• glomerular filt
  • Diets that regularly exceed the recommendations for protein intake have been found to lead to an increased glomerular filtration rate in the kidneys and also have an effect on the hormone systems in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Prerenal causes of AKI ("pre-renal azotemia") are those that decrease effective blood flow to the kidney and cause a decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hyperkalemia usually does not develop until the glomerular filtration rate falls to less than 20-25 ml/min/1.73 m2, at which point the kidneys have decreased ability to excrete potassium. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with kidney function below 50% (i.e. a glomerular filtration rate [GFR] between 50 and 60 mL) and 30 years of age may have uremia to a degree. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measures the amount of plasma being filtered through the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • urea
  • Measuring the level of two waste products in the blood, namely blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and blood creatinine (CREA), indicates decreased kidney function. (vcahospitals.com)
  • In response to an increased consumption of dietary protein, the kidneys maintain homeostasis within the body by operating at an increased capacity, producing a higher amount of urea and subsequently excreting it from the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • A confirmation of kidney failure is obtained by performing a blood test which measures the concentration of creatinine and urea. (wikipedia.org)
  • AKI is diagnosed on the basis of characteristic laboratory findings, such as elevated blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, or inability of the kidneys to produce sufficient amounts of urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be defined as an excess of amino acid and protein metabolism end products, such as urea and creatinine, in the blood that would be normally excreted in the urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both uremia and the uremic syndrome have been used interchangeably to denote a very high plasma urea concentration that is the result of renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prerenal azotemia can be caused by decreased blood flow through the kidneys (e.g. low blood pressure, congestive heart failure, shock, bleeding, dehydration) or by increased production of urea in the liver via a high protein diet or increased protein catabolism (e.g. stress, fever, major illness, corticosteroid therapy or gastrointestinal bleeding). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemodialysis is a method for removing waste products such as creatinine and urea, as well as free water from the blood when the kidneys are in kidney failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Low-sodium diet is a good choice for you to prevent water-sodium retention and high blood pressure, which will accelerate the progression to kidney failure. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • With an osmosis device, the herbs will be permeated into kidney lesions, achieving such goals as dilating blood vessels, anti-inflammation, anti-coagulation, degrading extracellular matrix. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • Renal resistive index (RRI = peak systolic velocity-end diastolic velocity/peak systolic velocity) consists of the measurement of renal arterial resistances to blood flow detected by echo-color-Doppler system and it is reliably correlated with kidney injuries and its severity [ 2 - 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • They did blood work and found her kidney levels were really high and the vet does not like it. (medhelp.org)
  • Glomerulus is the main filtration mechanism of kidneys, which aims at filtering the metabolic waste out of the blood. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • The body must increase the amount of blood flowing through the kidneys since less and less of the metabolic toxins are being removed each time. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Tests to measure the blood levels of other substances such as albumin, globulin, potassium, sodium, phosphorus and calcium, as well as the red and white blood cell counts are important in order to determine the extent of failure and the best course of treatment. (vcahospitals.com)
  • If a major stress such as illness or surgery occurs, the kidneys may fail, sending the blood test values up quickly. (vcahospitals.com)
  • By extending blood vessels and activating blood circulation, sufficient blood and oxygen can be delivered to the kidney effectively. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • The state of hypoxia and ischemia in which insufficient blood and oxygen can not delivered to the kidneys causes declined filtering rate directly. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • If the kidneys get enough blood and oxygen, the kidneys can secret renin to increase blood pressure, so as to press more blood to the kidneys. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
  • Causes of acute kidney failure include low blood pressure, blockage of the urinary tract, certain medications, muscle breakdown, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • When kidneys fail to filter properly, waste accumulates in the blood and the body, a condition called azotemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the kidneys fail, they produce less erythropoietin, resulting in decreased production of red blood cells to replace the natural breakdown of old red blood cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can result in: Feeling tired or weak Memory problems Difficulty concentrating Dizziness Low blood pressure Normally, proteins are too large to pass through the kidneys, however, they are able to pass through when the glomeruli are damaged. (wikipedia.org)
  • In those without symptoms, mildly increased blood calcium levels, normal kidneys, and normal bone density monitoring may be all that is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • Notable causes of prerenal AKI include low blood volume (e.g., dehydration), low blood pressure, heart failure (leading to cardiorenal syndrome), liver cirrhosis and local changes to the blood vessels supplying the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • The latter include renal artery stenosis, or the narrowing of the renal artery which supplies the kidney with blood, and renal vein thrombosis, which is the formation of a blood clot in the renal vein that drains blood from the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mechanical device used to clean the patients blood is called a dialyser, also known as an artificial kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pre-renal failure refers to impairment of supply of blood to the functional nephrons including renal artery stenosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Special biochemical tests (arterial blood gas) can determine the amount of dissolved gases in the blood, indicating if pH imbalances are acute or chronic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The exposure to burnt sugarcane corresponded with kidneys not properly functioning, and higher levels of toxins in the blood as a consequence. (wikipedia.org)
  • nephropathy
  • Physical examination may also provide other clues as to the underlying cause of the kidney problem, such as a rash in interstitial nephritis (or vasculitis) and a palpable bladder in obstructive nephropathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The metabolic abnormalities seen in tumor lysis syndrome can ultimately result in nausea and vomiting, but more seriously acute uric acid nephropathy, acute kidney failure, seizures, cardiac arrhythmias, and death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute uric acid nephropathy (AUAN) due to hyperuricosuria has been a dominant cause of acute kidney failure but with the advent of effective treatments for hyperuricosuria, AUAN has become a less common cause than hyperphosphatemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • This entity is associated with acute kidney failure due to uric acid nephropathy prior to the institution of chemotherapy and is largely associated with lymphoma and leukemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • myelogenous leukemia
  • Renal tubular acidosis developed in five patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (an unapproved use) treated with azacitidine and etoposide, and patients with renal impairment may be at increased risk for renal toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bosutinib received US FDA and EU European Medicines Agency approval on September 4, 2012 and 27 March 2013 respectively for the treatment of adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) with resistance, or intolerance to prior therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common tumors associated with this syndrome are poorly differentiated lymphomas (such as Burkitt's lymphoma), other Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). (wikipedia.org)
  • deterioration of kidney
  • the active Chinese medicine will go into the renal lesion rapidly, which will closely connect with various pathogenic factors such as immune complex, nephritoxic factor etc, then attacking, breaking, dissociating and clearing these pathogenic factors with strong power, blocking the continuous deterioration of kidney. (blogspot.com)
  • Normally
  • Kidney diseases are normally investigated and treated by nephrologists, while the specialty of urology deals with problems in the other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • Based on this hypothesis, the removal of lipophilic, albumin-bound substances such as bilirubin, bile acids, metabolites of aromatic amino acids, medium-chain fatty acids and cytokines should be beneficial to the clinical course of a patient in liver failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liver dialysis, currently, is only considered to be a bridge to transplantation or liver regeneration (in the case of acute liver failure) and, unlike kidney dialysis (for kidney failure), cannot support a patient for an extended period of time (months to years). (wikipedia.org)
  • urinary
  • Transitional cell carcinoma (bladder cancer), renal cell carcinoma (kidney cancer), and prostate cancer are examples of neoplasms affecting the urinary system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiology: KUB is plain radiography of the urinary system, e.g. to identify kidney stones. (wikipedia.org)