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  • upper urinary tract
  • Some particular examples are listed below: Certain drugs, such as cyclophosphamide, via the metabolites acrolein and phenacetin, are known to predispose to TCC (the latter especially with respect to the upper urinary tract). (wikipedia.org)
  • transitional
  • No. 07-6215, Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute, pp. 251-262, retrieved 18 October 2013 Transitional Cell Cancer (Kidney/Ureter), National Cancer Institute Urethral Cancer, Department of Urology, University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine McCredie M, Stewart JH, Ford JM (1983). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • Between 1988 and 2001 in the United States, cancer surveillance reports to SEER included 1,333 cases of ureteral cancer in adults: 808 male and 525 female, 1,158 white and 42 black. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • There are good reasons to suspect that the quantity and quality of food influence both the overall risk of development of many forms of cancer and the types of cancer which occur most commonly. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Cancer of the bladder is the 4th most commonly diagnosed cancer and 7th leading cause of cancer death in the American men, and represents an important target for mortality-reducing efforts. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • they may occur everywhere in the colon and they are the least likely colon polyps to develop into colon cancer Tubulovillous Villous adenomas are commonly found in the rectal area and they are normally larger in size than the other two types of adenomas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultrasound is commonly performed to investigate problems of the kidney and/or urinary tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • lung
  • Carriers of germline mutations in CDKN2A have besides their high risks of melanoma also increased risks of pancreatic, lung, laryngeal and oropharyngeal cancers and tobacco smoking exacerbates carriers' susceptibility for such non-melanoma cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • adenocarcinoma
  • Measurement of serum concentrations of CEA, CA19-9 and CA125 can be helpful in monitoring urachal cancer Urachal cancer usually is an adenocarcinoma (about 90%) mostly with mucinous/colloidal histology. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, neoplasms characterized by high-grade features, invasive glands and or signet ring cells, are termed adenocarcinoma in pathology literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low-grade mucinous adenocarcinoma is used by the American Joint Committee on Cancer and World Health Organization and is nearly or completely synonymous with the DPAM designation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseases
  • The data registry and biospecimen bank will provide core support services for future IRB approved multidisciplinary research on cancer and other chronic diseases carried out by members of the Fred and Pamela Buffett Cancer Center as well as internal and external research collaborators from different participating institutions/centers. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Somatic evolution is important in the process of aging as well as the development of some diseases, including cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The causes of diseases of the body are common to the urinary tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urachal cancer was mentioned by Hue and Jacquin in 1863 followed by an elaborate work by T. Cullen in 1916 about diseases of the umbilicus, while C. Begg further characterized urachal cancer in the 1930s. (wikipedia.org)
  • prostatic
  • Post-renal failure is outlet obstruction after the kidney, such as a kidney stone or prostatic bladder outlet obstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example: Urinary tract infections (UTIs), interstitial cystitis incontinence (involuntary loss of urine), benign prostatic hyperplasia (where the prostate overgrows), prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate). (wikipedia.org)
  • Urinary retention, which is a common complication of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), though it can also be caused by other types of urinary tract obstruction, nerve dysfunction, tethered spinal cord syndrome, constipation, infection and certain medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathology
  • The iCaRe2 serves as a collaboration platform for studies (including clinical trials) performed in centers with expertise in cancer biology, pathology, epidemiology, genetics, early detection, and patient care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • CAT scans and MRI can also be useful in localising urinary tract pathology. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was there that he began his recognized studies on the pathology of colon cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • clonal
  • Clonal expansion is the signature of natural selection in cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the decades that followed, cancer was recognized as having a clonal origin associated with chromosomal aberrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumour
  • Finally, the importance of avoiding mineral imbalance when conducting animal studies designed to evaluate the safety of food constituents and additives is stressed in relation to urinary-calculus formation and bladder-tumour risk. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Symptoms
  • Urachal cancer can exist for some years without any symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Signs and symptoms of TCC are entirely dependent on the location and extent of the cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms include, low back pain, pain that radiates down the leg, numbness around the anus, and loss of bowel or bladder control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaginal
  • For botryoid rhabdomyosarcoma of the vagina, the most common clinical finding is vaginal bleeding but vaginal bleeding is not specific for sarcoma botryoides: other vaginal cancers are possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • retention
  • Detrusor weaknesses causing urinary retention and post-void residual incontinence as assessed by bladder scanning the patient after the patient has urinated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colon Cancer
  • This evolutionary process has first been shown by the studies of Bert Vogelstein in colon cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colon polyps are a concern because of the potential for colon cancer being present microscopically and the risk of benign colon polyps transforming over time into malignant ones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since most polyps are asymptomatic, they are usually discovered at the time of colon cancer screening. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though colon cancer is usually not found in polyps smaller than 2.5 cm, all polyps found are removed since the removal of polyps reduces the future likelihood of developing colon cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adenomatous polyp is considered pre-malignant, i.e., likely to develop into colon cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiple adenomatous polyps often result from familial polyposis coli or familial adenomatous polyposis, a condition that carries a very high risk of colon cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although polyps do not carry significant risk of colon cancer, tubular adenomatous polyps may become cancerous when they grow larger. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cervical
  • The Study Focusses on the Evaluation of New Tissue Biomarkers for Cervical Cancer and Its Preinvasive Lesions. (netdata.com)
  • disease
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis Peutz-Jeghers syndrome Turcot syndrome Juvenile polyposis syndrome Cowden disease Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (Bannayan-Zonana syndrome) Gardner's syndrome Cronkhite-Canada syndrome Malignant Hamartomatous Hyperplastic Inflammatory: Inflammatory fibroid polyp Adenomatous polyps, or adenomas, are polyps that grow on the lining of the colon and which carry a high risk of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urinary tract obstruction The term "uropathy" refers to a disease of the urinary tract, while "nephropathy" refers to a disease of the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • When disease presents with low-grade histologic features the cancer rarely spreads through the lymphatic system or through the bloodstream. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patient
  • Side effects include a small chance of developing systemic tuberculosis or the patient becoming sensitized to the BCG causing severe intolerance and a possible reduction in bladder volume due to scarring. (wikipedia.org)
  • variation
  • There are three necessary and sufficient conditions for natural selection, all of which are met in a neoplasm: There must be variation in the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk
  • The striking effects of dietary restriction on cancer risk in laboratory rats and mice and the possibility that dietary restraint may be beneficial in man are discussed. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The investigators will look at risk factors to learn more about how these impact cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The goal of this study is to understand factors which may influence risk for colorectal and other cancers in families. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Mutations resulting in deletion or reduction of function of the CDKN2A gene are associated with increased risk of a wide range of cancers and alterations of the gene are frequently seen in cancer cell lines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tobacco smoking is associated with an increased risk of ureteral cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Occupational exposure to certain chemicals is also a risk factor for bladder cancer. (wikipedia.org)