• postoperative
  • To evaluate the long-term outcomes of children submitted to permanent cardiac pacing due to postoperative bradycardia and to identify risk factors for mortality. (scielo.br)
  • The ACS NSQIP collects data on 135 variables, including preoperative risk factors, intraoperative variables, and 30-day postoperative mortality and morbidity outcomes for patients undergoing major surgical procedures in both the inpatient and outpatient setting. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Off-pump anteroapical aneurysm plication following left ventricular postinfarction aneurysm: effect on cardiac function, clinical status and survival. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The following variables were recorded: preoperative clinical, angiographic and echocardiographic findings and operative procedures. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This motivated him to write his first monograph El ciclo cardiaco (The cardiac cycle) After graduation, he started working as a family doctor in his home town Dénia, doing research during his free time, independent from the scientific community and separated from its orthodoxy, Paco understood the gap between academic and true clinical medicine better than most. (wikipedia.org)
  • for examples see: Hybrid cardiac surgical procedure) Clinical benefits range from the visualization of ventricular systems, soft tissue (e.g. tumors) and bone structures in the interventional suite, which allows the evaluation of difficult anatomies, to the detection of bleedings and unintended blockages of other lumen, which might be easily missed in a 2D view and only detected hours later in a post-procedural CT. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to qualify for this examination process, a perfusion student must have either graduated from or be enrolled in an accredited perfusion program, as well as have participated in a minimum of 75 clinical procedures during the course of their training. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once employment is provided, and the perfusionist has participated independently in a minimum of 50 clinical procedures, he or she can qualify for the Clinical Applications in Perfusion Exam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the Clinical Applications in Perfusion Exam has been successfully passed, a perfusionist can use the designation C.C.P. In addition, there are recertification requirements for perfusionists in which proof of a minimum number of clinical procedures and attendance to scientific or educational meetings must be provided to a certifying body (i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • The RCRI was used widely in clinical practice, research, and was incorporated in a modified form into the 2007 preoperative cardiac risk evaluation guideline from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recognized subspecialties in the United States by the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (AOABOS) include clinical cardiac electrophysiology and interventional cardiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical cardiac electrophysiology is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology and is concerned with the study and treatment of rhythm disorders of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • The training required to become an electrophysiologist is long and requires 7 to 8 years after medical school (in the U.S.). Three years of internal medicine residency, three years of Clinical Cardiology fellowship, and one to two (in most instances) years of clinical cardiac electrophysiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • CABG
  • Specifically, coronary artery bypass graft procedures (CABG) are achieved using a vertically offsetting retractor. (google.com)
  • Specifically, coronary artery bypass graft procedures (CABG) are achieved using a vertically offsetting retractor or access platform in combination with a beating heart stabilizer. (google.com)
  • The surgical methodology permits procedures such as the CABG procedure without penetrating the rib cage or performing a sternotomy or thorocotomy. (google.com)
  • During the CABG procedure, arteries (most commonly the left internal mammary artery [LIMA]) or veins (saphenous vein from the leg) from elsewhere in the patient's body are grafted (moved from one part of the body to another) to the coronary arteries to bypass atherosclerotic narrowing (thickening of the artery wall as a result of the accumulation of fatty materials such as cholesterol) and improve the blood supply to the heart muscle. (sjhsyr.org)
  • Newer data suggests that using both internal mammary arteries is beneficial and improves long-term survival and durability of the CABG procedure. (sjhsyr.org)
  • While traditional CABG is the gold standard, recent evidence suggests that the OPCAB technique may offer benefit for selected patients including women and high-risk patients, as well as patients who are not candidates for a traditional CABG procedure due to extensive aortic disease. (sjhsyr.org)
  • preoperative
  • Accordingly, to use a preoperative CT image during the procedure, a software registration between the CT image and the life fluoroscopy is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • The persistence of hemodynamic problems (palliative procedures, the use of valve prostheses or the presence of residual defects) was identified as the only independent risk predictors for mortality, with significant alterations in the survival curves ( p =0.0123). (scielo.br)
  • Advantages to valve repair instead of replacement include lower surgical mortality (1-2% for repair versus 6-8% for replacement), lower risk of stroke, lower rate of endocardial infection, and improved long-term survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • contraction
  • Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume. (nih.gov)
  • It is commonly believed that that the motion of the heart (systole-diastole) is active-passive: the former is produced by the active contraction of the cardiac musculature contraction while the second by its relaxation. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumors
  • Cardiac tumors are an infrequent cause of an embolic source and aortic fibroelastoma is even more rare as causative of a stroke. (scielo.cl)
  • outcomes
  • To that end, Congress passed Public Law 99-166 in December 1985 which mandated the VHA to report their outcomes in comparison to national averages and the information must be risk-adjusted to account for the severity of illness of the VHA surgical patient population. (wikipedia.org)
  • This procedure has excellent outcomes particularly in younger patients at relatively low-risk and will remain the gold standard for aortic valve replacement in the upcoming years. (wikipedia.org)
  • incision
