• peptides
  • The end result is a quantity of green-brown tinted liquid (containing amino acids, peptides, sugars and salts) and soft, porous white bone remains (calcium phosphate) easily crushed in the hand (although a cremulator is more commonly used) to form a white-colored dust. (wikipedia.org)
  • lipids
  • Additionally, PA can be converted into a number of other lipids, such as lysophosphatidic acid (lyso-PA) or diacylglycerol, signal molecules which have a multitude of effects on downstream cellular pathways.PA and its lipid derivatives are implicated in myriad processes that include intracellular vesicle trafficking, endocytosis, exocytosis, actin cytoskeleton dynamics, cell proliferation differentiation, and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Leucine
  • M. Shetty, T. B. Gowda, A Study of Substituent Effect on the Oxidative Strengths of N-Chloroarenesulphonamides: Kinetics of Oxidation of Leucine and Isoleucine in Aqueous Acid Medium, in: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 2004, 59, 63-72. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolism
  • The molecular structure of toluenesulfonylamide is similar to para-aminobenzoic acid, an intermediate in bacterial metabolism, which is disrupted by this sulfonamide (in the same way as by a sulfa drug). (wikipedia.org)
  • motif
  • This 'acid box' motif interacts with the heparan sulfate binding site to prevent receptor activation in the absence of FGFs. (wikipedia.org)
  • conformation
  • Only proline differs from this basic structure as it contains an unusual ring to the N-end amine group, which forces the CO-NH amide moiety into a fixed conformation. (wikipedia.org)
  • retinoic
  • Honokiol treatment was found to increase 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3- and retinoic acid-induced differentiation in leukemia cells ( 22 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • In addition to the circadian regulatory TTFL loop described above, Bmal1 transcription is regulated by competitive binding to the retinoic acid-related orphan receptor response element-binding site (RORE) within the promoter of Bmal1. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • The large number of variants of this molecule found during chromatographic separation could not be attributed to the presence of major isoproteins as assessed by amino acid analysis and amino acid sequencing of isoforms. (biochemj.org)
  • A catalytic triad is a set of three coordinated amino acids that can be found in the active site of some enzymes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Catalyitic triads are most commonly found in hydrolase and transferase enzymes (e.g. proteases, amidases, esterases, acylases, lipases and β-lactamases). (wikipedia.org)
  • helix-loop-
  • The cyc gene is located on the left arm of chromosome 3 and codes for a transcription factor containing a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain and a PAS domain. (wikipedia.org)
  • ARNTL encodes a transcription factor with a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) and two PAS domains. (wikipedia.org)
  • compounds
  • These compounds contain an ammonium and a carboxylate group, and can be viewed as arising via a kind of intramolecular acid-base reaction: The amine group deprotonates the carboxylic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are actually two very closely related compounds commonly referred to as eosin. (wikipedia.org)
  • GABA
  • Gamma aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is a type of chemical called a neurotransmitter that plays a prominent role in information transfer between the cells of your nervous system. (livestrong.com)
  • Conditions commonly decreased or controlled by the actions of GABA include muscle spasms and epileptic seizures. (livestrong.com)
  • group
  • A functional group is a specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeleton of an organic molecule. (scribd.com)
  • No group of nutrients is more challenging to describe than amino acids! (whfoods.org)
  • that is, the amino group in each is a substituent on the carbon atom alpha to, or next to, the carbonyl group. (3dchem.com)
  • glycosylation
  • The material in the lipid-rich vesicle fraction appears to be a post-ER intermediate in the transport process to the plasma membrane (PM). After infection, the VSIV G gene is expressed and is commonly studied as a model for N-linked glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). (wikipedia.org)
  • stain
  • These dyes are commonly used to stain tissue sections, as food coloring agents and for coloring fabrics in the clothing industry. (modernbio.com)
  • A small concentration (0.5 percent) of acetic acid usually gives a deeper red stain to the tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Importantly, you can also find milligram amounts for 18 different amino acids in all 100 of our food profiles by clicking on the in-depth nutritional profile link toward the end of each food profile. (whfoods.org)
  • together
  • It still consists of amino acids that have been combined together in a unique way. (whfoods.org)
  • If you are starting to conclude that amino acids are somewhat like a jigsaw puzzle with many pieces that can be difficult to fit together into a coherent picture, then you are arriving at the same conclusion as many nutrition researchers! (whfoods.org)
  • Examples, such as bicine and tricine, contain a basic secondary or tertiary amine fragment together with a carboxylic acid fragment. (wikipedia.org)
  • functions
  • You will find information about all of these amino acid functions and benefits in this profile. (whfoods.org)
  • Many of phospholipase D's cellular functions are mediated by its principal product, phosphatidic acid (PA). (wikipedia.org)
  • secondary
  • A more restrictive definition limiting natural products to secondary metabolites is commonly used within the fields of medicinal chemistry and pharmacognosy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foods
  • Your body makes glutamine internally, and you can also get it from a variety of commonly available foods, including beef and other kinds of meat, milk and other products derived from animals, cabbage and spinach. (livestrong.com)
  • reactions
  • Vitamin B3 (nicotinic acid or niacin), synthesized from tryptophan is a component of the coenzymes NAD+ and NADP+ which in turn are required for electron transport in the Krebs cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, as well as many other redox reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, there is a bigger picture with respect to amino acids, and this bigger picture is also important to understand. (whfoods.org)
  • However, Astbury did not have the necessary data on the bond geometry of the amino acids in order to build accurate models, especially since he did not then know that the peptide bond was planar. (wikipedia.org)