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  • bromine
  • Many of them have been estimated based on the element's position on the periodic table as a heavier analog of iodine, and a member of the halogens (the group of elements including fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, halogens get darker with increasing atomic weight - fluorine is nearly colorless, chlorine is yellow-green, bromine is red-brown, and iodine is dark gray/violet. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the work on the destruction of aryl chlorides it has been shown that aliphatic chlorine and bromine compounds such as perchloroethylene, Freon (1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane) and halon-2402 (1,2-dibromo-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane) can be dehalogenated by the action of radiation on alkaline isopropanol solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • NaCl
  • The most common minerals of chlorine are halite, or rock salt (NaCl), sylvite (KCl), and camallite (KCl MgCl 2 ). (encyclopedia.com)
  • In essence, salt water (brine, NaCl) is split through electrolysis to generate caustic soda (Sodium Hydroxide, NaOH), Chlorine gas (Cl2) and Hydrogen (H2) gas. (globalspec.com)
  • 2 NaCl + 2 H2O → 2 NaOH + H2 + Cl2 A liquid containing electrolyte is produced by: Solvation or reaction of an ionic compound with a solvent (such as water) to produce mobile ions An ionic compound is fused by heating An electrical potential is applied across a pair of electrodes immersed in the electrolyte. (wikipedia.org)
  • reaction
  • The reaction between chlorine and other elements can often be vigorous. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The reaction works best in isopropanol if potassium hydroxide (caustic potash) is added. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the so-called Ter Meer reaction (1876) named after Edmund ter Meer, the reactant is a 1,1-halonitroalkane: The reaction mechanism is proposed in which in the first slow step a proton is abstracted from nitroalkane 1 to a carbanion 2 followed by protonation to a nitronate 3 and finally nucleophilic displacement of chlorine based on an experimentally observed hydrogen kinetic isotope effect of 3.3. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the same reactant is reacted with potassium hydroxide the reaction product is the 1,2-dinitro dimer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitroalkenes are Michael acceptors in the Michael reaction with enolate compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gas phase measurements of heats of reaction (which allow computation of ΔHf°) of various chlorine oxides do follow the expected trend wherein Cl2O7 exhibits the largest endothermic value of ΔHf° (238.1 kJ/mol) while Cl2O exhibits the lowest endothermic value of ΔHf° (80.3 kJ/mol). (wikipedia.org)
  • reacts
  • Sodium bisulfite is a common reducing agent in the chemical industry, as it readily reacts with dissolved oxygen: 2 NaHSO3 + O2 → 2 NaHSO4 It is usually added to large piping systems to prevent oxidative corrosion. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxidation
  • While the related compound, sodium metabisulfite, is used in almost all commercial wines to prevent oxidation and preserve flavor, sodium bisulfite is sold by some home winemaking suppliers for the same purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • mixtures
  • It is to be understood, however, that the novel compounds of this invention are likely to be mixtures of tautomeric forms, the compositions of which are dependent on such factors as the nature of R R R and R and the environment. (google.es)
  • acids
  • Oxygen is the element with atomic number 8 and represented by the symbol O. Its name derives from the Greek roots ὀξύς and -γενής , because at the time of naming, it was mistakenly thought that all acids required oxygen in their composition. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • form
  • Chlorine, in one form or another, is added to most swimming pools, spas, and public water supplies because it kills bacteria that cause disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Most chemical elements that are ingested by organisms are in the form of simple compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • radiation
  • In wastewater treatment, a disinfection step with chlorine, ultra-violet (UV) radiation or ozonation can be included as tertiary treatment to remove pathogens from wastewater, for example if it is to be reused to irrigate golf courses. (wikipedia.org)
  • silicon
  • Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal, in the Earth's crust. (wikipedia.org)