• genetics
  • In this chapter we will discuss in detail HGT mediated by conjugation in mycobacteria, its potential evolutionary impact, and its application as a tool for mycobacterial genetics. (asmscience.org)
  • As such, Tetrahymena 's utility as a genetic model organism is revealed by its short life cycle, easy and cost-effective laboratory handling, and its accessibility to both forward and reverse genetics. (genetics.org)
  • However, a detailed understanding of its genetics and physiology is limited by the absence of appropriate genetic tools for the study of this species. (nih.gov)
  • Microbial genetics is a subject area within microbiology and genetic engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fungal genetics uses yeast, and filamentous fungi as model organisms for eukaryotic genetic research, including cell cycle regulation, chromatin structure and gene regulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • Finally, a promoter analysis protocol based on fluorescent protein expression was optimized to aid genetic regulation studies on this bacterium.In this work, genetic tools that can support the study of A. amazonense were described.These methods could provide a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms of this species that underlie its plant growth promotion. (nih.gov)
  • These methods could provide a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms of this species that underlie its plant growth promotion. (nih.gov)
  • species
  • Genetic engineering involves designing artificial constructs to cross species barriers and to invade genomes. (ratical.org)
  • Mobile genetic elements (MGEs) are a type of genetic materials that can move around within a genome, or that can be transferred from one species or replicon to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, conjugation is very common among the genetic materials making them hard to distinguish individual species. (wikipedia.org)
  • eukaryotes
  • Some have suggested that eukaryotes arose through fusion of an archaean and eubacterium, which became the nucleus and cytoplasm, which accounts for various genetic similarities but runs into difficulties explaining cell structure. (wikibooks.org)
  • Exchange
  • Gene transfer and genetic exchange have been studied in the halophilic archaeon Halobacterium volcanii and the hyperthermophilic archaeons Sulfolobus solfataricus and Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. (wikipedia.org)
  • In ciliates, cell fission may follow self-fertilization (autogamy), or it may follow conjugation (exchange of nuclei). (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent. (wikipedia.org)
  • When two filaments of opposing mating types come close together, the cells form conjugation tubes between the filaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • Despite its affectionate reference as "pond scum" ( Blackburn 2010 ), the beauty of Tetrahymena as a genetic model organism is displayed in many lights. (genetics.org)
  • It is used as a model organism because it is easy to grow and has a haploid life cycle that makes genetic analysis simple since recessive traits will show up in the offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientists
  • Many other scientists had tried to demonstrate conjugation and had failed. (springer.com)
  • Some scientists have been drawing attention to this possibility recently [ 2 ] , but the warnings actually date back to the mid-1970s when genetic engineering began. (ratical.org)
  • manipulation
  • However, the lack of an efficient and universal genetic manipulation system has limited the comparative studies of Pseudoalteromonas at the molecular level in vivo . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Both protocols were designed for the construction of strain-specific isogenic knockouts, thus developing a widely applicable genetic manipulation system for Pseudoalteromonas now becomes a priority. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A few common features of Pseudoalteromonas make genetic manipulation difficult. (biomedcentral.com)
  • discovery
  • The discovery of the process of conjugation in prokaryotes was due to one of the most fortuitous experimental designs in recent scientific history. (springer.com)
  • The growing suite of molecular-genetic and genomic tools described here provides a system to couple gene discovery to mechanistic dissections of gene function in the cell. (genetics.org)
  • process
  • Initially the reproduction was a replicating process that consists in producing new individuals that contain the same genetic information as the original or parent individual. (wikipedia.org)