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  • clinical
  • The purpose of the clinical trial is to show that the combined system TREAT/PCR assays will improve the outcome of inpatients with moderate to severe bacterial infections, while at the same time reducing the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, with no or little additional costs. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients
  • Patients with moderate to severe bacterial infections given early and appropriate empirical antibiotic treatment are at a lesser risk for a fatal outcome, with odds ratios ranging from 1.6 to 6.9. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • high
  • This study would not have been possible without a strong partnership between researchers and community-based organizations that have the trust of members of communities in areas where the density of industrial hog production is high. (nih.gov)
  • pathogens
  • Decreased susceptibility to commonly used antimicrobial agents in bacterial pathogens isolated from urinary tract infections in Rwanda: need for new antimicrobial guidelines," The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene , vol. 84, no. 6, pp. 923-928, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • Since inappropriate antimicrobial choice is associated with higher mortality, risk factors for MDR pathogens such as Pseudomonas infection should be evaluated when empiric therapy for CAP is going to be started. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Carbapenems are not highly active against methicillin-resistant Staphyloccus aureus or most enterococcal infections because carbapenems do not bind to the penicillin-binding protein used by these pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since approximately 80% of infectious diseases are known to be transmitted by touch, and pathogens found in healthcare facilities can survive on inanimate surfaces for days and even months, the microbial burden of frequently touched surfaces is believed to play a significant role in infection causality. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Chile, 70,000 nosocomial infections are reported each year, most commonly from common hospital-borne pathogens such as S. aureus, P. aeruginosa and A.baumanii. (wikipedia.org)
  • isolates
  • In a separate in vitro study, results indicate that omadacycline activity against Legionella pneumophila remained unchanged between 1995 - 2005 and 2006 - 2014 isolates, suggesting potential use against these infections. (cnbc.com)
  • incidence
  • The investigators found that the incidence rate of all infections increased with lower kidney function, from 74 per 1000 person-years of individuals with normal kidney function to 419 per 1000 person-years with stage 4 or higher chronic kidney disease (CKD). (eurekalert.org)
  • 3yrs had higher incidence of perineal infections compared to only 2 (11 percent) of the 4-12 yrs and none of the 13-18 yrs of age. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Background The incidence of childhood bone and joint infections (BJIs) is not well known, but is useful for identifying epidemiological differences and improving practice. (bmj.com)
  • quinolone
  • S. saprophyticus urinary tract infections are usually treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or with a quinolone such as norfloxacin. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Persistent bacteremia can also occur as part of the infection process of typhoid fever, brucellosis, and bacterial meningitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means that infections occur most in people that have debilitating disease and have artificial material located in their bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in several cases, these infections result after an individual's immune system has been weakened, so it is likely to occur in recovering or ill patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pseudomonas
  • Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, although an uncommon pathogen, is able to cause infections in individuals that usually have compromised immune systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • urinary tract inf
  • The urine sediment of a patient with a S. saprophyticus urinary tract infection has a characteristic appearance under the microscope manifesting leukocytes, erythrocytes, and clumping due to cocci adhering to cellular elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • In May 2016, a phase 1b study of omadacycline in urinary tract infection was initiated. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Results: The Surgical Infection Society and the Infectious Disease Society of America guidelines recommend a variety of single and combined antimicrobial therapies, including fluoroquinolone therapy, for prophylactic and definitive treatment of cIAIs with different severities. (umich.edu)
  • Thiamphenicol is also widely used in Brazil, particularly for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections and pelvic inflammatory disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • A phase 2 study was conducted comparing the safety and efficacy of omadacycline to linezolid for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results indicated that omadacycline is well-tolerated and has the potential to be an effective treatment in patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2016, the U.S. FDA recommended that "serious side effects associated with fluoroquinolone antibacterial drugs generally outweigh the benefits for patients with acute sinusitis, acute bronchitis, and uncomplicated urinary tract infections who have other treatment options. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antimicrobial
  • D. A. Lewis and O. Perovic, "Antimicrobial susceptibility of organisms causing community-acquired urinary tract infections in Gauteng Province, South Africa," South African Medical Journal , vol. 103, no. 6, pp. e1-e9, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • The data are being presented at the joint meeting of the International Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) and the International Congress of Chemotherapy and Infection (ICC) in San Diego, September 17 - 21. (cnbc.com)
  • A 2015 systematic review found little evidence that would support the identification of a best antimicrobial regimen for complicated urinary tract infections, but identified three high-quality trials supporting high cure rates with doripenem, including in patients with levofloxacin-resistant E. coli infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • sinusitis
  • In an example where a woman developed an infection of P. oryzihabitans from a case of sinusitis, she experienced the same chills and elevated temperature, but also nasal discharge containing pus, right facial pain, and a fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Infections contracted outside of a healthcare setting are common, and they contribute to considerable illness and increased healthcare costs. (eurekalert.org)
  • Infections in the extremities were more common in the older youth compared to the youngest children. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • The many home remedies or natural treatments for urinary tract infections are not clinically proven, such as cranberry juice, alkalinization, and many types of common herbs and spices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Less common primary sites of infection include tonsils, soft palate, middle ear, or orbit (orbital cellulitis). (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Even when such an infection occurs above the neck of the bladder, low numbers of colony-forming units (less than 105 cfu/ml) are often present. (wikipedia.org)
  • This cycle will often repeat until the existing infection is successfully treated. (wikipedia.org)
  • cellulitis
