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  • severe
  • In severe cases, compression injuries can affect the brain resulting in subdural or extradural hematomas (pooling of blood between the brain and the skull). (encyclopedia.com)
  • In more severe car accidents, whiplash can cause more critical damage to the spinal cord resulting in major neurological dysfunction or paralysis below the location of the injury. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 3 Whatever the terminology and pathogenesis, abusive head injuries among infants represent one of the most severe forms of child abuse, with 13 to 30% mortality rates 4 , 5 , 7 , 8 and significant neurologic impairments in at least one half of the survivors. (aappublications.org)
  • Grade 3 muscle strain is the most severe injury grade with the muscle being either completely torn or experiencing complete loss of function. (wikipedia.org)
  • accidents
  • Whiplash may be caused by any motion similar to a rear-end collision in a motor vehicle, such as may take place on a roller coaster or other rides at an amusement park, sports injuries such as skiing accidents, other modes of transportation such as airplane travel, or from being hit, kicked or shaken. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minor injuries and falls - car accidents, sporting events and day to day injuries that are really minor. (wikipedia.org)
  • kyphotic
  • This study advanced the hypothesis that abnormal curvatures (straight or kyphotic) of the cervical column affect spinal kinematics during whiplash loading. (nih.gov)
  • 12. Pre-accident abnormal kyphotic posture increases likelihood of reaching the subcatastrophic threshold for injury. (chiro.org)
  • curvatures
  • Results from the present study, while providing quantified level- and region-specific kinematic data, concur with clinical findings that abnormal spinal curvatures enhance the likelihood of whiplash injury and may have long-term clinical and biomechanical implications. (nih.gov)
  • ligaments
  • MRI Assessment of the Alar Ligaments in the Late State of Injury: A Study of Structural Abnormalities and observer Agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mild Trauma
  • While these abnormalities might result from direct mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), the authors speculated that activation of nociceptive afferents from injured upper cervical regions might activate vasoactive peptides which might produce the findings. (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • strain
  • Grade 2 muscle strain indicates a mild to moderate injury with appreciable tissue damage and some loss of function or strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • Referred pain - mostly from upper back problems Over-use - muscular strain is one of the most common causes Whiplash Herniated disc Pinched nerve Although the causes are numerous, most are easily rectified by either professional help or using self help advice and techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinicians
  • Much needed is an approach to clinical management and research that allows clinicians to base treatment decisions on a reliable and valid diagnostic strategy leading to treatment choices that result in demonstrable outcomes in terms of pain relief and functional improvement. (chiro.org)
  • neurological
  • This unique textbook deals with the differences in etiology, genetics, age of onset and clinical presentations of neurological disease internationally. (wiley.com)
  • retinal
  • Characteristic injuries associated with AHT include retinal bleeds, multiple fractures of the long bones, and subdural hematomas (bleeding in the brain). (wikipedia.org)
  • vertebral
  • A whiplash impact can also damage the anterior longitudinal ligament, which is a tough band of tissue that runs down the front of the vertebral column and holds the vertebral bones together. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Whiplash can also result in a herniated vertebral disc. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Type A injuries are those associated with a compression force with damage to the vertebral bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type B injuries are those associated with a distraction force resulting in structural damage to the posterior components of the vertebral column. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type C injuries are those associated with damage to both anterior and posterior aspects of the vertebral column resulting in displacement of the disconnected segments in any direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • signs
  • In 1971, Guthkelch, a neurosurgeon, hypothesized that such shaking can result in a subdural hematoma, in the absence of any detectable external signs of injury to the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • head
  • an effective prevention program that reduces the incidence of abusive head injuries could save both lives and the costs of caring for victims. (aappublications.org)
  • The incidence of abusive head injuries decreased by 47%, from 41.5 cases per 100 000 live births during the 6-year control period to 22.2 cases per 100000 live births during the 5.5-year study period. (aappublications.org)
  • Study
  • published a study in Injury on the efficacy of chiropractic treatment of whiplash injuries. (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • The questions that arise from this study are: 1) were the metabolic and perfusion abnormalities that were found the result of direct acceleration injury to the brain? (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • A 1000-case, four-year observational study published in 2012 said that the "missing link" in whiplash injuries is the trapezius muscle which may be damaged through eccentric muscle contraction during the whiplash mechanism described above and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1987, this theory was queried in a biomechanical study which concluded that isolated shaking, in the absence of direct violence, is probably not of sufficient force to cause the injuries described as part of the triad. (wikipedia.org)
  • spinal manipulation
  • Due to the potential risks associated with spinal manipulation, high quality randomized controlled trials are needed to determine the clinical role of spinal manipulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adverse events are increasingly reported in randomized clinical trials of spinal manipulation but remain under-reported despite recommendations in the 2010 CONSORT guidelines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis
  • In this paper, the theoretical model of a proposed diagnosis-based clinical decision rule is presented. (chiro.org)
  • The model considers a number of known or suspected factors that contribute to the clinical picture and allows for the development of a management strategy that is derived from the multifactorial diagnosis. (chiro.org)
