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  • tumors
  • a coincident drop in the incidence of breast cancer tumors, especially estrogen-positive tumors, which apparently could not be accounted for by other causes, strongly suggested a link between the two. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is important and necessary to put in practice actions that identify the modifiable risk factors for the development of breast tumors in order to reduce morbidity and mortality levels due to this pathology. (scielo.br)
  • Of all cancer types, breast tumors stand out among women, as observed by the frightening statistics. (scielo.br)
  • Breast tumors are the most frequent type of cancer among women in the South of Brazil, totaling an estimated risk of 67/100,000 women. (scielo.br)
  • For multiple neoplasms of the same site that are not contiguous, such as tumors in different quadrants of the same breast, codes for each site should be assigned. (icd10data.com)
  • Phyllodes tumors (from Greek: phullon leaf), also cystosarcoma phyllodes, cystosarcoma phylloides and phylloides tumor, are typically large, fast-growing masses that form from the periductal stromal cells of the breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation treatment after breast-conserving surgery with negative margins may significantly reduce the local recurrence rate for borderline and malignant tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • In males with node-negative tumors, adjuvant therapy is applied under the same considerations as in females with node-negative breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phase
  • Phase I Open Label Trial to Assess Safety of BIBW 2992 (Afatinib) in Combination With Herceptin® in Patients With HER2-positive Advanced Breast Cancer. (drugbank.ca)
  • Diseases
  • Specifically, those women who have a family history of this disease and those whose lifestyle's are in a way that makes them more at risk of breast cancer, the examinations and tests should be done on a regular basis in order to cure this diseases at the early stages. (ac.ir)
  • TTC39A has been tested for association to diseases like breast neoplasms and is expected to have molecular binding function and localizes in various compartments (extracellular space, membrane, nucleus). (wikipedia.org)
  • nipple
  • The vast majority of cases are carcinomas arising from the breast parenchyma or the nipple. (icd10data.com)
  • other risks include being overweight, using hormone replacement therapy (also called menopausal hormone therapy), taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after age 35 or having dense breasts.symptoms of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in size or shape of the breast or discharge from a nipple. (icd10data.com)
  • tissue
  • Fortunately, the majority of breast lumps are non-malignant cysts or fibrous tissue. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • Breast cancer is a cellular disease caused by uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in breast tissue. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • Breast cancer is consensually considered genetically and clinically as a heterogeneous disease, in that it reflects the heterogeneity of the normal breast tissue at its origin17873350. (wikipedia.org)
  • at DCEG DCEG Publications Database Search for Dr. Fraumeni Li FP, Fraumeni JF Jr. Soft-tissue sarcomas, breast cancer, and other neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fat-graft transfer approach augments the size and corrects contour defects of the breast hemisphere with grafts of autologous adipocyte fat tissue, drawn from the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a breast-reconstruction procedure, within a multi-stage reconstruction-mammoplasty, a tissue expander (a temporary breast-implant device) is emplaced and used to prepare (shape and enlarge) the recipient site (implant-pocket) to receive and accommodate the breast implant prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a non-implant breast-augmentation procedure, some fat-graft injection approaches feature tissue-engineering, which is the pre-operative, external expansion of the tissues of the recipient site to receive the grafts of adipocyte tissue drawn from the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of the woman with much breast tissue, for whom sub-muscular emplacement is the recommended surgical approach, saline breast implants can afford an aesthetic result much like that afforded by silicone breast implants - a "look" of proportionate breast size, smooth contour, and realistic texture. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Even allowing for improvements in detection (i.e., the introduction of routine mammography), there has been a long-term gradual increase in the incidence of breast cancer since the early 1970s, but because of the more effective treatment afforded by such early detection, overall mortality began to decrease by the mid-1990s. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Incidence levels of breast cancer increase rapidly until the age of 50, after which the increase continues at a slower pace (1) . (scielo.br)
  • In scientific terms, there are no specific strategies that permit primary breast cancer prevention, although its incidence can be decreased through health promotion actions, emphasizing attention with risk factors, including obesity and smoking (5) . (scielo.br)
  • Cancer Patients
  • Almost half of male breast cancer patients are stage III or IV. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was a principal investigator and member of the Executive Committee of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast Project, which, in a series of studies demonstrated the effectiveness of lumpectomy, in combination with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or hormonal therapy, over radical mastectomy as an effective treatment for many breast cancer patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also confirms the genetic heterogeneity between the primary neoplasm of breast cancer patients and their respective metastases. (wikipedia.org)
  • metastases
  • There are various patterns of prevalence of genetic mutations in the genomes of primary breast tumour and its metastases. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of the risk factors for breast cancer among women between 40 and 69 years old in the city of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil. (scielo.br)
  • In view of this problem, this research intended to identify the prevalence of risk factors for breast cancer in women between 40 and 69 years, in Maringá, PR. (scielo.br)
