• basal
  • basal ganglia basal nuclei . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, in the brain (part of the central nervous system), the "basal ganglia" is a group of nuclei interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem, associated with a variety of functions: motor control, cognition, emotions, and learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • The striated ducts are also numerous and consist of simple columnar epithelium, having striations that represent the infolded basal cell membranes and mitochondria. (wikipedia.org)
  • glial cells
  • Despite their flattened shape, satellite glial cells contain all common organelles necessary to make cellular products and to maintain the homeostatic environment of the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuronal
  • Due to their close proximity to the SGC sheath, these microvilli of the neuronal plasma membrane reach into the grooves of the sheath, allowing for possible exchange of materials between the cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • A ganglion allows a large amount of divergence in a neuronal pathway and also enables a more localized circuitry for control of the innervated targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • excitatory
  • they increase intracellular levels of IP3 and calcium by activating phospholipase C. Their effect on target cells is usually excitatory. (wikipedia.org)
  • postsynaptic
  • The nicotinic antagonist hexamethonium, for example, does this by blocking the transmission of outgoing signals across the autonomic ganglia at the postsynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • signals
  • Thus, when the brain responds to potential threats by sending signals to lateral grey column cells, the lateral column passes on the signals to initiate a variety of physiological changes that prepare the body for a "fight-or-flight" response. (wikipedia.org)
  • The central nervous system functions to send signals from one cell to others, or from one part of the body to others and to receive feedback. (wikipedia.org)
  • endothelial cells
  • Electron-microscopic studies revealed severe swellings of mitochondria, dilatations of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and of the tubular system, disintegration of myofibrils, dehiscence of intercalated discs as well as edema of endothelial cells. (springer.com)
  • neuron
  • The OLIG2 gene being the most important due to its role in promoting Ngn2 expression, a gene that causes cell cycle exiting as well as promoting further transcription factors associated with motor neuron development. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cell that receives a synaptic signal from a neuron may be excited, inhibited, or otherwise modulated. (wikipedia.org)
  • cholinergic
  • Partly because of its muscle-activating function, but also because of its functions in the autonomic nervous system and brain, a large number of important drugs exert their effects by altering cholinergic transmission. (wikipedia.org)