• AIDS
  • At the 2010 International AIDS conference presenters talked about the need for community healthcare providers to understand that if their patients have been in an HIV vaccine trial then their patients are likely to give a false positive HIV test result. (wikipedia.org)
  • Circuit parties were started in the mid-1980s as part of the gay community's attempt to raise awareness of HIV/AIDS and to gain funds to combat the disease. (thebody.com)
  • C-Channel, the monthly e-newsletter from C-Change, connects readers to current research in the peer-reviewed literature on social and behavior change communication (SBCC) and family planning, reproductive health, HIV and AIDS, malaria, maternal health, and gender norms. (c-changeprogram.org)
  • While not classified as AIDS-defining, these malignancies are affecting the HIV/AIDS community greatly and have been referred to as "AIDS-associated malignancies" 1 , 5 or "opportunistic" cancers. (thebody.com)
  • This article will present an overview of AIDS-defining malignancies and other malignancies that are prevalent in the HIV-positive population. (thebody.com)
  • The risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL, also referred to as AIDS-related lymphoma) is substantially increased in the HIV-infected population, with risks ranging from approximately 40 to 400 times that of the general population, depending on the specific study and the type of NHL, though most studies report rates of 100 to 200 fold. (thebody.com)
  • Mozambique is a country particularly hard-hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to reduce the prevalence of HIV/AIDS within the country, Mozambique has partnered with numerous global organizations to provide its citizens with augmented access to antiretroviral therapy and prevention techniques, such as condom use. (wikipedia.org)
  • A surge toward the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS in women and children has additionally aided in Mozambique's aim to fulfill its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). (wikipedia.org)
  • The first governmental response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic occurred in 1988 with the establishment of four sentinel surveys in Maputo, Beira, Chimoio, and Tete to keep track of HIV prevalence within the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the nationwide introduction of ART, only cotrimoxazole prophylaxis and drugs to diminish the effects of opportunistic infections were administered to people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, since the end of the civil war in 1992, rural areas of Mozambique continue to face repercussions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, prominently due to the inability of the nation to quickly rehabilitate as a result of inadequate funds allocated towards addressing both educational and healthcare system infrastructural repairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • What's more, women and children are more likely than men to experience a general lack of awareness of the cause, transmission, and ways of prevention of HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • According to several large-scale surveys of adult Ugandans, knowledge about HIV peaked in 2001 and then remained stable while self-reported behaviors both improved and worsened. (usaid.gov)
  • By the year 2001, HIV had infected more than one million people, 53,000 of which were children under 18 years of age and 570,000 of which were women. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Most experts agree, however, that the body of evidence, especially studies of regions where partner reduction strategies preceded other interventions, suggests that partner reduction strategies play an important role in reducing the incidence of HIV. (usaid.gov)
  • 10 Furthermore, the incidence rates for KS are 5 times lower in HIV-positive patients who have received HAART compared to those patients who have not. (thebody.com)
  • Africa
  • Researchers from Africa, Asia, North America, and South America have said that getting local government and media support of the research is essential in addition to creating facilities for distinguishing between HIV positive individuals and individuals exhibiting VISP. (wikipedia.org)
  • In hyper-epidemics in Southern Africa, where HIV is prevalent among the general population, some experts have advocated more generalized strategies that address the entire population. (usaid.gov)
  • Immediately following this fight, in 1977, a 15-year civil war broke out, an event that concluded in 1992, around the same time that HIV first swept through the southern regions of Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • Partner reduction is a prevention strategy focused on decreasing overall number of partners in order to lessen the risk of becoming infected with or transmitting HIV. (usaid.gov)
  • Partner reduction is one of the most effective HIV prevention strategies to date, with a large evidence base to support this intervention. (usaid.gov)
  • During the HIV epidemics of the late 1980s and early 1990s, campaigns advocating partner reduction and fidelity among couples and other prevention strategies were launched in the United States and Uganda. (usaid.gov)
  • Researchers have found that despite a high level of knowledge about the mechanisms of HIV transmission and prevention, many people continue to engage in high-risk partnerships for a multitude of reasons, including poverty, economic "wants," and violence. (usaid.gov)
  • Partner reduction messages are often coupled with other prevention messages, such as abstinence, delay of sexual debut, correct and consistent condom use, and HIV testing. (usaid.gov)
