• particles
  • observation of direct CP-violation in B 0 → π + π − {\displaystyle B^{0}\to \pi ^{+}\pi ^{-}} and B 0 → K − π + {\displaystyle B^{0}\to K^{-}\pi ^{+}} observation of b → d {\displaystyle b\to d} transitions evidence for B → τ ν {\displaystyle B\to \tau \nu } observations of a number of new particles including the X(3872) The KEKB accelerator was the world's highest luminosity machine at the time[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1919, in Cambridge's renowned but sparsely appointed Cavendish Laboratory, another Ernest, the physicist Ernest Rutherford, used a volley of alpha particles-the helium nuclei emitted by radium and polonium-to split the nucleus of a nitrogen atom. (vqronline.org)
  • He estimated that particles charged to 10 million volts, with a machine "safely accommodated in a reasonably sized room," would do the job. (vqronline.org)
  • Physicists were now able to replace previous macroscopic experiments with finer-grained experiments that were sensitive to such microscopic phenomena as interactions between individual particles. (gutenberg-e.org)
  • researchers
  • The synchrotron, built under the lead of Prof. Giorgio Salvini started working, generating gamma-ray bundles (even polarized) and electron beams in the experiments led by INFN researchers in collaboration with a number of Italian Universities. (wikipedia.org)
  • His alleged success on the two patients, the fact that Brú comes from the Complutense University, his collaboration with researchers from the Spanish Scientific Research Council CSIC and the San Carlos Hospital in Madrid, as well as the mix of mathematical and biological research, made his theory a breaking news event in Spain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers used an inclusive definition of "tobacco industry affiliation" and examined authors' current or past funding, employment, paid consultation, and collaboration or co-authorship on a study with someone who had current or previous tobacco industry funding within 10 years of publication. (innovations-report.com)
  • Researchers from the Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) at the Free University of Brussels (VUB), in collaboration with a German research group, have developed TANGO − a statistical method that can predict the susceptibility of proteins to sticking together. (innovations-report.com)
  • physics
  • If ITER becomes operational, it will become the largest magnetic confinement plasma physics experiment in use with a plasma volume of 840 cubic meters, surpassing the Joint European Torus by almost a factor of 10. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lawrence, a lanky, garrulous South Dakotan, was at the time one of the country's most promising young physicists, and Birge was eager to fill Berkeley's grand new physics building with talent. (vqronline.org)
  • beams
  • Linear accelerators (linacs) and cobalt-60 (Co-60) machines are two of the most commonly used machines for external beam radiotherapy, a procedure in which high-energy beams are used to kill tumour cells. (iaea.org)
  • Professor
  • In this talk we will discuss several computer science problems, inspired by our 15-years-long collaboration with Professor Davidson, who died in 2015, and rooted in his seminal research on causality, completeness, genomic Boolean logic, and genomically encoded regulatory information. (uic.edu)
  • Now I have an idea that you will like California and California will like you," University of California, Berkeley, physicist Raymond Birge wrote to Yale professor Ernest Lawrence in early 1928. (vqronline.org)
  • The ClearPoint system was developed by UCSF neurosurgeons Philip Starr, MD, PhD, Dolores Cakebread Endowed Chair and professor of neurological surgery, and Paul Larson, MD, associate clinical professor of neurological surgery, by UCSF MRI physicist Alastair Martin, PhD, in the Department of Radiology and by the medical device company SurgiVision. (ucsf.edu)
  • 2002
  • In 2002 his Celera group in collaboration with the company ClearForrest won the ACM KDD Cup - the top international data mining/machine learning competition - the challenge then was the automatic annotation of a section of the Drosophila genome. (uic.edu)
  • 2016
  • In May 2016, the Hartree Centre announced a collaboration with Alder Hey Children's Hospital to create the UK's first "cognitive hospital", using the IBM Watson cognitive computing platform to improve the patient journey and experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 11 February 2016, the LIGO and Virgo Scientific Collaboration announced they had made the first observation of gravitational waves. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2016 the ITER organization signed a technical cooperation agreement with the national nuclear fusion agency of Australia, enabling this country access to research results of ITER in exchange for construction of selected parts of ITER machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • form factors
  • The following are a few selected publications: Vector and Axial Nucleon Form Factors: A Duality Based Parametrization A. Bodek, S. Avvakumov, R. Bradford and H. Budd Eur. (wikipedia.org)
  • paths
