• incidence
  • To determine the relationship between the severity of airflow obstruction based on modified Global Initiative on Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria and the prevalence and incidence or recurrence of CVD in a cohort of US adults, aged 45-64 years, from 1987 to 2001. (bmj.com)
  • Melanoma incidence is directly related to age, with highest rates in individuals over the age of 55 years, making it a clear age-related disease. (mdpi.com)
  • Achieving ZPG is difficult because a country's population growth is often determined by economic factors, incidence of poverty, natural disasters, disease, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, the incidence of rotator cuff tears or injuries increases by age while corticosteroid injection for pain relief increases the risk of tendon tear and delays tendon healing. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormonal
  • Although softer breasts are more common among older women , younger women may also experience their breasts softening at times due to hormonal changes, and weight gain can cause softness due to extra fat being stored in a similar fashion. (yourtango.com)
  • Individual self-control improves with age as a result of many factors: changing biology through hormonal development, socialization and increasing opportunity costs of losing control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lifespan
  • Our analytic approach holds promise for revealing novel types of sleep oscillatory events that are specific to periods of rapid normal development across the lifespan and during other times of aberrant changes in neurobehavioral function. (hindawi.com)
  • adults
  • Presbyphagia refers to characteristic changes in the swallowing mechanism of otherwise healthy older adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although age-related changes place older adults at risk swallowing disorders, an older adult's swallow is not necessarily an impaired swallow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Older adults are more vulnerable and with the increased threat of acute illnesses, medications and any number of age-related conditions, they can cross the line from having a healthy older swallow to being dysphagic. (wikipedia.org)
  • In those over age 65, the initiation of laryngeal and pharyngeal events, including laryngeal vestibule closure, are delayed significantly longer than in adults younger than 45 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dysphagia Swallowing Robbins JA, Hamilton JW, Lof GL, Kempster G. Oropharyngeal swallowing in normal adults of different ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • cellular
  • Despite the central role of mitochondria in cellular aging and endothelial physiology, there are no studies extant investigating age-related alterations in mitochondrial biogenesis in blood vessels. (physiology.org)
  • UV causes inflammation, immune changes, physical changes, impaired wound healing and DNA damage that promotes cellular senescence and carcinogenesis. (mdpi.com)
  • Then, for an individual to progress from normal age-appropriate cognitive function to a condition where the full palette of clinical symptoms is expressed, three key steps are envisioned: (1) an initiating injury, (2) a chronic neuroinflammatory response, and (3) a discontinuous cellular change of state involving most, if not all, of the cell types of the brain. (jneurosci.org)
  • impairment
  • Lung function impairment may be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. (bmj.com)
  • We observed a crude association between lung function impairment and prevalent and incident or recurrent CVD that was greatly reduced after adjusting for covariates, including age, sex, race, smoking, comorbid hypertension and diabetes, cholesterol levels and fibrinogen level. (bmj.com)
  • 5 16 Previous studies have linked lung function impairment with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and stroke, even after adjusting for factors such as body mass index (BMI), physical activity, hypertension, diabetes and smoking status. (bmj.com)
  • whereas
  • The vascular expression of complex I, III, and IV significantly declined with age, whereas aging did not alter the expression of complex II and V. Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) expression/activity exhibited the greatest age-related decline, which was associated with increased mitochondrial ROS production in the aged vessels. (physiology.org)
  • decline
  • The expression of SRIF mRNA has been shown to be enhanced by BDNF,suggesting the decrease in gene expression of BDNF may cause the levels of SRIF mRNA to decline in the primate brain during aging. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Electronmicroscopy and confocal microscopy (en face Mitotracker staining) revealed that in aortas of F344 rats, a decline in mitochondrial biogenesis occurs with aging. (physiology.org)
  • In conclusion, vascular aging is characterized by a decline in mitochondrial mass in the endothelial cells and an altered expression of components of the mitochondrial electron transport chain likely due to a dysregulation of mitochondrial biogenesis factors. (physiology.org)
  • occurs
  • Ultimately, most are the result of wear that occurs slowly over time as a natural part of aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • The final common factor is impingement syndrome, the most common non-sports related injury and which occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles become irritated and inflamed while passing through the subacromial space beneath the acromion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms
  • We will focus on the theoretical use of forskolin, a plant-derived pharmacologically active compound to protect the skin against UV injury and prevent aging symptoms by up-regulating melanin production. (mdpi.com)
  • He documented the progression of symptoms that beset a farmer's wife, Auguste D., as her mental status deteriorated through a complex series of behavioral and cognitive changes that left her aggressive, delusional, and unable to remember recent events. (jneurosci.org)
  • effects
  • Young individual recover faster as well are left with less residual effects following recovery when compared with aged. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • A special emphasis of the research will be on pleiotropic effects (both antagonistic and non-antagonistic) of a genotype on different traits, and on one trait at different ages. (grantome.com)
  • For these subsets of SNPs, we will evaluate epistatic genetic effects on aging phenotypes.Results of this study will significantly improve our understanding of genetic regulation of aging, and its role in health and longevity. (grantome.com)
  • Globalization is a factor that effects social change. (reference.com)
  • In large pedigrees including 1,129 people aged 18 to 83, the scientists documented profound aging effects from young adulthood to old age, on neurocognitive ability and brain white matter measures. (healthcanal.com)
  • Being the largest and most visible organ of the body and heavily influenced by environmental factors, skin is ideal to study the long-term effects of aging. (mdpi.com)
  • Tracy F, Logemann JA, Kahrilas PJ, Jacob P, Kobara M, Krugla C. Preliminary observations on the effects of age on oropharyngeal deglutition. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavior
  • Sociologists study how the behavior of groups shift depending on factors such as class, age, race and sex. (reference.com)
