• cortical
  • On DSA, the characterization of the fistula is based on the presence or absence of cortical venous reflux (CVR), which, in turn, predicts their benign or malignant nature and thus dictates the management of these vascular lesions. (ajnr.org)
  • embolization
  • D , The flow of the CCF never decreased after embolization of the pouch of right cavernous sinus near the fistulous tract by using three coils by venous approach. (ajnr.org)
  • If treatment involves embolization, it will only typically be effective if the glue traverses the actual fistula and enters, at least slightly, the draining vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • paranasal
  • In common usage, "sinus" usually refers to the paranasal sinuses, which are air cavities in the cranial bones, especially those near the nose and connecting to it. (wikipedia.org)
  • If one or more of the paired paranasal sinuses or air cavities becomes inflamed, it leads to an infection called sinusitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • transverse
  • K11.4) Salivary gland fistula (K31.6) Fistula of stomach and duodenum (K31.6) Gastrocolic fistula (K31.6) Gastrojejunocolic fistula - after a Billroth II a fistula forms between the transverse colon and the upper jejunum (which, post Billroth II, is attached to the remainder of the stomach). (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common signs/symptoms of DAVFs are: Pulsatile tinnitus Occipital bruit Headache Visual impairment Papilledema Pulsatile tinnitus is the most common symptom in patients, and it is associated with transverse-sigmoid sinus DAVFs. (wikipedia.org)
  • feces
  • Various surgical procedures are commonly used, most commonly fistulotomy, placement of a seton (a cord that is passed through the path of the fistula to keep it open for draining), or an endorectal flap procedure (where healthy tissue is pulled over the internal side of the fistula to keep feces or other material from reinfecting the channel). (wikipedia.org)
  • Fistulas may also develop between the vagina and the large intestine (a enterovaginal fistula) so that feces leaks from the vagina. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • If left unrepaired, obstetric fistulas cause women to constantly leak urine and feces. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • ocular
  • Anterior drainage typically leads to the most dramatic ocular findings and enlargement of the superior orbital vein, the latter often detectable with CT or MRI. (bmj.com)
  • cranial
  • The presence of sinus cavities within the cranial bone (skull) is essential for the following reasons: Sinus cavities allow for voice resonance They help filter and add moisture to any air that is inhaled through the nasal passages. (wikipedia.org)
  • trachea
  • There are several types of TEFs categorized by where the fistula is located and how the esophagus and trachea are connected, but all are life-threatening and require prompt surgery to repair. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • halitosis
  • with the affected individual displaying symptoms such as congestion, post nasal drip, halitosis, a runny nose as well as sinus pressure and pain in the affected areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • compression
  • Patients using this method are told to compress the carotid with the opposite hand for approximately 10 minutes daily, and gradually increasing the frequency and duration of compression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Classification
  • The reported result of the DSA examination regarding the presence, location, and classification 2 of the fistula was used as the criterion standard against which the performance of the trMRA was compared. (ajnr.org)
  • infection
  • When diagnosing a sinus infection, one can identify which sinus cavity the infection is located in by the term given to the cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • A sinus infection can have a number of causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • A person with a sinus infection often has nasal congestion with thick nasal secretions, fever, and cough (WebMD). (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Drainage pathways may affect the clinic presentation and also change treatment approach. (hindawi.com)
  • Various causes of fistula include: Treatment for fistula varies depending on the cause and extent of the fistula, but often involves surgical intervention combined with antibiotic therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to note that surgical treatment of a fistula without diagnosis or management of the underlying condition, if any, is not recommended. (wikipedia.org)