• fibroblast growth
  • Researchers with the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) found that about 20 short-legged dog breeds, including dachshunds, corgis and basset hounds, have two copies of a gene that play a role in production of the protein fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4). (bio-medicine.org)
  • lateral
  • Baumann's angle, also known as the humeral-capitellar angle, is measured on an AP radiograph of the elbow between the long axis of the humerus and the growth plate of the lateral condyle. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetal
  • The retrogene in the short-legged dogs produces too much of the FGF4 growth protein, which the team believes may cause growth receptors to be switched on at the wrong time during fetal development. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Formation
  • Calcite formation begins in the golgi complex where protein templates nucleate the formation of CaCO3 crystals and complex acidic polysaccharides control the shape and growth of these crystals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Puberty
  • Therefore, an individual mostly stays in the same position in the distribution relative to peers throughout growth, although with some potential for temporary deviation from this track as a result of changes in nutrition, physical activity, or during puberty. (frontiersin.org)
  • known
  • This may be behind the known calcification of growth plates that prevents these breeds' legs from growing, a condition known as disproportional dwarfism, or chondrodysplasia, that is distinctive to these breeds. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The extra carbon dioxide aids photosynthesis, while the more acidic waters increase the concentration of bicarbonate the main ingredient for coccolith plates, known as liths. (thaindian.com)
  • important
  • The study of these fossils has facilitated important contributions to biostratigraphy, paleontology, evolutionary biology, and plate tectonics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The shells and skeletons produced from calcification have important functions for the physiology and ecology of the organisms that create them. (wikipedia.org)
  • patterns
  • While short connections may be a result of axons pulling on the walls of forming gyri, the axons may adaptively remain short due to mechanical growth patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • expression
  • Following the validation of increased IGF2 expression by RT-qPCR and immunoblotting in calcifying murine VSMCs, IGF2 expression was further demonstrated in the calcified aorta of the Enpp1 −/− mouse model of medial aortic calcification. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • control
  • The saturation state must be high enough for calcification, and the organism must control the hydrogen ion concentration in the surrounding area. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Trabecular marrow is composed of a network of rod- and plate-like elements that make the overall organ lighter and allow room for blood vessels and marrow. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Conclusion- This study demonstrates novel mechanism by which BGP locally shifts cells toward glycolytic breakdown of glucose, in a HIF-1α-dependent manner, and stimulates calcification of cartilage and vasculature. (ahajournals.org)
  • Aortic valve calcification is also believed to involve the differentiation of valvular interstitial cells (VICs) into an osteoblast-like phenotype ( Monzack & Masters 2011 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • further
  • Heuser and Norris (1929) showed that 11 to 45 minutes of sunshine daily were sufficient to prevent rickets in growing chicks and that no other further improvements in growth were obtained under these conditions by adding cod liver oil (a rich source of vitamin D). (dsm.com)
  • role
  • The only observed role that the cranium may play in gyrification is in flattening of gyri as the brain matures after the cranial plates fuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • continues
  • The human cranium continues to grow substantially along with the brain after birth until the cranial plates finally fuse after several years. (wikipedia.org)
  • shape
  • semantically similar to the above, but while - plasia refers to changeable shape, - trophic refers to growth. (fredlanting.org)