• 1970
  • Are you a 1970 cohort member? (ioe.ac.uk)
  • The first wave in 1970, called the British Births Survey, was conducted by the National Birthday Trust Fund together with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in order to collect information to compare with those of the National Child Development Study (NCDS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Members of the 1970 birth cohort study created a Facebook page for themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • BCS70
  • Over the course of cohort members lives, the BCS70 has collected information on health, physical, educational and social development, and economic circumstances among other factors. (ioe.ac.uk)
  • 1978
  • The studies were key sources of evidence for a number of UK Government inquiries, such as the Plowden Committee on Primary Education (1967), the Warnock Committee on Children with Special Educational Needs (1978), the Finer Committee on One Parent Families (1966-74), the Acheson Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health (1998) and the Moser Committee on Adult Basic Skills (1997-99). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Low Fertility Cohorts Study, 1978: A Survey of White, Ever-Married Women Belonging to the 1901-1910 United States Birth Cohorts, consists of personal interviews of white, ever-married women born between July 1, 1900, and June 30, 1910. (wikipedia.org)
  • After attending King Edward VII School in Sheffield from 1968 to 1975, Wessely studied at Trinity Hall, Cambridge (BA 1978), University College, Oxford (BM BCh 1981), and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (MSc 1989). (wikipedia.org)
  • spouses
  • The Largest DoD Population-Based Military Health Study Launched Next Survey Cycle, Hopes to Enroll Military Members and Spouses" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Family Study also provides a unique opportunity to explore the impact of relationship quality on the physical and psychological health of Service members, their spouses and children. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Family Study is a longitudinal study designed to follow spouses of Service members from all branches of the military, including the National Guard and Reserve, for 21 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • CLS tracks published work using cohort data in order to help other researchers avoid duplication and also demonstrate the value of the studies to the research community. (ioe.ac.uk)
  • This critical study will help researchers to understand the complex interaction between biology, behaviour and the environment, and how this interaction influences a child's health and wellbeing as he/she develops. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The value of a cohort study depends on the researchers' capacity to stay in touch with all members of the cohort. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • The Massachusetts Gambling Impact Cohort or MAGIC Study is a multi-year study being carried out by a research team from the University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health & Health Sciences (SPHHS). (umass.edu)
  • Using participant responses, the MAGIC Research Team will be able to study gambling problems as they emerge. (umass.edu)
  • Professor Paul Boyle, Chief Executive of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) which funds Life Study, in partnership with the Medical Research Council (MRC), said: "There can be no more important goal than to improve the lives, health and wellbeing of children, which is exactly what Life Study aims to do. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The cohort allows for the investigation of various research issues and previous results were published in many publications. (bfs.de)
  • To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • There have been approximately 2,500 published pieces of research worldwide using the four studies according to one source and over 6,000 papers and forty books by another source. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lothian birth-cohort studies are two ongoing cohort studies which primarily involve research into how childhood intelligence relates to intelligence and health in old age. (wikipedia.org)
  • The studies have been funded by a variety of sources, including but not limited to the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, the Medical Research Council, the Scottish Government's Chief Scientist Office, Age UK and Research into Ageing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Information Commissioner has advised that this research study complies fully with the requirements of the Data Protection Act 1998. (wikipedia.org)
  • A retrospective cohort study, also called a historic cohort study, is a longitudinal cohort study used in medical and psychological research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prospective study is important for research on the etiology of diseases and disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both studies are conducted at the Naval Health Research Center in San Diego, California. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristic
  • A cohort study is a particular form of longitudinal study (panel study) that sample a cohort (a group of people who share a defining characteristic, typically who experienced a common event in a selected period, such as birth or graduation), performing a cross-section at intervals through time. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cohort study is a panel study, but a panel study is not always a cohort study as individuals in a panel study do not always share a common characteristic. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cohort is a group of people who share a common characteristic or experience within a defined period (e.g., are currently living, are exposed to a drug or vaccine or pollutant, or undergo a certain medical procedure). (wikipedia.org)
  • The retrospective cohort study compares groups of individuals who are alike in many ways but differ by a certain characteristic (for example, female nurses who smoke and ones who do not smoke) in terms of a particular outcome (such as lung cancer). (wikipedia.org)
  • investigation
  • The comparison group may be the general population from which the cohort is drawn, or it may be another cohort of persons thought to have had little or no exposure to the substance under investigation, but otherwise similar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crucially, the cohort is identified before the appearance of the disease under investigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a cohort study, the population under investigation consists of individuals who are at risk of developing a specific disease or health outcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • sweeps
  • The following two sweeps in 1975 and 1980, when the study was known as the Child Health and Education Study (CHES), were carried out by the Department of Child Health at Bristol University. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • The study groups follow a group of people who do not have the disease for a period of time and see who develops the disease (new incidence). (wikipedia.org)
  • Such a study would recruit a group of smokers and a group of non-smokers (the unexposed group) and follow them for a set period of time and note differences in the incidence of lung cancer between the groups at the end of this time. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cohort of individuals that share a common exposure factor is compared to another group of equivalent individuals not exposed to that factor, to determine the factor's influence on the incidence of a condition such as disease or death. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, one might follow a cohort of middle-aged truck drivers who vary in terms of smoking habits, to test the hypothesis that the 20-year incidence rate of lung cancer will be highest among heavy smokers, followed by moderate smokers, and then nonsmokers. (wikipedia.org)
