• dioxide
  • The cost of inert gas limited its use in steels until several years later, when the use of semi-inert gases such as carbon dioxide became common. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1953, the use of carbon dioxide as a welding atmosphere was developed, and it quickly gained popularity in GMAW, since it made welding steel more economical. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers find a grass gene affecting how plants manage water and carbon dioxide that could be useful to growing biofuel crops on marginal land. (newswise.com)
  • The stomata regulate carbon dioxide and water transport. (newswise.com)
  • Grasses have further evolved to express two subsidiary cells flanking the guard cells, and this may explain why grasses control carbon dioxide and water transport better than other plants. (newswise.com)
  • COLUMBUS, Ohio-Engineers at The Ohio State University are developing technologies that have the potential to economically convert fossil fuels and biomass into useful products including electricity without emitting carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. (newswise.com)
  • In the first of two papers published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science , the engineers report that they've devised a process that transforms shale gas into products such as methanol and gasoline-all while consuming carbon dioxide. (newswise.com)
  • Under certain conditions, the technology consumes all the carbon dioxide it produces plus additional carbon dioxide from an outside source. (newswise.com)
  • Five years ago , Fan and his research team demonstrated a technology called coal-direct chemical looping (CDCL) combustion, in which they were able to release energy from coal while capturing more than 99 percent of the resulting carbon dioxide, preventing its emission to the environment. (newswise.com)
  • This is where the technology really gets interesting: It provides a potential industrial use for carbon dioxide as a raw material for producing useful, everyday products. (newswise.com)
  • electricity
  • Because metals are good conductors of electricity, they are valuable in electrical appliances and for carrying an electric current over long distances with little energy loss or dissipation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, if that same gallon of gasoline were to be put into a portable generator (which would convert the gasoline into work and then the work into electricity) and if the electricity were then used to boil water on an electric stove, it is unlikely that more than 3 gal (11.4 1) of water could be boiled before the generator ran out of fuel. (encyclopedia.com)
  • alloy
  • Brown McFarlane is one of the global processors, traders and distributors of high quality alloy, carbon, duplex, stainless and super duplex steel plates. (azom.com)
  • Iron is most commonly used in the form of an alloy, steel, which contains up to 2.1% carbon, making it much harder than pure iron. (wikipedia.org)
  • telegraph
  • 1844: Innocenzo Manzetti first suggests the idea of an electric "speaking telegraph", or telephone. (wikipedia.org)
  • 29 December 1874: Gray demonstrates his musical tones device and transmits "familiar melodies through telegraph wire" at the Presbyterian Church in Highland Park, Illinois. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some telegraph and power transmission circuits, the earth itself can be used as one conductor of the circuit, saving the cost of installing a separate return conductor (see single-wire earth return). (wikipedia.org)
  • Long-distance electromagnetic telegraph systems from 1820 onwards used two or more wires to carry the signal and return currents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later, when telephony began to replace telegraphy, it was found that the currents in the earth induced by power systems, electrical railways, other telephone and telegraph circuits, and natural sources including lightning caused unacceptable interference to the audio signals, and the two-wire or 'metallic circuit' system was reintroduced around 1883. (wikipedia.org)
  • plastics
  • Hu and Hanjin Tian, assistant professor in the chemical and biomedical engineering department, will address two main questions: how to turn natural gas into more valuable chemicals and plastics using advanced manufacturing technologies and how to develop ways in which these processes can be conducted at the wellhead. (newswise.com)
  • Fuel
  • Fuel made from waste by-products could lower greenhouse gas emissions. (technologyreview.com)
  • A spark plug (sometimes, in British English, a sparking plug, and, colloquially, a plug) is a device for delivering electric current from an ignition system to the combustion chamber of a spark-ignition engine to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by an electric spark, while containing combustion pressure within the engine. (wikipedia.org)
  • metallic
  • The study of metallic elements and their alloys makes up a significant portion of the fields of solid-state chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • solar
  • Solar pressure also affects the orientation of a craft, a factor that must be included in spacecraft design. (wikipedia.org)
  • The total force exerted on an 800 by 800 meter solar sail, for example, is about 5 newtons (1.1 lbf) at Earth's distance from the Sun, making it a low-thrust propulsion system, similar to spacecraft propelled by electric engines, but as it uses no propellant, that force is exerted almost constantly and the collective effect over time is great enough to be considered a potential manner of propelling spacecraft. (wikipedia.org)
