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  • WADs
  • As the grade of traffic increases, rear-end collisions occur more frequently and, as a result, whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) have become a common phenomenon in the western hemisphere. (arvojournals.org)
  • Pain
  • For example, a MRI is not useful in showing facet-generated pain or alar ligament stretch injuries. (adlergiersch.com)
  • More recently, other causes of chronic neck pain has been discussed involving injury to the alar ligaments. (adlergiersch.com)
  • Ten women with pain and dysfunction following a whiplash injury were compared to 10 healthy age-matched women. (diva-portal.org)
  • Underlying issues that may cause pain can range from the tissues being too dry and tight causing chronic tight muscles and pain, to blockages in channels that require releasing, to diet and digestive issues effecting the bodies ability to heal. (acupuncturehealthcalgary.com)
  • Why Use Acupuncture for Chronic Pain Treatment? (acupuncturehealthcalgary.com)
  • That is, minor head injury, whiplash injury, low back pain and related controversial disorders associated with chronic pain and disability have long been approached with a biopsychosocial model. (bmj.com)
  • From clinical observations and recent research it has become evident that sensorimotor control can be impaired in people with neck-shoulder pain and may play a role in the pathogenesis of these disorders. (diva-portal.org)
  • The main aim of the thesis was to investigate if people with chronic neck-shoulder pain have a reduced acuity of goal-directed movements of the upper extremity. (diva-portal.org)
  • Reduced repositioning acuity, suggesting impaired shoulder proprioception, was found for both subjects with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) and non-specific neck-shoulder pain (NS). (diva-portal.org)
  • The findings demonstrate that the precision of upper limb movements can be reduced in chronic neck-shoulder pain. (diva-portal.org)
  • Baseline measures of pain, disability, neck movement, psychological and behavioural factors were independent variables and chronic disability at 12 months was the dependent variable in a multivariable logistic regression analysis. (csp.org.uk)
  • Although 50% of those who suffer a whiplash injury still report neck pain after one year, there is a lack of knowledge about effective treatment for chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD). (diva-portal.org)
  • The general aim of this thesis was to evaluate the effect on self-reported disability/ functioning, pain and selfefficacy of three different exercise interventions in chronic WAD grade 2 and 3, and to determine the cost-effectiveness of these interventions. (diva-portal.org)
  • Factors associated with clinically relevant improvements after exercise interventions in chronic WAD differed whether disability or neck pain was the outcome, but also differed in the short and long term. (diva-portal.org)
  • The results could add to the aetiological discussion about TMD mainly as being part of chronic WAD pain or not. (diva-portal.org)
  • Modern pain science shows that pain is a volatile, complex sensation that is completely tuned by the brain and often overprotectively exaggerated, so much so that sensitization often becomes more serious and chronic than the original problem. (painscience.com)
  • Chronic pain is a witch's brew of different factors, complex by nature (not just coincidence or bad luck). (painscience.com)
  • Australia's Lorimer Moseley, Professor of Clinical Neurosciences and tireless pain researcher, is one of the best public speakers I've ever seen - a must-watch for anyone with chronic pain, and the professionals who care for them. (painscience.com)
  • Pain is an opinion on the organism's state of health rather than a mere reflective response to an injury. (painscience.com)
  • FMS), chronic fatigue syndrome (FMS-like when widespread body pain present), and hypermobility syndrome. (brainscape.com)
  • In total 186 persons (100 women and 86 men) aged 18-64 answered questionnaires on pain intensity (Visual Analogue Scale) symptoms (Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire, RPQ), disabilities (Rivermead Head Injury Follow Up Questionnaire RHFUQ) and life satisfaction (LiSat-11) five years post injury. (diva-portal.org)
  • There are several similarities between MTBI and whiplash injuries with regard to the causes of injury (traffic crashes and falls), the demographic profile of the injured (mostly young persons), and the type of symptoms exhibited by some of the injured (for example head/neck pain, fatigue, irritability, impaired cognitive functioning, and depression). (diva-portal.org)
