• NNAL
  • The tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and its reduction product in the body, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), are potent pulmonary carcinogens. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Metabolism of the tobacco-specific carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone to its biomarker total NNAL in smokeless tobacco users. (semanticscholar.org)
  • smokers
  • Although differences in the production and concentrations of chemical compounds in mainstream and sidestream smoke exist, the carcinogens in mainstream smoke inhaled by active smokers are largely the same as those in SHS (a mixture of mainstream and sidestream smoke) to which both smokers and nonsmokers may be exposed. (aacrjournals.org)