Warning: preg_replace(): Compilation failed: unmatched parentheses at offset 13 in /home/lookformedical/www/faq.php on line 155
  • Species
  • Other species have other chromosome numbers. (coursehero.com)
  • The spread of humans and their large and increasing population has had a profound impact on large areas of the environment and millions of native species worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans use tools to a much higher degree than any other animal, are the only extant species known to build fires and cook their food, and are the only extant species to clothe themselves and create and use numerous other technologies and arts. (wikipedia.org)
  • In common usage, the word "human" generally refers to the only extant species of the genus Homo-anatomically and behaviorally modern Homo sapiens. (wikipedia.org)
  • The previously clear boundary between humans and apes has blurred, resulting in now acknowledging the hominids as encompassing multiple species, and Homo and close relatives since the split from chimpanzees as the only hominins. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is also a distinction between anatomically modern humans and Archaic Homo sapiens, the earliest fossil members of the species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The native English term man can refer to the species generally (a synonym for humanity) as well as to human males, or individuals of either sex (though this latter form is less common in contemporary English). (wikipedia.org)
  • chimpanzee
  • The genus Homo evolved and diverged from other hominins in Africa, after the human clade split from the chimpanzee lineage of the hominids (great apes) branch of the primates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Homo
  • Modern humans (Homo sapiens, ssp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note that the Latin word homo refers to humans of either gender, and that sapiens is the singular form (while there is no such word as sapien). (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • Figure 2 shows a cartoon of how this is generally envisioned to occur, while Figure 3 shows an animation of when different segments replicate in one type of human cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • In 1960, J. H. Taylor showed that the active and inactive X chromosomes replicate in a different pattern, with the active X replicating earlier than the inactive X, whereas all the other pairs of chromosomes replicate in the same temporal pattern. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • Though most of human existence has been sustained by hunting and gathering in band societies, increasing numbers of human societies began to practice sedentary agriculture approximately some 10,000 years ago, domesticating plants and animals, thus allowing for the growth of civilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus an extra X chromosome (47, XXY) results in Klinefelter's syndrome, and the lack of one of the X chromosomes (45, X) is known as Turner's syndrome. (scienceclarified.com)
  • genomes
  • An example of such assembler Short Oligonucleotide Analysis Package developed by BGI for de novo assembly of human-sized genomes, alignment, SNP detection, resequencing, indel finding, and structural variation analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • It is now well-accepted that chromatin is not randomly organized in the cell nucleus, but the positions of each chromosome domain relative to its neighboring domains is characteristic of different cell types, and after this geography is established in each newly formed cell, the chromosome domains do not move appreciably until the next cell division. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the X and Y chromosomes are very different in size and do not exchange regions during meiosis, they do share two small regions called 'pseudoautosomal regions' at which they pair during meiosis. (scienceclarified.com)
  • form
  • Social interactions between humans have established an extremely wide variety of values, social norms, and rituals, which together form the basis of human society. (wikipedia.org)
  • These human societies subsequently expanded in size, establishing various forms of government, religion, and culture around the world, unifying people within regions to form states and empires. (wikipedia.org)
  • The English adjective human is a Middle English loanword from Old French humain, ultimately from Latin hūmānus, the adjective form of homō "man. (wikipedia.org)
  • either
  • Since X-inactivation is a random process, either the X chromosome from the mother or the father can be inactivated in the daughter cell. (pediaa.com)
  • known
  • There are six known isoforms of BRCA1, with isoforms 1 and 2 comprising 1863 amino acids each. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • It was also noticed by Mary Lyon that the inactive X took on a condensed structure in the nucleus called the Barr body (Figure 5) at the same time during development as the genetic inactivation of the chromosome. (wikipedia.org)