• tumors
  • The risk of solid tumors, especially breast cancer, is high among women who were treated with radiation for childhood Hodgkin's disease. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Phyllodes tumors (from Greek: phullon leaf), also cystosarcoma phyllodes, cystosarcoma phylloides and phylloides tumor, are typically large, fast-growing masses that form from the periductal stromal cells of the breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation treatment after breast-conserving surgery with negative margins may significantly reduce the local recurrence rate for borderline and malignant tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • In males with node-negative tumors, adjuvant therapy is applied under the same considerations as in females with node-negative breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • Over one-half of the 300,000 breast cancer deaths worldwide in 1990 (the latest year with such data) occurred in developed countries, but annual mortality rates ranged from 27/100,000 women in northern Europe to 4/100,000 women in Asia. (wiley.com)
  • incidence
  • The Late Effects Study Group followed a cohort of 1380 children with Hodgkin's disease to determine the incidence of second neoplasms and the risk factors associated with them. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Mastectomy
  • He was a principal investigator and member of the Executive Committee of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast Project, which, in a series of studies demonstrated the effectiveness of lumpectomy, in combination with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or hormonal therapy, over radical mastectomy as an effective treatment for many breast cancer patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Breast cancer is consensually considered genetically and clinically as a heterogeneous disease, in that it reflects the heterogeneity of the normal breast tissue at its origin17873350. (wikipedia.org)
  • at DCEG DCEG Publications Database Search for Dr. Fraumeni Li FP, Fraumeni JF Jr. Soft-tissue sarcomas, breast cancer, and other neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fat-graft transfer approach augments the size and corrects contour defects of the breast hemisphere with grafts of autologous adipocyte fat tissue, drawn from the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a breast-reconstruction procedure, within a multi-stage reconstruction-mammoplasty, a tissue expander (a temporary breast-implant device) is emplaced and used to prepare (shape and enlarge) the recipient site (implant-pocket) to receive and accommodate the breast implant prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a non-implant breast-augmentation procedure, some fat-graft injection approaches feature tissue-engineering, which is the pre-operative, external expansion of the tissues of the recipient site to receive the grafts of adipocyte tissue drawn from the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of the woman with much breast tissue, for whom sub-muscular emplacement is the recommended surgical approach, saline breast implants can afford an aesthetic result much like that afforded by silicone breast implants - a "look" of proportionate breast size, smooth contour, and realistic texture. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • But thanks to the prevalence of medical tourism, patients with breast neoplasms can now undergo cancer treatment in Southeast Asia at 50% to 75% less than its usual cost. (docdoc.com)
  • Patients who survive Hodgkin's disease are at increased risk for second neoplasms. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Mesenchymal neoplasms of the gallbladder are rare and in particular leiomyomas of the gallbladder have been rarely reported, all of them in patients with immune system disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • As it presents a similar pathology as female breast cancer, assessment and treatment relies on experiences and guidelines that have been developed in female patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost half of male breast cancer patients are stage III or IV. (wikipedia.org)
  • radiation
  • 2000 cGy) of radiation (relative risk, 5.9) were associated with significantly increased risk of breast cancer. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Many males with breast cancer have inherited a BRCA mutation, but there are other causes, including alcohol abuse and exposure to certain hormones and ionizing radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammary
  • The extra-abdominal form is rare and desmoids of the breast may arise in the mammary gland or may occur as an extension of a lesion arising from the muscles of the chest wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Targeted expression of oncogenes in mouse mammary epithelial cells is a way of modeling human breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • skin
  • swelling of the breast, or a skin lesion such as an ulcer. (wikipedia.org)
  • yet, it is likelier to cause cosmetic problems, such as the rippling and the wrinkling of the breast-envelope skin, and technical problems, such as the presence of the implant being noticeable to the eye and to the touch. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • it is the same as in female breast cancer and facilitates treatment and analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment largely follows patterns that have been set for the management of postmenopausal breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Richard Margolese, C.M. MD FRCS (C), (born 30 July 1935) is a Canadian scientist and has been a leader of multiple research studies that have changed the standard treatment for early stage breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • History
  • If using family history to estimate breast cancer risk is not possible, one alternative is to simply tally up the number of non-causal breast cancer risk alleles that have some small increased risk each, in order to estimate an overall risk score. (snpedia.com)
  • surgery
  • Breast augmentation and augmentation mammoplasty (colloquially known as a "boob job") are plastic surgery terms for the breast-implant and the fat-graft mammoplasty approaches used to increase the size, change the shape, and alter the texture of the breasts of a woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • As an elective, cosmetic surgery, primary augmentation changes the aesthetics - of size, shape, and texture - of healthy breasts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study In vitro Deflation of Pre-filled Saline Breast Implants (2006) reported that the rates of deflation (filler leakage) of the pre-filled saline breast implant made it a second-choice prosthesis for corrective breast surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonetheless, in the 1990s, the saline breast implant was the prosthesis usual for breast augmentation surgery, because of the U.S. FDA's restriction against the importation of silicone-filled breast implants. (wikipedia.org)
  • density
  • Recently (2014), SNP rs140068132 was found in Latin women ("indigenous americans") and was associated with both lower breast density (as seen on mammograms) and with a 40-60% lower risk for breast cancer . (snpedia.com)
  • less
  • They account for less than 1% of all breast neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, in most instances of fat-graft breast augmentation the increase is of medium volume - usually one brassière cup-size or less - which usually is the physiologic limit allowed by the metabolism of the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The technical goal of saline-implant technology was a physically less invasive surgical technique for emplacing an empty breast-implant device through a smaller surgical incision. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • I. Saline breast implant The saline breast implant - filled with saline solution (biological-concentration salt water 0.90% w/v of NaCl, ca. 300 mOsm/L.) - was first manufactured by the Laboratoires Arion company, in France, and was introduced for use as a prosthetic medical device in 1964. (wikipedia.org)
  • incision
  • In surgical praxis, after having emplaced the empty breast implants to the implant pockets, the plastic surgeon then filled each device with saline solution, and, because the required insertion-incisions are short and small, the resultant incision-scars will be smaller and shorter than the surgical scars usual to the long incisions required for inserting pre-filled, silicone-gel implants. (wikipedia.org)
  • types
  • There are many types of breast neoplasms , which can be divided into the following broad oversimplified categories as a starting point. (radiopaedia.org)
  • For breast reconstruction, and for the augmentation and enhancement of the aesthetics - size, shape, and texture - of a woman's breasts, there are three types of breast implant devices: saline implants filled with sterile saline solution silicone implants filled with viscous silicone gel alternative-composition implants, filled with miscellaneous fillers - soy oil, polypropylene string, etc. - that are no longer manufactured. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • Non-surgical approaches to breast augmentation can consist either of an externally applied vacuum-device that will expand the tissues of the recipient site. (wikipedia.org)