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  • Egyptian
  • The Egyptian Constituent Assembly of 2012 (CA) is the committee for the creation of a new Constitution of Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • The decision late on Sunday followed calls by Egyptian liberals to boycott the constitution drafting committee, which is seen as failing to adequately represent the nation's diversity. (news24.com)
  • Members of the constitutional assembly attend a session to vote on a final draft of a new Egyptian constitution in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Nov. 29, 2012. (yahoo.com)
  • An Islamist-dominated panel began a fast-track vote on a final draft of a new Egyptian constitution Thursday, pushing through the document despite liberals' boycott in a move likely to stoke a deepening political crisis between the Islamist president and the opposition. (yahoo.com)
  • This constitution represents the diversity of the Egyptian people. (yahoo.com)
  • Candidates had to be born in Egypt to Egyptian parents, may not have held dual nationality and may not have been married to a foreigner. (wikipedia.org)
  • CAIRO - Opponents of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi clashed with Cairo police on Tuesday as thousands of protesters around the nation stepped up pressure on the Islamist leader to scrap a decree they say threatens Egypt with a new era of autocracy. (jpost.com)
  • Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi faced a rebellion on Saturday from judges who accused him of expanding his powers at their expense, deepening a crisis that triggered calls for more protests following a day of violence across Egypt. (reuters.com)
  • Egyptian clerics from Al-Azhar University hold a national flag as they shout support for President Mohammed Morsi and a new constitution at a rally in Cairo on Dec. 1. (wamc.org)
  • This means that the Egyptian legal and constitutional framework is now subject to enormous pressure, because we can have now two bodies in the country, with equal weight, with different reference points, on which to interpret that central text," Fahmy says. (wamc.org)
  • July 3 - Fireworks burst over Cairo's Tahrir Square, the center of protests against President Mohamed Mursi, and across the Egyptian capital after the army suspended the constitution and appointed a new, interim head of state. (reuters.com)
  • The Egyptian political crisis erupted last month when President Mohamed Morsy issued an edict allowing himself to run the country unchecked until the drafting of a new constitution. (cnn.com)
  • In November, 2011, as pre-election violence spread in Egypt, the youth movement and opposition were angry and fragmenting, and the Muslim Brotherhood looked likely to win a majority in parliament, Alia ah-Mahdi, an Egyptian college student and blogger, uploaded a picture of herself, naked except for long black stockings, as a protest against patriarchy and the sexual objectification of women. (opendemocracy.net)
  • In early 2014, equal rights and protections for women were included in the newest Egyptian constitution, reversing many of the restrictions imposed by the more conservative Mohamed Morsi regime. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic: المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة‎, al-Maǧlis al-ʾAʿlā lil-Quwwāt al-Musallaḥa, also Higher Council of the Armed Forces) is a statutory body of between 20 and 25 senior Egyptian military officers and is headed by Field Marshal Abdul Fatah al-Sisi and Lieutenant General Sedki Sobhi. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a consequence of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, SCAF assumed power to govern Egypt from departing President Hosni Mubarak on 11 February 2011, and relinquished power on 30 June 2012 upon the start of Mohamed Morsi's term as president. (wikipedia.org)
  • The SCAF has its origins in the Free officers' movement, a clandestine body of anti-British Egyptian military officers in the late 1940s that seized power in a coup-cum-revolution in 1952. (wikipedia.org)
  • born 1952) is an Egyptian academic who was the Prime Minister of Egypt from 3 March 2011 to 7 December 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time he also served as an advisor to Dubai's Roads and Transport Authority, and established the Egypt Scientific Society together with Mohamed ElBaradei, Ahmed Zewail and other Egyptian scientists. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2012-13 Egyptian protests were part of a large scale popular uprising in Egypt against then-President Mohamed Morsi. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Supreme Constitutional Court (Egyptian Arabic: المحكمة الدستورية العليا‎, El Mahkama El Dustūrīya El 'Ulyā) is an independent judicial body in Egypt, located in the Cairo suburb of Maadi. (wikipedia.org)
  • The establishment of the Court has been stipulated in the body of the Egyptian Constitution in 1971. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following is a chronological summary of the major events that occurred during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, after Hosni Mubarak's resignation as the fourth President of Egypt, on 11 February 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reuters
  • CAIRO (Reuters) - Nine months after the fall of Hosni Mubarak and days before its first free election in decades, Egypt has been convulsed by protests over the ruling military council's handling of the transition to civilian rule. (reuters.com)
  • CAIRO
  • In particular, Cairo is famous for being the premiere public ass-pinching, breast-grabbing, and body-rubbing capital of the Arab world. (opendemocracy.net)
  • Morsi
  • Speaking in an interview on state TV aired late Thursday, Morsi defended his edicts, saying they were a necessary "delicate surgery" needed to get Egypt through a transitional period and end instability he blamed on the lack of a constitution. (yahoo.com)
  • The most important thing of this period is that we finish the constitution, so that we have a parliament under the constitution, elected properly, an independent judiciary, and a president who executes the law," Morsi said. (yahoo.com)
  • In effect, the declaration makes all constitutional declarations, laws and decrees made since Morsi assumed power immune to appeal by any individual, political or governmental body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Demonstrations both in support of and opposing Morsi broke out around Egypt after the declaration was made. (wikipedia.org)
  • The second wave began on 12 February 2011 when the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces assumed control of the country and it ended on 30 June 2012, when Mohamed Morsi was sworn in as the fifth President of Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Islamist
  • Analysts say the government is anxious for a result that outstrips votes won by the Brotherhood in the last three years: 10.7 million people voted for the Islamist-tinged constitution approved when Mursi was still president, and Mursi won the presidency with 13.2 million votes in 2012. (reuters.com)
  • The Islamist-dominated assembly that has been working on the constitution for months raced to pass the charter, voting article by article on the draft's more than 230 articles for more than 16 hours. (yahoo.com)
  • Thousands of protesters around nation raise pressure on Islamist leader to scrap decree they say threatens Egypt with autocracy. (jpost.com)
