• cows
  • Colostrum Ig concentrations of 227 cows from 13 herds were quantified with a quantitative ELISA for IgG, IgG1, IgG2, IgA and IgM. (uu.nl)
  • Colostrum samples of continuous milked (CM) cows (n = 38) were compared with colostrum samples of cows (n = 189) after a traditional dry period (DP) of at least 42 days. (uu.nl)
  • Results indicated that colostrum Ig concentration was significantly lower in continuous milking systems where IgG, IgG1, IgG2, IgA and IgM concentrations were reduced by half compared with cows that had a planned dry period. (uu.nl)
  • Colostrum is the premilk fluid of cows produced after giving birth before lactation begins. (nutritionexpress.com)
  • health
  • Continuous milking has been described to reduce health problems common in periparturient cattle, but may affect colostrum immunoglobulin (Ig) concentration and subsequently calf health. (uu.nl)