  • There is currently no single clinical sign that makes the diagnosis of TOS with any degree of certainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis of a back injury begins with a physical examination and thorough medical history by health-care personnel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment for back injuries depends on the diagnosis, level of pain, and whether there is loss of function or quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • Shepherd Center's mission is to help people with a temporary or permanent disability caused by injury or disease, rebuild their lives with hope, independence and dignity, advocating for their full inclusion in all aspects of community life while promoting safety and injury prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • In conclusion, there was little quality evidence to support the use of KT over other types of elastic taping in the management or prevention of sports injuries" Some researchers claim that what athletes are experiencing is a placebo effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the plaintif, Alexander Vuckovic, argued that KT Health's claims around pain relief and injury prevention allowed the firm to charge about 10 times the price of traditional compression he didn't clearly win. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • Risk factors for increased back injury include heavy manual lifting requirements, poor or low control of the work environment, and prior incidence of low back pain. (novahealthandwellness.com)
  • Other risk factors include psychosocial issues such as fear of injury, beliefs that pain means one should not work, beliefs that treatment or time will not help resolve a back episode, the inability to control the condition, high anxiety and/or depression levels, and more. (novahealthandwellness.com)
  • read more Cortical mapping of infraspinatus muscle in chronic shoulder pain demonstrating higher motor thresholds (aMT= activation MT) and hence reduced excitability on the affected side (39 vs 35) (Ngomo et al 2015 Clinical Neurophysiol, 126, 2, 365-371) Cortical mapping of pain and fear. (back-in-business-physiotherapy.com)
  • Lots of overlap suggesting that taking away the fear from the pain with clear clinical explanations and a focused goal directed program using specific functional outcomes is important. (back-in-business-physiotherapy.com)
  • The primary symptom of post-traumatic syringomyelia (often referred to using the abbreviation of PTS) is pain, which may spread upward from the site of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment for back injuries depends on the diagnosis, level of pain, and whether there is loss of function or quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anterior ligaments of the intervertebral disc are extremely sensitive, and even the slightest injury can cause significant pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • This persistent state maintains pain even after the initial injury has healed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acupuncture
  • A systematic review concluded that the analgesic effect of acupuncture seemed to lack clinical relevance and could not be clearly distinguished from bias. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • Shepherd Center strives to offer comprehensive rehabilitation to optimize the road to recovery for people who have had a brain injury, as well as people who have had complications from a stroke or tumor. (wikipedia.org)
  • People
  • In the UK it is estimated that 1 million people annually visit hospital following a head injury. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • Statistics indicate that there are certain people predisposed to having a brain injury, the most obvious gauge being gender or age. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • This may also explain why a lot of people seem to have "all their injuries on the same side" (of the body). (back-in-business-physiotherapy.com)
  • 1 ] This figure reflects the sharp increase in mTBIs incidence from 521.0 reported injuries per 100,000 people to 823.7 per 100,00 from 2001 to 2010. (chiro.org)
  • While most people have headaches of the same type they experienced before the injury, people diagnosed with PCS often report more frequent or longer-lasting headaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 30% and 90% of people treated for PCS report having more frequent headaches and between 8% and 32% still report them a year after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dizziness is another common symptom reported in about half of people diagnosed with PCS and is still present in up to a quarter of them a year after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Older people are at especially high risk for dizziness, which can contribute to subsequent injuries and higher rates of mortality due to falls. (wikipedia.org)
  • massage
  • Restorative sports activities massage -- given during education to allow the athelete to train more difficult and with much less injury. (bodytech2u.com)
  • Rehabilitative sports massage -- aimed at alleviating ache as a result of injury and returning your body to well being. (bodytech2u.com)
  • The main purpose of the client intake forms is to inform the massage professional of current and past health issues (within the year) and injuries so the massage professional can take special care to treat current issues and prevent additional injury. (bodytech2u.com)
  • consequences
  • Medical advancement has meant there has been an improvement in knowledge and treatment but dealing with potentially life-changing consequences of a brain injury remains unwavering for the time being. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • brain
  • A TBI is a form of Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) which is an injury that has occurred since birth. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • There are three kinds of brain injury: diffuse, focal and hypoxic-ischemic. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • Focal injuries are restricted to a specific part of the brain and can be easily picked up on a CT scan or X-ray. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • Contusions are a form of focal brain injury which results in damaged brain tissue. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • It takes place all over the brain causing bleeding (haemorrhage) and in addition, toxic chemicals are released in the days that follow an injury. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • There is no routine treatment for a brain injury, again because of the high number of assorted scenarios possible. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • Because of the prominence of motorbike accidents in brain injury research, there have been a number of initiatives to try and make driving safer. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • Motorbike road safety campaigns, air bags in cars, canvassing for no drink driving, awareness campaigns for wearing seat belts and driving at restricted speeds all count towards an effort to reduce brain injuries. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • Safety standards for buggies, prams and shopping trollies have also helped towards reducing the number of young children who fall and experience a brain injury. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • Medical research is investigating ways in which brain damage can be limited by studying how certain medicines become more effective when they are administered within minutes of a brain injury. (jefferies-solicitors.com)
  • treatment
  • This includes providing therapeutic treatment in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, disease or environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The MS Institute at Shepherd offers comprehensive evaluations, diagnostics, rehabilitation services and treatment options through FDA-approved drugs and new clinical trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • result
  • In 1971, Guthkelch, a neurosurgeon, hypothesized that such shaking can result in a subdural hematoma, in the absence of any detectable external signs of injury to the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • In 1987, this theory was queried in a biomechanical study which concluded that isolated shaking, in the absence of direct violence, is probably not of sufficient force to cause the injuries described as part of the triad. (wikipedia.org)