• FeLV
  • This retrospective study investigated survival times and effects of selected predictor factors on survival time in a population of owned pet cats in Northern Italy testing positive for the presence of FIV antibodies and FeLV antigen. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • One hundred and three retrovirus-seropositive cats, 53 FIV-seropositive cats, 40 FeLV-seropositive cats, and 10 FIV+FeLV-seropositive cats were included in the study. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • LENTIVIRUSES
  • FIV is an enveloped virus and, similar to other lentiviruses, has a virion diameter of 105-125 nm and includes a host cell-acquired membrane with viral glycoproteins protruding as spike-like projections [ 1 , 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • vaccine
  • False positive results may occur if a cat has been vaccinated against FIV, since the antibody test does not differentiate between antibodies produced by the disease and vaccine-induced antibodies. (northstarvetclinic.com)
  • Symptoms
  • As a result of immunodeficiency, most infected cats do not show symptoms and have normal life expectancy, however they are prone to developing other infections and certain types of cancer. (petmd.com)
  • hosts
  • Cats are definitive hosts and reservoirs for several parasites, some of which are responsible for serious zoonotic diseases. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • organization
  • Due to marked similarity in genomic organization, virus structure, virus replication and disease pathogenesis of FIV and HIV, infection of cats with FIV is a useful tool to study and develop novel drugs and vaccines for HIV. (mdpi.com)
  • The American Association of Feline Practitioners (an organization in the United States), as well as many feral cat organizations, recommends against euthanizing FIV-positive cats, or even spending funds to test for the virus, as spaying or neutering cats seems to effectively control transmission (spayed/neutered cats are less likely to engage in territorial fights). (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Flat-chested kitten syndrome Skin disorders are among the most common health problems in cats and have many causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion Feline spongiform encephalopathy IBD - Intestinal Bowel Disease causes frequent vomiting and weight loss in cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Despite much success of anti-retroviral therapy slowing disease progression in people, similar therapy has not been thoroughly investigated in cats. (mdpi.com)
  • To assess the prevalence of thrombocytopenia in a referral population of cats in the UK, to identify disease processes associated with thrombocytopenia and to assess the proportion of thrombocytopenic cats that tested positive for feline leukaemia virus or feline immunodeficiency virus. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Heartworm Roundworm Toxoplasmosis Cytauxzoonosis Domestic cats are affected by over 250 naturally occurring hereditary disorders, many of which are similar to those in humans, such as diabetes, hemophilia and Tay-Sachs disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Familial renal disease is inherited in Abyssinians and Persians Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Heart valve dysplasia Heterochromia Luxating patella Portosystemic shunt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline asthma Flat-chested kitten syndrome Feline hepatic lipidosis also known as Feline Fatty Liver Syndrome, is one of the most common forms of liver disease of cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease begins when the cat stops eating from a loss of appetite, forcing the liver to convert body fat into usable energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline lower urinary tract disease is a term that is used to cover many problems of the feline urinary tract, including stones and cystitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a common disease in adult cats, though it can strike in young cats too. (wikipedia.org)
  • FIV+ cats can share water bowls, pellet bowls, eat from the same bowl of wet food, and use the same litter box without the danger of transmitting the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • FIV was first isolated in 1986 by Dr. Smith at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine in a colony of cats that had a high prevalence of opportunistic infections and degenerative conditions and was originally called Feline T-lymphotropic Virus (FTLV). (wikipedia.org)
  • A vigilant pet owner who treats secondary infections can allow an infected cat to live a reasonably long life. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibodies
  • If this test is positive it means that the cat has produced antibodies to the virus, and it is likely that your cat has been and still is infected by the virus. (northstarvetclinic.com)
  • Kittens born to an infected queen or female cat may receive "maternal antibodies" or antibodies to the virus that pass through the milk, giving a false positive test result. (northstarvetclinic.com)
  • It can take up to eight weeks for a cat to develop antibodies to FIV, so a cat that has been recently infected with this virus may falsely test negative. (northstarvetclinic.com)
  • Cats will test positive for FIV antibodies after vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • We conducted a case-control study of data from a trap-neuter-return (TNR) programme (years 2014-2017) designed to examine the prevalence of zoonotic parasites in free-roaming cats living in urban areas of central Spain. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Full
  • The most important fact to bear in mind is that cats with FIV can live a healthy and full life, and pose no danger to humans. (hubpages.com)
  • humans
  • It is completely odorless, does not affect humans, but may improve cat owners lives by making stressed cats more relaxed and happy. (hubpages.com)
  • Antibody
  • Jarrett, W., L. Mackey, O. Jarrett, H. Laird, and C. Hood (1974) Antibody response and virus survival in cats vaccinated against leukemia. (springer.com)
  • Spread
  • Spread between cats through normal social contact such as grooming is unlikely so the majority of your cats may be FIV-negative when tested. (northstarvetclinic.com)
  • Most of these diseases can spread from cat to cat via airborne pathogens or through direct or indirect contact, while others require a vector such as a tick or mosquito. (wikipedia.org)
  • See: Global spread of H5N1#Felidae (cats) Ringworm Cryptococcus Veterinary parasitology studies both external and internal parasites in animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • problems
  • FIV cats can lose their appetite, get digestion problems and become desperately thin and mal- nourished. (hubpages.com)
  • Feed your cat wrong, and it can lead to obesity or behavioral problems. (petmd.com)
  • health
  • Changes and shocks are a source of stress, and whilst most cats adapt to changes fairly easily with a little help, stress in FIV cats can start a spiral of poor health that is hard to treat. (hubpages.com)
  • We've compiled a list of common cat tail injuries so you can best prevent and treat them, and keep that expressive appendage in optimal health. (petmd.com)