  • Issue 15 highlights research on HIV prevention, with a focus on male circumcision and multiple and concurrent partnerships in nine of the abstracts. (c-changeprogram.org)
  • Based on WHO recommendations that countries incorporate voluntary medical male circumcision into existing HIV prevention efforts, a number of African nations have begun to roll-out circumcision services. (c-changeprogram.org)
  • C-Change is also supporting the Kenyan government in developing comprehensive approaches, which not only promote male circumcision but also ensure that circumcision complements and enhances existing HIV prevention efforts. (c-changeprogram.org)
  • BACKGROUND: Multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships have been identified as southern Africa's key behavioural driver of HIV, resulting in calls to make partner reduction programming central to an intensified HIV prevention focus. (c-changeprogram.org)
  • inadequate
  • Counseling and confidentiality protections in the mental health system were thought to be so inadequate that knowledge of one's HIV status was arguably more burdensome than beneficial. (heart-intl.net)
  • negative
  • citation needed] A person who is HIV negative, and has received an HIV vaccine, and who then tests as positive in an HIV test is said to be positive because of VISP. (wikipedia.org)
  • When an HIV-negative person exhibits VISP and gets an HIV-positive result from a test then that person may have difficulty donating blood or negotiating for a life insurance policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] A study done on participants in the HIV Vaccine Trials Network HIV vaccination studies showed that among 2176 HIV negative participants who received a vaccine, 908 (42%) had VISP. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another is that a notable proportion of men attending the parties are HIV-positive, and, while there, they engage in higher rates of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) than their HIV-negative counterparts, and are also likely to have a greater number of different sex partners. (thebody.com)
  • greatly
  • However, at this time two new studies, the STEP Study in the USA and the RV 144 study in Thailand, greatly increased the number of people who received HIV vaccinations by another 4600 people. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Programs may need to deliver difficult messages that individuals are put at risk of HIV not only by their own behavior but by their partners' behaviors. (usaid.gov)
  • Some regions showed stable or escalating rates of high-risk behaviors despite widespread knowledge about HIV transmission. (usaid.gov)
  • 8 As many as 25 percent of party patrons self-identify as HIV positive 1 in a context where use of certain drugs (e.g., 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [ecstasy or MDMA], crystal methamphetamine) is statistically associated with risky sexual practices, such as UAI, sex with serodiscordant or serounknown partners, multiple partners, and UAI with multiple partners, which then exacerbates the risk of HIV transmission. (thebody.com)
  • Unprotected sex in exchange for drugs increased the risk of hepatitis C seropositivity for both men and women. (heart-intl.net)
  • People
  • CONCLUSION: Effectuating change at the level of cultural scripting to discourage multiple and concurrent partnerships is required for sustainable long-term protection of people and communities against HIV. (c-changeprogram.org)
  • 3 , 5 , 6 The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has resulted in decreased mortality and morbidity, 7 and the majority of people in developed countries infected with HIV are living with only mild to moderate immunosuppression because of wide access to antiretroviral therapy. (thebody.com)
  • 2 People infected with HIV are 100 to 300 times more likely to have KS. (thebody.com)
  • transmission
  • This paper will suggest that the idea of a link between circuit party attendance and HIV transmission is not entirely unfounded, even if it remains speculative, based on research on the drug-sex link and research that more directly applies to circuit parties. (thebody.com)
  • Discussions formed part of follow-up activities to a high level regional meeting and were aimed at exploring contextual factors in HIV transmission, most especially the role of culture in relation to multiple and concurrent partnerships. (c-changeprogram.org)
  • among
  • Public rhetoric over mandatory testing has had an alarmist cast, but the ethical issues raised by the spread of HIV among the seriously mentally ill are by no means simple. (heart-intl.net)
  • women
  • With 1,600,000 Mozambicans (11.5 percent of the population) living with HIV, 990,000 of which are women and children, Mozambique's government realizes that there is much work to be done on the path towards the eradication of this infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, opt-out HIV diagnostic tests were offered to pregnant women for the first time. (wikipedia.org)
  • spread
  • HIV could additionally spread through the use of unclean needles and syringes for injections and treatment within Mozambican healthcare settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • potential
  • 4-6 Although it is unconfirmed, circuit parties may have ironically become potential sites for HIV serotransmission, 1 , 2 , 7-9 and have started to arouse public health concerns in the media. (thebody.com)
  • persons
  • Between 1987 and 2003 the number of persons who received experimental HIV vaccinations was about 10,000, and this number was considered small. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various
  • Several campaigns and organizations have been initiated since 1986 in order to combat the HIV epidemic in various ways and by reaching various sectors of Mozambican society. (wikipedia.org)