  • But there has been no retreat on other elements of the decree, including a stipulation that the Islamist-dominated body writing a new constitution be protected from legal challenge. (jpost.com)
  • But the ultra-orthodox Salafi Islamist groups that have been pushing for tighter application of Islamic law in the new constitution have rallied behind Mursi's decree. (reuters.com)
  • Islamic
  • Liberals and secularists had filed a suit out of fear the constitutional panel could implement a strong role for Islamic religious law in the new constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • These roles are largely associated with traditional Islamic family structures, wherein women's roles are closely tied to the domestic sphere and men's roles tied to the public sphere (see: Women in Egypt). (wikipedia.org)
  • struggle
  • Contrary to what many of Alia's detractors and what many commentators on the Arab world have said, female bodies have long been the site of struggle, interrogation, harassment, and commodification throughout the region. (opendemocracy.net)
  • House of Representati
  • The Transitional Constitution also allocated executive power to the prime minister, who was nominated by the House of Representatives and confirmed in office by the Supreme Commission. (wikipedia.org)
  • House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national entitles. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Tanzania, the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar has its own legislative body, the Zanzibar House of Representatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mursi's
  • It aims to sideline Mursi's enemies in the judiciary and ultimately to impose and head off any legal challenges to the constitution," said Elijah Zarwan, a fellow with The European Council on Foreign Relations. (reuters.com)
  • reform
  • Tarek El-Bishry, a retired judge known for his pro-opposition views and his support for a strong independent judiciary, was tasked with setting up the committee to reform the constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • provisions
  • The 2014 constitution contains several positive provisions regarding freedom of expression, access to information, and the media. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Analysts in Egypt say the impact of these provisions depends largely on whether Islamists continue to dominate the government. (wamc.org)
  • elections
  • Morsi's decree also called for new parliamentary elections to be held within 60 days of the adoption of a new constitution for the country, which is tentatively expected for late 2012. (wikipedia.org)
  • Libya
  • The most commonly accepted definition, and the one used here, includes the three above-mentioned countries as well as Libya but excludes Egypt . (britannica.com)
  • Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya faced this distinctly. (wikipedia.org)
  • This being particularly apparent during the anti-regime in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mubarak
  • During the 18 months in which the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces ruled after Mubarak, they themselves - this military body and the head of the body, who was a defense minister - was acting president. (kenw.org)
  • army
  • It also strengthens the state bodies that defied him: the army, the police and the judiciary. (reuters.com)
  • The Revolutionary Council was dissolved by the dictator-turned President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who formed the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces in December 1954, as a statutory government body, comprising 25 senior-most military officers from the Army, Navy, Air Force and Air Defence Forces, with himself as the Chairman of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nasser intended to form this body mainly as a concession to the Army which had controlled Egypt through the Revolutionary Command Council since 1952. (wikipedia.org)
  • represents
  • Described as a "loose knit umbrella of diverse political trends," Kefaya represents a "new style" of opposition in Egypt, with parallels to Ukraine's Orange Revolution and Poland's Solidarity movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • powers
  • A new media regulatory framework signed into law in December created three government-dominated supervisory bodies with sweeping powers over content and licensing, and provided few protections for the press, drawing criticism from journalists and media freedom advocates. (freedomhouse.org)
  • According to the constitution, the Judiciary is an independent body and is vested with powers to oversee the practices of both the executive and legislative branches. (wikipedia.org)
  • secular
  • The country would have a brighter future if only those in favour of a secular society were involved in determining the constitution. (news24.com)
  • Arab
  • The repercussions for Egypt, indeed for the entire Arab world, will be profound. (qantara.de)
  • independent
  • الاتحاد المصري لطلاب الصيدلة) is an independent student organization representing about 85,000 pharmacy students in 31 pharmacy schools all over Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Egypt Independent. (wikipedia.org)
  • committee
  • Egypt was the world's third-worst jailer of journalists in 2016, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), with 25 journalists behind bars as of December. (freedomhouse.org)
  • military
  • The idea of such a body of military officers guiding matters of State security probably came to nationalist officers through the Prussian and German Supreme War Council during the First World War. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • These numbers have increased dramatically over recent years as Egypt has made greater financial investments in this sector. (wikipedia.org)
  • government
  • The officers organised themselves into the Revolutionary Command Council, which ruled Egypt as a junta until 1954, when a new Constitution was introduced, and a cabinet-style government was formed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nazif decided to put the Egypt Engineers Association under state control, a move that meant confiscation of union funds and property by the government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before 1955, however, the government under Ismail al-Azhari had temporarily halted Sudan's progress toward self-determination, hoping to promote unity with Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • revolution
  • And, you know, Egypt is a different place now than it was before the revolution two-and-a-half years ago. (kenw.org)
  • Sharaf was appointed prime minister on 3 March 2011, being the first post-revolution premier of Egypt and replaced Ahmad Shafiq in the poat. (wikipedia.org)
  • head
  • So this man was chosen because he's the head of that body, not because he is himself that prominent. (kenw.org)
  • legal
  • In the past, Egypt has had this habit of trumping up legal charges against political opponents, and I'm afraid that might happen here again. (kenw.org)
  • countries
  • In 2011, the UNDP's Gender Inequality Index (GII) rated Egypt 126th out of 148 countries, with an overall value of 0.59, where 1.0 is a perfect score. (wikipedia.org)
  • democracy
  • Hillary Clinton has told Al Jazeera that the US is hopeful that Egypt will become a model for democracy in the region. (wikipedia.org)