• retrovirus
  • Feline foamy virus or Feline syncytial virus (FeFV or FFV) is a retrovirus and belongs to the family Retroviridae and the subfamily Spumaretroviridae There has been controversy on whether FeFV is nonpathogenic as the virus is generally asymptomatic in affected cats and does not cause disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • kittens
  • In the same family circle, the female cat shows great attachment towards her kittens and them towards her. (kittycathouses.com)
  • Kittens are more likely to carry the bacteria in their blood, and therefore may be more likely to transmit the disease than adult cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The virus is shed in feces and cats become infected by ingesting or inhaling the virus, usually by sharing cat litter trays, or by the use of contaminated litter scoops or brushes transmitting infected microscopic cat litter particles to uninfected kittens and cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-effusive FIP diagnosis should be considered when the following criteria are met: History: the cat is young (under 2 years old) and purebred: over 70% of cases of FIP are in pedigree kittens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Veterinarians
  • Veterinarians do recognize that there are components that may contribute to the prevalence of the disease. (hillspet.com)
  • Veterinarians believe feeding a bladder health cat food with restricted amounts of these minerals can assist in the dissolution of some types of stones that have formed in a cat's urinary tract. (hillspet.com)
  • Throughout the years, veterinarians and cat owners alike have noticed weird and interesting genetic variations in their patients and pets. (petmd.com)
  • A shared clinical sign of all three diseases is vomiting, so a triple test helps veterinarians make accurate diagnoses more quickly," said Matthew Krecic, DVM, MS, MBA, DACVIM, senior technical services manager, U.S. Diagnostics at Zoetis. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • The European Advisory Board on Cat Diseases is an independent panel of 17 leading veterinarians from ten European countries, with an expertise in immunology, vaccinology and/or feline medicine. (vetweb.cz)
  • Some North American veterinarians hold the position that people with compromised immune systems, due to conditions such as AIDS, should have their cats declawed to prevent health risks to themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • swollen
  • Cat-scratch disease commonly presents as tender, swollen lymph nodes near the site of the inoculating bite or scratch or on the neck, and is usually limited to one side. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • History of chronic kidney disease or urinary tract procedures. (hillspet.com)
  • Bartonella species also have a tropism for endothelial cells, observed in the chronic phase of Carrión´s disease (also known as verruga Peruana) and bacillary angiomatosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The course of the diseases (acute or chronic) and the underlying pathologies are highly variable. (wikipedia.org)
  • feces
  • However, fleas serve as a vector for transmission of B. henselae among cats, and viable B. henselae are excreted in the feces of Ctenocephalides felis, the cat flea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cats could be infected with B. henselae through intradermal inoculation using flea feces containing B. henselae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toxoplasmosis is usually spread by eating poorly cooked food that contains cysts, exposure to infected cat feces, and from a mother to a child during pregnancy if the mother becomes infected. (wikipedia.org)
  • urinary
  • FLUTD is also associated with the formation of crystals/stones in the urinary tract that can cause numerous and painful ailments for your cat. (hillspet.com)
  • What causes urinary tract disease? (hillspet.com)
  • There is no single cause of feline urinary tract disease. (hillspet.com)
  • But feeding the wrong food can contribute to the development of a urinary tract disease (FLUTD). (hillspet.com)
  • An abundance of certain minerals such as calcium, phosphorus and magnesium --- often found in grocery store brand cat food --- can cause crystals to form in the urine, which sometimes leads to urinary stones. (hillspet.com)
  • Especially if your cat is not urinating freely, a urinary blockage may be the cause and this condition may be life threatening. (hillspet.com)
  • If your cat has been diagnosed with a urinary tract problem, it's important to feed her the right cat food. (hillspet.com)
  • Incontinence is a urinary condition, in which the cat is unable to control urination. (vetinfo.com)
  • Cats may be born with an abnormally developed bladder, which can also cause urinary problems . (vetinfo.com)
