• Centers for Diseas
  • The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is conducting several reviews of mass media campaigns to determine the kinds of campaign elements that contribute most to success. (cdc.gov)
  • Medical authorities agree with this viewpoint: the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the American Academy of Neurology, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), advise against long-term antibiotic treatment for chronic Lyme disease, given the lack of supporting evidence and the potential toxicities. (wikipedia.org)
  • behaviors
  • The public health concern can address one or a combination of the following: chronic disease, health behaviors, structural and environmental supports, policy changes, and health system changes. (cdc.gov)
  • Find out how CDC's chronic disease prevention system brings together data, health care systems, and communities to support healthy choices and reduce risk behaviors for all Americans. (cdc.gov)
  • Therefore, monitoring women in this age group for chronic conditions and risk factors can increase opportunities for early interventions to manage chronic conditions and help them adopt healthy behaviors to prevent or delay disease and improve future pregnancy outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • renal
  • Anemia of chronic disease as it is now understood is to at least some degree separate from the anemia seen in renal failure in which anemia results from poor production of erythropoietin, or the anemia caused by some drugs (like AZT, used to treat HIV infection) that have the side effect of inhibiting erythropoiesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, both of these examples show the complexity of this diagnosis: HIV infection itself can produce anemia of chronic disease, and renal failure can lead to inflammatory changes that also can produce anemia of chronic disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The absence of a generally accepted definition and diagnosis of renal osteodystrophy prompted Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO)] to sponsor a controversies conference, entitled Definition, Evaluation, and Classification of Renal Osteodystrophy, in 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a disease that primarily affects the lungs, causing inflammation, characteristic scars called granulomas and, in more severe cases, scarring called fibrosis. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Anemia of chronic disease, or anemia of chronic inflammation, is a form of anemia seen in chronic infection, chronic immune activation, and malignancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anemia of chronic inflammation is the preferred term since not all chronic diseases are associated with this form of anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the last few years, however, many investigators have come to feel that hepcidin is the central actor in producing anemia of chronic inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Because anemia of chronic disease can be the result of non-infective causes of inflammation, future research is likely to investigate whether hepcidin antagonists might be able to treat this problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • While no single test is reliable to distinguish iron deficiency anemia from the anemia of chronic inflammation, there are sometimes some suggestive data: In anemia of chronic inflammation without iron deficiency, ferritin is normal or high, reflecting the fact that iron is sequestered within cells, and ferritin is being produced as an acute phase reactant. (wikipedia.org)
  • It consists of a wide range of liver pathologies which include inflammation (chronic hepatitis), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic Airway-Digestive Inflammatory Disease" (CAID) is a phrase which has been coined by Dr. Jordan S. Josephson, M.D., F.A.C.S. and Dr. Jens Ponikeau, M.D. to describe this very complex set of problems which are caused by inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancers
  • Some examples of this would include chronic cancers with liver metastases, infiltrative haematological disorders such as chronic lymphoproliferative conditions, chronic myeloid leukaemias, myelofibrosis and metabolic abnormalities such as Gaucher's disease and glycogen storage diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • The rapid environmental changes that follow urbanization are increasing the prevalence of the major risk factors for chronic disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although prevalence of certain chronic conditions has been assessed among all adult AI/AN women, the prevalence of multiple chronic diseases and risk factors among a nationally representative sample of AI/AN women of reproductive age has not previously been reported. (cdc.gov)
  • In this study, we aimed to 1) estimate the prevalence of chronic conditions and risk factors among AI/AN and non-Hispanic white women, and 2) determine whether predictors of chronic conditions vary among these 2 groups. (cdc.gov)
