• volumetric
  • The NLM [National Library of Medicine] should undertake a first project building a digital image library of volumetric data representing a complete, normal adult male and female. (ctheory.net)
  • In 1991 the NLM awarded a contract for development of the proposed data set to the University of Colorado Center for Human Simulation, with a subcontract for creation of three-dimensional volumetric visualizations of the computerized cadavers to the Visualization Group of the Scientific Computing Division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research. (focusing.org)
  • Researchers discovered that they could take that diagnostic data and transform it into a voxel (volumetric pixel) format, essentially re-creating the human body in digital form in 3D. (wikipedia.org)
  • internal organs
  • Body Voyage presents some of the results of this "Visible Man,"whereby the user can variously rotate the whole body or a section of it, "peel" away the skin, internal organs, or skeletal structure, and "fly through" the interior cavities of the torso, head, and pelvis. (ctheory.net)
  • bodies
  • The proposed applications of this dataset would be for educational purposes (removing the need for cadavers for medical students), diagnostics and training (physicians could perform surgical techniques on virtual bodies before the actual procedure), and physician-patient consultation (both physician and patient could witness a potential surgery). (ctheory.net)
  • This project, initiated by the US National Library of Medicine, aims to create complete, anatomically detailed, three dimensional representations of male and female human bodies. (bmj.com)
  • Complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies from the National Library of Medicine. (duq.edu)
  • One of the chapters focuses on the ways in which human bodies are portrayed in digital media. (wordpress.com)
  • Social media platforms host images of dead bodies and first-person accounts of dying. (wordpress.com)
  • It features images of the bodies and details about where they were found, asking viewers to contact police or the coroner in charge of the case with any information they may have about the dead people portrayed on the site. (wordpress.com)
  • Indeed, simply typing in 'unidentified dead bodies' into a search engine gives ready access to many of these images. (wordpress.com)
  • Some people who have confronted a fatal illness have blogged about their experiences, presenting a written portrayal of their last days, sometimes accompanied by images of their failing bodies. (wordpress.com)
  • body
  • One of the most prominent results of this project thus far has been the Body Voyage CD-ROM, published by Time-Warner. (ctheory.net)
  • Work is currently being done on a "Visible Woman" at Stanford University, where, researchers claim, the rendered digital images of the 59 year old woman who had donated her body to science will have a partially functioning digestive system. (ctheory.net)
  • There are currently efforts to repeat this project with higher resolution images but only with parts of the body instead of a cadaver. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the prompting of a prison chaplain he had agreed to donate his body for scientific research or medical use, without knowing about the Visible Human Project. (wikipedia.org)
  • The methodology behind the development of VIP-Man phantom represented a breakthrough in using "voxels" in Monte Carlo dose calculations for the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, the human body is the objective target of technology. (focusing.org)
  • In 1993, after two and a half years of searching for a fresh cadaver that was ''normal' and within guidelines of size and age,' a qualified thirty-nine year old Texas death row inmate named Joseph P. Jernigan agreed to donate his body to science in exchange for being allowed to die by lethal injection rather than electrocution. (focusing.org)
  • The second step was creation of three matching sets of images composed of transverse sections or 'slices' of Jernigan's body. (focusing.org)
  • Before the nineteenth-century, the mind-body duality, which was central to Descartes' philosophy, had tended to place the human mind outside the domain of biology. (blogspot.com)
  • Leveraging the data sets from the National Library of Medicine's Visible Human Male, the AnatLab system acts as a navigator allowing users to explore the human body. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • From bionic limbs and neural implants to prenatal screening, researchers around the world are hard at work developing a myriad of technologies to fix or enhance the human body. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • 3D Geometric database of the Human Body. (umich.edu)
  • Medical animations are often employed as a method of visualizing the vast number of microscopic processes that occur in the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a growing body of literature on how the dead are memorialised on social media, but very little about actual images of the dying and dead online. (wordpress.com)
  • These are the kind of accounts and images of the dying and dead human body that until the advent of the internet would have received little or no exposure. (wordpress.com)
