Loading...


  • bodies
  • The proposed applications of this dataset would be for educational purposes (removing the need for cadavers for medical students), diagnostics and training (physicians could perform surgical techniques on virtual bodies before the actual procedure), and physician-patient consultation (both physician and patient could witness a potential surgery). (ctheory.net)
  • This project, initiated by the US National Library of Medicine, aims to create complete, anatomically detailed, three dimensional representations of male and female human bodies. (bmj.com)
  • It is the creation of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies. (uiowa.edu)
  • When the project began, the bodies of two people, a woman and a man, were imaged extensively using MRI and CT scanning. (newscientist.com)
  • It then reappeared in the 5th and 6th centuries during the migration era, when sacrificed animals were sometimes included with the human bodies on the pyre, and the deceased were dressed in costume and with ornaments for the burning. (wikipedia.org)
  • internal organs
  • Body Voyage presents some of the results of this "Visible Man,"whereby the user can variously rotate the whole body or a section of it, "peel" away the skin, internal organs, or skeletal structure, and "fly through" the interior cavities of the torso, head, and pelvis. (ctheory.net)
  • body
  • One of the most prominent results of this project thus far has been the Body Voyage CD-ROM, published by Time-Warner. (ctheory.net)
  • Work is currently being done on a "Visible Woman" at Stanford University, where, researchers claim, the rendered digital images of the 59 year old woman who had donated her body to science will have a partially functioning digestive system. (ctheory.net)
  • We used it to visualize a 3-dimensional cadaver image set and figuratively "slice" a body. (instructables.com)
  • There are currently efforts to repeat this project with higher resolution images but only with parts of the body instead of a cadaver. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the prompting of a prison chaplain he had agreed to donate his body for scientific research or medical use, without knowing about the Visible Human Project. (wikipedia.org)
  • The long-term goal of the Visible Human Project ® is to produce a system of knowledge structures that will transparently link visual knowledge forms to symbolic knowledge formats such as the names of body parts. (uiowa.edu)
  • The methodology behind the development of VIP-Man phantom represented a breakthrough in using "voxels" in Monte Carlo dose calculations for the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The human body may be the world's most wonderful machine, but it differs from nearly every other mechanical gadget in one important way: It contains essentially no empty space. (washingtonpost.com)
  • It was an anatomist's dream an undefiled body that could be explored from any angle or point of view, thanks to sophisticated software rendering images in three dimensions. (washingtonpost.com)
  • This text is an invaluable resource for professionals, students, and anyone interested in the fascinating detail of the human body. (booktopia.com.au)
  • Before the nineteenth-century, the mind-body duality, which was central to Descartes' philosophy, had tended to place the human mind outside the domain of biology. (blogspot.com)
  • An American woman's cadaver has been sliced more than 5000 times to create the world's most detailed digital body. (newscientist.com)
  • Her husband gave permission for her body to be used by the Visible Human Project, set up by the US National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland. (newscientist.com)
  • Their phantom is the most detailed digital reconstruction of a whole human body ever to be pieced together. (newscientist.com)
  • Entire body scans take several hours and any slight movements blur the image. (newscientist.com)
  • Leveraging the data sets from the National Library of Medicine's Visible Human Male, the AnatLab system acts as a navigator allowing users to explore the human body. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • From bionic limbs and neural implants to prenatal screening, researchers around the world are hard at work developing a myriad of technologies to fix or enhance the human body. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • 3D Geometric database of the Human Body. (umich.edu)
  • Medical animations are often employed as a method of visualizing the vast number of microscopic processes that occur in the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computational human phantoms are models of the human body used in computerized analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • These models have become increasingly accurate with respect to the internal structure of the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Graduating from phantoms based on simple quadratic equations to voxelized phantoms, which were based on actual medical images of the human body, was a major step. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, stylized computational phantom is a mathematical representation of the human body which, when coupled with a Monte Carlo radiation transport computer code, can be used to track the radiation interactions and energy deposition in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • More accurate methods of simulating a human body were necessary to advance. (wikipedia.org)
