• abnormal
  • Speech disorders , vestibular disturbance, abnormal consciousness , dysphagia , and respiratory disturbance are a few examples of possible outcomes of brainstem disorders. (britannica.com)
  • The new research is notable because it found the SIDS babies - regardless of whether they were in positions or sleep environments that might have contributed to asphyxiation - had similar abnormal circuits in the brain stem. (thestar.com)
  • In only 30% of cases is a MRI brain scan abnormal. (wikipedia.org)
  • diffuse
  • Radiation therapy is the most common treatment for diffuse brain stem gliomas because most of these tumours cannot be removed with surgery. (cancer.ca)
  • There is no standard treatment for recurrent diffuse brain stem gliomas. (cancer.ca)
  • Children's National Medical Center, Washington DC: Comprehensive Protein Analysis (Proteomic Profiling) of Pediatric Brainstem Gliomas using Paraffin Embedded Tissues Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: Our hypothesis is that unravelling the genomic alterations of diffuse infiltrating pontine gliomas or DIPGs will lead to improved understanding of the biology of such tumours and improved therapeutic options. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurological
  • Brain death implies the complete and permanent absence of neurological function in the cortex and the brainstem . (dictionary.com)
  • Elsewhere in the world the concept upon which the certification of death on neurological grounds is based is that of permanent cessation of all function in all parts of the brain-whole brain death-with which the reductionist United Kingdom concept should not be confused. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following diseases manifest by means of neurological dysfunction: Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration, encephalomyelitis, limbic encephalitis, brainstem encephalitis, opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia syndrome, anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis, and polymyositis. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • This has spawned the idea of having stem cells transport drugs or immune stimulants to the tumor. (innovations-report.com)
  • Boston, MA - For the first time scientists have shown that brain stem cells are immune privileged, which means that they are invisible to a transplant recipient's immune system and do not trigger the immune system to reject them. (prohealth.com)
  • The team concluded, therefore, that the brain stem cells did possess antigens, but unless the recipient was primed or pre-immunized, the antigens were not visible to the immune system of the recipient and not rejected. (prohealth.com)
  • Understanding the immune properties of these stem cells could have an enormous effect on how we perform brain or retinal transplantations in the future. (prohealth.com)
  • Now we know that at least brain stem cells are immune privileged and can be used without the same worry about tissue matching or immunosuppression that is true for other types of tissue. (prohealth.com)
  • neck
  • Pain-related symptoms affect more than half, and include back pain, painful tingling, muscle pain and pain in the head and neck relating to irritation of the lining of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • parts of the brain
  • In the United Kingdom, the formal diagnosis of brainstem death by the procedure laid down in the official Code of Practice permits the diagnosis and certification of death on the premise that a person is dead when consciousness and the ability to breathe are permanently lost, regardless of continuing life in the body and parts of the brain, and that death of the brainstem alone is sufficient to produce this state. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • Researchers at a leading U.S. children's hospital have found new evidence linking sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to underlying abnormalities in babies' brain stems. (thestar.com)
  • In 1995, after a review by a Working Group of the Royal College of Physicians of London, the Conference of Medical Royal Colleges formally adopted the "more correct" term for the syndrome, "brainstem death"-championed by Pallis in a set of 1982 articles in the British Medical Journal -and advanced a new definition of human death as the basis for equating this syndrome with the death of the person. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is certainly overlap between Guillain-BarrĂ© syndrome, Miller Fisher syndrome and Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis, as well as other conditions associated with anti-ganglioside antibodies such as chronic ophthalmoplegia with anti-GQ1b antibody. (wikipedia.org)
  • The level of consciousness is normally unaffected in Guillain-BarrĂ© syndrome, but the Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis subtype may feature drowsiness, sleepiness, or coma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Functions
  • The brainstem houses many of the control centres for vital body functions, such as swallowing, breathing , and vasomotor control. (britannica.com)
  • The brainstem also has nuclei important for sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic functions. (britannica.com)
  • The brainstem controls and regulates vital body functions, including respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure. (dictionary.com)
