• clinical
  • Off-pump anteroapical aneurysm plication following left ventricular postinfarction aneurysm: effect on cardiac function, clinical status and survival. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The following variables were recorded: preoperative clinical, angiographic and echocardiographic findings and operative procedures. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This motivated him to write his first monograph El ciclo cardiaco (The cardiac cycle) After graduation, he started working as a family doctor in his home town Dénia, doing research during his free time, independent from the scientific community and separated from its orthodoxy, Paco understood the gap between academic and true clinical medicine better than most. (wikipedia.org)
  • for examples see: Hybrid cardiac surgical procedure) Clinical benefits range from the visualization of ventricular systems, soft tissue (e.g. tumors) and bone structures in the interventional suite, which allows the evaluation of difficult anatomies, to the detection of bleedings and unintended blockages of other lumen, which might be easily missed in a 2D view and only detected hours later in a post-procedural CT. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to qualify for this examination process, a perfusion student must have either graduated from or be enrolled in an accredited perfusion program, as well as have participated in a minimum of 75 clinical procedures during the course of their training. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once employment is provided, and the perfusionist has participated independently in a minimum of 50 clinical procedures, he or she can qualify for the Clinical Applications in Perfusion Exam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the Clinical Applications in Perfusion Exam has been successfully passed, a perfusionist can use the designation C.C.P. In addition, there are recertification requirements for perfusionists in which proof of a minimum number of clinical procedures and attendance to scientific or educational meetings must be provided to a certifying body (i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • The RCRI was used widely in clinical practice, research, and was incorporated in a modified form into the 2007 preoperative cardiac risk evaluation guideline from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recognized subspecialties in the United States by the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (AOABOS) include clinical cardiac electrophysiology and interventional cardiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical cardiac electrophysiology is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology and is concerned with the study and treatment of rhythm disorders of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • The training required to become an electrophysiologist is long and requires 7 to 8 years after medical school (in the U.S.). Three years of internal medicine residency, three years of Clinical Cardiology fellowship, and one to two (in most instances) years of clinical cardiac electrophysiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • The persistence of hemodynamic problems (palliative procedures, the use of valve prostheses or the presence of residual defects) was identified as the only independent risk predictors for mortality, with significant alterations in the survival curves ( p =0.0123). (scielo.br)
  • Advantages to valve repair instead of replacement include lower surgical mortality (1-2% for repair versus 6-8% for replacement), lower risk of stroke, lower rate of endocardial infection, and improved long-term survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • contraction
  • Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume. (nih.gov)
  • It is commonly believed that that the motion of the heart (systole-diastole) is active-passive: the former is produced by the active contraction of the cardiac musculature contraction while the second by its relaxation. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumors
  • Cardiac tumors are an infrequent cause of an embolic source and aortic fibroelastoma is even more rare as causative of a stroke. (scielo.cl)
  • outcomes
  • To that end, Congress passed Public Law 99-166 in December 1985 which mandated the VHA to report their outcomes in comparison to national averages and the information must be risk-adjusted to account for the severity of illness of the VHA surgical patient population. (wikipedia.org)
  • This procedure has excellent outcomes particularly in younger patients at relatively low-risk and will remain the gold standard for aortic valve replacement in the upcoming years. (wikipedia.org)
  • incision
  • These existing closed chest procedures eliminate the trauma associated with an open chest incision but still have the drawbacks associated with CPB. (google.com)
  • The window is usually performed by a cardiac surgeon who makes an incision, commonly sub-xiphoid, and cuts a small hole in the pericardium which is the membrane that surrounds the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • One wonders whether any of the patients in either group in this analysis underwent any mechanical cardiac valve replacement. (wikipedia.org)