  • CT scans give the human body a large dose of ionizing radiation - something the computational phantom was designed to circumvent in the first place. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can also make us go "inside" the human body and look at structures in ways that were never thought possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time Grey developed his depictions of the human body that "x-ray" the multiple layers of reality, and reveal the interplay of anatomical and spiritual forces. (wikipedia.org)
  • Excluding two dimensional images, there are other ways to express information visually - gestures and body language, animation (digital or analogue), and film. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tasmanian devil's large head and neck allow it to generate among the strongest bites per unit body mass of any extant mammal land predator, and it hunts prey and scavenges carrion as well as eating household products if humans are living nearby. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • One of the most notable statements came from the University of Vienna which demanded that the images be withdrawn with reference to the point that the medical profession should have no association with executions, and that the donor's informed consent could be scrutinised. (wikipedia.org)
  • A collection of sites for medical images. (duq.edu)
  • He and his colleagues are interested in novel computational and experimental methods that have important and diverse applications in radiation protection, radiation measurement, shielding design, reactor modeling, medical imaging, and radiotherapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The VIP-Man phantom, which has been shared with more than 100 researchers worldwide, made it possible to study radiation dosimetry in health physics as well as medical physics (medical imaging and radiotherapy). (wikipedia.org)
  • The idea for the Visible Human Project came from Michael Ackerman, a biomedical engineer at the National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health and the largest medical library in the world. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The original aim of the project was to provide digital subjects for medical education, but researchers have since begun to appreciate their potential for modelling dangerous experiments. (newscientist.com)
  • They used software to help them stitch the thousands of images together, and the final model was checked by five doctors, each with a different medical specialism. (newscientist.com)
  • The phantom gives us a great opportunity to study human tissues without having to do human studies, which are lengthy and expensive," says Ara Nazarian , an orthopaedic surgeon at Harvard Medical School who is collaborating with Makarov. (newscientist.com)
  • Due to both the relative scarcity of cadavers to be used for surgical instruction and to the dwindling use of animals and patients who have not given consent, institutes may utilize medical animations as a way to teach doctors-to-be anatomical and surgical concepts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stimulation of hand-eye skills using haptics is another possible use of medical animation technology, one that stems from the replacement of cadavers in surgical classrooms with task trainers and mannequins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such techniques represent a cost- and time-saving move away from the creation of medical animations using sectioned cadavers. (wikipedia.org)
  • With such a variety of phantoms, many kinds of simulations can be run, from dose received from medical imaging procedures to nuclear medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many efforts were undertaken to diversify and extend its applications in radiation protection, radiation therapy, and medical imaging, one cannot overcome its inborn limitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • phantoms
  • An internationally recognized leading expert in Monte Carlo computation and radiation protection dosimetry, Xu has co-founded the International Consortium of Computational Human Phantoms and co-edited Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Xu and students demonstrated, for the first time, that it was possible to rapidly create phantoms representing a pregnant mother at the end of 3-, 6-, and 9-month gestational periods without relying on patient images that are difficult to obtain for pregnant patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phantoms have been developed for a wide variety of humans, from children to adolescents to adults, male and female, as well as pregnant women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phantoms such as the Shepp-Logan Phantom were used as models of a human head in the development and testing of image reconstruction algorithms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two major issues with development of the reference phantoms are difficulty in obtaining useful images and handling the large amount of data created from these images. (wikipedia.org)
  • polygonal
  • The polygonal data from the annotation tools is used to generate secondary maps of 24-bit color "indices" where a given x,y,z coordinate in the original image data corresponds to an homologous x,y,z location in the secondary "map" of 24-bit voxels. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • perspectives
  • Images can be analysed though many perspectives, for example these six major perspectives presented by Paul Martin Lester: Personal perspective When a viewer has an opinion about an image based on their personal thoughts. (wikipedia.org)
  • nuclear