  • The self-control theory of crime, often referred to as the general theory of crime, is a criminological theory about the lack of individual self-control as the main factor behind criminal behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on the empirical observation of the strong, consistent connection between criminal behavior and age, Hirschi and Gottfredson theorized the single most important factor behind crime is individual lack of self-control. (wikipedia.org)
  • By connecting a user with other users, his/her coworkers, friends and families, a persuasive application can apply social motivators on the user to promote behavior changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been demonstrated that social impact can result in greater behavior changes than the case where the user is isolated. (wikipedia.org)
  • promotes
  • In this context we have demonstrated that increased mitochondrial ROS production promotes endothelial NF-κB activation, which contributes to the upregulation of adhesion molecules and increased monocyte adhesiveness in the aged arteries ( 43 ). (physiology.org)
  • influences
  • A key advantage of this study is that we specifically focused on large extended families and so we were able to disentangle genetic from non-genetic influences on the aging process," said Glahn. (healthcanal.com)
  • mechanisms
  • In this review, we will focus on UV-induced carcinogenesis and photo aging along with natural protective mechanisms that reduce amount of "realized" solar radiation dose and UV-induced injury. (mdpi.com)
  • Health
  • Other factors that can cause social changes include the consumption of resources and goods, family dynamics, health or disease, and knowledge and information. (reference.com)
  • The potential health benefits of esculeoside A appear to change with factors such as the age of the tomato fruit, the heat used in processing tomatoes, and the pH used in processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • frequency
  • They are known to increase in frequency with age and the most common cause is age-related degeneration and, less frequently, sports injuries or trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • attitudes
  • Sociologists believe that a person's opportunities, actions and attitudes are formed by social changes. (reference.com)
  • Persuasive technology is broadly defined as technology that is designed to change attitudes or behaviors of the users through persuasion and social influence, but not through coercion. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • OK, so maybe a woman over the age of puberty being displeased with some aspect of her body isn't exactly news , but stick with me here. (yourtango.com)
  • Due to its anatomic location at the external boundary of the body, skin is exposed to a variety of environmental factors such as UV radiation that derives naturally from the sun. (mdpi.com)
  • Some risk factors of experiencing a rotator cuff tear cannot be changed: age, body mass index, and height. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • A scintigraphic study revealed increased pharyngeal residue with age, possibly related to the limited UES opening. (wikipedia.org)
  • That study and additional evidence indicates that under stressful conditions or system perturbations, older individuals are less able to compensate due to the age-related reduction in reserve capacity (add Pendergast reference) and are more at risk to experience airway penetration or aspiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • Such changes combined with naturally diminished functional reserve, the resilient ability to adapt to physiological stress, make the older population more susceptible to dysphagia. (wikipedia.org)
  • breasts
  • When I take my bra off now, I know my spouse has likely seen a few other women's bare breasts and has seen their breasts change with time and/or babies, and I know mine really aren't all that bad as far as his current comparative memories go. (yourtango.com)
  • It's common for women of a certain age to say their breasts feel empty or that they aren't as perky as they once were. (yourtango.com)
  • dominant
  • Based on repetitive interactions a social order is created that is subject to change each time a dominant animal is challenged by a subordinate one. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The doctors are pretty optimistic that due to his age, with proper therapy, there is a a high chance of recovery. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • However, if you are under the age of 25, you should expect a higher insurance premium every month, because the insurance companies hold persons under the age of 25 as high risk individuals. (autoquotenow.com)
  • Outside these ages, the Earth seems to have been ice-free even in high latitudes. (wikipedia.org)
  • stroke
  • Though it is bad news that your friend suffered a stroke at this young age, it is good to hear that he is recovering now. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • chronic
  • Chronic tears are indicative of extended use in conjunction with other factors such as poor biomechanics or muscular imbalance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several factors contribute to degenerative, or chronic, rotator cuff tears of which repetitive stress is the most significant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interaction
  • Persuasive technologies can also be categorized by whether they change attitude and behaviors through direct interaction or through a mediating role: do they persuade, for example, through human-computer interaction (HCI) or computer-mediated communication (CMC)? (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • The self-control theory of crime suggests that individuals who were ineffectually parented before the age of ten develop less self-control than individuals of approximately the same age who were raised with better parenting. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal
  • Males of many, and perhaps the majority of, long-lived species, express periodic changes in testicular activity and behaviour during their normal life cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • When you decide to purchase auto insurance , several factors would decide how much the insurance would expect you by way of monthly premium payment. (autoquotenow.com)
  • In addition, if a country's fertility is at replacement level, and has been that way for at least several decades (to stabilize its age distribution), then that country's population could still experience coincident growth due to continuously increasing life expectancy, even though the population growth is likely to be smaller than it would be from natural population increase. (wikipedia.org)
  • theory
  • What Is Karl Marx's Theory of Social Change? (reference.com)
  • Karl Marx's theory of social change relates to the class struggle that defined the 19th century, namely that of the ruling classes (the bourgeoisie) suppre. (reference.com)
  • people
  • These things are a dangerous combination and statistics reveal that persons below 25 are involved in more accidents than people in other age groups. (autoquotenow.com)
  • level
  • Therefore, equilibrium, with a static population, will not be reached until the first "replacement level" birth cohorts reach old age and die. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • The related calculations are complex because the population's overall death rate can vary over time, and mortality also varies with age (being highest among the old). (wikipedia.org)
  • Groups
  • Following bootcamp, successful acts were split into four categories: Boys (male soloists aged 16 to 28), Girls (female soloists aged 16 to 28), Over 28s (soloists aged 29 and over) and Groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • different ages
  • We will test hypotheses about the pleiotropic (including trade-offs)influence of a genotype on: (i) different traits;and (ii) one trait at different ages. (grantome.com)