  • unresponsive
  • These are: There should be no doubt that the patient's condition - deeply comatose, unresponsive and requiring artificial ventilation-is due to irreversible brain damage of known cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Ultimately these findings promise to improve the success of retinal transplantation to regenerate vision for millions with macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa and diabetic retinopathy and brain transplants to restore functioning for patients with disorders such as Parkinson's disease. (prohealth.com)
  • They were drafted in response to a perceived need for guidance in the management of deeply comatose patients with severe brain damage who were being kept alive by mechanical ventilators but showing no signs of recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, each of these criteria fails to fit a substantial proportion of patients, and there is no single test or feature which is diagnostic of Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • treat
  • But research at Lund University in Sweden provides hope that it may be possible in the future to develop stem cells from the brain into a new way to treat gliomas. (innovations-report.com)
  • Steroids such as Decadron may be required to treat swelling in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Treatment of brain stem gliomas in children with neurofibromatosis may differ. (cancer.ca)
  • If treatment is needed, surgery is the main treatment used for focal or low-grade brain stem gliomas. (cancer.ca)
  • The clinical features and course of the condition, the associated auto-antibodies against relevant antigens, and the response to treatment, all suggest that Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis is an autoimmune disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • death
  • Complete loss of brainstem function is regarded by some experts as equivalent to brain death . (britannica.com)
  • This concept of brainstem death is also accepted as grounds for pronouncing death for legal purposes in India and Trinidad & Tobago. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the UK, the formal rules for the diagnosis of brainstem death have undergone only minor modifications since they were first published in 1976. (wikipedia.org)
  • Site
  • The Brain STEM unconference will also feature a unique on-site competition with teams of exceptionally talented young content creators building videos, games, and/or apps during an non-stop 48-hour sprint. (perimeterinstitute.ca)
  • anterior
  • Originally, the entire unpaired subdivision of the brain, composed of (in anterior sequence) the rhombencephalon, mesencephalon, and diencephalon as distinguished from the brain's only paired subdivision, the telencephalon. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • children
  • Baseline brain (18)F-FDG PET scans were obtained in 40 children in these trials. (cancerindex.org)
  • Chiarenza G, Papakestopoulos D, Cazzullo A, Giordana G, Alde G (1982) Movement related brain macropotentials during skilled performance task in children with learning disabilities. (springer.com)
  • controls
  • That part of the brain controls breathing, heart rate, blood pressure and temperature control during sleep, so an impairment may leave these infants vulnerable. (thestar.com)
  • The brain stem also controls less essential abilities such as articulate speech. (smartdraw.com)
  • gene
  • Young and his colleagues took brain stem cells from green mice (mice in which the gene for green protein found in jellyfish has been inserted) and placed them under the kidney capsule in other normal non-green mice. (prohealth.com)
  • found
  • In a study released Monday, the investigators found that infants who had died suddenly and unexpectedly of SIDS, regardless of their sleep positions, had distinct differences in brain stem chemistry, lead investigator and neuropathologist Dr. Hannah Kinney of Boston Children's Hospital said in an interview. (thestar.com)
  • life
  • P.P v. Health Service Executive was a 2014 case in the Irish High Court to rule on whether a pregnant woman (anonymised as "N.P.") who was brain dead ought to be kept on life support until the foetus was viable and could be delivered. (wikipedia.org)
  • experts
  • A collaboration between Canada's Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics and Waterloo-based Communitech, the Brain STEM unconference was an invitation-only summit designed to connect creative, like-minded content architects with science outreach experts, digital media professionals, entrepreneurs, and other leaders in the digital media and education space. (perimeterinstitute.ca)
  • normal
  • To test this theory, the team took other brain cells (not stem cells) from the green mice and implanted them in the normal non-green mice. (prohealth.com)
  • These cells were rejected, and when brain stem cells were then again implanted in the normal non-green mice, they, too were rejected. (prohealth.com)
  • body
  • The brainstem is a sort of automatic control centre for several important involuntary actions of the body, such as heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, and many reflexes. (britannica.com)
  • Stem cells already have the advantage of being able to transform or differentiate into various types of cells and can be reproduced endlessly outside the body. (prohealth.com)