• Islamists
  • Morsi's hand may have been forced by the confluence of interests and practical alliance of the Mubarak regime-appointed establishment with secular revolutionaries, which culminated for the second time (after the dissolution of parliament) in the fight over a new constitution, and threatened the Islamists with practical elimination of their electoral gains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysts in Egypt say the impact of these provisions depends largely on whether Islamists continue to dominate the government. (wamc.org)
  • The Islamists, repressed by the former military officers who ruled Egypt for decades, say elected institutions should decide. (dailynewsegypt.com)
  • Egyptians
  • Many of the liberal, leftist and social democratic parties like the Free Egyptians Party, the Socialist Popular Alliance, the Dignity Party, the Social Democrats, the Tagammo Party and the Freedom Egypt Party boycotted the election to determine the makeup of the Constituent Assembly because they saw it as an Islamist's attempt to strengthen their power. (wikipedia.org)
  • The new constitution is eagerly awaited by many Egyptians. (news24.com)
  • CAIRO (Reuters) - Egyptians who voted in a referendum overwhelmingly approved a new constitution, official sources said, citing early results of a ballot that could set the stage for army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to declare his candidacy for president. (reuters.com)
  • It comes as no surprise: the constitution won wide support among Egyptians who backed the army overthrow of President Mohamed Mursi in July, and there was little or no trace of a no campaign as the state presses a campaign on dissent. (reuters.com)
  • The referendum has been seen as a public vote of confidence in Sisi, the 59-year-old widely seen as the most powerful figure in Egypt since he removed Mursi and won massive popularity among the Egyptians who staged mass protests against his rule in June. (reuters.com)
  • Ashraf Metawli, a 32-year-old government employee from the Nile Delta province of el-Menoufia who was brought by bus to Cairo for the rally, said the majority of Egyptians are Muslims and its constitution should be an Islamist one. (foxnews.com)
  • Dating back to within a few days of their publication in April, 2007, I have repeatedly highlighted data from Egypt indicating that 74% of Egyptians favored "strict" application of the Sharia in general. (americanthinker.com)
  • Secular and Islamist Egyptians disagree on the constitution, which critics say gives too much power to the clerics of Al-Azhar, the seat of Sunni Islam learning. (wamc.org)
  • 1971
  • In 1971, when President Anwar Sadat took office, he moved to the adoption of a new democratic constitution that would allow more freedoms, a return of a more sound parliamentary life and correct democratic practice with the return of political parties and a bicameral parliamentary system. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Reuters
  • The tussle is over a new constitution, being drafted by an Islamist-led assembly, and focuses on the powers of the next president, the extent army privileges will be preserved and how much say the military will have in national security policy in future, Brotherhood members and an army official told Reuters. (dailynewsegypt.com)
  • parliament
  • The remaining centers of power of the former authoritarian regime, determined to block a Brotherhood-led government, sought to subordinate and silence, through military intimidation and pseudo-legal pronouncements, the only nationally representative governmental bodies: the parliament and then the president. (wikipedia.org)
  • The constitution must divide powers amongst the president, the government and parliament," said the army official, who has asked not to be identified as he was not authorized to make public statements. (dailynewsegypt.com)
  • He's presiding over a country that lacks a constitution, a dissolved parliament, an economic - a huge economic crisis - the country is almost on the verge of bankruptcy - and very divided country, and against - and he has to deal with the unrealistic probably expectation of those who led the revolution early on, but those who also voted for him. (dianaswednesday.com)
  • The Parliament of Egypt is the oldest legislative chamber in Africa and the Middle East. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead, the Constituent Assembly adopted a document known as the Transitional Constitution, which replaced the governor general as head of state with a five-member Supreme Commission that was elected by a parliament composed of an indirectly elected Senate and a popularly elected House of Representatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • A constitutional assembly selected by the erstwhile parliament has been formed and has begun the work of drafting the constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • The House of Representatives of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) was the lower chamber of the parliament established in 1947 according to the Soulbury Constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • House of Representati
  • The Transitional Constitution also allocated executive power to the prime minister, who was nominated by the House of Representatives and confirmed in office by the Supreme Commission. (wikipedia.org)
  • House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national entitles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Islamic