  • Since the molecules do not follow a well-defined path but rather a superposition of possible paths through the machine, an interference pattern emerges: this is a periodic distribution of probabilities to find a molecule at a given location. (phys.org)
  • scientific
  • such factor, according to the SEOM, is keys to measure the scientific quality of an article. (wikipedia.org)
  • At a scientific conference in February 2007, Falco further argued that the Arabic physicist Ibn al-Haytham's (965-1040) work on optics, in his Book of Optics, may have influenced the use of optical aids by Renaissance artists. (wikipedia.org)
  • Engineering is the application of scientific knowledge and mathematical methods to practical purposes of the design, construction or operation of structures, machines, or systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The close collaboration between the scientific, business and arts communities is intended to foster multi-disciplinary education and research. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • Alongside this, the growing requirement for more rapid, reliable and non-invasive diagnostic tools in medicine has stimulated the development by physicists here of positron-emission tomography based on multiwire chambers. (ijs.si)
  • One of the important applications of the Institute's research into the characterization and function of proteolytic enzymes and their inhibitors has been the development and marketing, in collaboration with the KRKA pharmaceutical firm, of diagnostic kits for estimating proteinases and inhibitors in disease states. (ijs.si)
  • As described in Secret Knowledge, in January 1999 during a visit to the National Gallery, London, Hockney conceived of the idea that optical aids were the key factor in the development of artistic realism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of specialized machines and machine tools during the industrial revolution led to the rapid growth of mechanical engineering both in its birthplace Britain and abroad. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006 filaggrin mutations could be identified as cause of the so-called fish scale disease or ichthyosis vulgaris, and as risk factors for the development of atopic dermatitis, a genetic breakthrough made by the Irish research team around Irwin McLean and Alan Irvine. (innovations-report.com)
  • proton
  • The system was first formally discussed in the December 1976 National Reference Designs Study, which examined the technical and economic feasibility of a machine with the design capacity of 20 TeV per proton. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the first half of this webinar, Niek Scheuder, Chief Medical Physicist, will share his experience from implementing an adaptive planning workflow with RayStation at the Provision Center for Proton Therapy. (brighttalk.com)
  • protein
  • Designed to pinpoint patients who might be helped by the drug Iressa, the new test hunts for mutations in a gene called epidermal growth factor receptor ( EGFR ), whose protein Iressa targets. (sciencemag.org)
  • Using this information, Joost Schymkowitz and Frederic Rousseau have developed TANGO, a mathematical algorithm that looks at a large amount of data − including alterations of the protein and environmental factors − to indicate the degree of probability that particular proteins will stick together. (innovations-report.com)
  • medical
  • The ACAAI is a professional medical organization of more than 5,700 allergists-immunologists and allied health professionals, headquartered in Arlington Heights, Ill. The College fosters a culture of collaboration and congeniality in which its members work together and with others toward the common goals of patient care, education, advocacy and research. (innovations-report.com)
  • Due to the high level of sophistication of the machines, medical physicists and operating personnel must be properly-trained before they can handle radiotherapy machines. (iaea.org)
  • German
  • Their work has been referenced in the literature as the Ewald-Hönl-Brill model (after the German physicist Rudolf Brill). (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • A UCSF analysis of published studies on the relationship between Alzheimer's disease and smoking indicates that smoking cigarettes is a significant risk factor for the disease. (innovations-report.com)
  • methods
  • To tackle this sustainability challenge, the Hartree Centre is carrying out research which takes a holistic view of parallel computing systems, including the optimisation of software to make it run more efficiently, low power architectures, data storage, cooling methods and other factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physicists also contributed to the war effort, developing wireless communication technologies and sound-based methods of detecting U-boats, resulting in the first tenuous long-term connections between academic science and the military. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • In 1955 nuclear physicists first irradiated a patient with gamma radiation produced by the betatron and in the next 20 years about 2000 cancer patients were treated using this instrument. (ijs.si)
  • For a therapy to work, you need patient treatment planning which requires diagnostic equipment, CT scanners, patient set-up devices, computers and then, finally, the machines. (iaea.org)
