• ursinus
  • In the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, chacma baboons ( Papio ursinus ) have adapted to a human-modified environment, sleeping on the urban edge and raiding anthropogenic food sources on a daily basis. (springer.com)
  • His Honours research project, entitled "Mitigation of conflict between humans and non-human primates [samango monkeys ( Cercopithecus albogularis ) and baboons ( Papio ursinus )] in Hogsback", involved interviews with people from various communities in the semi-urban area of Hogsback and one of the ajoining rural areas, Hala. (ufh.ac.za)
  • He is currently registered for a Master's degree in Zoology (2014) under the supervision of Masters and Génin at the University of Fort Hare, and is pursuing a study of the behavioural ecology of chacma baboons ( Papio ursinus ) in Hogsback. (ufh.ac.za)
  • The Cape Peninsula in South Africa is home to many species of wildlife, including ≈470 chacma baboons ( Papio ursinus ), which are a major tourist attraction and source of chronic conflict for local residents. (cdc.gov)
  • ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Picturesque Cape Town is the epitome of an urban/nature interface but one within which chacma baboons (Papio ursinus) face slander for transgressing both the socially constructed human/animal and nature/culture divide, and/or the actual, physical borderlines associated with these divides. (sun.ac.za)
  • AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Skilderagtige Kaapstad is die toonbeeld van 'n stedelike/natuur skeidingsvlak, maar een waarbinne die Kaapse bobbejane (Papio ursinus) beswadder word, omdat hulle die sosiaalgekonstrueerde mens/dier en natuur/kultuur skeidslyn en/of die werklike, fisiese grens wat met hierdie skeidslyn geassosieer is, skend. (sun.ac.za)
  • Some commentators argue that at least two more forms should be recognized, including the tiny Kinda baboon (P. cynocephalus kindae) from Zambia, DR Congo, and Angola, and the gray-footed baboon (P. ursinus griseipes) found in Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and northern South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • anubis
  • We analysed growth increments in 5 tooth sections from 2 Ugandan baboons ( Papio hamadryas anubis ), using polarised light microscopy, to determine when stresses oc- curred during the weaning process. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • Bagale, comprised of volcanic rock formations surrounding a relatively flat woodland interior, is home to baboons ( Papio hamadryas anubis or P. anubis ), vervets ( Chlorocebus aethiops tantalus ), and patas ( Erythrocebus patas ). (asp.org)
  • Humans
  • The loss of preferred habitat, coupled with expanding numbers and a preference for high caloric food items, results in baboons entering residential areas daily to raid dustbins (garbage containers), enter homes, and attack humans in an effort to secure human-derived food ( Figure 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The close contact between baboons and humans results in a high potential for the transmission of infectious diseases ( 2 ), from baboons to humans (zoonoses) and from humans to baboons (anthroponoses). (cdc.gov)
  • The risks for infectious disease transmission between baboons and humans remain unclear. (cdc.gov)
  • Had Darwin known that other primates distinguish kin from non-kin, form enduring relationships with their offspring, selectively groom, support and reconcile conflicts with their relatives and are aware of the kinship relationships between other group members, he would have been even more certain of the deep evolutionary links between humans and other animals. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Moreover, the ability of the Cape Peninsula's baboons to transgress the nature/culture, and even the human/animal, borderline not only leads to conflict between humans and baboons, but also among humans. (sun.ac.za)
  • primates
  • Lwandiso's investigations revealed that many Hogsback residents subscribed to the view that the wild primates - particularly the baboons - have only recently moved into the Hogsback region, and their population numbers are increasing at an uncontrolled rate. (ufh.ac.za)
  • researchers
  • The main data collection method used in this research project was personal, semi-structured interviews with members of various stakeholder groups that are involved in the Cape Peninsula's "baboon debate", i.e. governmental institutions, nongovernmental organisations, researchers, representatives of residential associations, local residents and journalists. (sun.ac.za)
  • In 2015 researchers found the oldest baboon fossil dating 2 million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • monkeys
  • The study of monkeys and apes has not been immune from such battles, but one skirmish between two South Africans of primatological note merits distinction because only one of the pair of combatants was alive at the time of the conflict. (scielo.org.za)
  • Aggression and conflict management at fusion in spider monkeys. (springer.com)
  • female
  • Twenty-seven baboons (15 male, 12 female) from 5 troops were screened for 10 zoonotic infections in April 2011. (cdc.gov)
  • populations
