• genetics
  • In this chapter we will discuss in detail HGT mediated by conjugation in mycobacteria, its potential evolutionary impact, and its application as a tool for mycobacterial genetics. (asmscience.org)
  • As such, Tetrahymena 's utility as a genetic model organism is revealed by its short life cycle, easy and cost-effective laboratory handling, and its accessibility to both forward and reverse genetics. (genetics.org)
  • However, a detailed understanding of its genetics and physiology is limited by the absence of appropriate genetic tools for the study of this species. (nih.gov)
  • Microbial genetics is a subject area within microbiology and genetic engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • Finally, a promoter analysis protocol based on fluorescent protein expression was optimized to aid genetic regulation studies on this bacterium.In this work, genetic tools that can support the study of A. amazonense were described.These methods could provide a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms of this species that underlie its plant growth promotion. (nih.gov)
  • These methods could provide a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms of this species that underlie its plant growth promotion. (nih.gov)
  • cells
  • Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sexual reproduction, there are special kinds of cells that divide without prior duplication of its genetic material, in a process named meiosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resulting cells are called gametes, and contain only half the genetic material of the parent cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • When two filaments of opposing mating types come close together, the cells form conjugation tubes between the filaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • genome
  • Under certain ecological conditions which are still poorly understood, foreign genetic material escapes being broken down and become incorporated in the genome. (ratical.org)
  • The total of all mobile genetic elements in a genome may be referred to as the mobilome. (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • Despite its affectionate reference as "pond scum" ( Blackburn 2010 ), the beauty of Tetrahymena as a genetic model organism is displayed in many lights. (genetics.org)
  • It is used as a model organism because it is easy to grow and has a haploid life cycle that makes genetic analysis simple since recessive traits will show up in the offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • recessive
  • Every generation, an average of one individual is born with cystic fibrosis, a fatal genetic disease caused by a recessive allele (ie. (brainmass.com)
  • scientists
  • Many other scientists had tried to demonstrate conjugation and had failed. (springer.com)
  • Some scientists have been drawing attention to this possibility recently [ 2 ] , but the warnings actually date back to the mid-1970s when genetic engineering began. (ratical.org)
  • replication
  • Conjugation and electrotransformation methods were established utilizing vectors with broad host-replication origins (pVS1 and pBBR1). (nih.gov)
  • discovery
  • The discovery of the process of conjugation in prokaryotes was due to one of the most fortuitous experimental designs in recent scientific history. (springer.com)
  • The growing suite of molecular-genetic and genomic tools described here provides a system to couple gene discovery to mechanistic dissections of gene function in the cell. (genetics.org)
  • eukaryotes
  • Some have suggested that eukaryotes arose through fusion of an archaean and eubacterium, which became the nucleus and cytoplasm, which accounts for various genetic similarities but runs into difficulties explaining cell structure. (wikibooks.org)
  • diseases
  • Within the last two decades, there have been major advances in treating genetic diseases that were once thought to be incurable. (brainmass.com)
  • process
  • Initially the reproduction was a replicating process that consists in producing new individuals that contain the same genetic information as the original or parent individual. (wikipedia.org)