• vaccination
  • Hepatitis B vaccination is the most effective measure to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its consequences, including cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death. (cdc.gov)
  • This report, the second of a two-part statement from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), provides updated recommendations to increase hepatitis B vaccination of adults at risk for HBV infection. (cdc.gov)
  • In settings in which a high proportion of adults have risks for HBV infection (e.g., sexually transmitted disease/human immunodeficiency virus testing and treatment facilities, drug-abuse treatment and prevention settings, health-care settings targeting services to IDUs, health-care settings targeting services to MSM, and correctional facilities), ACIP recommends universal hepatitis B vaccination for all unvaccinated adults. (cdc.gov)
  • Currently, ACIP recommends hepatitis A vaccination of all children at age 12--23 months, catch-up vaccination of older children in selected areas, and vaccination of persons at increased risk for hepatitis A (e.g., travelers to endemic areas, users of illicit drugs, or men who have sex with men) ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • idiopathic
  • Since the first description of cryoglobulinemia in association with the clinical triad of skin purpura, joint pain, and weakness by Meltzer et al in 1967, the percentage of cryoglobulinemic diseases described as essential cryoglobulinemia or idiopathic cryoglobulinemia, that is cryoglobulinemic disease that is unassociated with an underlying disorder, has fallen. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are seven sub-categories of physical urticaria: delayed pressure urticaria (DPU) cholinergic urticaria (ChU) cold urticaria (CU) solar urticaria (SU) Acute pressure urticaria (AU) chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) symptomatic dermatographism urticaria (SDU) (most common) Characterized by dermal edema (wheal) and erthema (flare) also known as hives. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • The risk of infection is usually inversely related to gestational age at acquisition, some resulting in a congenital malformation syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • People with hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES), aka Job's Syndrome, have recurrent infections of the skin and lungs caused by bacteria. (nih.gov)
  • Gianotti-Crosti syndrome (English: /dʒəˈnɒti/ /ˈkrɔːsti/), also known as infantile papular acrodermatitis, papular acrodermatitis of childhood, and papulovesicular acrolocated syndrome, is a reaction of the skin to a viral infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The diagnosis of Gianotti-Crosti syndrome is clinical. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical features of cryoglobulinemic disease can reflect those due not only to the circulation of cryoglobulins but also to any underlying hematological premalignant or malignant disorder, infectious disease, or autoimmune syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the infections were serious ones such as sepsis, pneumonia, abscesses, wound infections and toxic shock syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • recurrent
  • Hyperreactive malarial splenomegaly: Hyperreactive malarial splenomegaly (HMS) is an immunopathologic complication of recurrent malarial infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinically
  • The cholestatic hepatitis attributed to imipenem-cilastatin and the carbapenems is probably immunoallergic and resembles the rare, clinically apparent liver injury that has been linked to penicillins and cephalosporins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rarely, the carbapenems can cause a clinically apparent acute cholestatic hepatitis that is usually self-limiting and not requiring therapy or intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • morbidity
  • Worldwide, congenital HIV infection is now a major cause of infant and childhood morbidity and mortality, responsible for an estimated 4 million deaths since the start of the HIV pandemic. (medscape.com)
  • 3 4 Chronic HCV infection can run a mild course with little or no morbidity but the long term sequelae have been found to differ widely in different studies. (bmj.com)
  • ACIP
  • This report details updated recommendations, made by ACIP in June 2007, for prevention of hepatitis A after exposure to HAV and in departing international travelers ( Box ) and incorporates existing ACIP recommendations for prevention of hepatitis A ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The results of this clinical trial were presented to ACIP at its February 2007 meeting. (cdc.gov)
  • During April--May 2007, the ACIP Hepatitis Vaccines Workgroup considered these results in a series of teleconferences. (cdc.gov)
  • On the basis of this evidence and the expert opinions of workgroup members, other scientists, and feedback from ACIP partner organizations, the ACIP Hepatitis Vaccines Workgroup drafted a revision of the hepatitis A postexposure prophylaxis and travel recommendations. (cdc.gov)
  • occurs
  • In adults, ongoing HBV transmission occurs primarily among unvaccinated persons with behavioral risks for HBV transmission (e.g., heterosexuals with multiple sex partners, injection-drug users [IDUs], and men who have sex with men [MSM]) and among household contacts and sex partners of persons with chronic HBV infection. (cdc.gov)
  • The complication more frequently occurs in instances of hepatitis B and D co-infection at a rate of 2-20% and in pregnant women with hepatitis E at rate of 15-20% of cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Hepatitis Day occurs each year on July 28 to bring awareness to viral hepatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • viruses
  • These viruses can be traced all the way back to Ancient Egyptian records of polio epidemics, but are still around and cause a menagerie of diseases today, from polio to hepatitis A to the common cold. (stanford.edu)
  • ribavirin
  • Ribavirin, also known as tribavirin, is an antiviral medication used to treat RSV infection, hepatitis C, and viral hemorrhagic fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ribavirin is used primarily to treat hepatitis C and viral hemorrhagic fevers (which is an orphan indication in most countries). (wikipedia.org)
  • Statins may improve this combination's efficacy in treating hepatitis C. Ribavirin is the only known treatment for a variety of viral hemorrhagic fevers, including Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever, and Hantavirus infection, although data regarding these infections are scarce and the drug might be effective only in early stages. (wikipedia.org)
  • organ
  • Organ transplant recipients who receive immunosuppressive medication to prevent rejection are thought to be the main population at risk for chronic hepatitis E. Furthermore, in healthy individuals during the duration of the infection, the disease severely impairs a person's ability to work, care for family members, and perform other daily activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • HCMV infection is typically unnoticed in healthy people, but can be life-threatening for the immunocompromised, such as HIV-infected persons, organ transplant recipients, or newborn infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • widespread
  • HCMV infection is more widespread in developing countries and in communities with lower socioeconomic status and represents the most significant viral cause of birth defects in industrialized countries. (wikipedia.org)