  • While there is general agreement on the optimal treatment for early Lyme disease, the existence of chronic Lyme is generally rejected and there is no consensus even among advocates over its prevalence, diagnostic criteria, or treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • These are indeed potent causes of chronic disease, however considering the causes of chronic disease entails a richer understanding of the determinants of health. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a need to examine the causes of the causes: the social conditions that give rise to high risk behaviours of chronic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Portal hypertension Ascites Hypersplenism (with or without splenomegaly) Lower oesophageal varices and rectal varices Synthetic dysfunction Hypoalbuminaemia Coagulopathy Hepatopulmonary syndrome Hepatorenal syndrome Encephalopathy Hepatocellular carcinoma The list of conditions associated with chronic liver disease is extensive and can be categorised in the following way: Viral causes Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV), and yellow fever viruses cause acute hepatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toxic and drugs Alcoholic liver disease Rarely drug induced liver disease from methotrexate, amiodarone, nitrofurantoin and others Paracetamol (acetaminophen) causes acute liver damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metabolic Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Haemochromatosis Wilson's disease Autoimmune response causes Primary biliary cholangitis (previously known as primary biliary cirrhosis) Primary sclerosing cholangitis Other Right heart failure These differ according to the type of chronic liver disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The underlying cellular mechanism that causes chronic granulomatous disease was discovered in 1967, and research since that time has further elucidated the molecular mechanisms underlying the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • Reproductive-aged women with chronic medical conditions and related risk factors are at a greater risk not only for premature death and long-term illnesses but also for pregnancy complications. (cdc.gov)
  • health
  • Posing a real and increasing threat to health and prosperity, these diseases affect all populations, in particular, the world's poorest and most marginalised . (theconversation.com)
  • An acknowledged driver of chronic disease, urbanisation and urban living must become a stage for good health rather than its opposite. (theconversation.com)
  • This toolkit is limited to a few common chronic diseases that have a large impact on personal health in both a normal and pregnancy state. (ohio.gov)
  • When other demographic factors are held constant, having a chronic disease significantly increases an Internet user's likelihood to say they work on a blog or contribute to an online discussion, a listserv, or other online group forum that helps people with personal issues or health problems. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Living with chronic disease is also associated, once someone is online, with a greater likelihood to access user-generated health content such as blog posts, hospital reviews, doctor reviews, and podcasts. (pewtrusts.org)
  • Chronic diseases are responsible for 7 of 10 deaths each year, and treating people with chronic diseases accounts for most of our nation's health care costs. (cdc.gov)
  • More courses on lifestyle modification topics should be offered to pharmacy students, who will be highly accessible to the public as pharmacists and will be able to offer education to enhance public health focused on the prevention of chronic diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • Health promotion, wellness, and disease prevention are becoming increasingly important for health care professionals. (cdc.gov)
  • A significant amount of data exist to demonstrate that population health can be improved in a cost-effective manner by preventing diseases rather than treating them after they occur (1-3). (cdc.gov)
  • Unfortunately, traditional training for health care professionals does not focus on disease prevention, but rather on treating diseases once they occur. (cdc.gov)
  • In an effort to change the landscape of the formal training of student health care professionals, several organizations now recommend curriculum changes to include courses about health promotion, wellness, and disease prevention (3). (cdc.gov)
  • In 2002 the Healthy People Curriculum Task Force was established with the mission of fulfilling objective 1-7 of Healthy People 2010 (2,4), to "increase the proportion of schools of medicine, schools of nursing, and other health professional training schools whose basic curriculum includes the core competencies in health promotion and disease prevention" (2). (cdc.gov)
  • One of the three major CAPE educational outcomes recommendations is the teaching of public health with an emphasis on promoting health improvement, wellness, and disease prevention (5). (cdc.gov)
  • It is unknown how many schools of pharmacy in the United States currently offer their students courses on lifestyle modification specifically focused on health promotion, wellness, and disease prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The survey defined health promotion, wellness, and disease prevention as programs that offer courses specifically focused on nutrition for healthy living, exercise programs, weight loss, smoking cessation, appropriate alcohol use, or a combination of these topics. (cdc.gov)
  • Despite the new interest in and emphasis on public health and disease prevention in developing countries, it appears that the challenge of controlling CVD remains. (cdc.gov)
  • With this transition, the health care system in Tunisia is challenged with the expansion of chronic disease. (cdc.gov)
