• immune system
  • Regardless of the overall contribution of adaptive immunity to RT, at the very least the immune system is poised to be a powerful ally with a demonstrated capacity to augment the anti-tumor effects of RT. (frontiersin.org)
  • The CRISPR/Cas system is a prokaryotic immune system that confers resistance to foreign genetic elements such as those present within plasmids and phages that provides a form of acquired immunity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monoclonal antibodies can be acquired in the immune system via passive immunity or active immunity.The advantage of active monoclonal antibody therapy is the fact that the immune system will produce antibodies long-term, with only a short-term drug administration to induce this response. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monoclonal antibody therapy can aid the immune system because the innate immune system responds to the environmental factors it encounters by discriminating against foreign cells from cells of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • passive
  • Common causes of chronic neuroinflammation include: Toxic metabolites Autoimmunity Aging Microbes Viruses Traumatic brain injury Spinal cord injury Air pollution Passive smoke Microglia are recognized as the innate immune cells of the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • In this review, we describe the characteristics of CD1 molecules and CD1-restricted lipid-specific T cells, highlighting the innate-like and adaptive-like features of different CD1-restricted T cell subtypes. (hindawi.com)
  • The ability to recognize a wide range of endogenous and exogenous ligands and to respond appropriately has placed monocytes and macrophages as central cells able to influence homeostasis as well as host defenses in innate and acquired immunity ( 1 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • These cells selectively home to different tissues under the influence of chemokines and tissue-specific homing factors, where they can contribute, as activated macrophages, to innate and adaptive immune responses through expression of a variety of effector activities differentially regulated by the microenvironment of the different tissues ( 2 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • In contrast, monocytes and macrophages express other key molecules such as MHC class II (MHC-II), 4 which enables these cells to present Ags linking innate and adaptive immunity ( 5 ), and CD14, which is involved in the signaling pathway of bacterial LPS ( 1 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Results During the first WPC, innate cells infiltrated the gland in sequential waves, as shown by FACS. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions In our model of inducible ialadenitis, innate immune cells not only mediate early inflammation in the SG, but also take part in driving the lymphocytic infiltration, thus playing a pivotal role in tertiary lymphoid formation. (bmj.com)
  • In the central nervous system (CNS), including the brain and spinal cord, microglia are the resident innate immune cells that are activated in response to these cues. (wikipedia.org)