• molecules
  • The molecules they transmit are called neurotransmitter s and the small space between the two cells is a synapse . (everything2.com)
  • When they change shape, they affect other molecules inside the cell, and that's called transduction. (everything2.com)
  • At the end of a chain of changing molecules, some molecule affects what the cell does, making a response. (everything2.com)
  • Cells can communicate with each other with the help of signalling molecules, but how do they do it? (ku.dk)
  • The biophysicists Mogens Høgh Jensen, Sandeep Krishna and Simone Pigolotti constructed a mathematical model for, how the signalling molecules spread and how the cells react to it. (ku.dk)
  • Their model shows that a very well ordered network pattern forms for how the signalling molecules move in a tightly packed cell culture. (ku.dk)
  • It is always such that the cells 'talk' with their nearest neighbour and it starts with the signalling molecules spreading outward. (ku.dk)
  • The model calculations for environments with dispersed cells show that here the cells send signalling molecules out into the environment where they move around until they reach a cell, which the signalling molecule then enters, after which the cell sends the message further out in the surrounding environment. (ku.dk)
  • Examples of artificially synthesized nanomachines include synthetic molecules, genetically engineered cells, artificial cells, and bio-silicon hybrid devices that are programmed to produce intended biochemical reactions. (igi-global.com)
  • The strength of the attraction between two surfaces of two germ layers is determined by the amount and type of cadherin molecules present on the cells' surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • signals
  • Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic Amp . (jove.com)
  • Most notably, the transfer of NO from SNO-Cdk5 to Drp1 triggers the loss of synapses, the part of a nerve cell that transmits electrochemical signals to other nerve cells. (redorbit.com)
  • genes
  • Some research has found that when gap junction genes were transfected into tumor cells that did not have the gap junction genes, the tumor cells became stable and points to the ability of gap junction genes to inhibit tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • By now it is well known how the genes within the cells are regulated and a number of genetic cycles have been mapped including how characteristics are switched on and off and how the feedback reactions function. (ku.dk)
  • These factors act, at least partly, by changing the genes of a cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanism
  • Another team won in 2006 for the discovery in C. elegans of an ancient defense mechanism against attempts by viruses to disrupt cells' genetic machinery. (eurekalert.org)
  • In the latest worm-related news, today's publication provides evidence of a new mechanism through which cells in the worm's intestine signal for nearby muscle cells to flex by briefly making the area between them more acidic. (eurekalert.org)
  • In the light of these results, we conjecture that cell proliferation, in the presence of cell-cell communication, could provide a mechanism for reliable decision making in the presence of noise, by triggering cellular transitions only when the whole cell population reaches a certain size. (upc.edu)
  • genetic
  • Here we show, via theoretical modeling of a population of noise-driven bistable genetic switches, that reliable timing of decision-making processes can be accomplished for large enough population sizes, as long as cells are globally coupled by chemical means. (upc.edu)
  • the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • receptor
  • One other kind of receptor is a ligand-gated ion-channel receptor, which is like a closed tunnel that opens when a signal molecule binds to it, letting ions from outside the cell go into the cell to make changes. (everything2.com)
  • mitochondria
  • GJA1 has also been observed to localize to the mitochondria, where it promotes cell survival by downregulating the intrinsic apoptotic pathway during conditions of oxidative stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • ectoderm
  • Like the other two germ layers, mesoderm and endoderm, the ectoderm forms shortly after the egg is fertilized, and rapid cell division initiates. (wikipedia.org)
  • These two processes allow for the prospective mesoderm cells to be placed between the ectoderm and the endoderm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once convergent extension and radial intercalation are underway, the rest of the vegetal pole, which will become endoderm cells, is completely engulfed by the prospective ectoderm, as these top cells undergo epiboly, where the ectoderm cells divide in a way to form one layer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The next event that will take place within the ectoderm is the process of neurulation, which results in the formation of the neural tube, neural crest cells and the epidermis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is these three components of the ectoderm that will each give rise to a particular set of cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cellular
  • Some cellular machines work by pumping positively charged particles (e.g. calcium, sodium and potassium ions) into or out of cells. (eurekalert.org)
  • another
  • Unless they've got additional material they've developed to facilitate direct transmission of DNA from one cell to another or mastered a process whereby continual production can be done without threat to the host or in a manner that can be easily extinguished I don't see what it is that they've added other than a term "Bi-Fi" (which is a cute term, I admit). (slashdot.org)
  • The cell responds, just as a person responds when he receives a communication from another person. (everything2.com)
  • When the fixed network equipment (FNE) detects that a particular communication unit ( 128 ) has entered another cell and/or needs to hand-off its communication to another cell site but has been denied, the cell site ( 114 ) sends the communication unit the neighbor cell list related to the new cell. (google.com)
