• Homo
  • Homo sapiens remained restricted to Africa and the Middle East until about 60,000 - 70,000 years ago, when a relatively small group of humans departed from eastern Africa across the mouth of the Red Sea and migrated into Asia and Europe. (brainscape.com)
  • Modern humans (Homo sapiens, ssp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early hominins-particularly the australopithecines, whose brains and anatomy are in many ways more similar to ancestral non-human apes-are less often referred to as "human" than hominins of the genus Homo. (wikipedia.org)
  • In common usage, the word "human" generally refers to the only extant species of the genus Homo-anatomically and behaviorally modern Homo sapiens. (wikipedia.org)
  • The previously clear boundary between humans and apes has blurred, resulting in now acknowledging the hominids as encompassing multiple species, and Homo and close relatives since the split from chimpanzees as the only hominins. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is also a distinction between anatomically modern humans and Archaic Homo sapiens, the earliest fossil members of the species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note that the Latin word homo refers to humans of either gender, and that sapiens is the singular form (while there is no such word as sapien). (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Homo evolved and diverged from other hominins in Africa, after the human clade split from the chimpanzee lineage of the hominids (great apes) branch of the primates. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Homo sapiens, the CCDC142 gene encodes for two alternatively spliced isoforms of the mRNA, called isoform 1 and isoform 2. (wikipedia.org)
  • chimps
  • The genetic difference between humans and chimps is less than 2%, or twenty times larger than the variation among modern humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mitochondrial most recent common ancestor of modern humans lived roughly 200,000 years ago[citation needed], latest common ancestors of humans and chimps between four and seven million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • As mentioned above, gene duplications are a major source of differences between human and chimp genetic material, with about 2.7 percent of the genome now representing differences having been produced by gene duplications or deletions during approximately 6 million years since humans and chimps diverged from their common evolutionary ancestor. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Vampires are one of the four known supernatural species in the Twilight series, with the others being vampire-human hybrids , true werewolves (also called Children of the Moon), and shapeshifters . (wikia.com)
  • The spread of humans and their large and increasing population has had a profound impact on large areas of the environment and millions of native species worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans use tools to a much higher degree than any other animal, are the only extant species known to build fires and cook their food, and are the only extant species to clothe themselves and create and use numerous other technologies and arts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The native English term man can refer to the species generally (a synonym for humanity) as well as to human males, or individuals of either sex (though this latter form is less common in contemporary English). (wikipedia.org)
  • Biologists classify humans, along with only a few other species, as great apes (species in the family Hominidae). (wikipedia.org)
  • The immunological response of a species to its own antigens (e.g. human to human) was set to be 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is expected that by comparing the genomes of humans and other apes, it will be possible to better understand what makes humans distinct from other species from a genetic perspective. (wikipedia.org)
  • Orthologs were found in species as distantly related to Humans as the Choanoflagellate Monosiga brevicollis using BLAST and the ALIGN tool through the San Diego Super Computer Biology Workbench. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetics
  • Human Molecular Genetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • I was just doing some research on human DNA for my Genetics class and I came across something that blew me away. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • When Mendel's theories were integrated with the Boveri-Sutton chromosome theory of inheritance by Thomas Hunt Morgan in 1915, they became the core of classical genetics . (wikipedia.org)
  • Thomas Hunt Morgan and his assistants later integrated Mendel's theoretical model with the chromosome theory of inheritance, in which the chromosomes of cells were thought to hold the actual hereditary material, and created what is now known as classical genetics , a highly successful foundation which eventually cemented Mendel's place in history. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human evolutionary genetics studies how one human genome differs from another human genome, the evolutionary past that gave rise to it, and its current effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • receptor
  • PILRA is thought to act as a cellular signaling inhibitory receptor by recruiting cytoplasmic phosphatases like PTPN6 /SHP-1 and PTPN11 /SHP-2 via their SH2 domains that block signal transduction through dephosphorylation of signaling molecules. (rcsb.org)
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin interacts with the LHCG receptor of the ovary and promotes the maintenance of the corpus luteum during the beginning of pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • modern humans
  • The origin and migration of modern humans can be documented with reasonable certainty with archeological, linguistic, & molecular genetic analysis. (brainscape.com)
  • In scientific terms, the meanings of "hominid" and "hominin" have changed during the recent decades with advances in the discovery and study of the fossil ancestors of modern humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • FOXP2
  • One such region on chromosome 7 contains the FOXP2 gene (mentioned above) and this region also includes the Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, which is important for ion transport in tissues such as the salt-secreting epithelium of sweat glands. (wikipedia.org)
  • temporal
  • In 1960, J. H. Taylor showed that the active and inactive X chromosomes replicate in a different pattern, with the active X replicating earlier than the inactive X, whereas all the other pairs of chromosomes replicate in the same temporal pattern. (wikipedia.org)
  • Isoforms
  • The main difference between the isoforms that isoform 2 has a shorter exon 9 and 3' UTR. (wikipedia.org)
  • genomes
  • An example of such assembler Short Oligonucleotide Analysis Package developed by BGI for de novo assembly of human-sized genomes, alignment, SNP detection, resequencing, indel finding, and structural variation analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • The IntAct tool was also used, and this revealed a potential interaction had been found with Superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), which had been identified in a yeast Two-hybrid screening study. (wikipedia.org)
  • band
  • PURPOSE: Submicroscopic deletions of chromosome band 2p25.3 are associated with intellectual disability and/or central obesity. (forskningsdatabasen.dk)
  • Though most of human existence has been sustained by hunting and gathering in band societies, increasing numbers of human societies began to practice sedentary agriculture approximately some 10,000 years ago, domesticating plants and animals, thus allowing for the growth of civilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Estimation of band level resolutions of human chromosome images" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • In mice, the official symbol of M33 gene styled Cbx2 and the official name chromobox 2 are maintained by the MGI. (wikipedia.org)