• chronic
  • Yet this estimate is probably conservative, because the [survey used] did not assess people in hospitals or prisons, and included very few participants with autism, schizophrenia or other chronic illnesses that are known to greatly affect a person's ability to work. (bio-medicine.org)
  • One-year costs of healthcare (pharmacy, outpatient, inpatient, and total) among GCA patients and controls were compared, adjusting for age, gender, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), Chronic Condition Count (CCC), U.S. region, and health plan type (HMO vs. other) using generalized linear models. (bmj.com)
  • A new Canadian study reveals that mental illness is associated with more lost work days than any other chronic condition. (psychcentral.com)
  • DALYs are calculated by taking the sum of these two components: DALY = YLL + YLD The DALY relies on an acceptance that the most appropriate measure of the effects of chronic illness is time, both time lost due to premature death and time spent disabled by disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • ambulatory
  • The costs from the perspective of statutory health insurance (Gesetzliche Krankenkversicherung [GKV]) consisted of direct medical costs €1370 ± €3240, including rehabilitation (€420 ± €1630), hospitalisation (€710 ± €2520), outpatient treatment (€40 ± €30), ancillary treatment (€190 ± €280) and ambulatory diagnostic procedures (€10 ± €30). (springer.com)
  • The average illness lasted about 11 days, whether the patient was hospitalized or treated in clinics, although hospitalized cases averaged about three times the cost of ambulatory patients. (brandeis.edu)
  • Most (78%) were ambulatory cases, with a mean cost of USD 51 and 10.8 work/school days, rising to USD 96 and 11.4 work/school days if treated by a private physician. (biomedcentral.com)
  • epidemic
  • Researchers at Brandeis, in collaboration with several other institutions worldwide, have pinpointed for the first time the multi-country economic costs of dengue fever, the endemic and epidemic mosquito-borne illness that is a rapidly growing public health problem in tropical and sub-tropical countries. (brandeis.edu)
  • societal
  • These studies report costs from a societal perspective which takes into account household costs and costs to the government through free or subsidized health services. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Despite an upward trend in diagnoses of the inattentive subtype of ADHD, impulsivity is commonly considered to be the central feature of ADHD, and the impulsive and combined subtypes are the major contributors to the societal costs associated with ADHD. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Proportion of healthcare budget spent on each category of disease and cost of health care per person at various ages. (bmj.com)
  • The debate on containing the cost of health care is mainly focused on the supply side and the financing of health care. (bmj.com)
  • 1 Little attention is given to changes in population health, which is another important determinant of costs. (bmj.com)
  • We used data on healthcare costs for each care sector from the Ministry of Health for 1994 (table 1 ). (bmj.com)
  • Offenders with mental illness also have much higher rates of recidivism due to many factors, including substance abuse, lack of access to mental health treatment , homelessness, and unemployment. (crossbowcommunications.com)
  • According to the report, it's more cost-effective for all stakeholders to intervene with many of these individuals in a community mental health setting before they encounter the law enforcement system. (crossbowcommunications.com)
  • Secondly, people with mental illness who end up in jail or prison must be assisted with transition programs to maintain their health and independence. (crossbowcommunications.com)
  • At the request of the Arapahoe County Sherriff's Department, Arapahoe/Douglas Mental Health Network added a Jail Reentry case management team in 2006 to provide services to those with mental illness who are leaving jail so that they can successfully return to the community. (crossbowcommunications.com)
  • The MHCC's Mental Health Indicators for Canada show one in four seniors live with a mental health problem or illness. (bc211.ca)
  • Louise Bradley, President and CEO of the Mental Health Commission of Canada, said in a statement for Mental Health Week 2016, "Too often, mental health problems or illnesses are considered an inevitable consequence of aging. (bc211.ca)
  • In its report, Making the Case for Investing in Mental Health in Canada , the Mental Health Commission of Canada concludes that, if nothing changes to better apply the evidence we have, by 2041 there will be over 8.9 million people in Canada living with a mental illness. (bc211.ca)
  • The increasing attention to mental health in Canada provides poignant examples on a daily basis of how too many people in Canada are not receiving the services and programs that we know can improve the quality of their lives, reduce the limitations imposed by their illnesses, or even help prevent certain mental health problems and illnesses from developing into larger problems. (bc211.ca)