  • His recent research projects have included such diverse topics as parallel Monte Carlo computing using GPU/CUDA, nanomaterials-based x-ray sources, CT imaging and proton radiotherapy, compressive sensing for nuclear detection, and the ARCHER Monte Carlo testbed project. (wikipedia.org)
  • Xu has directed numerous projects, with a total funding of about $15 million from agencies such as the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Standards and Technology, and Electric Power Research Institute, as well as private nuclear power industry including Entergy Nuclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is an information resource for central nervous system imaging which integrates clinical information with MR, CT, and nuclear medicine images. (umich.edu)
  • volumetric
  • The NLM [National Library of Medicine] should undertake a first project building a digital image library of volumetric data representing a complete, normal adult male and female. (ctheory.net)
  • structures
  • Sectioned colour images allow you to distinguish virtually all the anatomical structures we are made of," says Silvia Farcito at the Foundation for Research on Information Technologies in Society, based in Zurich, Switzerland, although she says that blood vessels tend to collapse in cadavers. (newscientist.com)
  • The AnatLab annotator is a Tk-based graphical annotation tool used by anatomical experts to define the boundaries of structures on each section in the Visible Human data set. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • bone
  • Cremation is the combustion, vaporization and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Library
  • The project is run by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) under the direction of Michael J. Ackerman. (wikipedia.org)
  • Victor M. Spitzer, Ph.D. and David G. Whitlock M.D., Ph.D., who were commissioned by the National Library of Medicine of The National Institutes of Health to make the cuts and compile the images, provide illustrated commentary about how their team obtained, prepared, and captured the images for this unique resource. (booktopia.com.au)
  • Viewer
  • Also when a viewer has viewed an image with a personal perspective, it is hard to change the view of the image on the viewer, and the image can even be seen in other ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • radiation
  • This makes it possible to compute the impact that radiation, for example, and various imaging techniques are likely to have on living tissues. (newscientist.com)
  • ways
  • In what may become the most clinically useful application, numerous companies are using the exquisitely detailed "data set" of the Visible Human cadavers to find ways to extract more information from the kinds of "imaging studies" made daily of thousands of people in hospitals or clinics. (washingtonpost.com)
  • If manipulated by a computer in an interactive way, it can represent an electronic cadaver that can be dissected infinite times in infinite ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • techniques
  • Art therapy practice requires the professional be knowledgeable of visual art and the creative process, as well as of human development, psychological, and counseling theories and techniques. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • people
  • The goal of the festival is to help the public recognize disability as a natural part of the human experience and to expand equal opportunity for people with disabilities to participate fully in the civic, social, and economic life of our region. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • animals
  • It is also possible for archaeological layers to be reworked on purpose or by accident (by humans, natural forces or animals). (wikipedia.org)
  • It was once native to mainland Australia and is now found in the wild only on the island state of Tasmania, including tiny east-coast Maria Island where there is a conservation project with disease-free animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because they were seen as a threat to livestock and animals that humans hunted for fur in Tasmania, devils were hunted and became endangered. (wikipedia.org)
  • hard
  • What has happened is that biologists, who once postulated a privileged role for the human mind in nature's hierarchy, have been moving relentlessly toward the hard-core materialism that characterized nineteenth-century physics. (blogspot.com)
  • bodies
  • It then reappeared in the 5th and 6th centuries during the migration era, when sacrificed animals were sometimes included with the human bodies on the pyre, and the deceased were dressed in costume and with ornaments for the burning. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, the National Library of Medicine's Visible Human Project created 3D medical animations of the male and female bodies by scanning cadavers using CT technology, after which they were frozen, shaved into millimeter-thick sections and recorded using high-resolution photographs. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • At the prompting of a prison chaplain he had agreed to donate his body for scientific research or medical use, without knowing about the Visible Human Project. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most notable statements came from the University of Vienna which demanded that the images be withdrawn with reference to the point that the medical profession should have no association with executions, and that the donor's informed consent could be scrutinised. (wikipedia.org)
