• O157:H7
  • its S. typhimurium infection is caused by consumption of eggs or poultry that are not adequately cooked or by other interactive human-animal pathogens Escherichia coli O157:H7 enterohemorrhagic (EHEC) which can cause hemolytic-uremic syndrome Other common bacterial foodborne pathogens are: Bacillus cereus Escherichia coli, other virulence properties, such as enteroinvasive (EIEC), enteropathogenic (EPEC), enterotoxigenic (ETEC), enteroaggregative (EAEC or EAgEC) Listeria monocytogenes Shigella spp. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 30% to 70% of those who travel outside of the U.S. will get a GI infection. (labcorp.com)
  • Corynebacterium ulcerans Coxiella burnetii or Q fever Plesiomonas shigelloides In addition to disease caused by direct bacterial infection, some foodborne illnesses are caused by enterotoxins (exotoxins targeting the intestines). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2. Pre-existing theories of disease: Before a pathogen is well-recognized, scientists may attribute the symptoms of infection to other causes, such as toxicological, psychological, or genetic causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any known or suspected disease outbreak, including any outbreak associated with health care, regardless of whether the disease, infection, microorganism, or condition is specified below. (oregon.gov)
  • Cat scratch disease (infection caused by Bartonella spp. (mn.us)
  • organisms
  • These micro-organisms are found worldwide and are typically transmitted from person to person via the fecal-oral route - an infected person who does not practice proper hand or body hygiene passes on the infection to another person when handling food and water. (iamat.org)
  • foodborne
  • Population-based active surveillance for Cyclospora infection--United States, Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), 1997-2009. (medscape.com)
  • Foodborne illness usually arises from improper handling, preparation, or food storage. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a consensus in the public health community that regular hand-washing is one of the most effective defenses against the spread of foodborne illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The action of monitoring food to ensure that it will not cause foodborne illness is known as food safety. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, foodborne illness can be caused by pesticides or medicines in food and natural toxic substances such as poisonous mushrooms or reef fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • Romark Laboratories has announced encouraging results from international Phase I and II clinical trials evaluating a controlled release version of nitazoxanide in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Causes
  • C. cayentanensis causes gastroenteritis, with the extent of the illness varying based on age, condition of the host, and size of the infectious dose. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • However, there are cases where it is useful to perform testing that identifies the cause of the GI infection - to guide its treatment, eliminate its source, and limit its spread. (labcorp.com)
  • Transmission
  • Unlike Plasmodium, which transmits via a mosquito vector, Cryptosporidium does not use an insect vector, and is capable of completing its lifecycle within a single host, resulting in cyst stages that are excreted in feces or through coughing fomites and are capable of transmission to a new host. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transmission of Cryptosporidium spp. (asmscience.org)
  • severity
  • The timing of health care provider reports is specified to reflect the severity of the illness or condition and the potential value of rapid intervention by public health agencies. (oregon.gov)
  • risk
  • Risk of infection is secondary to the consumption of contaminated fruits, vegetables, water, or other foodstuffs (see Deterrence/Prevention for strategies that decrease the risk of acquiring this infection). (medscape.com)
  • water
  • In general, the required levels of chlorine preclude the use of chlorine disinfection as a reliable method to control Cryptosporidium in drinking water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Water Research Foundation-funded research originally discovered UV's efficacy in inactivating Cryptosporidium. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the end consumer of drinking water believed to be contaminated by Cryptosporidium, the safest option is to boil all water used for drinking. (wikipedia.org)