  • This age range was chosen due to the greater prevalence of illness and death by breast cancer in the age range between 40 and 69 years (5) . (scielo.br)
  • But thanks to the prevalence of medical tourism, patients with breast neoplasms can now undergo cancer treatment in Southeast Asia at 50% to 75% less than its usual cost. (docdoc.com)
  • tumor
  • Primary desmoid tumor (extraabdominal fibromatosis) of the breast. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Stage I is an invasive breast cancer with the tumor not exceeding 2 cm and absence of lymph node involvement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mutation or over expression of oncogenes can be kept under controlled expression in a very specific cellular context rather than throughout the organism.Another way to model human breast cancer is done through the targeted inhibition of a tumor suppressor gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • ovarian cancer
  • However, risk-factors that increase the probability of developing the disease include a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, increasing age, never having breastfed, never having given birth, long-term hormone replacement therapy, and smoking. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • Women who have family members with breast or ovarian cancer may wish to be tested. (icd10data.com)
  • treatment
  • Male Breast Neoplasms anonymous support group with information on diagnosis, treatment, symptoms, along with personal stories and experiences with Male Breast Neoplasms. (experienceproject.com)
  • Although breast cancer is extremely serious, most people (approximately 80%) who get it survive, particularly if treatment is initiated early in the course of the disease before it has spread from its original site. (giantmicrobes.com)
  • Treatment may consist of radiation, lumpectomy, mastectomy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy.men can have breast cancer, too, but the number of cases is small. (icd10data.com)
  • it is the same as in female breast cancer and facilitates treatment and analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment largely follows patterns that have been set for the management of postmenopausal breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Richard Margolese, C.M. MD FRCS (C), (born 30 July 1935) is a Canadian scientist and has been a leader of multiple research studies that have changed the standard treatment for early stage breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • invasive
  • Although many of the epithelial lesions/changes listed below are neoplastic, they are best thought of as neoplasms at increased risk and along a continuum with normal breast at one end and invasive carcinoma at the other. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The technical goal of saline-implant technology was a physically less invasive surgical technique for emplacing an empty breast-implant device through a smaller surgical incision. (wikipedia.org)
  • rare
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis due to breast cancer is rare and gastrointestinal tract involvement is also unusual. (scielo.br)
  • Mesenchymal neoplasms of the gallbladder are rare and in particular leiomyomas of the gallbladder have been rarely reported, all of them in patients with immune system disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • skin
  • swelling of the breast, or a skin lesion such as an ulcer. (wikipedia.org)
  • yet, it is likelier to cause cosmetic problems, such as the rippling and the wrinkling of the breast-envelope skin, and technical problems, such as the presence of the implant being noticeable to the eye and to the touch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk
  • Epidemiological study has identified certain risk factors that increase the possibility that a woman will get breast cancer, although not all women with breast cancer have these traits, and many women with all of these traits do not develop the disease. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Until date, breast cancer cannot be avoided, but some risk factors of the disease have already been discovered, which can facilitate early detection and contribute to cancer screening (3) . (scielo.br)
  • The most discussed risk factors are the woman s age and family history, that is, having a first-degree relative with breast cancer (4) . (scielo.br)
  • Although there are not conclusive evidences to prove the role of certain chemicals for increasing the risk of breast cancer, there are many reasons for increasing concerns in this area that will be discussed in details. (ac.ir)
  • Breast imaging, as a way to reduce the risk of this problem has been suggested to those women who are at risk of this disease. (ac.ir)
  • No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there are a number of risk factors. (icd10data.com)
  • Close relatives of a cancer patient are at increased risk of that neoplasm, and perhaps other forms of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancers
  • Brachytherapy, in which a radioactive source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment, is another form of radiation therapy that minimizes exposure to healthy tissue during procedures to treat cancers of the breast, prostate and other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol dependence is associated with hypertension, coronary heart disease, and ischemic stroke, cancer of the respiratory system, and also cancers of the digestive system, liver, breast and ovaries. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Self-reported cognitive problems are common among women receiving adjuvant therapy for breast cancer but are unrelated to actual cognitive impairment. (sussex.ac.uk)
  • black
  • black cohosh) on the estrogen receptor positive human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. (nih.gov)
  • We, therefore, investigated the effects of a lipophilic black cohosh rhizome extract and cycloartane-type triterpenoids on the estrogen receptor positive human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. (nih.gov)
  • The psychosocial experiences of breast cancer amongst Black, South Asian and White survivors: do differences exist between ethnic groups? (semanticscholar.org)
  • early
  • Early pubic hair, breast, or genital development may result from natural early maturation or from several other conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • A neoplasm or tumor is a group of cells that have undergone unregulated growth and will often form a mass or lump, but may be distributed diffusely. (wikipedia.org)