• neurons
  • The first sensory neurons (pseodounipolar ganglionic cells) are located in the trigeminal, or the Gassepovov, site (ganglion trigeminale) - form, homologous spinal site. (scribd.com)
  • The central processes of these neurons are part of tegmentum of pons and terminate in the sensory nuclei of trigeminal nerve: nucleus tractus n. trigemini (pain, temperatura), the zone which applies to cervical segments of the spinal cord, and nucleus sensorius superior (tactile sensitivity). (scribd.com)
  • otoliths
  • Our results indicate that reliable 3D reconstructions of inner ears including otoliths and maculae can be obtained by using high-resolution microCT imaging of specimens stained with phosphotungstic acid. (biomedcentral.com)
  • orientation
  • This in turn means that orientation patterns are obtained, shown, and compared between species in a purely two dimensionally way irrespective of the natural curvature of the maculae in the ear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As has already been stated by Platt and Popper (1981) [ 3 ], orientation patterns should preferably take into account the three dimensional structure of sensory epithelia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • cell
  • The kinocilium is the only sensory aspect of the hair cell and is what causes hair cell polarization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on whether the tilt is in the direction of the kinocilium or not, the resulting hair cell polarisation is excitatory (depolarising) or inhibitory (hyperpolarisation), respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • subsequent
  • PTA staining and subsequent high-resolution contrast enhanced microCT imaging is a powerful method to obtain 3D models of fish inner ears and maculae in a fast and more reliable manner. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Future
  • Future studies investigating functional morphology, phylogenetic potential of inner ear features, or evolution of hearing and inner ear specialization in fishes may benefit from the use of 3D models of inner ears and maculae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • zone
  • Ascertain presence of subjective sensation of pain and sensory disorder (numbness) in the zone of innervations. (scribd.com)
  • develop
  • We therefore set out to develop a fast and reliable approach for detailed 3D visualization of whole inner ears as well as maculae. (biomedcentral.com)