• vaginal
  • Also, moderate pain during sexual intercourse and vaginal discharge are symptoms of cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequent studies have shown an approximate 40-fold increased risk of vaginal/cervical clear cell adenocarcinoma in women exposed in utero to DES. (wikipedia.org)
  • DES-exposed daughters are at an increased risk of abnormalities of the reproductive tract, including vaginal epithelial changes such as vaginal adenosis (which means a type of cell normally found in the uterus, columnar cells, are also present in the vagina), an increased cervical transformation zone, and uterine abnormalities, such as T-shaped uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) is a condition that describes premalignant histological findings in the vagina characterized by dysplastic changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormalities
  • The New Bethesda System reports all gynecologic abnormalities termed "SIL" squamous intraepithelial lesions, arising from all areas of female genital tract, and anal canal of both men and women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Screening during this period may show this immune reaction and repair as mild abnormalities, which are usually not associated with cervical cancer, but could cause the patient stress and result in further tests and possible treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • lesions
  • To learn if a new type of contrast agent (a dye used in certain types of scans and microscope studies) can be used to detect cervical cancer and precancerous lesions better than standard contrast agents. (knowcancer.com)
  • This allows targeted surgical removal of condylomatous and/or potentially precancerous lesions prior to the development of invasive cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Although the widespread use of Pap testing has reduced the incidence and lethality of cervical cancer in developed countries, the disease still kills several hundred thousand women per year worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • In medical research, the most famous immortalised cell line, known as HeLa, was developed from cervical cancer cells of a woman named Henrietta Lacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not all of the causes of cervical cancer are known, however, and several other contributing factors have been implicated. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • HPV vaccines protect against between two and seven high-risk strains of this family of viruses and may prevent up to 90% of cervical cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smoking can increase the risk in women a few different ways, which can be by direct and indirect methods of inducing cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • HPV can be transmitted in sex between females, so those who have only had sex with other females should be screened, although they are at somewhat lower risk for cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)