• pathogens
  • Results: SEMs strongly supported a latent (host phenotype) variable associated with FcaGHV1 exposure and co-infection risk, suggesting these individuals are simply more likely to become infected with multiple pathogens. (oregonstate.edu)
  • chronic
  • Mechanisms that may contribute to this association include abnormalities in the levels of certain blood proteins (for example fibrinogen or C reactive protein) secondary to the chronic infection 1 2 and raised blood pressure in people infected with H pylori . (bmj.com)
  • The causes of growth failure are multifactorial and include chronic lung infection, poor absorption of nutrients through the gastrointestinal tract, and increased metabolic demand due to chronic illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • causal
  • Background: Epidemiological studies of disease exposure risk are frequently based on observational, cross-sectional data, and use statistical approaches as crucial tools for formalising causal processes and making predictions of exposure risks. (oregonstate.edu)
  • hygiene
  • Our surgery incorporates the latest technology and design to give optimum patient comfort, also maintaining the highest standards of hygiene and cross infection protocol. (dentalclinic.ie)
  • Therefore, routine hygiene procedures form an essential part of horse management by preventing disease and minimising the potential spread of infection. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Strict hygiene measures should be adopted, to minimise the risk of infection spreading to other horses. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • For it to be successful, cross-sectoral, interface-oriented hygiene quality management is necessary. (egms.de)
  • The goal is to apply the HACCP (Hazard Assessment and Critical Control Points) concept to hospital hygiene, in order to create a multi-dimensional hygiene control system based on hygiene indicators that will overcome the limitations of a procedurally non-integrated and non-cross-sectoral view of hygiene. (egms.de)
  • symptoms
  • The primary aims of the study are to assess the effects of H pylori infection (and its eradication, on a double blind basis) on digestive symptoms and their treatment and on various other aspects of health and quality of life. (bmj.com)
  • Other signs and symptoms may include sinus infections, poor growth, fatty stool, clubbing of the fingers and toes, and infertility in most males. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The main signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis are salty-tasting skin, poor growth, and poor weight gain despite normal food intake, accumulation of thick, sticky mucus, frequent chest infections, and coughing or shortness of breath. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammation and infection cause injury and structural changes to the lungs, leading to a variety of symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • In cacao trees, first symptoms of infection usually present as a sparse white mycelium on the bark surface, which can be easily overlooked. (wikipedia.org)
  • structural
  • Methods: We describe analyses of cross-sectional data using structural equation models (SEMs), a contemporary advancement on traditional regression approaches, based on our study system of feline gammaherpesvirus (FcaGHV1) in domestic cats. (oregonstate.edu)
  • lung
  • Long-term issues include difficulty breathing and coughing up mucus as a result of frequent lung infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous oxide (N2O), also known as "laughing gas", easily crosses the alveoli of the lung and is dissolved into the passing blood, where it travels to the brain, leaving a dissociated and euphoric feeling in most cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Instances of mortality from S. canis in humans are very low with only a few reported cases, while actual instances of infection may be underreported due to mischaracterizations of the bacteria as S. dysgalactiae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actual infections in humans are nowadays rare in developed countries, mainly because pasteurisation kills M. bovis bacteria in infected milk. (wikipedia.org)
  • sheep
  • Sheep custodians can assist by ensuring infected lambs receive sufficient milk and separating out the infected stock to slow down cross-transmission to healthy animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods
  • Sample and population estimates were calculated for key steps along the HIV care continuum for HIV-infected MSM and logistic regression methods were used to examine correlates of being unaware of one's HIV infection. (bmj.com)
  • H pylori infection had little effect on blood pressure in the general population in the age groups studied when methods designed to minimise potential sampling biases and selection biases were used. (bmj.com)
  • processes
  • The results of this study demonstrate the application of SEMs to understanding epidemiological processes using observational data, and could be used more widely as a complementary tool to understand complex cross-sectional information in a wide variety of disciplines. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Thus, the cross-sectoral evaluation of the quality of structure, processes and results is decisive for the success of integrated infection prophylaxis. (egms.de)
  • exposure
  • Signs of infection, which begin to develop a few days after exposure to the virus, include a husky cough and nasal discharge (which changes over a period of four to five days from thin to thick mucus), combined with general signs of ill health. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Signs
  • It is vital that veterinary advice is sought as soon as a horse shows signs of a possible infection. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • The infection takes three weeks to have an obvious effect, with the first signs (muscle stiffness, spasms and a reluctance to move) often becoming apparent some time after the wound has healed. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Study
  • The current study aimed to determine if self-identified HIV-negative, MSM clinic attendees who used GSN apps have an increased incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) compared to self-identified HIV-negative, MSM attendees who met sexual partners via in-person venues, such as bars or clubs or through MSM-specific hook-up websites. (bmj.com)
  • We have attempted to minimise such problems in a large prospective community based study of the association between H pylori infection and blood pressure. (bmj.com)
  • among
  • We sought to characterise the HIV care continuum and identify correlates of being unaware of one's HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Moscow, Russia. (bmj.com)
  • Research
  • Research on the risks of cross-contamination arose immediately after the invention of jet injection technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Another severe case was reported pharyngitis, genital lesions and infection of the hooves which led to lameness and, in some cases, sloughing of the hoof. (wikipedia.org)
  • care
  • The healthier the horse and the higher the standards of horse care, the greater the chance of fighting and minimising the effects of an infection. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • important
  • Healthcare providers play an important role in the transmission of these infections on their hands, clothing and equipment. (journals.co.za)
  • This may be particularly important when attempting to infer causality in patterns of co-infection through pathogen-facilitation. (oregonstate.edu)
  • disease
  • Our findings indicate that, contrary to some previous suggestions, the association that exists between cardiovascular disease and H pylori infection is not accounted for by any increase in blood pressure. (bmj.com)
  • treatment
  • However, it has been contested if STSS and NF are caused solely by S. canis infection or if it is induced from the treatment of dogs with fluoroquinolone during the infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • There are several methodological difficulties in carrying out studies to determine whether H pylori infection results in raised blood pressure. (bmj.com)
  • skin
  • The first sign of a foot-rot infection is when the skin between the claws of the hoof begins to swell (cellulitis). (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Infected locations can include the finger, hand, arm, face and even the penis (caused by infection either from the hand during urination or from bestiality). (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • Blood pressure in 1633 individuals with helicobacter infection was compared with twice that number (3267) of randomly selected non-infected subjects (total 4900). (bmj.com)