• Premature
  • Autoimmune mechanisms Recent studies have shown that those subjects with an extremely high occurrence (several thousands a day) of premature ventricular contractions (extrasystole) can develop dilated cardiomyopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • alcohol
  • Alcohol abuse (alcoholic cardiomyopathy) Nonalcoholic toxic insults include administration of certain chemotherapeutic agents, in particular doxorubicin (Adriamycin), and cobalt. (wikipedia.org)
  • develop
  • Biplane videofluoroscopy and echocardiography were performed before and after rapid pacing (180 to 230 bpm for 15±6 days) sufficient to develop tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). (ahajournals.org)