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  • vaginal
  • Also, moderate pain during sexual intercourse and vaginal discharge are symptoms of cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequent studies have shown an approximate 40-fold increased risk of vaginal/cervical clear cell adenocarcinoma in women exposed in utero to DES. (wikipedia.org)
  • DES-exposed daughters are at an increased risk of abnormalities of the reproductive tract, including vaginal epithelial changes such as vaginal adenosis (which means a type of cell normally found in the uterus, columnar cells, are also present in the vagina), an increased cervical transformation zone, and uterine abnormalities, such as T-shaped uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) is a condition that describes premalignant histological findings in the vagina characterized by dysplastic changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormalities
  • The New Bethesda System reports all gynecologic abnormalities termed "SIL" squamous intraepithelial lesions, arising from all areas of female genital tract, and anal canal of both men and women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Screening during this period may show this immune reaction and repair as mild abnormalities, which are usually not associated with cervical cancer, but could cause the patient stress and result in further tests and possible treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Although the widespread use of Pap testing has reduced the incidence and lethality of cervical cancer in developed countries, the disease still kills several hundred thousand women per year worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • In medical research, the most famous immortalised cell line, known as HeLa, was developed from cervical cancer cells of a woman named Henrietta Lacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not all of the causes of cervical cancer are known, however, and several other contributing factors have been implicated. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • HPV vaccines protect against between two and seven high-risk strains of this family of viruses and may prevent up to 90% of cervical cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smoking can increase the risk in women a few different ways, which can be by direct and indirect methods of inducing cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • HPV can be transmitted in sex between females, so those who have only had sex with other females should be screened, although they are at somewhat lower risk for cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • lesion
  • Presents an abstract of the study "3D finite element model and cervical lesion formation in normal occlusion and in malocclusion," by J. Borcic et al. (ebscohost.com)
  • The cervical transformation zone and lesion are excised to an adequate depth, which in most cases is at least 8 mm, and extending 4 to 5 mm beyond the lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • HeLa
  • In cervical cancer cells line HeLa and CaSki, All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) derived from retinols, inhibited the proliferation of cervical cancer cells line HeLa but showed no effect on proliferation CaSki cells(11). (blogspot.com)
  • In medical research, the most famous immortalised cell line, known as HeLa, was developed from cervical cancer cells of a woman named Henrietta Lacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centre
  • The Amtrak code for Cincinnati Union Terminal Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia Chromosome instability Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience The ICAO-code of Constellation Airlines, a defunct Belgian airline Corporação Industrial do Norte, Portuguese-owned company that is the Iberian market leader for paint & coating products Convective inhibition Contrast-induced nephropathy An object of the C++ Iostream header file (C-In). (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormalities
  • A personal narrative is presented where the author who is a trainee surgeon, shared her experience about her treatment for cervical abnormalities, and the things she learned being on the other side of surgical table. (ebscohost.com)
  • A cervical Pap smear is used to detect cellular abnormalities. (wikipedia.org)
  • inhibition
  • But in certain studies, vitamin A in form of retinoids and carotenoids is effective in inhibition of cervical cancer cell lines through many anti proliferative and apoptotic pathways. (blogspot.com)
  • Although the primary mechanism of this action is inhibition of ovulation, other alterations include changes in the cervical mucus (which increase the difficulty of sperm entry into the uterus) and the endometrium (which reduce the likelihood of implantation). (drugs.com)
  • normal
  • But the study of Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences, showed no correction of levels of vitamin A intake between cervical cancer patients and normal controls, in a total of total of 60 consecutive patients and 60 controls were enrolled from a referral hospital during the year 2004(6)(7). (blogspot.com)
  • This scar tissue can be massaged or broken up in a number of ways, thus allowing the cervical opening to dilate back to normal size. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the process of transforming normal cervical cells into cancerous ones is slow, cancer occurs in people who have been infected with HPV for a long time, usually over a decade or more. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • function of Treg cells in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and discovered elevated frequencies of Treg cells in sufferers with consistent HPV-16 infection. (technumber.com)
  • A combination of retinoids with histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors effectively inhibited the growth of cervical cancer cells due to the restore RARβ2 expression, associated with a significant upregulation of p21(CIP1) and p53 as well as a pronounced decrease in p-Stat3(10). (blogspot.com)
  • Cdc42 overexpression significantly improved the ability of cervical cancer cells to migrate, possibly due to improved pseudopodia formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • The test results will be compared to the current standards of testing for HPV and diagnosing cervical disease. (centerwatch.com)
  • According to the 2010 European guidelines for cervical cancer screening, the age at which to commence screening ranges between 20-30 years of age, "but preferentially not before age 25 or 30 years", depending on burden of the disease in the population and the available resources. (wikipedia.org)