  • He and his colleagues are interested in novel computational and experimental methods that have important and diverse applications in radiation protection, radiation measurement, shielding design, reactor modeling, medical imaging, and radiotherapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The VIP-Man phantom, which has been shared with more than 100 researchers worldwide, made it possible to study radiation dosimetry in health physics as well as medical physics (medical imaging and radiotherapy). (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to both the relative scarcity of cadavers to be used for surgical instruction and to the dwindling use of animals and patients who have not given consent, institutes may utilize medical animations as a way to teach doctors-to-be anatomical and surgical concepts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stimulation of hand-eye skills using haptics is another possible use of medical animation technology, one that stems from the replacement of cadavers in surgical classrooms with task trainers and mannequins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such techniques represent a cost- and time-saving move away from the creation of medical animations using sectioned cadavers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical animations are often employed as a method of visualizing the vast number of microscopic processes that occur in the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many efforts were undertaken to diversify and extend its applications in radiation protection, radiation therapy, and medical imaging, one cannot overcome its inborn limitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Excluding two dimensional images, there are other ways to express information visually - gestures and body language, animation (digital or analogue), and film. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are currently efforts to repeat this project with higher resolution images but only with parts of the body instead of a cadaver. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can also make us go "inside" the human body and look at structures in ways that were never thought possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tasmanian devil's large head and neck allow it to generate among the strongest bites per unit body mass of any extant mammal land predator, and it hunts prey and scavenges carrion as well as eating household products if humans are living nearby. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time Grey developed his depictions of the human body that "x-ray" the multiple layers of reality, and reveal the interplay of anatomical and spiritual forces. (wikipedia.org)
  • These models have become increasingly accurate with respect to the internal structure of the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • More accurate methods of simulating a human body were necessary to advance. (wikipedia.org)
  • CT scans give the human body a large dose of ionizing radiation - something the computational phantom was designed to circumvent in the first place. (wikipedia.org)
  • nuclear
  • Xu has directed numerous projects, with a total funding of about $15 million from agencies such as the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Standards and Technology, and Electric Power Research Institute, as well as private nuclear power industry including Entergy Nuclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • animals
  • It is also possible for archaeological layers to be reworked on purpose or by accident (by humans, natural forces or animals). (wikipedia.org)
  • It was once native to mainland Australia and is now found in the wild only on the island state of Tasmania, including tiny east-coast Maria Island where there is a conservation project with disease-free animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because they were seen as a threat to livestock and animals that humans hunted for fur in Tasmania, devils were hunted and became endangered. (wikipedia.org)
  • basic
  • Cremation is the combustion, vaporization and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • meditation
  • This practice of prayer, reading, and meditation was often cultivated through concentration on vivid images of scenes from the Bible, Saints' Lives, and other religious material. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • The term 'visual presentation' is used to refer to the actual presentation of information through a visible medium such as text or images. (wikipedia.org)
  • remains
  • When excavating a burial site or surface deposit "in situ" refers to cataloging, recording, mapping, photographing human remains in the position they are discovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • The female cadaver was cut into slices at .33 millimeter intervals, resulting in some 40 gigabytes of data. (wikipedia.org)
  • seen
  • Also when a viewer has viewed an image with a personal perspective, it is hard to change the view of the image on the viewer, and the image can even be seen in other ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • perspective
  • Images can be analysed though many perspectives, for example these six major perspectives presented by Paul Martin Lester: Personal perspective When a viewer has an opinion about an image based on their personal thoughts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technical perspective When the view of an image is influenced by the use of lights, position and the presentation of the image. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • Under the buildings of the modern city there is a continuous stratification attesting to human settlement over the course of some five thousand years, from the Neolithic to today. (wikipedia.org)