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  • vagina
  • Leukoplakia could also be considered according to the affected site, e.g. oral leukoplakia, leukoplakia of the urinary tract, including bladder leukoplakia or leukoplakia of the penis, vulvae, cervix or vagina. (wikipedia.org)
  • mucosa
  • The second international symposium therefore revised the definition of leukoplakia to: "a predominantly white lesion of the oral mucosa that cannot be characterized as any other definable lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aphthous stomatitis is one of the most common diseases of the oral mucosa, and is thought to affect about 20% of the general population to some degree. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oral mucosa is also more vascular (has a better blood supply) than skin, meaning that any antigens are more quickly removed from the area by the circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, there is substantially less keratin in oral mucosa, meaning that there is less likelihood that haptens will form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lubricating mouthwashes or gels, such as Biotène, can relieve pain within the oral mucosa, thus increasing the individual's quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • classification
  • A more recently proposed classification of oral candidiasis distinguishes primary oral candidiasis, where the condition is confined to the mouth and perioral tissues, and secondary oral candidiasis, where there is involvement of other parts of the body in addition to the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The global human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic has been an important factor in the move away from the traditional classification since it has led to the formation of a new group of patients who present with atypical forms of oral candidiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • This is a contact sensitivity (type IV hypersensitivity reaction) in the oral tissues to common substances such as sodium lauryl sulfate, cinnamaldehyde or dental materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • saliva
  • Changes in the oral environment, such as changes in the composition of saliva, may induce neuropathy or interruption of nerve transduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • When stimulation of salivary secretion fails, palliative oral care in the form of mouthwashes and saliva substitutes can be used to counterbalance the lack of initial salivary function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Varying saliva substitutes containing different enzymes proteins, such as those found in Biotène products, reduce oral infection and enhance mouth wetting. (wikipedia.org)
  • mouth
  • Pseudomembraneous candidiasis can involve any part of the mouth, but usually it appears on the tongue, buccal mucosae or palate. (wikipedia.org)
  • This coating has been identified as a major contributing factor in bad breath (halitosis), which can be managed by brushing the tongue gently with a toothbrush or using special oral hygiene instruments such as tongue scrapers or mouth brushes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some use the term secondary burning mouth syndrome in cases where a detectable cause, such as glossitis, for an oral burning sensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Calprotectin is secreted in the mouth during inflammation of the gingiva and during oral candidiasis infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, the oral lubrication property of Biotène gel has the potential to provide relief during swallowing for individuals suffering from dry mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • If an individual requires immediate relief, the Biotène Moisturizing Mouth Spray or the Biotène Oral balance Moisturizing Gel are ideal choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral dysesthesia - a burning or tingling sensation in the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mouth soreness and oral mucositis. (wikipedia.org)
  • tongue
  • Deposition on the tongue and throat may promote oral candidiasis, which appears as a white coating, possibly with irritation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia (seen in people with immunosuppression, caused by Epstein-Barr virus) Oral candidiasis can affect the tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • This appearance is the result of indentations of the teeth where the tongue is habitually pressed against the teeth ("tongue thrusting", and example of oral parafunction). (wikipedia.org)
  • Black hairy tongue - some factors thought to cause black hairy tongue are environmental, such as eating a soft diet, poor oral hygiene, smoking and antibiotic use. (wikipedia.org)
  • The human tongue is divided into two parts, an oral part at the front and a pharyngeal part at the back. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anterior oral part is the visible part situated at the front and makes up roughly two-thirds the length of the tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • The terminal sulcus divides the tongue into a posterior pharyngeal part and an anterior oral part. (wikipedia.org)
  • microbiota
  • C. albicans is carried in the mouths of about 50% of the world's population as a normal component of the oral microbiota. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wearing dental appliances such as dentures alters the oral microbiota. (wikipedia.org)
  • hygiene
  • Comments Post a comment modz says: besides lack of oral hygiene,what are the other causes of. (picsearch.com)
  • If it interferes with oral hygiene and feeding, frenectomy may be indicated. (wikipedia.org)
  • atypical
  • The global human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic has been an important factor in the move away from the traditional classification since it has led to the formation of a new group of patients who present with atypical forms of oral candidiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • As one of the most well studied branches of oral health, a quick search online (as of 2016) finds thousands of studies from countries all over the world with hundreds more every year. (redlightman.com)
  • diagnosis
  • The diagnosis is usually made based on the clinical appearance alone, but oral exfoliative cytology has been used as a diagnostic aid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral and maxillofacial medicine : the basis of diagnosis and treatment (2nd ed. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • light therapy at specific wavelengths reduces oral bacteria counts and biofilms. (redlightman.com)
  • There Brown worked for seven years without her Ph.D until her return to Chicago for a scientific meeting, at which point Brown arranged to take her oral examinations and was awarded her Ph.D. At the division's laboratory, Brown focused on identifying the types of bacteria that caused pneumonia, helping develop a pneumonia vaccine still in use today. (wikipedia.org)
  • treat
  • Ketoconazole shampoo in conjunction with an oral 5α-reductase inhibitor has been used off label to treat androgenic alopecia. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, due to some complications in scheduling her oral examinations and the depletion of her savings, Brown was forced to leave Chicago without her Ph.D to find a job at the Division of Laboratories and Research in Albany, New York. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Oral light therapy, in the form of low level lasers and LEDs, has been used in dentistry for decades now. (redlightman.com)
  • areas
  • It may also develop in areas subjecte to repeat subclinical irritation, caused by low grade irritants such as spices, oral debris or tobacco. (wikipedia.org)