  • Promote mental health across the lifespan and prevent mental illness and suicide wherever possible. (bc211.ca)
  • Foster recovery and well-being for people of all ages living with mental health problems and illnesses, and uphold their rights. (bc211.ca)
  • When researchers calculated the actual cost of mental health leave, they found that on average, it's double the cost of a leave for a physical illness. (psychcentral.com)
  • Results showed that the cost to a company for a single employee on a short-term disability leave due to mental health concerns totals nearly $18,000. (psychcentral.com)
  • Health and wellness interventions may hold the key to maintaining a healthy workforce and reducing costs. (psychcentral.com)
  • Many reports on cost and quality disparity (the best known is the Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care ) are based on data from the government's Medicare program for seniors. (krvs.org)
  • It's an incredible jigsaw puzzle, but an essential one to assemble, since it's impossible for business and policy leaders to effectively manage health-care resources or make changes for the better without first having an accurate assessment of costs," said Leigh. (healthcanal.com)
  • As a result, many occupational health issues go unresolved, and the bulk of the costs are absorbed by employer-provided medical insurance, Medicare and Medicaid, raising health-care costs for everyone. (healthcanal.com)
  • When your child is sick with an illness such as Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) or Influenza, the foremost and most important thing in your mind would most likely be nurturing your little one back to good health. (theasianparent.com)
  • Adopting stronger consumer education and chemical management control policies in Maine could significantly improve children's health and eliminate costs. (bangordailynews.com)
  • Globally, his research included health status measures and costs of care in Bolivia, microcomputer applications in Bangladesh, Burma and elsewhere, and pediatric health indicators in Burma. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include both health risks (illness, injury, or death) and property risks (damage or loss). (wikipedia.org)
  • Just over a decade later, she returned to government work with a position at the Social Security Administration, where she was one of the first scientists to study the economic cost of illness and exposed a lack of health insurance among the elderly. (wikipedia.org)
  • In subsequent years, she began tabulating the economic costs of health, illness, and aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • The type and amount of health care costs that will be covered by the health insurance provider are specified in writing, in a member contract or "Evidence of Coverage" booklet for private insurance, or in a national health policy for public insurance. (wikipedia.org)
  • In these cases, the health plan will stop payment when they reach the benefit maximum, and the policy-holder must pay all remaining costs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Out-of-pocket maxima: Similar to coverage limits, except that in this case, the insured person's payment obligation ends when they reach the out-of-pocket maximum, and health insurance pays all further covered costs. (wikipedia.org)
  • interventions
  • In November 2004, ADMHN formed a first-of-its-kind case management team to support the efforts of officers who have completed Crisis Intervention Training (C.I.T.). Through the Colorado Division of Criminal Justice, local law enforcement officers learn to recognize, work with, and divert those they encounter with mental illness to appropriate interventions rather than to jail. (crossbowcommunications.com)
  • exposures
  • These illnesses were selected because of their relatively high impact among older populations and because they include environmental exposures as a significant risk factor. (rti.org)
  • strongly
  • Medical costs were strongly correlated with most clinical indicators and the cost generally progressed in line with the severity of the disease. (springer.com)
  • The study strongly suggests that the U.S. should place greater emphasis on reducing work-related injury and illnesses, especially since the costs have risen by more than $33 billion (inflation adjusted) since the 1992 analysis, the author said. (healthcanal.com)
  • involves
  • Dengue illness involves sudden severe headache, muscle and joint pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and a high fever typically lasting about a week. (brandeis.edu)
  • However, it is an unignorable fact that illness - especially when it involves a child - is expensive and we often end up with massive medical bills after the child recovers. (theasianparent.com)
  • average