  • At the same time, when this thin layer of dividing cells reaches the dorsal lip of the blastopore, another process occurs termed convergent extension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another occurs at the bottom of a deep cavity in the antibiotic peptide vancomycin which binds a key carboxylate group utilized during the final stages of bacterial cell wall synthesis, thereby preventing bacterial cells from multiplying. (wikipedia.org)
  • inhibition
  • ODIN was further analyzed and found to contain substantially less pY upon inhibition of SFK activity in SW620 cells, indicating that it is a formerly unknown SFK target in colorectal carcinoma cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • opposites attract, and cells have harnessed these forces to drive life processes. (eurekalert.org)
  • In this Review , Rodrigo G. Arzate-Mejía, Félix Recillas-Targa and Victor G. Corces discuss evidence linking CTCF to the control of developmental processes in various cell and tissue types through 3D organization of the genome. (biologists.org)
  • genetics
  • In 2002, researchers won the Nobel Prize for Medicine for work in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) on the genetics of how cells "decide" to self-destruct, a topic now central to human cancer research. (eurekalert.org)
  • tissue
  • The universality for all these variants of tissue P systems is then proved by using two cells (three cells in the case of unidirectional communication) and rules of a minimal size. (springer.com)
  • Bernardini F, Gheorghe M (2004) Cell communication in tissue P systems and cell division in population P systems. (springer.com)
  • Cells from fatty tissue which are tightly packed. (ku.dk)
  • Despite considerable differences in cell size and length of cell cycle among some of the species, the transplants gave rise to fully differentiated clones that were integrated into the host tissue. (biologists.org)
  • binds
  • Plakophilin 2 localizes to cell desmosomes and nuclei and binds plakoglobin, desmoplakin, and the desmosomal cadherins via N-terminal head domain. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • This function has been observed in brain and heart development, as well as wound-healing in endothelial cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • today's
  • HUBER+SUHNER announces a new small coaxial connector system that has been designed specifically to meet the space limitation requirements of today's small cell mobile communications. (radio-electronics.com)
  • The NEX10 connector has been designed by three leading RF interconnection manufacturers - HUBER+SUHNER, Radiall and Rosenberger - to meet existing and future demands of small cell networks for today's 4G and the upcoming 5G networks. (radio-electronics.com)
  • migration
  • In the cytoplasm, the protein regulates the microtubule network and, by extension, cell migration and polarity. (wikipedia.org)
  • cycle
  • Earlier work focused on the emergent properties of complex systems such as ultrasensitivity (all-or-none switches) at critical junctures in the cell cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cell Cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • The research is a collaboration between microbiologists, who perform the biological experiments with the cells and physicists, who calculate the mathematical models for the cell communication. (ku.dk)
  • Binding
  • It has been demonstrated that deletion of the phosphotyrosine binding domain in ODIN will lead to an immaturely developed subcommissural organ (SCO) with a severe midbrain hydrocephalic phenotype, which means ODIN also plays a role in the proper development of the SCO and in ependymal cells in the cerebral aqueduct. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • Dialysis of Ang II (10 −8 mol/L) into the myopathic cell reduced gj by 48±4.2%, an effect abolished by losartan (10 −8 mol/L). The results indicate that the decline in gj seen in the ventricle of cardiomyopathic hamsters is in part due to activation of the cardiac renin-angiotensin system. (ahajournals.org)
  • For that an organised communication system is needed, so that the body or the plant knows what is happening all the way out in the individual cells. (ku.dk)
  • The two most well-known examples are the network, which reacts to infection and the system that ensures that sick cells commit 'suicide' and are removed from the body. (ku.dk)
  • The present invention provides a method for improving the communication coverage in a multi-cell communication system (100) which employs neighbor cell lists. (google.com)
  • In this manner the effective communication coverage of the system is improved. (google.com)
  • We have shown that activating the cells' communication system, also known as quorum sensing, in established biofilms causes the biofilms to disperse rapidly,' said Alexander Horswill, Ph.D., UI assistant professor of microbiology and senior study author. (uiowa.edu)
  • divide
  • They might be a group of cells all specialized to do something specific, mating cells, or cells all about to divide . (everything2.com)
  • Through the process of radial extension, cells of the animal pole that were once several layers thick divide to from a thin layer. (wikipedia.org)
  • consideration
  • That is why we wanted to study cell communication and make a theoretical model, that clearly took the spatial position of different cells into consideration", explains Mogens Høgh Jensen, professor with the research group Biocomplexity at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen. (ku.dk)
  • special
  • During the process of gastrulation, a special type of cells called bottle cells invaginates a hole on the surface of the blastula which is called the dorsal lip of the blastopore. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Once this lip has been established, the bottle cells will extend inward and migrate along the inner wall of the blastula known as the roof of the blastocoel. (wikipedia.org)