• WADs
  • As the grade of traffic increases, rear-end collisions occur more frequently and, as a result, whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) have become a common phenomenon in the western hemisphere. (arvojournals.org)
  • disability
  • Chronic disability based on Neck Disability Index scores. (csp.org.uk)
  • 136 (30%) participants developed chronic disability. (csp.org.uk)
  • High baseline disability (OR 3.3, 95%CI 1.97 to 5.55), longer predicted recovery time (OR 2.4, 95%CI 1.45 to 3.87), psychological distress (OR 1.9, 95%CI 1.05 to 3.51), passive coping (OR 1.8, 95%CI 1.07 to 2.97) and greater number of symptoms (OR 1.7, 95%CI 1.07 to 2.78) were associated with chronic disability. (csp.org.uk)
  • One risk factor resulted in 3.5 times the risk (95%CI 1.04 to 11.45) of chronic disability but this risk increased to 16 times (95%CI 5.36 to 49.27) in those with four or five risk factors. (csp.org.uk)
  • Baseline disability had the strongest association with chronic disability but psychological and behavioural factors were also important. (csp.org.uk)
  • Fortunately, whiplash is typically not a life threatening injury, but it can lead to a prolonged period of partial disability. (medicinenet.com)
  • The high proportions of disability and low life satisfaction have to be taken into account when managing persons with chronic whiplash associated disorder. (diva-portal.org)
  • To investigate the epidemiology and long-term consequences in terms of symptoms, disability, and life satisfaction in cases of TBI and whiplash injuries in a well-defined population. (diva-portal.org)
  • Shepherd Center's mission is to help people with a temporary or permanent disability caused by injury or disease, rebuild their lives with hope, independence and dignity, advocating for their full inclusion in all aspects of community life while promoting safety and injury prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • We examined the multilayer dorsal neck muscle behaviour in nine women with chronic WAD versus healthy controls during the entire sequence of a dynamic low-loaded neck extension exercise, which was recorded using real-time ultrasound movies with high frame rates. (diva-portal.org)
  • A 1000-case, four-year observational study published in 2012 said that the "missing link" in whiplash injuries is the trapezius muscle which may be damaged through eccentric muscle contraction during the whiplash mechanism described above and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle and soft tissue injuries can be classified using a graded system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grade 2 muscle strain indicates a mild to moderate injury with appreciable tissue damage and some loss of function or strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • dysfunction
  • Sometimes, "temporomandibular joint dysfunction" is described as the most common form of temporomandibular disorder, whereas many other sources use the term temporomandibular disorder synonymously, or instead of the term temporomandibular joint dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
  • traumatic
  • To study symptoms and disabilities five years after participants sustained whiplash injuries using questionnaires designed for mild traumatic brain injury. (diva-portal.org)
  • The incidence of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) is about 500 cases per 100,000 inhabitants per year, a majority of which are mild TBI (MTBI). (diva-portal.org)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder may be a psychological sequela of rape. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is not known what causes PCS to occur and persist, or why some people who suffer a minor traumatic brain injury later develop PCS while others do not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stroke survivors and those with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) may experience paresthesia from damage to the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • sports injuries
  • Whiplash may be caused by any motion similar to a rear-end collision in a motor vehicle, such as may take place on a roller coaster or other rides at an amusement park, sports injuries such as skiing accidents, other modes of transportation such as airplane travel, or from being hit, kicked or shaken. (wikipedia.org)
  • participants
  • Participants ( n = 599) with symptoms 3 weeks after injury, self-referred to physiotherapy as part of a randomised controlled trial. (csp.org.uk)
  • A total of 216 participants with chronic WAD took part in this randomized, assessor blinded, controlled, clinical trial. (diva-portal.org)
  • congenital
  • The most widely accepted pathophysiological mechanism by which Chiari type I malformations occur is by a reduction or lack of development of the posterior fossa as a result of congenital or acquired disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congenital causes include hydrocephalus, craniosynostosis (especially of the lambdoid suture), hyperostosis (such as craniometaphyseal dysplasia, osteopetrosis, erythroid hyperplasia), X-linked vitamin D-resistant rickets, and neurofibromatosis type I. Acquired disorders include space occupying lesions due to one of several potential causes ranging from brain tumors to hematomas. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Whiplash may result from rear-end or side-impact motor vehicle collision, but it can also occur during diving or other mishaps. (arvojournals.org)
  • Symptoms such as noise sensitivity, problems with concentration and memory, irritability, depression, and anxiety may be called 'late symptoms' because they generally do not occur immediately after the injury, but rather in the days or weeks after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs of the disorder tend to develop slowly, although sudden onset may occur with coughing, straining, or myelopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Despite substantial efforts, there is still a shortage of methods for objective diagnosis and effective rehabilitation of such disorders. (diva-portal.org)
  • citation needed] A diagnosis may be made when symptoms resulting from concussion last for more than three months after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the time of acute admission through outpatient follow-up, our Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Program provides a full continuum of care to those who have sustained any level of spinal cord injury - paraplegia, tetraplegia/quadraplegia (including those who are ventilator-dependent) or dual diagnosis (spinal cord and brain injury). (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis of a back injury begins with a physical examination and thorough medical history by health-care personnel. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatigue
  • citation needed] Papilledema on fundoscopic exam due to Increased intracranial pressure Pupillary dilation Dysautonomia: tachycardia (rapid heart), syncope (fainting), polydipsia (extreme thirst), chronic fatigue The blockage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow may also cause a syrinx to form, eventually leading to syringomyelia. (wikipedia.org)
  • shoulder
  • The "missing link" of whiplash may be towards or inside the shoulder and this would explain why neck therapy alone frequently does not give lasting relief. (wikipedia.org)