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  • beta-carotene
  • This study investigated the effects of five fractions from carrot juice extract (CJE) on human lymphoid leukaemia cell lines, together with five purified bioactive compounds found in Daucus carota L, including: three polyacetylenes (falcarinol, falcarindiol and falcarindiol-3-acetate) and two carotenoids (beta-carotene and lutein). (ncl.ac.uk)
  • Carotenoids are gaining growth due to its benefits regarding easy availability and health benefits offered with zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta carotene, lutein and canthaxanthin. (abnewswire.com)
  • tocopherols
  • The antioxidant capacity (in both the aqueous and lipid compartments), DNA oxidation (single cell gel electrophoresis), Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-1), Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 (IGFBP-3), (gene expression profile (high-density filter-based cDNA microarrays), lipid peroxidation (MDA analysis and Isoprostane determination), and antioxidant nutrient levels (carotenoids, tocopherols, ascorbic acid and uric acid) in the circulation will be measured every other week throughout the study period. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Retinoids
  • books.google.co.uk - This up-to-date reference describes how retinoids and carotenoids function in the skin and how they can be utilized to prevent and treat a wide variety of skin diseases, as well as advance biomedical research in relation to cancer treatment and immunology. (google.co.uk)
  • Omnivorous animal species which are relatively poor converters of coloured dietary carotenoids to colourless retinoids have yellowed-coloured body fat, as a result of the carotenoid retention from the vegetable portion of their diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • Any benefit is more likely to be apparent in subpopulations of individuals exposed to high oxidative stress, such as heavy smokers, alcoholics or those with low dietary intake of carotenoid-rich foods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carnivores in general are poor converters of dietary ionone-containing carotenoids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Protein
  • In OCPO, the carotenoid spans both domains, which are tightly associated in this form of protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The domain also exists on its own, in uncharacterized cyanobacterial proteins referred to as "Red Carotenoid Protein" (RCP). (wikipedia.org)
  • NUTF2 Orange Carotenoid Protein Carotenoprotein Fluorescence recovery protein NTF2 fold Kirilovsky D, Kerfeld CA (Jul 2013). (wikipedia.org)
  • pigment
  • Carotenoids are a type of plant cellular pigment that play a role in photosynthesis and give many plants a red, orange or yellow color. (reference.com)
  • Carotenoids are the dominant pigment in autumn leaf coloration of about 15-30% of tree species, but many plant colors, especially reds and purples, are due to other classes of chemicals. (wikipedia.org)
  • concentrations
  • Liu and colleagues report serum carotenoid concentrations and metabolic syndrome prevalence from a cross-sectional study of 2,148 adults (50-75y) living in urban Guangzhou, China. (dsm.com)
  • Liu J, Shi W, Cao Y, He L, Guan K, Ling W, Chen Y. Higher serum carotenoid concentrations associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults. (dsm.com)
  • bacteria
  • The only animals known to produce carotenoids are aphids and spider mites, which acquired the ability and genes from fungi or it is produced by endosymbiotic bacteria in whiteflies. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a major carotenoid of phototropic bacteria such as Rhodomicrobium vannielii and Rhodopseudomonas acidophila strain 7050. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrients
  • This collaboration would help the company in understanding the need of various nutrients and accordingly help innovate and produce the necessary carotenoid and other nutritious products. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • proteins
  • It is unique for being present in soluble proteins, whereas the vast majority of domains capable of binding carotenoids are intrinsic membrane proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Orange carotenoid-binding proteins (OCP) were first identified in cyanobacterial species, where they occur associated with phycobilisome in the cellular thylakoid membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • organisms
  • However, in living organisms the free-radical terminating effectiveness of each carotenoid is heavily modified by its lipid solubility, and thus varies with the type of system being protected. (wikipedia.org)
  • SEGMENTS
