• acyl carrier
  • In the biosynthesis of fatty acids, the β‐ketoacyl‐acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthases catalyze chain elongation by the addition of two‐carbon units derived from malonyl‐ACP to an acyl group bound to either ACP or CoA. (embopress.org)
  • These enzymes catalyze carbon-carbon bond‐forming reactions by condensing acyl groups, bound to either acyl carrier protein (ACP) or CoA. (embopress.org)
  • Its mode of operation, similar to fatty acid synthase (FAS), engages different enzymatic functions: acyltransferase (AT) catalyzes the attachment of a substrate to the acyl carrier protein (ACP) of the PKS, ketosynthase (KS) catalyzes the condensation of two substrates, and ketoreductase (KR), dehydratase (DH) and enoylreductase (ER) catalyze the stepwise processing of the polyketide intermediate. (biomedcentral.com)