• ankle joint
  • Ankle Joint Contact Loads and Displacement With Progressive Syndesmotic Injury. (stanford.edu)
  • Mild and moderate syndesmotic injuries are difficult to stratify, and the impact of syndesmosis injury on the magnitude and distribution of forces within the ankle joint during athletic activities is unknown.Eight below-knee cadaveric specimens were tested in the intact state and after sequential sectioning of the following ligaments: anterior-inferior tibiofibular, anterior deltoid (1 cm), interosseous/transverse (IOL/TL), posterior-inferior tibiofibular, and whole deltoid. (stanford.edu)
  • The novel surgical arthroscopic method allows introduction of ankle prostheses into the ankle joint through an exposure in the tibial tubercle. (google.com)
  • The ankle includes three joints: the ankle joint proper or talocrural joint, the subtalar joint, and the inferior tibiofibular joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ankle joint is bound by the strong deltoid ligament and three lateral ligaments: the anterior talofibular ligament, the posterior talofibular ligament, and the calcaneofibular ligament. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though it does not span across the ankle joint itself, the syndesmotic ligament makes an important contribution to the stability of the ankle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bony architecture of the ankle joint is most stable in dorsiflexion. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was hypothesized that muscle spindle feedback from the ankle dorsiflexors played the most substantial role in proprioception relative to other muscular receptors that cross at the ankle joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, due to the multi-planar range of motion at the ankle joint there is not one group of muscles that is responsible for this. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is easily possible that the maximal ankle joint eversion movement is 31 degrees for one and 12 degrees for another running shoe. (wikipedia.org)
  • its anterior margin gives attachment to the plantar calcaneonavicular ligament, and its medial margin to a part of the deltoid ligament of the ankle-joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • peroneus longus
  • evident due to diminished recovery times.The peroneus longus does contribute to controlling subtalar motion alongside the tibialis anterior and finally, footwear characteristics that restrict normal subtalar joint motion seen in barefoot individuals will help decrease the risk of slipping and decrease the severity, improving chances for recovery. (wlu.ca)
  • Its chief anatomical significance is as a point of divergence of the previously common pathway shared by the distal tendons of peroneus longus and peroneus brevis en route to their distinct respective attachment sites. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • Vleeming, A., Schuenke, M.D. , & Willard, F.H. (2013) Altered intracompartmental pressure within the thoracolumbar fascia container: Its effect on force transfer to the common tendon of the transversus abdominis muscle to the middle and posterior layer of the paraspinal muscle compartment. (une.edu)
  • ligaments
  • The loosened or stretched ligaments in the joint provide little stability and allow for the joint to be easily dislocated. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is due to the weakening of the muscles and ligaments which hold the joint in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • intra-articular
  • Open reduction and stable internal fixation with a lateral plate and without joint transfixation are established as standard therapy for displaced intra-articular fractures. (medscape.com)
  • tibia
  • Anterior group Extensor group: tibialis anterior originates on the proximal half of the tibia and the interosseous membrane and is inserted near the tarsometatarsal joint of the first digit. (wikipedia.org)
  • pronation
  • Biomechanically, over-pronation is a common factor in shin splints and action should be taken to improve the biomechanics of the gait. (wikipedia.org)
  • bones
  • The joint surface of all bones in the ankle are covered with articular cartilage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The displaced bones are thus gradually brought into the correct alignment with their joint surfaces progressively remodeled yet maintaining congruency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Great and sudden force applied, by either a blow or fall, to the joint can cause the bones in the joint to be displaced or dislocated from normal position. (wikipedia.org)
  • anatomy
  • This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) http://www.physio-pedia.com/images/c/c0/Principles_of_Joint_Mobilization.pdf Kyung Won, PhD. Chung (2005). (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • The most common symptom is pain over the heel area, especially when the heel is palpated or squeezed. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to prevent joint damage, any unusual pain or discomfort should be reported to a medical professional. (wisegeek.com)
  • With this condition, the pain is usually worse during and after activity, and the tendon and joint area can become stiffer the following day as swelling impinges on the movement of the tendon. (wikipedia.org)
  • OCD usually causes pain and swelling of the affected joint which catches and locks during movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • The result is fragmentation (dissection) of both cartilage and bone, and the free movement of these bone and cartilage fragments within the joint space, causing pain and further damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although rare, it is an important cause of joint pain in physically active adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In osteochondritis dissecans, fragments of cartilage or bone become loose within a joint, leading to pain and inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis is a procedure commonly used as salvage surgery for various pathologic processes that compromise the ankle and subtalar joints. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • During the immobilization period, isometric exercises, such as straight leg raises, are commonly used to restore muscle loss without disturbing the cartilage of the affected joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • While OCD may affect any joint, the knee tends to be the most commonly affected, and constitutes 75% of all cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • OCD most commonly affects the knee, although it can affect other joints such as the ankle or the elbow. (wikipedia.org)
  • stable
  • Another method of treatment is to place the injured arm in a sling or in another immobilizing device in order to keep the joint stable. (wikipedia.org)
  • movement
  • This is the more common view of the subtalar joint when discussing its movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vleeming, A., Schuenke M.D., Sturesson, B., & Willard F.H. (2013) Authors' response to the letter to the Editors by Professor M. T. Cibulka: a critical interpretation of sacroiliac joint movement studies. (une.edu)
  • injuries
  • Such injuries are common in sports and high-intensity athletic training, especially when athletes fail to warm up the joint before engaging in activity. (wisegeek.com)
  • Slips are considered one of the most common causes of major accidental injuries. (wlu.ca)
  • normal
  • The second is to determine if certain footwear characteristics, that may restrict the normal function of the subtalar joint (i.e., insole stiffness and heel counter stiffness), will change the response to unexpected heel contact slipping perturbations. (wlu.ca)
  • The correction takes place through the normal arc of the subtalar joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • A dislocated joint usually can be successfully reduced into its normal position only by a trained medical professional. (wikipedia.org)
  • cartilage
  • This often becomes necessary when the cartilage protecting the joint breaks down. (wisegeek.com)
  • Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD or OD) is a joint disorder in which cracks form in the articular cartilage and the underlying subchondral bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical treatment includes arthroscopic drilling of intact lesions, securing of cartilage flap lesions with pins or screws, drilling and replacement of cartilage plugs, stem cell transplantation, and joint replacement. (wikipedia.org)
  • athletes
  • citation needed] They are a common injury affecting athletes who engage in running sports or other forms of physical activity, including running and jumping. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • These papulosquamous, psoriasiform lesions, more common in disease initiated by urogenital rather than enteric infections, are known as circinate balanitis ( Figure 1 ) when present on the penis and keratoderma blennorrhagicum when present on the soles and elsewhere ( Figure 2 , Figure 3 ). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • possible
  • If this is not possible, it may be necessary to fuse the affected joints together by using screws to connect them solidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • motion
  • Most rehabilitation programs combine efforts to protect the joint with muscle strengthening and range of motion. (wikipedia.org)