  • Computational human phantoms are models of the human body used in computerized analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • These models have become increasingly accurate with respect to the internal structure of the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Graduating from phantoms based on simple quadratic equations to voxelized phantoms, which were based on actual medical images of the human body, was a major step. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, stylized computational phantom is a mathematical representation of the human body which, when coupled with a Monte Carlo radiation transport computer code, can be used to track the radiation interactions and energy deposition in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • More accurate methods of simulating a human body were necessary to advance. (wikipedia.org)
  • CT scans give the human body a large dose of ionizing radiation - something the computational phantom was designed to circumvent in the first place. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can also make us go "inside" the human body and look at structures in ways that were never thought possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time Grey developed his depictions of the human body that "x-ray" the multiple layers of reality, and reveal the interplay of anatomical and spiritual forces. (wikipedia.org)
  • Excluding two dimensional images, there are other ways to express information visually - gestures and body language, animation (digital or analogue), and film. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • One of the most notable statements came from the University of Vienna which demanded that the images be withdrawn with reference to the point that the medical profession should have no association with executions, and that the donor's informed consent could be scrutinised. (wikipedia.org)
  • A collection of sites for medical images. (duq.edu)
  • He and his colleagues are interested in novel computational and experimental methods that have important and diverse applications in radiation protection, radiation measurement, shielding design, reactor modeling, medical imaging, and radiotherapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The VIP-Man phantom, which has been shared with more than 100 researchers worldwide, made it possible to study radiation dosimetry in health physics as well as medical physics (medical imaging and radiotherapy). (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to both the relative scarcity of cadavers to be used for surgical instruction and to the dwindling use of animals and patients who have not given consent, institutes may utilize medical animations as a way to teach doctors-to-be anatomical and surgical concepts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stimulation of hand-eye skills using haptics is another possible use of medical animation technology, one that stems from the replacement of cadavers in surgical classrooms with task trainers and mannequins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such techniques represent a cost- and time-saving move away from the creation of medical animations using sectioned cadavers. (wikipedia.org)
  • what components of medical record-keeping are humans better at? (cram.com)
  • Bonnie Martin-Harris [ http://academicdepartments.musc.edu/chp/directory/faculty/martinharris.htm ] and her colleagues at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and Saint Joseph's Hospital of Atlanta, Georgia created MBSImP based on judgments of structural movement relative to bolus flow from videofluoroscopic images using standardized bolus volumes and consistencies. (artisynth.org)
  • The Healthcare Hashtag Project operated by Symplur, a healthcare social media analytics company, provides a publicly available online resource that demonstrates the diversity of health and medical topics that are discussed on Twitter. (wordpress.com)
  • With such a variety of phantoms, many kinds of simulations can be run, from dose received from medical imaging procedures to nuclear medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many efforts were undertaken to diversify and extend its applications in radiation protection, radiation therapy, and medical imaging, one cannot overcome its inborn limitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasound
  • Dynamic imaging techniques, such as dynamic MRI, Videofluoroscopy, CT and Ultrasound, compete to record the nature and the chronology of the tongue movements during swallowing. (artisynth.org)
  • phantoms
  • An internationally recognized leading expert in Monte Carlo computation and radiation protection dosimetry, Xu has co-founded the International Consortium of Computational Human Phantoms and co-edited Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Xu and students demonstrated, for the first time, that it was possible to rapidly create phantoms representing a pregnant mother at the end of 3-, 6-, and 9-month gestational periods without relying on patient images that are difficult to obtain for pregnant patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phantoms have been developed for a wide variety of humans, from children to adolescents to adults, male and female, as well as pregnant women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phantoms such as the Shepp-Logan Phantom were used as models of a human head in the development and testing of image reconstruction algorithms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two major issues with development of the reference phantoms are difficulty in obtaining useful images and handling the large amount of data created from these images. (wikipedia.org)
  • polygonal
  • The polygonal data from the annotation tools is used to generate secondary maps of 24-bit color "indices" where a given x,y,z coordinate in the original image data corresponds to an homologous x,y,z location in the secondary "map" of 24-bit voxels. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • nuclear