  • TMD is considered by some to be one of the 4 major symptom complexes in chronic orofacial pain, along with burning mouth syndrome, atypical facial pain and atypical odontalgia. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has also been called a functional pain syndrome, and a psychogenic disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is hypothesized that there is a great deal of similarity between TMD and other pain syndromes like fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, interstitial cystitis, headache, chronic lower back pain and chronic neck pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • These disorders have also been theorized to be caused by centrally mediated sensitivity to pain, and furthermore they often occur together. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American Academy of Orofacial Pain uses temporomandibular disorder, whilst the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research uses temporomandibular joint disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • A meta-analysis found that acupuncture for chronic low back pain was cost-effective as an adjunct to standard care, while a systematic review found insufficient evidence for the cost-effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic low back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Referred pain - mostly from upper back problems Over-use - muscular strain is one of the most common causes Whiplash Herniated disc Pinched nerve Although the causes are numerous, most are easily rectified by either professional help or using self help advice and techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2007 systematic review reported that there is moderate- to high-quality evidence that subjects with chronic neck pain, not due to whiplash and without arm pain and headaches, show clinically important improvements from a course of spinal manipulation or mobilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Founded in 1975, the 152-bed hospital is devoted to the medical treatment, research and rehabilitation for people with spinal cord injury and disease, acquired brain injury, multiple sclerosis, chronic pain and other neuromuscular problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Shepherd Pain Institute offers pain management for individuals experiencing chronic pain problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Institute takes a multidisciplinary approach to the practice of medicine and specializes in the evaluation, diagnosis and application of interventional treatment for the management of pain and related disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment for back injuries depends on the diagnosis, level of pain, and whether there is loss of function or quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cold therapy reduces inflammation, edema, pain, and muscle spasms associated with acute back injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trigeminal neuralgia (TN or TGN) is a chronic pain disorder that affects the trigeminal nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • This disorder is characterized by episodes of severe facial pain along the trigeminal nerve divisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chronic form of the condition can be asymptomatic but may also include pain from surrounding tissues when stimulated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal of Spinal Disorders 1998: Elliptical Modeling of the Sagittal Lumbar Lordosis and Segmental Rotation Angles as a Method to Discriminate Between Normal and Low Back Pain Subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary symptom of post-traumatic syringomyelia (often referred to using the abbreviation of PTS) is pain, which may spread upward from the site of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • We examined the multilayer dorsal neck muscle behaviour in nine women with chronic WAD versus healthy controls during the entire sequence of a dynamic low-loaded neck extension exercise, which was recorded using real-time ultrasound movies with high frame rates. (diva-portal.org)
  • A 1000-case, four-year observational study published in 2012 said that the "missing link" in whiplash injuries is the trapezius muscle which may be damaged through eccentric muscle contraction during the whiplash mechanism described above and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle and soft tissue injuries can be classified using a graded system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grade 2 muscle strain indicates a mild to moderate injury with appreciable tissue damage and some loss of function or strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • dysfunction
  • Sometimes, "temporomandibular joint dysfunction" is described as the most common form of temporomandibular disorder, whereas many other sources use the term temporomandibular disorder synonymously, or instead of the term temporomandibular joint dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
  • disability
  • Fortunately, whiplash is typically not a life threatening injury, but it can lead to a prolonged period of partial disability. (medicinenet.com)
  • Chronic disability based on Neck Disability Index scores. (csp.org.uk)
  • 136 (30%) participants developed chronic disability. (csp.org.uk)