  • time
  • Increasing amounts of accelerator time were spent at the Υ(4S) as the collaboration became more interested in the study of B mesons. (wikipedia.org)
  • The winning ideas were given time on the Hartree Centre machines with IBM data scientists to prove their concept was commercially viable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physicists longed to better understand the atomic nucleus, and by the time Lawrence arrived at Yale to complete his doctoral work in 1924, many had tackled Rutherford's "interesting problem. (vqronline.org)
  • research
  • The Hartree Centre is a high performance computing and data analytics research facility founded by the UK government in collaboration with IBM. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Hartree Centre was formed in 2012 with £37.5 million government funding for research into supercomputing and takes its name from English mathematician and physicist Douglas Rayner Hartree. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brú is known for the controversy surrounding his research on cancer, which states (among other things) that: The defining factor that determines the growth of solid tumours is not the search for nutrients, but the search for space to grow. (wikipedia.org)
  • This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future. (innovations-report.com)
  • close
  • On the advice of physicist Merle Tuve, a close childhood friend, Lawrence focused his mechanical talents-and his somewhat scattered attention-on Rutherford's problem. (vqronline.org)
  • order
  • Solid tumours may be treated solely through an enhancement of the immune response, achievable with high doses of Neupogen, a granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) routinely used in Oncology in order to recover the level of these blood cells after Chemotherapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many different factors contribute to a shifting picture, and it is essential to account for uncertainties in order to ensure the quality of the treatment plan. (brighttalk.com)
  • concept
  • In the second half, Cameron Ditty, Senior Physicist, will explain the concept of robustness in RayStation, illustrating with practical examples. (brighttalk.com)
  • environmental factors
  • In the biological kingdom, environmental factors and genetic influences are highly multi-factorial and characterised by both positive and negative feedback loops and molecular processes working within highly-diverse spatial and temporal constraints. (ddw-online.com)
  • design
  • Some of Archimedes' inventions as well as the Antikythera mechanism required sophisticated knowledge of differential gearing or epicyclic gearing, two key principles in machine theory that helped design the gear trains of the Industrial Revolution, and are still widely used today in diverse fields such as robotics and automotive engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Speakers and participants at "How to maximize the efficiency of radiation treatment: intergrating cobalt-60 machines and linear accelerators", an IAEA 60th General Conference side event. (iaea.org)
  • An IAEA General Conference side event held today provided guidance on the most important factors to be considered when deciding on the type of radiotherapy equipment to invest in for cancer treatment. (iaea.org)
  • The side event 'How to maximize the efficiency of radiation treatment - integrating cobalt-60 machines and linear accelerators', provided a balanced perspective on these two technologies to help Member States make informed decisions based on their specific needs and conditions. (iaea.org)
  • power
  • Thereby the machine aims to demonstrate the principle of producing more thermal power from the fusion process than is used to heat the plasma, something that has not yet been achieved in any fusion reactor. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3 I am interested in the circulation of radium, the making of connections, and the pursuit of power through strategies of partnership and collaboration. (gutenberg-e.org)
  • risk
  • In contrast, the team found that studies authored by individuals with tobacco industry affiliations, showed a risk factor of .86 (less than one), suggesting that smoking protects against AD. (innovations-report.com)
  • When all studies were considered together, the risk factor for developing AD from smoking was essentially neutral at a statistically insignificant 1.05. (innovations-report.com)
  • military
  • In this context, now obsolete, an "engine" referred to a military machine, i.e., a mechanical contraption used in war (for example, a catapult). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ancient Greece developed machines in both civilian and military domains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ancient Chinese, Greek, Roman and Hungarian armies employed military machines and inventions such as artillery which was developed by the Greeks around the 4th century B.C., the trireme, the ballista and the catapult. (wikipedia.org)
  • significant
  • Stefin A, discovered in and named after the Institute, has been shown to be a significant factor in the prognosis of mammary gland cancer, allowing more selective programmes of chemotherapy to be designed. (ijs.si)