  • Liberals and secularists had filed a suit out of fear the constitutional panel could implement a strong role for Islamic religious law in the new constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • But the ultra-orthodox Salafi Islamist groups that have been pushing for tighter application of Islamic law in the new constitution have rallied behind Mursi's decree. (reuters.com)
  • These roles are largely associated with traditional Islamic family structures, wherein women's roles are closely tied to the domestic sphere and men's roles tied to the public sphere (see: Women in Egypt). (wikipedia.org)
  • Nasser
  • During the short spell of the United Arab Republic, (Egypt, Syria, and North Yemen), President Nasser adopted yet another constitution for the new merger. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The Revolutionary Council was dissolved by the dictator-turned President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who formed the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces in December 1954, as a statutory government body, comprising 25 senior-most military officers from the Army, Navy, Air Force and Air Defence Forces, with himself as the Chairman of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nasser intended to form this body mainly as a concession to the Army which had controlled Egypt through the Revolutionary Command Council since 1952. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1964, President Nasser once again introduced a new written constitution for the republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • powers
  • A new media regulatory framework signed into law in December created three government-dominated supervisory bodies with sweeping powers over content and licensing, and provided few protections for the press, drawing criticism from journalists and media freedom advocates. (freedomhouse.org)
  • It would be along the lines of the National Defense Council in the old constitution, but with more carefully delineated powers. (dailynewsegypt.com)
  • Egypt adopted the semi-presidential system in 2012 and under it the President doesn't hold extensive powers. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2011[update], various political powers in Egypt have asked for yet more reforms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mursi's
  • It aims to sideline Mursi's enemies in the judiciary and ultimately to impose and head off any legal challenges to the constitution," said Elijah Zarwan, a fellow with The European Council on Foreign Relations. (reuters.com)
  • parliamentary
  • Sisi called for presidential and parliamentary elections, a panel to review the constitution and a national reconciliation committee that would include youth movements. (reuters.com)
  • The Czechoslovakian Constitution of 1920, which came into effect on 2 February 1920, was the first to provide for a dedicated court for judicial review of parliamentary laws, but the court did not convene until November 1921. (wikipedia.org)
  • provisions
  • The 2014 constitution contains several positive provisions regarding freedom of expression, access to information, and the media. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Each association is represented in the General assembly and has the right to vote according to provisions of the EPSF constitution, which gives the right of votting to the Full members only. (wikipedia.org)
  • Libya
  • The most commonly accepted definition, and the one used here, includes the three above-mentioned countries as well as Libya but excludes Egypt . (britannica.com)
  • Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya faced this distinctly. (wikipedia.org)
  • This being particularly apparent during the anti-regime in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic: ليبيا‎, Berber: Libya or Libu), officially the State of Libya (Arabic: دولة ليبيا‎ Dawlat Lībyā),[citation needed] is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. (wikipedia.org)
  • military officers
  • Arabic: المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة‎, al-Maǧlis al-ʾAʿlā lil-Quwwāt al-Musallaḥa, also Higher Council of the Armed Forces) is a statutory body of between 20 and 25 senior Egyptian military officers and is headed by Field Marshal Abdul Fatah al-Sisi and Lieutenant General Sedki Sobhi. (wikipedia.org)
  • The SCAF has its origins in the Free officers' movement, a clandestine body of anti-British Egyptian military officers in the late 1940s that seized power in a coup-cum-revolution in 1952. (wikipedia.org)
  • The idea of such a body of military officers guiding matters of State security probably came to nationalist officers through the Prussian and German Supreme War Council during the First World War. (wikipedia.org)
  • presidency
  • Analysts say the government is anxious for a result that outstrips votes won by the Brotherhood in the last three years: 10.7 million people voted for the Islamist-tinged constitution approved when Mursi was still president, and Mursi won the presidency with 13.2 million votes in 2012. (reuters.com)
  • The first was a referendum on 25 May to approve changes to the constitution that would allow the first ever direct, multi-candidate elections for the presidency. (wikipedia.org)
  • protesters
  • Thousands of protesters around nation raise pressure on Islamist leader to scrap decree they say threatens Egypt with autocracy. (jpost.com)
  • protest
