate that high-grade lymphoma is more prevalent in the HIV-positive community compared to low-grade lymphoma. (thebody.com)
  • Cancer
  • 3 , 4 However, other types of cancer also appear to be more common among those infected with HIV. (thebody.com)
  • In 2012, about 528,000 new cases and 266,000 deaths occurred from cervical cancer worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • 7 ) Frequent and severe recurrent oral or genital herpes can be a source of significant pain and morbidity among some HIV-1-infected persons. (ucsf.edu)
  • symptoms
  • Among the more difficult management issues in the HIV-infected patient is deciding how extensively to investigate GI symptoms. (ucsf.edu)
  • typically
  • As it does in HIV-1-uninfected persons, HSV reactivation among the HIV-1-infected typically presents with vesicular and ulcerative lesions of the oral and anogenital areas. (ucsf.edu)
  • Among
  • HIV-1-infected persons, however, also can have frequent or persistent HSV lesions, often with extensive or deep ulcerations, particularly among those with low CD4 counts. (ucsf.edu)
  • response
  • Both CD8 activation and PD-1 expression were partially driven by the magnitude of the HIV-specific CD8(+) T cell response. (ox.ac.uk)
  • cell
  • Factors influencing T cell activation and programmed death 1 expression in HIV-infected children. (ox.ac.uk)
  • human
  • 3 , 5 , 6 , 9 In the presence of HIV, KS is associated with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8, also referred to KSHV for KS-associated herpesvirus). (thebody.com)
  • population
  • This article will present an overview of AIDS-defining malignancies and other malignancies that are prevalent in the HIV-positive population. (thebody.com)
  • worldwide
  • Over 2 billion people are infected [ 1 , 2 ] which makes the virus a major public health problem with over 1 million death worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)