  • His recent research projects have included such diverse topics as parallel Monte Carlo computing using GPU/CUDA, nanomaterials-based x-ray sources, CT imaging and proton radiotherapy, compressive sensing for nuclear detection, and the ARCHER Monte Carlo testbed project. (wikipedia.org)
  • Xu has directed numerous projects, with a total funding of about $15 million from agencies such as the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Standards and Technology, and Electric Power Research Institute, as well as private nuclear power industry including Entergy Nuclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is an information resource for central nervous system imaging which integrates clinical information with MR, CT, and nuclear medicine images. (umich.edu)
  • mammals
  • In humans and other mammals, it develops from an outgrowth in the embryo called the genital tubercle. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two kinds of sex chromosomes-"X" and "Y". In humans and in almost all other mammals, females carry two X chromosomes, designated XX, and males carry one X and one Y, designate A human egg contains only one set of chromosomes (23) and is said to be haploid. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • Various projects to make the raw data more useful for educational purposes are under way. (wikipedia.org)
  • The AnatLab annotator is a Tk-based graphical annotation tool used by anatomical experts to define the boundaries of structures on each section in the Visible Human data set. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • The RGB triplet found at that location in the secondary map then acts as a unique 24-bit object index for the image feature in the original data. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • applied an edge-preserving data combination technique based on Markov Random Field, to build super-resolution volumes of the human tongue. (artisynth.org)
  • computer
  • Indeed, Sherry Turkle (1995) has suggested important modulations of the self are in the making, and the philosopher Michael Heim (1993) has suggested that the computer is leading to a major ontological shift - a modulation in the structure of human reality itself. (focusing.org)
  • If manipulated by a computer in an interactive way, it can represent an electronic cadaver that can be dissected infinite times in infinite ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example: The result of using the computer to edit images (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • posture
  • This innovative method also afforded the ability to simulate changes in human posture as well as physiology-caused organ deformation such as respiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viewer
  • Images can be analysed though many perspectives, for example these six major perspectives presented by Paul Martin Lester: Personal perspective When a viewer has an opinion about an image based on their personal thoughts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also when a viewer has viewed an image with a personal perspective, it is hard to change the view of the image on the viewer, and the image can even be seen in other ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • sexual
  • Sexual dimorphism in humans is the subject of much controversy, especially relating to mental ability and psychological gender. (wikipedia.org)
  • digital
  • Visual communication by e-mail, a textual medium, is commonly expressed with ASCII art, emoticons, and embedded digital images. (wikipedia.org)
  • observation
  • One way to address the question of what it means to be human is to begin with the observation that we have a world and inhabit a world. (focusing.org)
  • First, the imaging process is formulated as an observation model. (artisynth.org)
  • techniques
  • Art therapy practice requires the professional be knowledgeable of visual art and the creative process, as well as of human development, psychological, and counseling theories and techniques. (nmhmchicago.org)
  • head
  • The glans (head) of the human clitoris is roughly the size and shape of a pea, and is estimated to have more than 8,000 sensory nerve endings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unfinished) (1926) Woman in a Chemise, Lying, (Study for "Women Lying on the Beach") (1926) Women Lying on the Beach (1926) Apparatus and Hand (1927) Automatic Drawing (Untitled) (1927) Barcelonese Mannequin (1927) Figure Edged in Flames (1927) Harlequin (1927) Head (Draft of a Double Image) (1927) Head of a Woman (1927) Honey Is Sweeter Than Blood (1927) Nude Woman in an Armchair (1927) Ocell. (wikipedia.org)
  • dead
  • Many memorial blogs and YouTube videos feature parents mourning pregnancy loss and stillborn infants, often featuring images of the dead foetuses or infants (I discuss this in my book The Social Worlds of the Unborn ). (wordpress.com)
  • While bereaved people in the Victorian era often had photographs taken of dead relatives , especially babies and children (sometimes with the living relatives posing alongside them), these images were kept to the private domain. (wordpress.com)
  • early
  • Such attempts to reduce human behaviour to its biological basis have a long history, beginning with early Darwinians and their contemporaries working in physiological psychology. (blogspot.com)
  • When I checked the website in early May 2016, the Project had identified close to 13,000 healthcare topics, over 10,000 hashtags related to healthcare and almost 4,000 contributors to these discussions on Twitter. (wordpress.com)
  • animals
  • It is also possible for archaeological layers to be reworked on purpose or by accident (by humans, natural forces or animals). (wikipedia.org)