• bromine
  • Many of them have been estimated based on the element's position on the periodic table as a heavier analog of iodine, and a member of the halogens (the group of elements including fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, halogens get darker with increasing atomic weight - fluorine is nearly colorless, chlorine is yellow-green, bromine is red-brown, and iodine is dark gray/violet. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the work on the destruction of aryl chlorides it has been shown that aliphatic chlorine and bromine compounds such as perchloroethylene, Freon (1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane) and halon-2402 (1,2-dibromo-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane) can be dehalogenated by the action of radiation on alkaline isopropanol solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlorination or bromination of aromatic hydrocarbons can be effected, for example, by passing gaseous chlorine or bromine therethrough under appropriate reaction conditions. (google.com)
  • reaction
  • The reaction between chlorine and other elements can often be vigorous. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 2 NaCl + 2 H2O → 2 NaOH + H2 + Cl2 A liquid containing electrolyte is produced by: Solvation or reaction of an ionic compound with a solvent (such as water) to produce mobile ions An ionic compound is fused by heating An electrical potential is applied across a pair of electrodes immersed in the electrolyte. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the so-called Ter Meer reaction (1876) named after Edmund ter Meer, the reactant is a 1,1-halonitroalkane: The reaction mechanism is proposed in which in the first slow step a proton is abstracted from nitroalkane 1 to a carbanion 2 followed by protonation to a nitronate 3 and finally nucleophilic displacement of chlorine based on an experimentally observed hydrogen kinetic isotope effect of 3.3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitroalkenes are Michael acceptors in the Michael reaction with enolate compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gas phase measurements of heats of reaction (which allow computation of ΔHf°) of various chlorine oxides do follow the expected trend wherein Cl2O7 exhibits the largest endothermic value of ΔHf° (238.1 kJ/mol) while Cl2O exhibits the lowest endothermic value of ΔHf° (80.3 kJ/mol). (wikipedia.org)
  • decomposition
  • Explosive decomposition of organo nitro compounds are redox reactions, wherein both the oxidant (nitro group) and the fuel (hydrocarbon substituent) are bound within the same molecule. (wikipedia.org)
  • reacts
  • Sodium bisulfite is a common reducing agent in the chemical industry, as it readily reacts with dissolved oxygen: 2 NaHSO3 + O2 → 2 NaHSO4 It is usually added to large piping systems to prevent oxidative corrosion. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxidation
  • While the related compound, sodium metabisulfite, is used in almost all commercial wines to prevent oxidation and preserve flavor, sodium bisulfite is sold by some home winemaking suppliers for the same purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • phosphorus
  • the same chemists state also the probable formation of similar compounds containing methyl and amyl in place of ethyl, and bismuth and phosphorus instead of antimony. (lemoyne.edu)
  • mixtures
  • It is to be understood, however, that the novel compounds of this invention are likely to be mixtures of tautomeric forms, the compositions of which are dependent on such factors as the nature of R R R and R and the environment. (google.es)
  • nitro
  • The nitro group is one of the most common explosophores (functional group that makes a compound explosive) used globally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aromatic nitro compounds are typically synthesized by nitration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chloramphenicol is a rare example of a naturally occurring nitro compound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of nitro compounds are rare in nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • A variation is formation of a dimethylaminoarene with palladium on carbon and formaldehyde: The Leimgruber-Batcho, Bartoli and Baeyer-Emmerling indole syntheses begin with aromatic nitro compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • silicon
  • any of a series of covalently bonded compounds containing only the elements silicon and hydrogen, having the general formula SinH2n + 2, in which n equals 1, 2, 3, and so on. (britannica.com)
  • Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal, in the Earth's crust. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Chlorine, in one form or another, is added to most swimming pools, spas, and public water supplies because it kills bacteria that cause disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • radiation
  • In wastewater treatment, a disinfection step with chlorine, ultra-violet (UV) radiation or ozonation can be included as tertiary treatment to remove pathogens from wastewater, for example if it is to be reused to irrigate golf courses. (wikipedia.org)