• organic
  • The antifungal components of the essential oils increased during storage, but they were a low fraction of the volatile organic compounds in storage chambers. (mdpi.com)
  • Motor oils today are blended using base oils composed of petroleum-based hydrocarbons, that means organic compounds consisting of carbon and hydrogen, or polyalphaolefins (PAO) or their mixtures in various proportions, sometimes with up to 20% by weight of esters for better dissolution of additives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethanol extraction is a type of solvent extraction used to extract fragrant compounds directly from dry raw materials, as well as the impure oils or concrete resulting from organic solvent extraction, expression, or enfluerage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The impure substances or oils are mixed with ethanol, which is less hydrophobic than solvents used for organic extraction, dissolves more of the oxidized aromatic constituents (alcohols, aldehydes, etc.), leaving behind the wax, fats, and other generally hydrophobic substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • vapors
  • Under low disease pressure, most treatments significantly reduced fruit rot incidence during shelf-life, while, under high disease pressure, only vapors of thyme essential oil at the highest concentration tested (10% v / v in the diffusor) significantly reduced the rots. (mdpi.com)
  • The application of thyme and savory essential oil vapors represents a promising tool for reducing postharvest losses and preserving the quality of peaches and nectarines. (mdpi.com)
  • Steam sauna medicinal plant use through inhalation of essential oils vapors can possibly have medicinal efficacy, but is unlikely to alleviate the ailments commonly encountered during postpartum convalescence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • METHODS
  • The present invention relates to formulations and methods of arthropod control employing formulations comprising certain essential oils formulated as soaps. (patents.com)
  • citation needed] Therefore, it is important to use the phytochemical methods to screen and analyze bioactive components, not only for the quality control of crude drugs, but also for the elucidation of their therapeutic mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • olive
  • The fatty oil used as a base is commonly from olive, sesame or coconut, although many other sources may be used. (herb-pharm.com)
  • in Albania, the leaves are used as a spinach substitute, mainly served simmered and marinated in olive oil, or as ingredient for fillings of byrek. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Scientists use it to determine the amount of oil and gas released from the well and to understand how the various hydrocarbon species partitioned and evolved over time, as well as to fingerprint the Macondo oil to identify samples found on the beach or seafloor. (acs.org)
  • Many tansy species contain a volatile oil which can cause contact dermatitis in sensitive individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oil consists of mainly unsaturated fatty acids and is similar in both species, although the proportion of unsaturated to saturated fatty acids appears to be slightly higher in M. integrifolia (6.2:1 compared with 4.8:1). (wikipedia.org)
  • plant
  • The name "burning bush" derives from the volatile oils produced by the plant, which can catch fire readily in hot weather, leading to comparisons with the burning bush of the Bible, including the suggestion that this is the plant involved there. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dominant flavour in these other drinks is usually sassafras or wintergreen, both now derived artificially rather than from the plant itself, in part because during the 1960s safrole, the major component of the volatile oil of sassafras, was found to be carcinogenic in rats when administered in relatively large doses. (wikipedia.org)
  • All parts of the plant contain these volatile oils, with the majority of the toxic components concentrated in the plant's root. (wikipedia.org)
  • resins
  • It was not until the stimulus of World War II created a shortage of linseed oil in the supply market that artificial resins, or alkyds, were invented. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] Motor oil is a lubricant used in internal combustion engines, which power cars, motorcycles, lawnmowers, engine-generators, and many other machines. (wikipedia.org)
  • substances
  • Motor oil, engine oil, or engine lubricant is any of various substances comprising base oils enhanced with additives, particularly antiwear additive plus detergents, dispersants and, for multi-grade oils viscosity index improvers. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • The major volatile components in roasted macadamia kernels are apparently similar to those found in other roasted nuts, although little detailed information is available. (wikipedia.org)
  • This fatty acid is mostly found in fish oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polarity of macadamia nut oil was found to be 525.50 nm±0.29 nm (SE). (wikipedia.org)
  • Heat stability of emulsions prepared with strongly polar and non-polar oils were found to give emulsions with poor stability which is generally experienced with natural oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • formulations
  • It is the only component that is always present among all the various types of formulations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Macadamia oil is sometimes used in food as a frying or salad oil, and in cosmetic formulations as an emollient or fragrance fixative. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxic
  • If taken internally, toxic metabolites are produced as the oil is broken down in the liver and digestive tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • medicinal