  • investigators
  • The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Several investigators have reported an increased frequency of attention/hyperactivity symptoms in international adoptees, though population-based studies are lacking. (springer.com)
  • group
  • A before and after study measures particular characteristics of a population or group of individuals at the end of an event or intervention and compares them with those characteristics before the event or intervention. (www.nhs.uk)
  • This type of study compares a group of patients who have that condition with a group of patients that do not have it, and looks back in time to see how the characteristics of the two groups differ. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A case series is a descriptive study of a group of people, who usually receive the same treatment or who have the same disease. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Thus a group of people who were born on a day or in a particular period, say 1948, form a birth cohort. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cohort cannot therefore be defined as a group of people who already have the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The COSMOS study aims to carry out long term health monitoring of a large group of people to identify if there are any health issues linked to long term mobile phone use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data on the relevant events for each individual (the form and time of exposure to a factor, the latent period, and the time of any subsequent occurrence of the outcome) are collected from existing records and can immediately be analyzed to determine the relative risk of the cohort compared to the control group. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cohort study follows a distinct group of people over an extended period of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • academics
  • UK academics from social, environmental, clinical, and biomedical sciences together with UK policymakers attending today's scientific conference have an opportunity to engage with Life Study and its design and to comment on the topics and measures that have been proposed for inclusion in the pilot phase of the study, due to commence in 2013. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Comparisons between the different generations in the four cohorts enable academics to chart social change and start to untangle the reasons behind it. (wikipedia.org)
  • investigate
  • The Federal Office for Radiation Protection ( BfS ) is conducting this study to scientifically investigate the health effects of mining-related activities. (bfs.de)
  • The overall aim of the GORILLA study is to investigate the biological and environmental determinants of child growth comprehensively in a poor resource rural setting of Rwanda. (wur.nl)
  • The study will investigate the possible health effects of long-term use of mobile phones and other wireless technologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. (umich.edu)
  • Another major limitation of passive surveillance is the lack of a precise population denominator from which to calculate attack rates and disease burden without resorting to additional studies, especially in developing countries, where accurate data on demographics and health service usage are rarely available. (who.int)
  • Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Cohort studies can be retrospective (looking back in time, thus using existing data such as medical records or claims database) or prospective (requiring the collection of new data). (wikipedia.org)
  • The results of the study will be published following independent review but no individually identifying data will ever be published. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, both kinds of cohort studies share the same starting point (considering data from before the occurrence of the outcome). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2003) Changing Britain, Changing Lives: three generations at the turn of the century The data and additional study information are available on the website of the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS). (wikipedia.org)
  • design
  • The case-cohort design is an efficient alternative to the full cohort design. (lww.com)
  • One of the reasons hindering the wide use of the design may be the scarcity of the information essential for planning individual studies, including sample size calculation. (lww.com)
  • Recently, Cai and Zeng 3,4 have presented a method for power/sample size calculation as a natural generalization of the log-rank test in the full cohort design. (lww.com)
  • We show a simple sample size formula for the case-cohort design interpretable as the straightforward expansion of the conventional sample-size formula for the cohort study. (lww.com)
  • Design Longitudinal cohort study. (bmj.com)
  • It is one type of clinical study design and should be compared with a cross-sectional study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citation
  • citation needed] Another study on the impact of assets, such as savings and investments on future life chances, played a major part in the development of assets-based welfare policy, including the much-debated Child Trust Fund. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Studies by Cohen show that up to 25% of all low back pain is sacroiliac joint in origin and that the diagnosis of sacroiliac joint disease is frequently overlooked by physicians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Findings
  • Major cognitive ageing findings of the studies have concerned the stability of intelligence from childhood to old age, the influence of genetics on cognitive function and decline, and the role of the brain's white matter integrity in successful cognitive ageing. (wikipedia.org)
  • approximately
  • The UK study will follow the health of approximately 90,000-100,000 volunteer mobile phone users (18+ years of age for 20-30 years). (wikipedia.org)
  • The international cohort will follow the health of approximately 250,000 European mobile phone users. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • N full denotes the sample size needed for the cohort study and N 1full ( N 0full ) is the size of the exposed (unexposed) population in the full cohort, that is, N full = (1 + K ) N 1full where K = N 0full /N 1full . (lww.com)
  • The study population consisted of all Swedish residents born in 1985-2000 with Swedish-born parents, divided into 16,134 adoptees, and a comparison population of 1,326,090. (springer.com)
  • intervention
  • The study gauges the effects of the event or intervention. (www.nhs.uk)
  • When used in clinical studies, the WOMAC pain and function subscales perform comparably or better than other tests in being responsive to change from experimental interventions, but this varies for the different subscales and types of intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • period
  • The large scale, the long observation period and the wealth of information about different risk factors make this study unique. (bfs.de)
  • There are still significant uncertainties that can only be resolved by monitoring the health of a large cohort of phone users over a long period of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • lung cancer
  • This type of study is normally used to look at the effect of suspected risk factors that cannot be controlled experimentally, for example the effect of smoking on lung cancer. (www.nhs.uk)