  • One example involved publication of articles on Aboriginal populations with the Public Health Agency of Canada journal Chronic Diseases in Canada in 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic disease in Northern Ontario is a population health problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • The population in Northern Ontario experiences worse outcomes on a number of important health indicators, including higher rates of chronic disease compared to the population in the rest of Ontario (Romanow, 2002). (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the World Health Organization, chronic diseases are defined as diseases of long duration which generally show slow progression (WHO, 2012a). (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost 80% of Ontarians over the age of 45 have a chronic condition, and treatment for these diseases amount to 55% of Ontario's total health costs (MOHLTC, 2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • Major US medical authorities, including the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the American Academy of Neurology, and the National Institutes of Health, have stated there is no convincing evidence that Borrelia is involved in the various symptoms classed as chronic Lyme disease, and particularly advise against long-term antibiotic treatment as it is ineffective and potentially harmful. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • It is distinct from post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome, a set of lingering symptoms which may persist after successful treatment of infection with Lyme spirochetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term chronic Lyme disease is distinct from untreated and disseminated late-stage Lyme disease - which can cause arthritis, peripheral neuropathy and/or encephalomyelitis- and from the situation where symptoms remain after antibiotic treatment, known as 'post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome' (PTLDS)", which is estimated to occur in less than 5% of people who had Lyme disease and were treated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The authors concluded, "There is no scientific evidence to support the hypothesis that such spirochetes, should they exist in humans, are the cause of post-Lyme disease syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) (also known as Bridges-Good syndrome, chronic granulomatous disorder, and Quie syndrome) is a diverse group of hereditary diseases in which certain cells of the immune system have difficulty forming the reactive oxygen compounds (most importantly the superoxide radical due to defective phagocyte NADPH oxidase) used to kill certain ingested pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • Higher dietary intake of fruits and vegetables is associated with a lower risk for chronic disease and can benefit weight management (1-4). (cdc.gov)
  • Patients
  • In many cases there is no objective evidence patients with "chronic Lyme" have ever been infected with Lyme disease: standard diagnostic tests for infection are negative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Classically, patients with chronic granulomatous disease will suffer from recurrent bouts of infection due to the decreased capacity of their immune system to fight off disease-causing organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the most common organisms that cause disease in CGD patients are: bacteria (particularly those that are catalase-positive)Staphylococcus aureus. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1986
  • In 1986, the X-linked form of CGD was the first disease for which positional cloning was used to identify the underlying genetic mutation. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • medical citation needed] Animals born in captivity and those born in the wild have been affected with the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sinus disease, allergies, and asthma have been shown to be intimately related through recent research[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk factors
  • The magnitude of chronic conditions and risk factors among American Indian/Alaska Native women of reproductive age is unknown. (cdc.gov)
  • In a multivariable, multinomial logistic regression model, we examined whether American Indian/Alaska Native race was associated with the cumulative number of chronic conditions and risk factors. (cdc.gov)
  • 001). After adjustment for income, education, and other demographic variables, American Indian/Alaska Native race was not associated with having either 1, 2, or 3 or more chronic conditions or risk factors. (cdc.gov)
  • Three out of every 5 American Indian/Alaska Native women aged 18 to 44 years have 3 or more chronic conditions or risk factors. (cdc.gov)
  • In a 2001-2002 study looking at a limited number of chronic diseases and risk factors in US women aged 18 years or older, more than one-third of AI/AN women, in 2 AI/AN communities sampled, had 3 or more chronic diseases or risk factors, more than any other racial/ethnic minority group surveyed (3). (cdc.gov)
  • Many risk factors for chronic diseases are modifiable. (cdc.gov)
  • The risk factors for chronic disease are also well known in most industrialized countries (6-11), and knowledge of risk factors has led to implementation of effective preventive programs (12,13). (cdc.gov)
  • In fact, strong epidemiological evidence suggests that these risk factors explain at least 75% of new cases of coronary heart disease (CHD) each year. (cdc.gov)
  • conditions
  • Previous studies illustrate that American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women aged 18 years or older are disproportionately affected by chronic conditions (1-4). (cdc.gov)
  • symptoms
  • Recognised authorities advise against long-term antibiotic treatment for Lyme disease, even where some symptoms persist post-treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • A pressure group called the International Lyme And Associated Diseases Society (ILADS) argues the persistence of B. burgdorferi may be responsible for manifestations of late Lyme disease symptoms. (wikipedia.org)