  • Feline urinary tract disease is a general term for disorders characterized by blood in the urine, difficult or painful urination, abnormal, frequent passage of urine, urinating in inappropriate. (petmd.com)
  • Oxalate uroliths are not dissolvable in cat urine and have to be removed surgically, barring those small enough to pass out the urinary tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other conditions that can contribute to this disease include physical trauma, tumors of the urinary tract, intentional urinary retention (a common behavior seen in cats not given a suitable place to void (e.g., no litterbox or dirty litterbox)), congenital abnormalities and neurological problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breeds
  • Here are seven dog breeds at risk for heart disease. (petmd.com)
  • They're not simply something that hits an elderly cat or a disease that is particular to one or two breeds. (vetinfo.com)
  • For example, in regions where formal cat fancy is in its infancy, naturally occurring native varieties - landraces - can be classified as minority breeds when attempts at selective breeding have begun to produce a formal natural breed with consistent traits, as is ongoing with the Aegean and Van cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • bladders
  • The bladders of cats with neurological problems may become too full and stretch out, and the cats may eventually develop incontinence. (vetinfo.com)
  • GP-51, a specific glycosaminoglycan, lines healthy bladders of felines, where it prevents bacterial adherence and protects the bladder from the toxic properties of urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • An irritation or inflammation of the bladder muscle that expels urine can cause incontinence in cats . (vetinfo.com)
  • Cat-scratch disease is characterized by granulomatous inflammation on histological examination of the lymph nodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cats with interstitial cystitis (internal link), or inflammation of the bladder, excrete lower amounts of GP-51 along with other glycosaminoglycans, leaving the lining of the bladder exposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurological
  • Neurological diseases or injuries associated with the brain or spine may affect the major nerve that connects to the bladder, which can cause bladder control problems. (vetinfo.com)
  • Typically a cat with dry FIP will show ocular or neurological signs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cats have been a mainstay in research studies of neurological, cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases and the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • veterinarian
  • Fortunately, you can help your cat recover with treatment from your veterinarian and the right nutrition. (hillspet.com)
  • If your cat exhibits any of the warning signs of FLUTD, contact your veterinarian immediately. (hillspet.com)
  • To have a proper diagnosis, one must take their cat to a veterinarian who will perform multiple blood tests to look for the antibodies for FeFV. (wikipedia.org)
  • fleas
  • If your cat suffers from fleas, using flea dips for cats is a great way to get rid of them fast and effectively. (meow-cats.com)
  • Cats likely get the bacteria from fleas. (familydoctor.org)
  • Control fleas to decrease the chance that your cat will contract the bacteria. (familydoctor.org)
  • Until recently, fleas have been the recognised vectors of Rickettsia felis and it is present in cat flea populations of North and South America, Southern Europe, Africa, Thailand and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common
  • Here are just a few of the more common anomalies seen in cats. (petmd.com)
  • What Are Some Of The Common Diseases Cats Are Prone To? (meow-cats.com)
  • A common reason for cats to pull at their hair is allergy to flea bites. (meow-cats.com)
  • The breed is mostly free from common feline diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • FCoV is common in places where large groups of cats are housed together indoors (e.g. breeding catteries, animal shelters, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lymph node enlargement is recognized as a common sign of infectious, autoimmune, or malignant disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bites from certain venomous snakes such as the pit viper Unknown: Kikuchi disease, progressive transformation of germinal centers, sarcoidosis, hyaline-vascular variant of Castleman's disease, Rosai-Dorfman disease, Kawasaki disease, Kimura disease Benign lymphadenopathy is a common biopsy finding, and may often be confused with malignant lymphoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxoplasmosis
  • The ABCD is currently updating the existing guidelines and is preparing new guidelines on other infectious diseases in cats, including Toxoplasmosis, Bartonellosis, Leishmaniasis and systemic fungal diseases. (vetweb.cz)
  • Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also a sign of cutaneous anthrax and Human African trypanosomiasis Toxoplasmosis, a parasitic disease, gives a generalized lymphadenopathy (Piringer-Kuchinka lymphadenopathy). (wikipedia.org)
  • urine
  • Incontinent cats may leak urine because they lack muscle tone in the muscle that routinely expels urine. (vetinfo.com)
  • An incontinent cat may leave a residual amount of urine where it has been resting, or the cat may constantly dribble urine while walking around the house. (vetinfo.com)
  • Commercial feline diets now limit the amount of magnesium and add acidifiers in the food to increase urine acidity, thereby reducing the likelihood of struvite formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urine acidification has been induced in felines by using ethylenediamine dihydrochloride, DL- methonine, ascorbic acid, ammonium chloride, calcium chloride phosphoric acid, and sodium bisulphate. (wikipedia.org)
  • A syringe can be used to suck up the urine from the floor when a cat urinates inappropriately and then squirted onto the test strip. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccinate
  • The decision to vaccinate against a certain disease should be based on an individual risk assessment, taking into account the lifestyle, age, health status, and vaccination history of the cat, as well as the local disease incidence. (vetweb.cz)
  • difficulty
  • For example, the cat may develop difficulty in standing up or walking, becoming functionally paralyzed over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • parasites
  • Cats are natural predators, which makes them vulnerable to the parasites and toxins their prey may be carrying. (petmd.com)
  • vaccines
  • The best prevention is to keep your cat indoors, up-to-date on vaccines, and away from strange animals. (kcbd.com)
  • This cat vaccinations schedule provides a guide to the cat vaccines available to your precious cat. (catbreedsjunction.com)
  • We are proud to be associated with this very practical tool and hope it will contribute to the health and welfare of cats and to enhancing the importance of the annual vaccination interview, added Pascal Fayard, Marketing Director for pet and equine vaccines EMEA* for Merial, the company committed to supporting the ongoing activities of the ABCD. (vetweb.cz)
  • include
  • Smaller registries include the Rare and Exotic Feline Registry (REFR), The Dwarf Cat Association (TDCA), and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • all of these genera include species that are challenging to control and have long been recognised as effective vectors of various important human and animal diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult cats
  • Behavior of adult cats between them is determined by strong tensions created by territory defense, rejection of opponents, rivalry or sexuality. (kittycathouses.com)
  • Signs
  • This easy-to-use reference for cat owners is divided into two sections: the first lists signs of diseases and health problems alphabetically, and the second provides details of the signs, causes and treatments of the health problems diagnosed with the help of the first section. (alibris.com)
  • eats
  • Follow them carefully and make sure your cat eats and drinks sufficiently. (kcbd.com)
  • The food your cat eats plays an important role in her overall health and well-being. (hillspet.com)
  • litter boxes
  • they can be transmitted to cats through human handling and through contact with other cats and with inanimate objects such as litter boxes, food bowls, and grooming tools. (kcbd.com)
  • It is also recommended that pregnant women do not clean cat litter boxes. (wikipedia.org)
  • cystitis
  • Further supplementation may come from administrating glucosamine to the feline, though this may not be enough to reduce cystitis of the bladder. (wikipedia.org)
  • viruses
  • A blood test is available to determine if your cat has been exposed to this family of viruses, but this is an antibody test and does not provide a definitive diagnosis. (kcbd.com)
  • veterinary
  • One licensed veterinary technician describes the side effects of declawing cats-and they're not pretty. (petmd.com)
  • If your cat is ill, please be sure to seek urgent veterinary care. (catbreedsjunction.com)
  • Your financial situation should never get in the way of you seeking veterinary care for your cat (or dog). (catbreedsjunction.com)
  • It is also looking into means of contributing to veterinary education in the field of feline medicine and of setting up a quality control system for laboratories for the diagnosis of feline pathogens. (vetweb.cz)
  • Although no precise figures are available, peer-reviewed veterinary journal articles estimate that approximately 25% of domestic cats in North America have been declawed. (wikipedia.org)