  • Although most of its medicinal uses have been discredited, tansy is still a component of some medicines and is listed by the United States Pharmacopeia as a treatment for fevers, feverish colds, and jaundice. (wikipedia.org)
  • While studying the possible healing powers of crude oil, Dr. Ellis was disappointed to find no real medicinal value, but was intrigued by its potential lubricating properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • majority
  • The vast majority of oil-75%-was neither burned nor recovered. (acs.org)
  • The vast majority of oil from the Macondo well ended up in the environment, including the water column, atmosphere, coastline, and seafloor. (acs.org)
  • heat
  • An apparatus for applying the brazing material to the honeycomb includes a heating station for passing a flow of hot air through a honeycomb body and heat-treating an oil film at a temperature of approximately 150 to 250 C. and preferably 200 to 230 C. (google.com)
  • 7. The method according to claim 1, which comprises carrying out the step of heat-treating the rolling oil at a temperature of approximately 150 to 250 C. (google.com)
  • Lubricating oil creates a separating film between surfaces of adjacent moving parts to minimize direct contact between them, decreasing heat caused by friction and reducing wear, thus protecting the engine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In use, motor oil transfers heat through convection as it flows through the engine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an engine with a recirculating oil pump, this heat is transferred by means of air flow over the exterior surface of the oil pan, airflow through an oil cooler and through oil gases evacuated by the Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The technique can also be used to extract odorants that are too volatile for distillation or easily denatured by heat. (wikipedia.org)
  • amounts
  • In addition, researchers have learned that atmospheric measurements can quickly quantify amounts and the origin of leaking gas and oil and that water delivers nutrients essential for microbes to break down balls of oil on beaches. (acs.org)
  • similar
  • While modern recirculating pumps are typically provided in passenger cars and other engines similar or larger in size, total loss oiling is a design option that remains popular in small and miniature engines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemistry
  • The Divisions of Analytical Chemistry, Agricultural & Food Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry, and Geochemistry all organized sessions on oil-spill-related research. (acs.org)
  • extraction
  • This method combines human red cell membrane extraction and high performance liquid chromatography to screen potential active components in Chinese medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • remove
  • Because particles accumulate in the oil, it is typically circulated through an oil filter to remove harmful particles. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • But scientists now say some effects on Gulf ecosystems are far from over: Slowly degrading oil remains in sediments, where it appears to be harming insects in shallow marsh water and may have long-term health consequences for fish and plants in deep water. (acs.org)
  • different
  • Furthermore, studying how different ecosystems fared in the spill can help identify areas that are particularly tolerant of or resilient to oil, so responders can better direct efforts next time. (acs.org)
  • diesel
  • In petrol (gasoline) engines, the top piston ring can expose the motor oil to temperatures of 160 °C (320 °F). In diesel engines the top ring can expose the oil to temperatures over 315 °C (600 °F). Motor oils with higher viscosity indices thin less at these higher temperatures. (wikipedia.org)
  • film
  • A method for applying brazing material to an approximately metallic honeycomb body being wound, stratified or intertwined from at least partly structured sheet-metal layers, for brazing at least in partial regions, includes applying a thin film of a rolling oil to at least the structured sheet-metal. (google.com)
  • The binder is the film-forming component of paint. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • As for the gas, what was recovered with oil was burned, whereas the rest predominately dissolved in the water column, forming the so-called deep plume. (acs.org)
  • From a basic science perspective, "it was a fascinating opportunity to see what happens when you perturb a large body of water with a large body of oil," says Christopher M. Reddy , a scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). (acs.org)
  • The invention relates to an oil-and-water emulsion comprising an aqueous phase and an oil phase, said emulsion containing: 15-40 wt. (patents.com)
  • Polarity of the oil phase is considered as an essential factor for the stability of water-in-oil emulsions. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • For each oil the main components were reported. (scielo.org.mx)
  • The main function of motor oil is to reduce friction and wear on moving parts and to clean the engine from sludge (one of the functions of dispersants) and varnish (detergents). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the crankcase of a vehicle engine, motor oil lubricates rotating or sliding surfaces between the crankshaft journal bearings (main bearings and big-end bearings), and rods connecting the pistons to the crankshaft. (wikipedia.org)
  • In modern vehicle engines, the oil pump takes oil from the oil pan and sends it through the oil filter into oil galleries, from which the oil lubricates the main bearings holding the crankshaft up at the main journals and camshaft bearings operating the valves. (wikipedia.org)
  • great
  • Polarity of the oil phase has a great influence on the formulation and properties of the cosmetic emulsions. (wikipedia.org)