• glycosidic
  • Carbohydrates are suitable for such a wide variety of functions due to the diversity in structure generated from monosaccharide composition, glycosidic linkage positions, chain branching, and covalent modification. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fiber
  • It also includes dietary fiber which is a carbohydrate but which does not contribute much in the way of food energy ( kilocalories ), even though it is often included in the calculation of total food energy just as though it were a sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead of sugary options, offer healthier choices, such as fruit - a naturally sweet carbohydrate-containing snack that also provides fiber and vitamins that kids need. (kidshealth.org)
  • Plants such as fruits and vegetables are quality carbohydrates that are loaded with fiber. (webmd.com)
  • Fiber slows down the absorption of other nutrients eaten at the same meal, including carbohydrates. (webmd.com)
  • ketogenic
  • Such diets are sometimes 'ketogenic' (i.e., they restrict carbohydrate intake sufficiently to cause ketosis). (wikipedia.org)
  • A no-carbohydrate diet may be ketogenic, which means it causes the body to go into a state of ketosis, converting dietary fat and body fat into ketone bodies which are used to fuel parts of the body that do not oxidize fat for energy, especially the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymes
  • Nature has invested much time in devising enzymes and receptors which are highly specific in their interactions with carbohydrates. (rsc.org)
  • Carbohydrate sulfotransferases are transmembrane enzymes in the Golgi that modify carbohydrates on glycolipids or glyoproteins as they move along the secretory pathway. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolic
  • Carbohydrates are central to many essential metabolic pathways. (wikipedia.org)
  • While cytosolic sulfotransferases play a metabolic role by modifying small molecule substrates such as steroids, flavonoids, neurotransmitters, and phenols, carbohydrate sulfotransferases have a fundamental role in extracellular signalling and adhesion by generating unique ligands through the modification of carbohydrate scaffolds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Determination
  • Techniques for Characterization of Complex Carbohydrates Two courses will be offered in the summer of 2001 at the Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (CCRC) of The University of Georgia: Course 1, Analytical Techniques for Carbohydrate Structure Determination (June 11-15) and Course 2, Separation and Characterization of Glycoconjugate Oligosaccharides (June 18-22). (bio.net)
  • Carbohydrate counting involves determining whether a food item has carbohydrate followed by the subsequent determination of how much carbohydrate the food item has in it. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • Today, the term is generally understood in the biochemistry sense, which excludes compounds with only one or two carbons and includes many biological carbohydrates which deviate from this formula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbohydrate loading is generally recommended for endurance events lasting longer than 90 minutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • aldehyde
  • In scientific literature, the term "carbohydrate" has many synonyms, like "sugar" (in the broad sense), "saccharide", "ose", "glucide", "hydrate of carbon" or "polyhydroxy compounds with aldehyde or ketone" Some of these terms, specially "carbohydrate" and "sugar", are also used with other meanings. (wikipedia.org)
  • simplest
  • Following this definition, some chemists considered formaldehyde (CH2O) to be the simplest carbohydrate, while others claimed that title for glycolaldehyde. (wikipedia.org)
  • sialic acid
  • For example, carbohydrates often display chemical groups such as: N-acetyl (e.g. chitin), sulphate (e.g. glycosaminoglycans), carboxylic acid (e.g. sialic acid) and deoxy modifications (e.g. fucose and sialic acid). (wikipedia.org)
  • carbon
  • Plants synthesize carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water through photosynthesis, allowing them to store energy absorbed from sunlight internally. (wikipedia.org)
  • cellulose
  • Cellulose in the cell wall of all plant tissue is a carbohydrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbohydrate-binding module family 3 (CBM3) is involved in cellulose binding and is found associated with a wide range of bacterial glycosyl hydrolases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbohydrate-binding module family 4 (CBM4) includes the two cellulose-binding domains, CBD(N1) and CBD(N2), arranged in tandem at the N terminus of the 1,4-beta-glucanase, CenC, from Cellulomonas fimi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both cleft A and cleft B can bind cello-oligosaccharides, laminarin preferentially binds in cleft A, xylooligosaccharides only bind in cleft A and beta1,4,-beta1,3-mixed linked glucans only bind in cleft B. Carbohydrate-binding module family 9 (CBM9) binds to crystalline cellulose. (wikipedia.org)
  • galactose
  • There are two major families of carbohydrate sulfotransferases: heparan sulfotransferases and galactose/N-acetylgalactosamine/N-acetylglucosamine 6-O-sulfotransferases (GSTs). (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • Orders of magnitude of structural information and diversity can more readily be carried in carbohydrates in comparison with peptides of the same molecular size. (rsc.org)
  • diet
  • Paleo and Specific Carbohydrate Diet-friendly. (tastespotting.com)
  • Specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) is a restrictive diet first described by Sidney V. Haas (1870-1964) in 1924 to treat celiac disease, and further refined in his 1951 medical textbook The Management of Celiac Disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1924, the first Specific Carbohydrate Diet for the treatment of children with celiac disease was the banana diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • After more research, he described the Specific Carbohydrate Diet as a treatment for celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease in his 1951 medical textbook The Management of Celiac Disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • FODMAP Low carbohydrate diet DASH diet Hou JK, Lee D, Lewis J (October 2014). (wikipedia.org)
  • Although such diet recommendations mostly involve lowering nutritive carbohydrates, some low-carbohydrate foods are discouraged, as well (e.g., beef). (wikipedia.org)
  • As with other diet plans, people who maintain a low-carbohydrate diet lose weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • A very low-carbohydrate diet performs slightly better than a low-fat diet for long-term weight loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • An early proponent of an all animal-based diet was Icelandic-Canadian explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson (1879-1962), who lived with the Inuit for some time and witnessed their diet as essentially consisting of meat and fish, with very few carbohydrates-just berries during the summer. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Atkins, this nutritional approach is more effective for weight loss than a low-fat, "high-carbohydrate diet", although there has always been much controversy and great dispute amongst healthcare professionals concerning drastic carbohydrate restriction. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin is elevated in the blood of heavy alcoholism but raised levels can also be found in a number of medical conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2008 systematic review of randomized controlled studies that compared low-carbohydrate diets to low-fat/low-calorie diets found the measurements of weight, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride levels, and systolic blood pressure were significantly better in groups that followed low-carbohydrate diets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbohydrate-binding module family 11 (CBM11) is found in a number of bacterial cellulases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many of these interactions involved carbohydrates found at the cell surface, as part of a membrane glycoprotein or glycolipid. (wikipedia.org)
  • diets
  • Low-carbohydrate diets are not well-defined. (wikipedia.org)
  • Used for weight loss, low-carbohydrate diets are classified as fad diets. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of low-carbohydrate diets, weight loss is helped by the increased feeling of fullness and a tendency towards selecting nutrient-rich food. (wikipedia.org)
  • Potential favorable changes in triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol values should be weighed against potential unfavorable changes in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol values when low-carbohydrate diets to induce weight loss are considered. (wikipedia.org)