• kinetics
  • With the added complexity of chemical kinetics and achieving reacting flow mixture environment, proper modeling physics has to be incorporated during computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations of combustion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The model should be capable of solving the general transport equations for fluid flow and heat transfer as well as the additional equations of combustion chemistry and Chemical kinetics incorporated into that as per the simulating environment desired The major consideration during any general combustion process includes the mixing time scale and the reacting time scale elapsed for the process. (wikipedia.org)
  • By running linear sweep voltammetry and other experiments at various rotation rates, different electrochemical phenomena can be investigated, including multi-electron transfer, the kinetics of a slow electron transfer, adsorption/desorption steps, and electrochemical reaction mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecules
  • The evidence includes the formation of many simple compound, but also more complex and fundamental molecules, including amino acids - the building blocks of proteins. (patheos.com)
  • The famous Miller-Urey experiment also demonstrated the formation of complex organic molecules under conditions potentially similar to those of the early earth. (patheos.com)
  • A theme of this program is to develop practical methods to convert simple starting materials into complex molecules in a straightforward manner. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Since more than one such pathway exists to creating complex molecules, even extremely specific ones such as proteins edible to fish, the likelihood of humans being able to design an entirely new one is considered (by these advocates) to be near certainty in the long run, and possible within a generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, depending on the chemical character of molecules released, necrotaxis can accumulate or repel cells, which underlines the pathophysiological significance of the phenomenon. (wikipedia.org)
  • separation
  • Within the group we develop the combustion technology of metal powder, solid handling including separation and regeneration through chemical reduction with renewable hydrogen. (tue.nl)
  • Institution of Chemic
  • 450 masters-level engineering students 200 internships in France and abroad 100 professors, assistant professors and CNRS researchers (permanent staff) 180 graduate students ENSIC Nancy offers two masters-level engineering degrees accredited by the Commission des titres d'ingénieur (France) and by the Institution of Chemical Engineers (UK). (wikipedia.org)
  • substances
  • Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling is a mathematical modeling technique for predicting the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) of synthetic or natural chemical substances in humans and other animal species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Composition of the substances inducing necrotaxis is rather complex, some of them are still obscure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemistry
  • Life as we know it requires (1) the intrinsically flexible chemistry of Carbon, with Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Phosphorous also thrown into the mix and (2) the unique properties of liquid water (H 2 O). The presence of these elements and the presence of a water layer on earth arise from the fine-tuning of the primitive universe to produce the right chemical elements and the right environments. (patheos.com)
  • Building on this article, Pauling's 1939 textbook: On the Nature of the Chemical Bond would become what some have called the bible of modern chemistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • This pulled together a variety of chemical activities in the University of Nancy, with the specific aim of instructing young men in the practical application of chemistry to industry and agriculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transport
  • Transport phenomena studies account for exchanges of momentum, energy, and mass between systems. (comsol.com)
  • It solves the conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, chemical species and other scalar transport equations using the finite volume method. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • Complex systems, such as structures in pre-etched cavities or angular comb-drive scanning mirrors, typically require simulations to reliably evaluate the air damping. (comsol.nl)
  • synthetic
  • Then mixed valency phenomena attracted the interest of disparate classes of scientists, ranging from synthetic chemists to solid state physicists and from biologists to geologists. (indigo.ca)
  • variety
  • There are a variety of known chemical bonding interactions including covalent, ionic, and metallic bonding among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • principles
  • Papers showing how research results can be used in chemical engineering design , and accounts of experimental or theoretical research work bringing new perspectives to established principles, highlighting unsolved problems or indicating directions for future research, are particularly welcome. (elsevier.com)
  • After the Second World War, ENSIC introduced to France chemical engineering principles developed in the English-speaking world. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the basis of these principles the Marxist Philosophers decided that the phenomenon of life was the product of one of these leaps. (wikipedia.org)
  • contributions
  • His contributions to the theory of the chemical bond include the concept of orbital hybridisation and the first accurate scale of electronegativities of the elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • theoretical
  • Papers showing how research results can be used in chemical engineering design , and accounts of experimental or theoretical research work bringing new perspectives to established. (elsevier.com)
  • simple
  • There are several complex questions in the formation of life, more than I can list in a simple blog post. (patheos.com)
  • thermal
  • Thomas L. Starr, Weijie Xu, "Modeling of Chemical Vapor Deposited Zirconia for Thermal Barrier and Environmental Barrier Coatings," US Department of Energy, 16th Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials, April 22-24, 2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • range
  • The fluidics of nanopore devices we fabricated exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, such as enhanced conductance and current rectification. (comsol.com)
  • life
  • This is the question posed in Chapters 10 and 11 of Alister McGrath's book A Fine-Tuned Universe: The Quest for God in Science and Theology where he gives a brief overview of the chemical requirements for the origin of life. (patheos.com)
  • The second facet to McGrath's discussion of fine-tuning is the complex question of the development of life from the primordial soup of chemical precursors. (patheos.com)
  • McGrath suggests that "life could be defined as a "self-sustaining chemical system," able to transform resources into its own building blocks, that is "capable of undergoing Darwinian evolution. (patheos.com)
  • The transition from "chemical soup" to life requires more than nucleic acids and amino acids however. (patheos.com)
  • Because life is the most complex phenomenon, the detection of any chemical on Mars is unlikely to be accepted as proof of life. (biology-online.org)
  • Engels stated that the complex chemical structure of matter evolved until albuminous substance was formed, and from this substance life emerged. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • Tumor drug delivery is a complex phenomenon affected by several elements in addition to physico-chemical properties. (marketwired.com)
  • Use of the term chemosynthesis reinforces the view that this is feasible by pointing out that several alternate means of creating complex proteins, mineral shells of mollusks and crustaceans, etc., evolved naturally, not all of them dependent on photosynthesis and a food chain from the sun via chlorophyll. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanism
  • Choline is a nutrient needed by our body for optimum brain function, muscle activity, memory mechanism and transfer of chemical messages between nerves. (apollohospitals.com)
  • research
  • PBPK modeling is used in pharmaceutical research and drug development, and in health risk assessment for cosmetics or general chemicals. (wikipedia.org)
  • field
  • Kai Hencken, Dmitry Shmelev, Oliver Fritz, "Modeling and Simulation of High-Current Constricted Vacuum Arcs Driven by a Strong Magnetic Field in 3D," ISPC-20 Proceeding, International Plasma Chemical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (wikipedia.org)
  • deal
  • PBPK models may have purely predictive uses, but other uses, such as statistical inference, have been made possible by the development of Bayesian statistical tools able to deal with complex models. (wikipedia.org)
  • rate
  • Compartments are usually defined by grouping organs or tissues with similar blood perfusion rate and lipid content (i.e. organs for which chemicals' concentration vs. time profiles will be similar). (wikipedia.org)