• systemic
  • Cases of drug-induced hepatitis can manifest with systemic signs of an allergic reaction including rash, fever, serositis (inflammation of membranes lining certain organs), elevated eosinophils (a type of white blood cell), and suppression of bone marrow activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those with autoimmune origin stems from other autoimmune diseases, most commonly with juvenile dermatomyositis and autoimmune hepatitis, but also occurs with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematous, and Sjogren syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vascular deposition of these types of cryoglobulin-containing immune complexes and complement can cause a clinical syndrome of cutaneous small-vessel vasculitis characterized by systemic vasculitis and inflammation termed cryoglobulinemic vasculitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • idiopathic
  • Since the first description of cryoglobulinemia in association with the clinical triad of skin purpura, joint pain, and weakness by Meltzer et al in 1967, the percentage of cryoglobulinemic diseases described as essential cryoglobulinemia or idiopathic cryoglobulinemia, that is cryoglobulinemic disease that is unassociated with an underlying disorder, has fallen. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are seven sub-categories of physical urticaria: delayed pressure urticaria (DPU) cholinergic urticaria (ChU) cold urticaria (CU) solar urticaria (SU) Acute pressure urticaria (AU) chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) symptomatic dermatographism urticaria (SDU) (most common) Characterized by dermal edema (wheal) and erthema (flare) also known as hives. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • The risk of infection is usually inversely related to gestational age at acquisition, some resulting in a congenital malformation syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • People with hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES), aka Job's Syndrome, have recurrent infections of the skin and lungs caused by bacteria. (nih.gov)
  • Gianotti-Crosti syndrome (English: /dʒəˈnɒti/ /ˈkrɔːsti/), also known as infantile papular acrodermatitis, papular acrodermatitis of childhood, and papulovesicular acrolocated syndrome, is a reaction of the skin to a viral infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The diagnosis of Gianotti-Crosti syndrome is clinical. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical features of cryoglobulinemic disease can reflect those due not only to the circulation of cryoglobulins but also to any underlying hematological premalignant or malignant disorder, infectious disease, or autoimmune syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the infections were serious ones such as sepsis, pneumonia, abscesses, wound infections and toxic shock syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • recurrent
  • Hyperreactive malarial splenomegaly: Hyperreactive malarial splenomegaly (HMS) is an immunopathologic complication of recurrent malarial infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinically
  • The cholestatic hepatitis attributed to imipenem-cilastatin and the carbapenems is probably immunoallergic and resembles the rare, clinically apparent liver injury that has been linked to penicillins and cephalosporins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rarely, the carbapenems can cause a clinically apparent acute cholestatic hepatitis that is usually self-limiting and not requiring therapy or intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • morbidity
  • Worldwide, congenital HIV infection is now a major cause of infant and childhood morbidity and mortality, responsible for an estimated 4 million deaths since the start of the HIV pandemic. (medscape.com)
  • 3 4 Chronic HCV infection can run a mild course with little or no morbidity but the long term sequelae have been found to differ widely in different studies. (bmj.com)
  • vaccine
  • Volunteer participation in a clinical research study helps NIAID better understand HIV, find promising new tools to prevent HIV infection including a vaccine, and develop new and more effective treatment strategies. (nih.gov)
  • To promote vaccination in all settings, health-care providers should implement standing orders to identify adults recommended for hepatitis B vaccination and administer vaccination as part of routine clinical services, not require acknowledgment of an HBV infection risk factor for adults to receive vaccine, and use available reimbursement mechanisms to remove financial barriers to hepatitis B vaccination. (cdc.gov)
  • It is one of five known hepatitis viruses: A, B, C, D, and E. The hepatitis A vaccine is effective for prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike vaccines that use weakened forms of the virus being vaccinated against, the Vaccinia virus vaccine cannot cause a smallpox infection because it does not contain the smallpox virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • In adults, ongoing HBV transmission occurs primarily among unvaccinated persons with behavioral risks for HBV transmission (e.g., heterosexuals with multiple sex partners, injection-drug users [IDUs], and men who have sex with men [MSM]) and among household contacts and sex partners of persons with chronic HBV infection. (cdc.gov)
  • The complication more frequently occurs in instances of hepatitis B and D co-infection at a rate of 2-20% and in pregnant women with hepatitis E at rate of 15-20% of cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Hepatitis Day occurs each year on July 28 to bring awareness to viral hepatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccination
  • Hepatitis B vaccination is the most effective measure to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its consequences, including cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death. (cdc.gov)
  • This report, the second of a two-part statement from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), provides updated recommendations to increase hepatitis B vaccination of adults at risk for HBV infection. (cdc.gov)
  • In settings in which a high proportion of adults have risks for HBV infection (e.g., sexually transmitted disease/human immunodeficiency virus testing and treatment facilities, drug-abuse treatment and prevention settings, health-care settings targeting services to IDUs, health-care settings targeting services to MSM, and correctional facilities), ACIP recommends universal hepatitis B vaccination for all unvaccinated adults. (cdc.gov)
  • ribavirin
  • Ribavirin, also known as tribavirin, is an antiviral medication used to treat RSV infection, hepatitis C, and viral hemorrhagic fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ribavirin is used primarily to treat hepatitis C and viral hemorrhagic fevers (which is an orphan indication in most countries). (wikipedia.org)
  • Statins may improve this combination's efficacy in treating hepatitis C. Ribavirin is the only known treatment for a variety of viral hemorrhagic fevers, including Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever, and Hantavirus infection, although data regarding these infections are scarce and the drug might be effective only in early stages. (wikipedia.org)
  • organ
  • Organ transplant recipients who receive immunosuppressive medication to prevent rejection are thought to be the main population at risk for chronic hepatitis E. Furthermore, in healthy individuals during the duration of the infection, the disease severely impairs a person's ability to work, care for family members, and perform other daily activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • HCMV infection is typically unnoticed in healthy people, but can be life-threatening for the immunocompromised, such as HIV-infected persons, organ transplant recipients, or newborn infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • widespread
  • HCMV infection is more widespread in developing countries and in communities with lower socioeconomic status and represents the most significant viral cause of birth defects in industrialized countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Persons wounded during such events or in conjunction with the resulting emergency response might be exposed to blood, body fluids, or tissue from other injured persons and thus be at risk for bloodborne infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Geographic location, socioeconomic class, and work exposure are other factors that influence the risk of infection. (medscape.com)
  • however, severe sequelae are more common with infection in the first trimester, while the overall risk of infection is greatest in the third trimester. (medscape.com)