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  • grafts
  • The fatty emboli which cause brain damage are generated when the large artery from the heart (aorta) is manipulated and although these are reduced in most off-pump coronary bypass surgeries they are not eliminated because the aorta is still used as a site to attach some of the grafts. (wikipedia.org)
  • aorta
  • one end is attached to the aorta or one of its major branches, and the other end is attached to the obstructed artery immediately after the obstruction to restore blood flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • These organs can be the heart, lungs or liver, while the great vessels can be the aorta, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins or vena cava. (wikipedia.org)
  • All aspects of cardiopulmonary bypass, including manipulation of the aorta by the surgeon, may be associated with neurological symptoms following perfusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is also expressed by the term ventriculoarterial discordance, that is the ventricles are connected to the wrong great artery (the right ventricle to the aorta, thus pumping blood from the systemic venous back into the systemic arterial circulation). (wikipedia.org)
  • The coronary arteries are also explanted from the anatomical aorta, which lies on the venous side and reattached to the systemic great vessel. (wikipedia.org)
  • It consists of a cylindrical polyethylene balloon that sits in the aorta, approximately 2 centimeters (0.79 in) from the left subclavian artery and counterpulsates. (wikipedia.org)
  • pulmonary
  • Thus these studies have utilized a physiological model that has relevance for understanding the effects of lung ischemia followed by reperfusion (I/R) as occurs clinically following pulmonary embolism, during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and also during lung transplantation. (physiology.org)
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Atherosclerosis is characterized by yellowish plaques of cholesterol, lipids, and cellular debris deposited into the inner layer of the wall of a large or medium-sized coronary artery, most often resulting in a partial obstruction in the affected artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • occlusion
  • However, doubts have been expressed as to whether local coronary occlusion necessary to obtain a bloodless field may itself cause ischaemic damage in a warm metabolically active heart. (bmj.com)
  • surgeons
  • The technique has a steep learning curve, but with adequate training and experience, the quality of the anastomoses has been shown to be similar to on-pump results in surgeons with comparable experience On February 18, 2012 Amano Atsushi performed a successful off-pump coronary artery bypass operation on Emperor Akihito. (wikipedia.org)