  • Orbital cellulitis Internal carotid artery aneurysm Stroke Migraine headache Allergic blepharitis Thyroid exophthalmos Brain tumor Meningitis Mucormycosis Trauma Recognizing the primary source of infection (i.e., facial cellulitis, middle ear, and sinus infections) and treating the primary source expeditiously is the best way to prevent cavernous sinus thrombosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • The purpose of the clinical trial is to show that the combined system TREAT/PCR assays will improve the outcome of inpatients with moderate to severe bacterial infections, while at the same time reducing the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, with no or little additional costs. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients
  • Patients with moderate to severe bacterial infections given early and appropriate empirical antibiotic treatment are at a lesser risk for a fatal outcome, with odds ratios ranging from 1.6 to 6.9. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • high
  • This study would not have been possible without a strong partnership between researchers and community-based organizations that have the trust of members of communities in areas where the density of industrial hog production is high. (nih.gov)
  • AIDS
  • She demonstrated that by not implementing mother to child transmission prevention programs, the cost to treat sick children who acquired AIDS from their mother was greater than to prevent the tragedy from happening. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally the disease was called GRID (Gay-Related Immune Deficiency), but by 1982, after scientific discovery that the disease was also transmitted by other means, plus political pressure from those who felt the name unfairly stigmatized homosexuals, the designation was officially changed to AIDS, for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, by the CDC in 1982. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment of HIV/AIDS is primarily a "drug cocktail" of protease inhibitors, and education programs help people avoid infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Latino AIDS Awareness Day (NLAAD) (Spanish : El Dia Nacional de Concientizacion Latina del SIDA) takes place in the United States of America and its territories on October 15, the last day of National Hispanic Heritage Month, and aims to increase awareness of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the Hispanic/Latino population living in the United States including Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a national community mobilizing and social marketing campaign co-ordinated by the Latino Commission on AIDS and the Hispanic Federation in partnership with commercial sponsors, community and public health organisations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some also undertake to educate community leaders and public officials in reducing new infections and caring for Latinos living with HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first NLAAD was in 2003, initiated by the Latino Commission on AIDS under the leadership of Dennis deLeon joined by the Hispanic Federation and attracted support from various community groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • The seventh NLAAD in 2009 adopted the theme United We Can Stop HIV and Prevent AIDS" - Unidos Podemos Detener el VIH y Prevenir el SIDA placing an emphasis on community unity. (wikipedia.org)
  • David DuPuy Celentano (born 1951) is a noted epidemiologist and professor who has contributed significantly to the promotion of research on HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (wikipedia.org)
  • local infection
  • In addition, needle sticks with concentrated virus or scratches from infected animals may result in local infection of the skin even in immunized individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classic sign of early local infection with Lyme disease is a circular, outwardly expanding rash called erythema chronicum migrans (EM), which occurs at the site of the tick bite three to 32 days after the tick bite. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • Our Center, Dmitry Rogachev National Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology - is one of the largest institutions in the field of cancer, inborn and acquired blood disorders and immune deficiencies. (fnkc.ru)
  • Malnutrition, the immune system, and infectious diseases operate in a cyclical manner: infectious diseases have deleterious effects on nutritional status, and nutritional deficiencies can lower the strength of the immune system which affects the body's ability to resist infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, malnutrition of both macronutrients (such as protein and energy) and micronutrients (such as iron, zinc, and vitamins) increase susceptibility to HIV infections by interfering with the immune system and through other biological mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • pediatric
  • The Center provides educational resources including internship, residency and post doctoral programs as well as disseminating current knowledge to the Russian pediatric hematology/oncology professional community in more than 80 clinical centers throughout the country. (fnkc.ru)
  • The continuous work of our Center and the Russian pediatric hematology/oncology professional community resulted in improvement of the overall survival from 5-10 % to 80 % during the last 3 decades. (fnkc.ru)
  • Pediatric acquired brain injury (PABI) is the number one cause of death and disability for children and young adults in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • control
  • The precautions involve hand washing immediately there is contact, the routine wearing of protective clothing and gloves, following such infection control measures that are designed to place a barrier between potentially infectious blood or body fluids and employees, adherence to work practices, and procedures for the transport and handling of infectious materials. (ohsrep.org.au)
  • Medical administration includes department of infection control, clinical-scientific department and departments for clinical statistics and IT. (fnkc.ru)
  • causes
  • Leishmania donovani, the unicellular organism which causes leishmaniasis Entamoeba and Giardia, which cause intestinal infections (dysentery and diarrhoea) Multicellular organisms and intestinal worms (helminths) such as Schistosoma spp. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Although infectious diseases still account for a high burden of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, simultaneous investigations on multiple infections affecting maternal and child health are missing. (biomedcentral.com)
  • What forms of engagement in health improvements - social marketing, public health interventions, or community empowerment, for example - work, and which do not? (stanford.edu)
  • research
  • They are extremely contagious, and fewer than twenty virus particles can cause an infection (some research suggests as few as five). (wikipedia.org)
  • mental
  • Encephalitis (alteration of mental status and focal neurologic deficits), myelitis (upper- and lower-motor neuron dysfunction, sensory level and bowel and bladder dysfunction), or both may result from Orthopoxvirus infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • virus
  • In contrast, infections caused by hepatitis C virus (1.1% anti-HCV) and HIV (0.6%) were rare. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Following the eradication of variola virus, camelpox has become one of the most economically important Orthopoxvirus infections due to the dependence of many subsistence-level nomadic communities on camels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aerosols of concentrated virus may result in Orthopoxvirus infection, especially in non-immunized individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • In fisheries biology, for example, parasite communities can be used to distinguish distinct populations of the same fish species co-inhabiting a region. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • IMVs can be released upon cell lysis, or can acquire a second membrane from the Golgi apparatus and bud as extracellular enveloped virions (EEV). (wikipedia.org)