  • Urban and agricultural land transformation has encroached markedly on the preferred natural habitat of baboons ( 1 ), and the 16 remaining troops on the Peninsula have been forced into marginal areas and are geographically isolated from all other baboon populations ( Figure 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The 3 samples are now being analyzed to get some ideas for the understanding of divergence between Ethiopian and Saudi populations of hamadryas baboons. (nii.ac.jp)
  • behaviour
  • His research will involve direct field observations to monitor the feeding behaviour of baboons in Hogsback, and to estimate the proportion of foraging time baboons actually allocate to invading agricultural and horticultural land. (ufh.ac.za)
  • He hopes that his observations will provide him not only with information on baboon behaviour, but also with insights into mitigating potentially destructive baboon-human interactions, to assist in primate conservation in the Amathole region. (ufh.ac.za)
  • 8 He had made his anthropological reputation on the study of baboon reproduction, physiology and social behaviour. (scielo.org.za)
  • survival
  • Evidence has also been provided for the effect of sociality on adult survival in wild baboons. (wikipedia.org)
  • By far the most numerous are the baboons, though their long-term survival is uncertain. (asp.org)
  • patterns
  • Thus, we recommend the combined strategy of reducing raiding incentives in conjunction with provisioning as a short-term, cost-effective strategy to alter a baboon troop's movement patterns and raiding frequency. (springer.com)
  • Individual variation in local interaction rules can explain emergent patterns of spatial organization in wild baboons. (springer.com)
  • Arabia
  • Though Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been known for the distribution of hamadryas baboons, it seemed almost impossible to enter the country. (nii.ac.jp)
  • We took this advantage, and shifted our study area of hamadryas baboons from Yemen to Saudi Arabia this year in cooperation with the University of the Air. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Though we obtained blood samples of only 3 hamadryas baboons in Saudi, this visit opened a door to the study in Saudi Arabia for the future. (nii.ac.jp)
  • interactions
  • In order to increase the trustworthiness of my data and to gain an enhanced understanding of the complex social interactions, practices and belief systems which are embedded within human-baboon conflicts, I also analysed the discourse embedded in numerous forms of documentation that refer to the Cape Peninsula's baboons. (sun.ac.za)
  • In wild savannah baboons, social affiliations are shown to augment fitness by increasing tolerance from more dominant group members and increasing the chance of obtaining aid from conspecifics during instances of within-group contest interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • We visited Egypt, and discussed with staff of Cairo Agricultural Museum, coming to the conclusion of cooperation on the study of DNA analysis of mummies of hamadryas baboons. (nii.ac.jp)
  • population
  • Diseases such as measles and tuberculosis are highly prevalent among the local human population ( 7 ) and have the potential to pass to baboons. (cdc.gov)
  • frequency
  • The highest frequency of stress was experienced at around 6 months in 1 baboon, coinciding with an inferred re- duction in suckling frequency, and at 11 months in another, coinciding with the inferred cessation of suckling. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • reputation
  • The review found that the amount of time taken to resolve ownership caused the risk of outsiders perceiving a potential conflict of interest, and that Bamkin's acceptance of consultancy fees on projects (jointly funded by WMUK) involving QRpedia provided an opportunity for damage to the reputation of WMUK. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • The opposition between the two ontologies of rationalism and affective social action, which reflect divergent ways of thinking about baboons and are central to individual's support of certain baboon-management techniques, is especially pronounced. (sun.ac.za)
  • form
  • Accentu- ated lines visible in histological sections of teeth are indicators of stress during enamel formation and have been hypothesised to form in baboon teeth during weaning. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • The traditional five-form classification probably under-represents the variation within Papio. (wikipedia.org)
  • Baboons are able to acquire orthographic processing skills, which form part of the ability to read. (wikipedia.org)
  • absence
  • However, this method is costly and suffers from short-term interruptions, wherein the unexpected absence of monitors may lead to unprepared residents using lethal force to deter raiding baboons. (springer.com)
  • We investigated whether an artificial patch could be used to draw baboons away from the urban environment in the absence of monitors. (springer.com)
  • time
  • His hypothesis is, if the baboons have indeed been living in the Hogsback area for an extensive time period, they will have adapted their foraging habits to the natural food sources available to them, and will only invade cultivated land when their natural resources are insufficient or no longer accessible. (ufh.ac.za)