  • Then, to increase its speed, it would tack, close-hauled, down the gravitational field, spreading full sail again as it rushed past the Sun." The first formal technology and design effort for a solar sail began in 1976 at Jet Propulsion Laboratory for a proposed mission to rendezvous with Halley's Comet. (wikipedia.org)
  • The new design could lead to cheaper solar cells. (technologyreview.com)
  • 1366 Technologies hopes to cut the cost of solar with cheaper manufacturing. (technologyreview.com)
  • Applied Materials makes the equipment needed to produce the biggest solar panels in the world. (technologyreview.com)
  • A new design can make more-efficient thin-film solar cells using existing manufacturing equipment. (technologyreview.com)
  • processes
  • Called Rapid Advancement in Process Intensification Deployment institute, or RAPID, the institute will focus on using advanced manufacturing to develop breakthrough technologies to boost the productivity and efficiency of some of industrial processes by 20 percent in the next five years. (newswise.com)
  • RAPID is fast-tracking research that will directly increase the productivity of industry manufacturing processes while simultaneously lowering energy costs, lowering capital equipment costs and making higher gains in overall efficiency," said John Hu, Statler Chair in engineering in the Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources and one of the lead researchers involved in the project. (newswise.com)
  • For years WVU faculty members have worked on natural gas conversion technology research and translation into real manufacturing processes. (newswise.com)
  • 3D printing is also known as additive manufacturing, therefore the numerous available 3D printing processes tend to be additive in nature with a few key differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • current
  • An electromagnet is made from a coil of wire that acts as a magnet when an electric current passes through it but stops being a magnet when the current stops. (wikipedia.org)
  • A wire in the shape of a circle with area A and carrying current I is a magnet, with a magnetic moment of magnitude equal to IA. (wikipedia.org)
  • In electrical engineering, ground or earth is the reference point in an electrical circuit from which voltages are measured, a common return path for electric current, or a direct physical connection to the Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • An ideal signal ground maintains a fixed potential (zero) regardless of how much electric current flows into ground or out of ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • It makes me wonder what sort of similar effects you might see in other protein systems, and it makes us realize that there is exciting new science on the horizon. (newswise.com)
  • Similar in nature to the 747X, the stretched 747 Advanced used technology from the Boeing 787 Dreamliner to modernize the design and its systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • cost
  • Computers, mobile phones, and other digital home appliances are now inextricable parts of the structure of modern societies, made possible by the small size and low cost of ICs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main disadvantage of ICs is the high cost to design them and fabricate the required photomasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • manufacture
  • Permanent magnets are made from "hard" ferromagnetic materials such as alnico and ferrite that are subjected to special processing in a strong magnetic field during manufacture to align their internal microcrystalline structure, making them very hard to demagnetize. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2007, East Penn Manufacturing obtained a global head license to manufacture and commercialize UltraBattery technology for motive and automotive applications (in various territories) and for stationary energy storage applications (globally, outside Japan and Thailand, where Furukawa Battery is the head license holder). (wikipedia.org)
  • components
  • In addition to a comprehensive lineof cataloged specialty products, we can readily produce custom solutions including special components, integrated packages and special assemblies made to your specification. (bizeurope.com)
  • The increasing number of electrical and electronic components leads to an ever higher demand for electric power in the car, which exceeds the limits of conventional connector technologies. (bizeurope.com)
  • In addition, the National Electric Energy Testing, Research and Applications Center in Atlanta is testing all of the components in their laboratories. (innovations-report.com)
  • battery
  • Research conducted by independent laboratories, such as the United States's Sandia National Laboratories, the Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC), the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and commercial tests by East Penn Manufacturing, Furukawa Battery and Ecoult indicate that in comparison with conventional valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) batteries, UltraBattery technology has higher energy efficiencies, a longer lifetime and superior charge acceptance under partial state of charge (SoC) conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In May 2010, US battery manufacturer East Penn Manufacturing acquired Ecoult from CSIRO. (wikipedia.org)
  • power
  • The control switch, or trigger, when pressed by the operator, initiates the wire feed, electric power, and the shielding gas flow, causing an electric arc to be struck. (wikipedia.org)