  • We estimated average per patient direct, indirect and total costs for the 6-month observation period. (springer.com)
  • We found essentially no correlation between average costs and the measured level of care quality across markets," the authors wrote. (krvs.org)
  • calculate
  • A log link and gamma family was used to model costs, and recycled prediction to calculate cost differences. (bmj.com)
  • total
  • The total medical (including drug costs) and non-medical direct costs for the GKV were €3380 ± €4230. (springer.com)
  • The present value of the cumulative total cost over the next thirty years will exceed $2.5 trillion. (bc211.ca)
  • The total annual cost of childhood lead poisoning is $268 million, reflecting the estimated lost lifetime earning potential of Maine children who sustain long-term neurological damage. (bangordailynews.com)
  • Coinsurance: Instead of, or in addition to, paying a fixed amount up front (a co-payment), the co-insurance is a percentage of the total cost that insured person may also pay. (wikipedia.org)
  • care
  • A large share of the healthcare budget is spent on long term nursing care, and this cost will inevitably increase further in an ageing population. (bmj.com)
  • Non-specific cost containment measures may endanger the quality of care for old and mentally disabled people. (bmj.com)
  • Long term care is rarely included in other studies, 2 - 5 which consequently underestimate the high costs of disabling disease. (bmj.com)
  • However, some who received good scores for both quality and efficiency delivered care costing about 14 percent less compared with that of other doctors. (krvs.org)
  • economic cost
  • At the same time, the economic cost of mental illness will grow more than sixfold over the next thirty years to $306 billion. (bc211.ca)
  • We found that that the economic cost of this disease is high-at least $1.8 billion yearly in these 8 countries after adjusting for price differences and under-reporting of cases," said lead author Jose Suaya , a visiting scholar at the Heller School. (brandeis.edu)
  • prevention
  • With the expectation that these costs will continue to increase significantly as the population ages, priority should be given to prevention strategies such as environmental quality improvements. (rti.org)
  • time
  • Hall's progress at this time was all the more impressive as in 2003 he had been the victim of a stabbing incident which nearly cost him his life. (wikipedia.org)
  • During her time at the university, she co-authored a paper on the costs of smoking, which impacted ongoing legal negations between the US government and the US tobacco industry and contributed to the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cost-effectiveness studies using QALYs, for example, do not discount time at different ages differently. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • For treating a basic asthma episode, cases in the 10th percentile of distribution cost $98 each while those in the 90th percentile the cost was $1,535 per case. (krvs.org)
  • Hospitalised cases cost USD 28-94 in government institutions and USD 392 in private hospitals (excluding additional inpatient charges), as well as 9.6-17.3 work/school days. (biomedcentral.com)
  • help
  • Non-medical direct costs calculated from the GKV perspective were estimated to be €480 ± €1710, which included transportation (€10 ± €20), special equipment (€420 ± €1640), social/home-help services (€10 ± €110) and sickness benefit (€40 ± €540). (springer.com)
  • medical
  • Costs were derived from various German medical economic resources. (springer.com)
  • The mean medical cost was 308 euros (EUR) [$USfor patients followed by a general practitioner and EUR2580 ($US2993) for patients followed by a neurologist. (springer.com)
  • asthma
  • The costs of lead poisoning, asthma, childhood cancer and neurobehavioral disorders such as autism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and mental retardation are analyzed in the report to be released today by environmental researcher and economist Mary Davis, an adjunct faculty member in the UMaine School of Economics. (bangordailynews.com)
  • results
  • and R Dodel, project leader, development of the questionnaires, preparation of the manuscript, review of the cost results. (springer.com)
  • among
  • The combined costs of these conditions among the 65-or-older population in 2000 were almost $135 billion. (rti.org)
  • Among other impacts, these disorders drive up the cost of delivering special education services to students. (bangordailynews.com)
  • the same factors making for more extensive use of hospital facilities among some segments of the aged population are associated also with lack of insurance protection for meeting such costs. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Dr. Carolyn Dewa, head of CAMH's Work and Well-being Research and Evaluation Program and lead investigator on the study, notes the disproportionate cost to employers when compared to other disabilities. (psychcentral.com)