  • While Kefaya first emerged in 2004, its origins can be found in earlier strands of political protest, beginning with the solidarity committees that spread throughout Egypt following the start of the Second Intifada in October 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • assembly
  • The Egyptian Constituent Assembly of 2012 (CA) is the committee for the creation of a new Constitution of Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the assembly does not finish drafting the constitution in time for the court date and is dissolved, then according to article 60 B of the decree, SCAF gets to appoint another assembly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Constitution also sets out methods for its own amendment by the request of either the People's Assembly or the President's. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The Islamist-dominated assembly that has been working on the constitution for months raced to pass it, voting article by article on the draft's more than 230 articles for more than 16 hours. (breitbart.com)
  • neither does Al-Azhar eliminate the Constitutional Court's role," says Atteya Fayyad, a professor at Al-Azhar who was a member of the assembly drafting the constitution. (wamc.org)
  • Today EPSF is represented by pharmacy associations in 31 different pharmacy schools in Egypt: EPSF consists of the General assembly and the executive board. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Constitution also sets out methods for its own amendment by the request of either the People's Assembly or the President, both of which have to be subjected to a public referendum, after being voted for by at least two-thirds of the Assembly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 1972 First Republican Constitution of Sri Lanka replaced it with the unicameral National State Assembly. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was replaced by the National Assembly according to the 1997 Constitution of The Gambia. (wikipedia.org)
  • secular
  • The country would have a brighter future if only those in favour of a secular society were involved in determining the constitution. (news24.com)
  • political
  • The Constitution establishes party plurality as the foundation of the political system (Article 5) and so allows the formation of different political parties, however political parties are not allowed to be established based on any discriminatory basis such as religion, race or sex. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The constitution notably fails to specify the composition and appointment procedures for regulatory bodies, meaning ordinary legislation can create structures that enable political influence. (freedomhouse.org)
  • In the past, Egypt has had this habit of trumping up legal charges against political opponents, and I'm afraid that might happen here again. (kenw.org)
  • The formation of political parties based on religion, race or gender is prohibited by the Constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sudan achieved independence without the rival political parties having agreed on the form and content of a permanent constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Described as a "loose knit umbrella of diverse political trends," Kefaya represents a "new style" of opposition in Egypt, with parallels to Ukraine's Orange Revolution and Poland's Solidarity movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Council
  • During the 18 months in which the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces ruled after Mubarak, they themselves - this military body and the head of the body, who was a defense minister - was acting president. (kenw.org)
  • It wants the new constitution to set up a National Security Council that would include the president, key foreign, defense and interior ministers, and military personnel. (dailynewsegypt.com)
  • The officers organised themselves into the Revolutionary Command Council, which ruled Egypt as a junta until 1954, when a new Constitution was introduced, and a cabinet-style government was formed. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1952
  • Egypt was traditionally ruled by royals until 1952, but the first free elected President was in 2012. (wikipedia.org)
  • born 1952) is an Egyptian academic who was the Prime Minister of Egypt from 3 March 2011 to 7 December 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • religious
  • Copts (Coptic: ⲟⲩⲣⲉⲙ'ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ 'ⲛ'Ⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓ'ⲁⲛⲟⲥ ou.Remenkīmi en.Ekhristianos, literally: "Egyptian Christian") are native Egyptian Christians, usually Orthodox, who currently make up between 10 and 15% of the population of Egypt - the largest religious minority of that country. (wikipedia.org)
  • revolution
  • And, you know, Egypt is a different place now than it was before the revolution two-and-a-half years ago. (kenw.org)
  • Sharaf was appointed prime minister on 3 March 2011, being the first post-revolution premier of Egypt and replaced Ahmad Shafiq in the poat. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • These numbers have increased dramatically over recent years as Egypt has made greater financial investments in this sector. (wikipedia.org)
  • gender
  • Traditional gender roles in Egypt are prevalent and clearly defined. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011, the UNDP's Gender Inequality Index (GII) rated Egypt 126th out of 148 countries, with an overall value of 0.59, where 1.0 is a perfect score. (wikipedia.org)