  • TVA donated the PCAT line design and the Electric Power Research Institute's Power Electronics Applications Center, a local research and development company, donated the load equipment to test the refurbished power supply that came from UT-Tullahoma's Space Institute. (innovations-report.com)
  • technology
  • ICs were made possible by experimental discoveries showing that semiconductor devices could perform the functions of vacuum tubes, and by mid-20th-century technology advancements in semiconductor device fabrication. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 747-8 was intended to use the same engine and cockpit technology as that of the 787, including the General Electric GEnx turbofan and partial fly-by-wire. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • In the 1930s, the development of small, powerful electric motors increased the popularity and availability of the portable vacuum cleaner, and further diverted consumers from purchasing central cleaners. (wikipedia.org)
  • But only the invention of the first commercially viable high-voltage spark plug as part of a magneto-based ignition system by Robert Bosch's engineer Gottlob Honold in 1902 made possible the development of the spark-ignition engine. (wikipedia.org)
  • either
  • Everything we use is either made with steel or made from steel products in some way. (azom.com)
  • Other alternative designs feature a remote on/off switch located at the tool end of the vacuum hose, which communicates either via a pair of wires embedded in the hose, or via wireless signaling. (wikipedia.org)
  • The simplest wound strings are roundwound-with round wire wrapped in a tight spiral around either a round or hexagonal core. (wikipedia.org)
  • useful
  • The high thermal conductivity of most metals also makes them useful for stovetop cooking utensils. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reason the electric stove cannot boil as much water as a gasoline-fueled stove is that engines are not 100% thermally-efficient in converting heat into work-thermal efficiency meaning the amount of useful work produced divided by the energy provided to the engine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • better
  • In 2014, Oleg Demchenko, the president of Irkut at the time, also preferred the Yak-242 name, claiming it would better reflect the design bureau behind the aircraft, however he have also said that any of these renaming decisions would be after the aircraft first flight and certification work. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ability to better control water loss and increase carbon assimilation in plants lets grasses better handle stressors, such as drought. (newswise.com)
  • rapid
  • The IC's mass production capability, reliability and building-block approach to circuit design has ensured the rapid adoption of standardized ICs in place of designs using discrete transistors. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Solid objects that are large enough to see and handle are rarely composed of a single crystal, but instead are made of a large number of single crystals, known as crystallites, whose size can vary from a few nanometers to several meters. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1744 The earliest known reference to baseball is made in a publication, A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, by John Newbery. (wikipedia.org)
  • produce
  • Stray voltages or earth potential rise effects will occur, which may create noise in signals or if large enough will produce an electric shock hazard. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • Central vacuum installations can earn points for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) home certification, Health House certification by the American Lung Association, or the National Green Building Standard of the National Association of Homebuilders (NAHB). (wikipedia.org)
  • Progress made in the lab means little if you can't reproduce the phenotype in a production setting," said Shawn Szyjka, the study's lead author, formerly of Sapphire Energy. (newswise.com)
  • make
  • 1860: Johann Philipp Reis of Germany demonstrates a make-and-break transmitter after the design of Bourseul and a knitting-needle receiver. (wikipedia.org)
  • circuit
  • It was then discovered, probably by the German scientist Carl August Steinheil in 1836-1837, that the ground could be used as the return path to complete the circuit, making the return wire unnecessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • changes
  • On November 14, 2008, Boeing announced a delay to the 747-8 program, citing limited availability of engineering resources within Boeing, design changes, and the recent strike by factory workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • usually
  • Such strings are usually made by winding round wire around a round or hex core first, then polishing, grinding (thus the name, ground wound) or pressing the exterior part of the winding until it is practically flat. (wikipedia.org)
  • single
  • The Irkut MC-21 (Russian: Иркут МС-21) is a Russian single-aisle twinjet airliner, developed by the Yakovlev Design Bureau and produced by Irkut, both United Aircraft Corporation subsidiaries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The garment is made of only one single integrated fabric and has no discontinuities or seams. (google.com)
  • however
  • However, the winding wire has a rounded square cross-section that has a shallower profile (in cross-section) when tightly wound. (wikipedia.org)
  • idea
  • Subsequent manufacturing improvements can also be credited to Albert Champion, the Lodge brothers, sons of Sir Oliver Lodge, who developed and manufactured their father's idea and also Kenelm Lee Guinness, of the Guinness brewing family, who developed the KLG brand. (wikipedia.org)