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  • neurological
  • Another cause of paresthesia may be direct damage to the nerves themselves, i.e., neuropathy, which itself can stem from injury or infection such as frostbite or Lyme disease, or may be indicative of a current neurological disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, three new teams have been added on the Comprehensive Rehabilitation Unit (CRU) serving patients with SCI, brain injury, stoke, multiple sclerosis (MS) and other neurological conditions.Shepherd Center is one of 14 rehabilitation hospitals in the nation designated by the federal government as a "Model System" for care of people with SCI. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other paralyzing neurological diseases can affect the body like a spinal cord injury, so the Center's physicians also treat patients with transverse myelitis, Guillain-BarrĂ© syndrome, spinal tumors, spina bifida, post-polio syndrome, scoliosis and spinal cord cysts. (wikipedia.org)
  • MRI is commonly referred to as the gold standard for visualizing soft tissue and can be used to assist with diagnosing many back injuries, including herniated discs and neurological disorders, bleeding, and edema. (wikipedia.org)
  • congenital
  • The most widely accepted pathophysiological mechanism by which Chiari type I malformations occur is by a reduction or lack of development of the posterior fossa as a result of congenital or acquired disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congenital causes include hydrocephalus, craniosynostosis (especially of the lambdoid suture), hyperostosis (such as craniometaphyseal dysplasia, osteopetrosis, erythroid hyperplasia), X-linked vitamin D-resistant rickets, and neurofibromatosis type I. Acquired disorders include space occupying lesions due to one of several potential causes ranging from brain tumors to hematomas. (wikipedia.org)
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • citation needed] Papilledema on fundoscopic exam due to Increased intracranial pressure Pupillary dilation Dysautonomia: tachycardia (rapid heart), syncope (fainting), polydipsia (extreme thirst), chronic fatigue The blockage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow may also cause a syrinx to form, eventually leading to syringomyelia. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • Malingering may take the form of dishonest complaints of chronic whiplash pain from automobile accidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • TMD is considered by some to be one of the 4 major symptom complexes in chronic orofacial pain, along with burning mouth syndrome, atypical facial pain and atypical odontalgia. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has also been called a functional pain syndrome, and a psychogenic disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • These disorders have also been theorized to be caused by centrally mediated sensitivity to pain, and furthermore they often occur together. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American Academy of Orofacial Pain uses temporomandibular disorder, whilst the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research uses temporomandibular joint disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • A meta-analysis found that acupuncture for chronic low back pain was cost-effective as an adjunct to standard care, while a systematic review found insufficient evidence for the cost-effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic low back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Referred pain - mostly from upper back problems Over-use - muscular strain is one of the most common causes Whiplash Herniated disc Pinched nerve Although the causes are numerous, most are easily rectified by either professional help or using self help advice and techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Shepherd Pain Institute offers pain management for individuals experiencing chronic pain problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Institute takes a multidisciplinary approach to the practice of medicine and specializes in the evaluation, diagnosis and application of interventional treatment for the management of pain and related disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment for back injuries depends on the diagnosis, level of pain, and whether there is loss of function or quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trigeminal neuralgia (TN or TGN) is a chronic pain disorder that affects the trigeminal nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • The alleged shaken baby syndrome can result in a whiplash injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whiplash due to The Referred Shoulder Impingement Syndrome was successfully treated using conventional treatments for shoulder impingement including anti inflammatory steroids and non steroids, and by avoiding the overhead position of shoulder impingement during the day and night time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frequently, TMD has been treated as a single syndrome, but the prevailing modern view is that TMD is a cluster of related disorders with many common features. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only a very small proportion (1-4%) have a clear underlying connective tissue disorder, such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type 4 and more rarely Marfan's syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Posterior
  • Type B injuries are those associated with a distraction force resulting in structural damage to the posterior components of the vertebral column. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type C injuries are those associated with damage to both anterior and posterior aspects of the vertebral column resulting in displacement of the disconnected segments in any direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Dizziness is another common symptom reported in about half of people diagnosed with PCS and is still present in up to a quarter of them a year after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common back injuries include sprains and strains, herniated discs, and fractured vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychological
  • Physiological and psychological factors present before, during, and after the injury are all thought to be involved in the development of PCS. (wikipedia.org)
  • mild
  • Grade 2 muscle strain indicates a mild to moderate injury with appreciable tissue damage and some loss of function or strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • although
  • Malingering is typically conceptualized as being distinct from other forms of excessive illness behaviour such as somatization disorder and factitious disorder, e.g., in DSM-5, although not all mental health professionals agree with this formulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although TMD is not life-threatening, it can be detrimental to quality of life, because the symptoms can become chronic and difficult to manage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs of the disorder tend to develop slowly, although sudden onset may occur with coughing, straining, or myelopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • diabetes
  • Because of this, paresthesia can also be a symptom of vitamin deficiency and malnutrition, as well as metabolic disorders like diabetes, hypothyroidism, and hypoparathyroidism. (wikipedia.org)
  • back
  • Diagnosis of a back injury begins with a physical examination and thorough medical history by health-care personnel. (wikipedia.org)
  • dizziness
  • Older people are at especially high risk for dizziness, which can contribute to subsequent injuries and higher rates of mortality due to falls. (wikipedia.org)
  • accidents
  • Whiplash may be caused by any motion similar to a rear-end collision in a motor vehicle, such as may take place on a roller coaster or other rides at an amusement park, sports injuries such as skiing accidents, other modes of transportation such as airplane travel, or from being hit, kicked or shaken. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minor injuries and falls - car accidents, sporting events and day to day injuries that are really minor. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • Shepherd Center's mission is to help people with a temporary or permanent disability caused by injury or disease, rebuild their lives with hope, independence and dignity, advocating for their full inclusion in all aspects of community life while promoting safety and injury prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • signs
  • Another definition of temporomandibular disorders is "a group of conditions with similar signs and symptoms that affect the temporomandibular joints, the muscles of mastication, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicates
  • Chronic paresthesia (Berger's paresthesia, Sinagesia or Bernhardt paresthesia) indicates a problem with the functioning of neurons or poor circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • A 1000-case, four-year observational study published in 2012 said that the "missing link" in whiplash injuries is the trapezius muscle which may be damaged through eccentric muscle contraction during the whiplash mechanism described above and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle and soft tissue injuries can be classified using a graded system. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • A coup-contra-coup injury occurs as the brain is accelerated into the cranium as the head and neck hyperextend, and is then accelerated into the other side as the head and neck rebound to hyper-flexion or neutral position. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shepherd Center strives to offer comprehensive rehabilitation to optimize the road to recovery for people who have had a brain injury, as well as people who have had complications from a stroke or tumor. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • MRI Assessment of the Alar Ligaments in the Late State of Injury: A Study of Structural Abnormalities and observer Agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • In the United Kingdom, 430,000 people made an insurance claim for whiplash in 2007, accounting for 14% of every driver's premium. (wikipedia.org)