• superoxide
  • In a recent study, the incense smoke exposure to rats significantly decreased the liver alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) glutathione (GSH) and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and significantly increased the lipid peroxidation [ 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • liver
  • The hepatoprotective potential of hispolon against carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 )-induced liver damage was evaluated in preventive models in rats. (hindawi.com)
  • We also examined the involvement of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in the development of CCl 4 -induced liver damage in rats. (hindawi.com)
  • Hispolon inhibited the expression of MMP-9 protein, indicating that MMP-9 played an important role in the development of CCl 4 -induced rat liver damage. (hindawi.com)
  • Genistein has anti-inflammatory and antinecrotic effects on experimental liver damage caused by CCl 4 . (hindawi.com)
  • Liver damage occurs more frequently in this form of hemochromatosis than in type 4A, and some individuals develop cirrhosis of the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • The results suggest changes to muscle morphology during aestivation may occur when lipid reserves have been depleted and protein becomes the primary fuel substrate for preserving basal metabolic processes. (biologists.org)
  • tissues
  • As the disease progresses, iron may accumulate in the tissues of affected individuals over time, potentially resulting in organ damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • acid
  • This radical is also an unstable species that reacts with another free fatty acid, producing a different fatty acid radical and a lipid peroxide, or a cyclic peroxide if it had reacted with itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, when phosgene hydrolyzes it forms hydrochloric acid, which can damage the cell surface and cause cell death in the alveoli and bronchioles. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • When a chemical binds to DNA, the DNA becomes damaged, and proper and complete replication cannot occur to make the normal intended cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • organic
  • The larger members are also poorly soluble in organic solvents as well as lipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Past animal studies have shown good correlations between organic peroxide damage in human case reports and test animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • completely
  • During aestivation, these frogs are immobilised in a cast-like cocoon made from sloughed skin and are completely reliant upon stored lipids for metabolism ( van Beurden, 1980 ). (biologists.org)
  • production
  • These observations reveal that dipteran endoparasitoid invasion induced H 2 O 2 production in the hemocytes causing cytotoxicity, lipid peroxidation and membrane porosity that suppressed both humoral- and cell-mediated immune responses of hemocytes in B. mori . (degruyter.com)
  • usually
  • The term usually refers to damage induced by excessive use of combinations of these medications, especially combinations that include phenacetin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Full
  • full citation needed] If not terminated fast enough, there will be damage to the cell membrane, which consists mainly of lipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • DNA Damage, DNA Repair and Cancer, New Research Directions in DNA Repair, Prof. Clark Chen (Ed.), ISBN 978-953-51-1114-6, InTech, http://www.intechopen.com/books/new-research-directions-in-dna-repair/dna-damage-dna-repair-and-cancer Kastan MB (April 2008). (wikipedia.org)