• tumors
  • It is important and necessary to put in practice actions that identify the modifiable risk factors for the development of breast tumors in order to reduce morbidity and mortality levels due to this pathology. (scielo.br)
  • Of all cancer types, breast tumors stand out among women, as observed by the frightening statistics. (scielo.br)
  • Breast tumors are the most frequent type of cancer among women in the South of Brazil, totaling an estimated risk of 67/100,000 women. (scielo.br)
  • For multiple neoplasms of the same site that are not contiguous, such as tumors in different quadrants of the same breast, codes for each site should be assigned. (icd10data.com)
  • The risk of solid tumors, especially breast cancer, is high among women who were treated with radiation for childhood Hodgkin's disease. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Phyllodes tumors (from Greek: phullon leaf), also cystosarcoma phyllodes, cystosarcoma phylloides and phylloides tumor, are typically large, fast-growing masses that form from the periductal stromal cells of the breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation treatment after breast-conserving surgery with negative margins may significantly reduce the local recurrence rate for borderline and malignant tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • In males with node-negative tumors, adjuvant therapy is applied under the same considerations as in females with node-negative breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Incidence levels of breast cancer increase rapidly until the age of 50, after which the increase continues at a slower pace (1) . (scielo.br)
  • In scientific terms, there are no specific strategies that permit primary breast cancer prevention, although its incidence can be decreased through health promotion actions, emphasizing attention with risk factors, including obesity and smoking (5) . (scielo.br)
  • The Late Effects Study Group followed a cohort of 1380 children with Hodgkin's disease to determine the incidence of second neoplasms and the risk factors associated with them. (uni-bonn.de)
  • mastectomy
  • Treatment may consist of radiation, lumpectomy, mastectomy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy.men can have breast cancer, too, but the number of cases is small. (icd10data.com)
  • He was a principal investigator and member of the Executive Committee of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast Project, which, in a series of studies demonstrated the effectiveness of lumpectomy, in combination with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or hormonal therapy, over radical mastectomy as an effective treatment for many breast cancer patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • Over one-half of the 300,000 breast cancer deaths worldwide in 1990 (the latest year with such data) occurred in developed countries, but annual mortality rates ranged from 27/100,000 women in northern Europe to 4/100,000 women in Asia. (wiley.com)
  • tissue
  • Breast cancer is consensually considered genetically and clinically as a heterogeneous disease, in that it reflects the heterogeneity of the normal breast tissue at its origin17873350. (wikipedia.org)
  • at DCEG DCEG Publications Database Search for Dr. Fraumeni Li FP, Fraumeni JF Jr. Soft-tissue sarcomas, breast cancer, and other neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fat-graft transfer approach augments the size and corrects contour defects of the breast hemisphere with grafts of autologous adipocyte fat tissue, drawn from the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a breast-reconstruction procedure, within a multi-stage reconstruction-mammoplasty, a tissue expander (a temporary breast-implant device) is emplaced and used to prepare (shape and enlarge) the recipient site (implant-pocket) to receive and accommodate the breast implant prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a non-implant breast-augmentation procedure, some fat-graft injection approaches feature tissue-engineering, which is the pre-operative, external expansion of the tissues of the recipient site to receive the grafts of adipocyte tissue drawn from the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of the woman with much breast tissue, for whom sub-muscular emplacement is the recommended surgical approach, saline breast implants can afford an aesthetic result much like that afforded by silicone breast implants - a "look" of proportionate breast size, smooth contour, and realistic texture. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumor
  • Primary desmoid tumor (extraabdominal fibromatosis) of the breast. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Stage I is an invasive breast cancer with the tumor not exceeding 2 cm and absence of lymph node involvement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mutation or over expression of oncogenes can be kept under controlled expression in a very specific cellular context rather than throughout the organism.Another way to model human breast cancer is done through the targeted inhibition of a tumor suppressor gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of the risk factors for breast cancer among women between 40 and 69 years old in the city of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil. (scielo.br)
  • In view of this problem, this research intended to identify the prevalence of risk factors for breast cancer in women between 40 and 69 years, in Maringá, PR. (scielo.br)
  • This age range was chosen due to the greater prevalence of illness and death by breast cancer in the age range between 40 and 69 years (5) . (scielo.br)
  • But thanks to the prevalence of medical tourism, patients with breast neoplasms can now undergo cancer treatment in Southeast Asia at 50% to 75% less than its usual cost. (docdoc.com)
  • invasive
  • Although many of the epithelial lesions/changes listed below are neoplastic, they are best thought of as neoplasms at increased risk and along a continuum with normal breast at one end and invasive carcinoma at the other. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The technical goal of saline-implant technology was a physically less invasive surgical technique for emplacing an empty breast-implant device through a smaller surgical incision. (wikipedia.org)
  • radiation
  • 2000 cGy) of radiation (relative risk, 5.9) were associated with significantly increased risk of breast cancer. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Many males with breast cancer have inherited a BRCA mutation, but there are other causes, including alcohol abuse and exposure to certain hormones and ionizing radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • elsewhere
  • A primary malignant neoplasm that overlaps two or more contiguous (next to each other) sites should be classified to the subcategory/code .8 ('overlapping lesion'), unless the combination is specifically indexed elsewhere. (icd10data.com)
  • skin
  • swelling of the breast, or a skin lesion such as an ulcer. (wikipedia.org)
  • yet, it is likelier to cause cosmetic problems, such as the rippling and the wrinkling of the breast-envelope skin, and technical problems, such as the presence of the implant being noticeable to the eye and to the touch. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk factors
  • Until date, breast cancer cannot be avoided, but some risk factors of the disease have already been discovered, which can facilitate early detection and contribute to cancer screening (3) . (scielo.br)
  • The most discussed risk factors are the woman s age and family history, that is, having a first-degree relative with breast cancer (4) . (scielo.br)
  • No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there are a number of risk factors. (icd10data.com)
  • history
  • If using family history to estimate breast cancer risk is not possible, one alternative is to simply tally up the number of non-causal breast cancer risk alleles that have some small increased risk each, in order to estimate an overall risk score. (snpedia.com)
  • treatment
  • it is the same as in female breast cancer and facilitates treatment and analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment largely follows patterns that have been set for the management of postmenopausal breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Richard Margolese, C.M. MD FRCS (C), (born 30 July 1935) is a Canadian scientist and has been a leader of multiple research studies that have changed the standard treatment for early stage breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • increase
  • Breast augmentation and augmentation mammoplasty (colloquially known as a "boob job") are plastic surgery terms for the breast-implant and the fat-graft mammoplasty approaches used to increase the size, change the shape, and alter the texture of the breasts of a woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, in most instances of fat-graft breast augmentation the increase is of medium volume - usually one brassière cup-size or less - which usually is the physiologic limit allowed by the metabolism of the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)