  • High baseline disability (OR 3.3, 95%CI 1.97 to 5.55), longer predicted recovery time (OR 2.4, 95%CI 1.45 to 3.87), psychological distress (OR 1.9, 95%CI 1.05 to 3.51), passive coping (OR 1.8, 95%CI 1.07 to 2.97) and greater number of symptoms (OR 1.7, 95%CI 1.07 to 2.78) were associated with chronic disability. (csp.org.uk)
  • One risk factor resulted in 3.5 times the risk (95%CI 1.04 to 11.45) of chronic disability but this risk increased to 16 times (95%CI 5.36 to 49.27) in those with four or five risk factors. (csp.org.uk)
  • Baseline disability had the strongest association with chronic disability but psychological and behavioural factors were also important. (csp.org.uk)
  • The high proportions of disability and low life satisfaction have to be taken into account when managing persons with chronic whiplash associated disorder. (diva-portal.org)
  • To investigate the epidemiology and long-term consequences in terms of symptoms, disability, and life satisfaction in cases of TBI and whiplash injuries in a well-defined population. (diva-portal.org)
  • Shepherd Center's mission is to help people with a temporary or permanent disability caused by injury or disease, rebuild their lives with hope, independence and dignity, advocating for their full inclusion in all aspects of community life while promoting safety and injury prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • depression
  • Symptoms such as noise sensitivity, problems with concentration and memory, irritability, depression, and anxiety may be called 'late symptoms' because they generally do not occur immediately after the injury, but rather in the days or weeks after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • sports injuries
  • Whiplash may be caused by any motion similar to a rear-end collision in a motor vehicle, such as may take place on a roller coaster or other rides at an amusement park, sports injuries such as skiing accidents, other modes of transportation such as airplane travel, or from being hit, kicked or shaken. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Despite substantial efforts, there is still a shortage of methods for objective diagnosis and effective rehabilitation of such disorders. (diva-portal.org)
  • citation needed] A diagnosis may be made when symptoms resulting from concussion last for more than three months after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the time of acute admission through outpatient follow-up, our Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Program provides a full continuum of care to those who have sustained any level of spinal cord injury - paraplegia, tetraplegia/quadraplegia (including those who are ventilator-dependent) or dual diagnosis (spinal cord and brain injury). (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis of a back injury begins with a physical examination and thorough medical history by health-care personnel. (wikipedia.org)
  • participants
  • Participants ( n = 599) with symptoms 3 weeks after injury, self-referred to physiotherapy as part of a randomised controlled trial. (csp.org.uk)
  • A total of 216 participants with chronic WAD took part in this randomized, assessor blinded, controlled, clinical trial. (diva-portal.org)
  • shoulder
  • The "missing link" of whiplash may be towards or inside the shoulder and this would explain why neck therapy alone frequently does not give lasting relief. (wikipedia.org)
  • congenital
  • The most widely accepted pathophysiological mechanism by which Chiari type I malformations occur is by a reduction or lack of development of the posterior fossa as a result of congenital or acquired disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congenital causes include hydrocephalus, craniosynostosis (especially of the lambdoid suture), hyperostosis (such as craniometaphyseal dysplasia, osteopetrosis, erythroid hyperplasia), X-linked vitamin D-resistant rickets, and neurofibromatosis type I. Acquired disorders include space occupying lesions due to one of several potential causes ranging from brain tumors to hematomas. (wikipedia.org)
  • rear
  • Whiplash is usually the result of a rear impact while in a stationary position. (medicinenet.com)
  • Whiplash may result from rear-end or side-impact motor vehicle collision, but it can also occur during diving or other mishaps. (arvojournals.org)
  • The number of whiplash injuries has since risen sharply due to rear-end motor vehicle collisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volunteer studies of experimental, low-velocity rear-end collisions have shown a percentage of subjects to report short-lived symptoms", From this type of research it has been inferred that whiplash symptoms might not always have any pathological (injury) explanation. (wikipedia.org)
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • citation needed] Papilledema on fundoscopic exam due to Increased intracranial pressure Pupillary dilation Dysautonomia: tachycardia (rapid heart), syncope (fainting), polydipsia (extreme thirst), chronic fatigue The blockage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow may also cause a syrinx to form, eventually leading to syringomyelia. (wikipedia.org)