  • These existing closed chest procedures eliminate the trauma associated with an open chest incision but still have the drawbacks associated with CPB. (google.com)
  • The window is usually performed by a cardiac surgeon who makes an incision, commonly sub-xiphoid, and cuts a small hole in the pericardium which is the membrane that surrounds the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • One wonders whether any of the patients in either group in this analysis underwent any mechanical cardiac valve replacement. (wikipedia.org)
  • He and a colleague operated on one of the longest-surviving patients in the early days of heart transplants, and he made significant contributions to several other cardiac surgical procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is indicated when parenteral therapy is necessary for inotropic support in the short-term treatment of patients with cardiac decompensation due to depressed contractility, which could be the result of either organic heart disease or cardiac surgical procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, TAVI (transcatheter aortic valve implantation) has emerged as a valid alternative for patients in whom conventional surgical techniques are considered too invasive and risky. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important for patients not to eat or drink for up to 12 hours before the procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • ablation
  • We are the only hospital in the tri-state area to offer the full spectrum of AFib treatments in one location, from minimally invasive non-surgical treatments to our pioneering work in advanced convergent and hybrid ablation techniques. (stvincents.org)
  • These are specially equipped operating rooms that usually contain a Fluoroscope, Recording System, Cardiac Stimulator, Ablation Equipment, a Cardiac Mapping System and the necessary cables, catheters and sheaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • These procedures increasingly include therapeutic methods (typically radiofrequency ablation, or cryoablation) in addition to diagnostic and prognostic procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the apparatus used for a "non-complex" ablation, these procedures often make use of sophisticated computer mapping systems to localize the source of the abnormal rhythm and to direct delivery of ablation lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • arteries
  • The procedure involves using blood vessels taken from another part of your body to crate a new route for the blood to flow around obstructed arteries. (stvincents.org)
  • Angioplasty is a non-surgical, safe treatment designed to open blocked or obstructed arteries. (stvincents.org)
  • functional
  • Further dose reduction can be achieved with a combination of intraoperative rotational angiography and intraoperative MRI, when both a fixed C-arm and a MRI system are available in the surgical theatre, and MRI adds functional information. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapeutic
  • In addition to diagnostic testing of the electrical properties of the heart, electrophysiologists are trained in therapeutic and surgical methods to treat many of the rhythm disturbances of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aneurysm
  • Changes in anatomy: During endovascular procedures, such as the grafting of an aortic aneurysm, 3D planning can be done either on CT image acquired preoperatively or on an intraoperative 3D image acquired by rotational angiography. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • Requires a team of medical personnel Takes longer to perform than TTE May be uncomfortable for the patient May require sedation or general anesthesia There are some risks associated with the procedure (esophageal perforation-1 in 10,000,[citation needed] and adverse reactions to the medication. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] For the patient, a da Vinci procedure can offer all the potential benefits of a minimally invasive procedure, including less pain, less blood loss and less need for blood transfusions. (wikipedia.org)
  • stroke
  • Measurements of cardiac index, stroke index, heart rate, arterial and right atrial mean pressures were made either before, during, or after the administration of both drugs. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Above 2 mug/min, cardiac index and stroke index decrease, and arrhythmias become more frequent. (biomedsearch.com)
  • right atrium
  • This paper presents an exceptionally unusual case of non-penetrating cardiac trauma resulting in right atrium rupture contained by the pericardial cavity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • NOTE: It is standard procedure to use the venous system, and place the catheter's tip in the right atrium at the beginning of the procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The advantage of this is that the SA node is in the right atrium, which is the place where the procedure will start testing the pacing system of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • anesthesiologist
  • The perfusionist shares responsibility with the anesthesiologist for the management of the physiological and metabolic needs of the cardiac surgical patient, so that the surgeon may operate on a still, unbeating heart during certain procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • technique
  • Details of patient selection and optimal surgical technique are still debated. (biomedsearch.com)
  • He graduated with specialization from the New York Post Graduate Medical School in 1913, and from the Chicago Laboratory of Surgical Technique in 1916. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Most commonly used during open heart procedures, if the patient's status warrants it, TEE can be used in the setting of any operation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Da Vinci Surgical Systems operate in hospitals worldwide, with an estimated 200,000 surgeries conducted in 2012, most commonly for hysterectomies and prostate removals. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulation
  • This causes vasoconstriction in VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE and/or CARDIAC MUSCLE cells as well as stimulation of insulin release from pancreatic islets. (nih.gov)
  • Dobutamine is a direct-acting agent whose primary activity results from stimulation of the β1-adrenoceptors of the heart, increasing contractility and cardiac output. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term is usually used to describe studies of such phenomena by invasive (intracardiac) catheter recording of spontaneous activity as well as of cardiac responses to programmed electrical stimulation (PES). (wikipedia.org)
  • terms
  • Top five among all New York State cardiac surgical programs in terms of overall volume based on recent 2012 and projected 2013 volume data. (sjhsyr.org)