  • I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONSStudy Reliability And Reporting Limitations I-1Disclaimers I-2Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-3Product Definitions And Scope Of Study I-3Product Segments I-4Beta-Carotene I-4Lutein I-4Astaxanthin I-4Canthaxanthin I-5Annatto I-5Capsanthin I-5Other Carotenoids I-5Zeaxanthin I-5Lycopene I-6Apocarotenal I-6End-Use Applications I-6II. (bio-medicine.org)
  • found
  • Carotenoids protect cells against photooxidative damage and hence found important applications in environment, food and nutrition, disease control, and as potent antimicrobial agents. (hindawi.com)
  • That's right, the study found that the prettiest people were the ones who ate the most fruit and veggies packed with carotenoids. (fyiliving.com)
  • major
  • Phytochemicals under research can be classified into major categories, such as carotenoids and polyphenols, which include phenolic acids, flavonoids, and stilbenes/lignans. (wikipedia.org)
  • plants
  • In plants, carotenoids are often affiliated with the light-harvesting complexes, preventing the photo-oxidation of chlorophyll, and also absorbing light in the 450-500 nm region, closing. (rsc.org)
  • For carotenoid production plants use MEP to generate IPP and DMAPP. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • Synthetic carotenoids sell for between $250 and $2,000/kg, whereas natural carotenoids sell for between $350 and $7,500/kg. (deinove.com)
  • Apo-beta-carotenoid-14',13'-dioxygenase (EC 1.13.12.12) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 8'-apo-beta-carotenol + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 14'-apo-beta-carotenal + H2O Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 8'-apo-beta-carotenol and oxygen, whereas its two products are 14'-apo-beta-carotenal and water. (wikipedia.org)
  • belongs
  • The N-terminal domain of OCP is usually accompanied by a C-terminal domain which belongs to the NTF2 superfamily and helps bind the carotenoid. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • Carotenoid-9',10'-cleaving dioxygenase (EC 1.13.11.71, BCO2 (gene), beta-carotene 9',10'-monooxygenase (misleading)) is an enzyme with systematic name all-trans-beta-carotene:O2 oxidoreductase (9',10'-cleaving). (wikipedia.org)
  • 8'-apo-beta-carotenoid 14',13'-cleaving dioxygenase (EC 1.13.11.67) is an enzyme with systematic name 8'-apo-beta-carotenol:O2 oxidoreductase (14',13'-cleaving). (wikipedia.org)
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction 8'-apo-beta-carotenol + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 14'-apo-beta-carotenal + an uncharacterized product 8'-apo-beta-carotenoid 14',13'-cleaving dioxygenase is a thiol-dependent enzyme isolated from rat and rabbit. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Contributed by the auxiliary function of carotenoids as quenchers of singlet oxygen, a photoprotective role of OCP has also been demonstrated under strong orange-red light, which are conditions where OCP cannot be photoactivated for its energy-quenching role. (wikipedia.org)
  • market
  • Hansen A/S (Denmark), FMC Corporation (U.S.), Kemin Industries, Inc. (U.S.), and Cyanotech Corporation (U.S.). Along with these companies, the other players that have a strong presence in the carotenoids market include D.D. Williamson & Co., Inc. (U.S.) Allied Biotech Corporation (Taiwan), ExcelVite Sdn. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • These key companies focus on introducing and offering a wide range of carotenoid types on a regional as well as a global level to strengthen and expand their position in the carotenoids market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • Royal DSM N.V. (The Netherlands) is also making its presence strong in the carotenoids market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • Synthetic carotenoids from the chemical industry accounted for 76% of the market in 2014. (deinove.com)
  • include
  • Carotenoids are best absorbed when eaten with fat, so make sure to include a little olive oil, avocado or nuts when eating these fruits and veggies to get the most out of them. (fyiliving.com)
  • Research
  • PRO MEMBERS get Unlimited Access to downloadable documents like this, with curated research on Carotenoids. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • This GMI PUB document will greatly reduce your research time due to the Cumulative Knowledge feature, and contains a condensed form of the studies that we have accumulated on Carotenoids. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Because foods high in one of these carotenoids tend to be high in the other, research does not separate effects of one from the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Comprehensive and easy to use, Carotenoids and Human Health is a very useful resource for nutritionists, registered dieticians, medical students, and graduate students. (springer.com)
  • Today, carotenoids are mainly used as additives and dyes in human and animal foods (aquaculture, poultry farms). (deinove.com)