  • He and a colleague operated on one of the longest-surviving patients in the early days of heart transplants, and he made significant contributions to several other cardiac surgical procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is indicated when parenteral therapy is necessary for inotropic support in the short-term treatment of patients with cardiac decompensation due to depressed contractility, which could be the result of either organic heart disease or cardiac surgical procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, TAVI (transcatheter aortic valve implantation) has emerged as a valid alternative for patients in whom conventional surgical techniques are considered too invasive and risky. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important for patients not to eat or drink for up to 12 hours before the procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • ablation
  • These are specially equipped operating rooms that usually contain a Fluoroscope, Recording System, Cardiac Stimulator, Ablation Equipment, a Cardiac Mapping System and the necessary cables, catheters and sheaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • These procedures increasingly include therapeutic methods (typically radiofrequency ablation, or cryoablation) in addition to diagnostic and prognostic procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the apparatus used for a "non-complex" ablation, these procedures often make use of sophisticated computer mapping systems to localize the source of the abnormal rhythm and to direct delivery of ablation lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • Further dose reduction can be achieved with a combination of intraoperative rotational angiography and intraoperative MRI, when both a fixed C-arm and a MRI system are available in the surgical theatre, and MRI adds functional information. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapeutic
  • In addition to diagnostic testing of the electrical properties of the heart, electrophysiologists are trained in therapeutic and surgical methods to treat many of the rhythm disturbances of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aneurysm
  • Changes in anatomy: During endovascular procedures, such as the grafting of an aortic aneurysm, 3D planning can be done either on CT image acquired preoperatively or on an intraoperative 3D image acquired by rotational angiography. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • Requires a team of medical personnel Takes longer to perform than TTE May be uncomfortable for the patient May require sedation or general anesthesia There are some risks associated with the procedure (esophageal perforation-1 in 10,000,[citation needed] and adverse reactions to the medication. (wikipedia.org)
  • stroke
  • Measurements of cardiac index, stroke index, heart rate, arterial and right atrial mean pressures were made either before, during, or after the administration of both drugs. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Above 2 mug/min, cardiac index and stroke index decrease, and arrhythmias become more frequent. (biomedsearch.com)
  • right atrium
  • This paper presents an exceptionally unusual case of non-penetrating cardiac trauma resulting in right atrium rupture contained by the pericardial cavity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • NOTE: It is standard procedure to use the venous system, and place the catheter's tip in the right atrium at the beginning of the procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The advantage of this is that the SA node is in the right atrium, which is the place where the procedure will start testing the pacing system of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood vessels
  • The procedure involves using blood vessels taken from another part of your body to crate a new route for the blood to flow around obstructed arteries. (stvincents.org)
  • technique
  • Details of patient selection and optimal surgical technique are still debated. (biomedsearch.com)
  • He graduated with specialization from the New York Post Graduate Medical School in 1913, and from the Chicago Laboratory of Surgical Technique in 1916. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulation
  • This causes vasoconstriction in VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE and/or CARDIAC MUSCLE cells as well as stimulation of insulin release from pancreatic islets. (nih.gov)
  • Dobutamine is a direct-acting agent whose primary activity results from stimulation of the β1-adrenoceptors of the heart, increasing contractility and cardiac output. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term is usually used to describe studies of such phenomena by invasive (intracardiac) catheter recording of spontaneous activity as well as of cardiac responses to programmed electrical stimulation (PES). (wikipedia.org)
  • anatomy
  • During his fourth year, working with prof. Gómez Oliveros, he began to focus on his lifelong interest in cardiac anatomy and physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • operate
  • The perfusionist shares responsibility with the anesthesiologist for the management of the physiological and metabolic needs of the cardiac surgical patient, so that the surgeon may operate on a still, unbeating heart during certain procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Da Vinci Surgical Systems operate in hospitals worldwide, with an estimated 200,000 surgeries conducted in 2012, most commonly for hysterectomies and prostate removals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • In 1991 the National VA Surgical Risk Study (NVASRS) began in 44 Veterans Administration Medical Centers. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1991 the National VA Surgical Risk Study (NVASRS) began in 44 Veteran's Administration Medical Centers. (wikipedia.org)