• Antibodies
  • CD40 plays a central regulatory role in the immune system and antibodies able to modulate CD40 signalling may consequently have a potential in immunotherapy, in particular for treatment of lymphomas and autoimmune disease like multiple sclerosis. (lu.se)
  • article{c58957be-5df1-4efc-b433-f02e50dc2d3f, abstract = {CD40 plays a central regulatory role in the immune system and antibodies able to modulate CD40 signalling may consequently have a potential in immunotherapy, in particular for treatment of lymphomas and autoimmune disease like multiple sclerosis. (lu.se)
  • It is an antagonist to CD40 that was created by scientists at Chiron using Abgenix' XenoMouse transgenic mouse to generate fully human antibodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • sCD40L
  • To examine the relationship between ultra-endurance exercise in trained athletes and levels of sCD40L and its natural ligand sCD40. (bmj.com)
  • hCD40L
  • 1-3 doses of an interleukin-2 immunotoxin directed to the CD25 antigen (denileukin diftitox, ONTAK) in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients, followed by six subcutaneous (SC) injections of autologous leukemic cells modified ex vivo to secrete human interleukin-2 (hIL-2) and to express human CD40 ligand (hCD40L). (knowcancer.com)
  • Antibody
  • As a first step to achieve this goal, we describe the selection and characterization of a novel set of fully human anti-CD40 antibody fragments (scFv) from a phage display library (n-CoDeR). (lu.se)
  • mice
  • We analyzed the DC status of CD40 ligand −/− mice using a contact hypersensitivity (CHS) model system that enables multiple functions of DCs to be assessed in vivo. (rupress.org)
  • Immunohistochemistry of skin sections revealed no differences in terms of numbers and morphology of dendritic epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) in unsensitized CD40 ligand −/− mice as compared with wild-type C57BL/6 mice. (rupress.org)
  • However, after contact sensitization of CD40 ligand −/− mice, LCs failed to migrate out of the skin and substantially fewer DCs accumulated in draining lymph nodes (DLNs). (rupress.org)
  • Likewise, development of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in myelin basic protein (MBP)-TCR-transgenic mice is also blocked when these animals lack CD40 ligand ( 5 ). (rupress.org)
  • Interestingly, Ag-specific responses are intact in MBP-TCR CD40 ligand −/− T cells in vitro, and the inability to induce EAE in these mice is corrected by reconstituting them with B7.1-transgenic APCs. (rupress.org)
  • Regression of atherosclerosis plaques in apolipoprotein E-/- mice after lentivirus-mediated RNA interference of CD40. (semanticscholar.org)
  • ligation
  • To explore CD40 ligation as a strategy to activate tolerogenic DCs, systemic administration of agonist anti-CD40 Abs has been investigated. (jimmunol.org)
  • Based on these observations, CD40 ligation has been used to boost the CD8 + T cell response to tumors and to break peripheral self-tolerance ( 15 - 17 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Whereas entry of B cells into the memory cell pathway is dependent on CD40 ligation, the clonal expansion of the potential memory precursors in germinal centers seems not to require a CD40 signal. (rupress.org)
  • CD40LG
  • Die kopplung des CD40 auf den B-Lymphozyten mit dem CD40LG ist für eine reife Immunantwort insbesondere dem Klassenwechsel unerlässlich. (moldiag.com)
  • The diagnosis of hyper IgM syndrome can be done via the following methods and tests: MRI Chest radiography Pulmonary function test Lymph node test Laboratory test (to measure CD40) Five types of hyper IgM syndrome have been characterized: Hyper-IgM syndrome type 1 (X-linked), characterized by mutations of the CD40LG gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • blockade
  • The efficacy of CD40 ligand blockade in discordant pig-to-rat islet xenotransplantation is correlated with an immunosuppressive effect of immunoglobulin. (diva-portal.org)
  • defective
  • This raises the possibility that the immunological abnormalities seen as a result of mutated CD40 or CD40 ligand are in fact due to defective upstream events in the initiation of acquired immunity, i.e., during the presentation of Ag and priming of naive T cells. (rupress.org)
  • systemic
  • Although the initial phase I clinical results have shown significant objective antitumor responses ( 30 ), and no major systemic toxicity has been observed, transient cytokine release syndrome has been a side effect with several of the agonist anti-CD40 mAbs ( 30 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Because elevated CD40 activation has also been implicated in the progression of systemic lupus erythematosus ( 31 ), rheumatoid arthritis ( 32 ), type 1 diabetes ( 33 ), neurodegenerative disorders ( 34 , 35 ), and allograft rejection ( 36 - 38 ), systemic activation of CD40 could potentially induce autoimmunity. (jimmunol.org)
  • Cells
  • There is disclosed a polypeptide (CD40-L) and DNA sequences, vectors and transformed host cells useful in providing CD40-L polypeptides. (google.com.au)
  • Moreover, naive T cells from CD40 ligand −/− animals display normal polyclonal as well as Ag-specific responses ( 8 ). (rupress.org)
  • This gene codes for the CD40 ligand, which is expressed on T cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • More specifically, Lentiviruses attach to the CD40 ligand glycoproteins on the surface of T-lymphocyte cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this type, B cells cannot recombine genetic material to change heavy chain production Hyper-IgM syndrome type 3 characterized by mutations of the CD40 gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulation
  • It is the ligand for two different proteins on the T cell surface: CD28 (for autoregulation and intercellular association) and CTLA-4 (for attenuation of regulation and cellular disassociation). (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • In conclusion, this panel of human anti-CD40 scFv fragments displays a number of distinct properties, which may constitute a valuable source when evaluating candidates for in vivo trials. (lu.se)
  • activation
  • As a result, the macrophage expresses more CD40 and TNF receptors on its surface, which helps increase the level of activation. (wikipedia.org)