• abnormal
  • Speech disorders , vestibular disturbance, abnormal consciousness , dysphagia , and respiratory disturbance are a few examples of possible outcomes of brainstem disorders. (britannica.com)
  • The new research is notable because it found the SIDS babies - regardless of whether they were in positions or sleep environments that might have contributed to asphyxiation - had similar abnormal circuits in the brain stem. (thestar.com)
  • In only 30% of cases is a MRI brain scan abnormal. (wikipedia.org)
  • diffuse
  • Radiation therapy is the most common treatment for diffuse brain stem gliomas because most of these tumours cannot be removed with surgery. (cancer.ca)
  • There is no standard treatment for recurrent diffuse brain stem gliomas. (cancer.ca)
  • Children's National Medical Center, Washington DC: Comprehensive Protein Analysis (Proteomic Profiling) of Pediatric Brainstem Gliomas using Paraffin Embedded Tissues Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: Our hypothesis is that unravelling the genomic alterations of diffuse infiltrating pontine gliomas or DIPGs will lead to improved understanding of the biology of such tumours and improved therapeutic options. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis
  • An MRI is better than a CT scan when a brainstem tumor is in the differential diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United Kingdom, the formal diagnosis of brainstem death by the procedure laid down in the official Code of Practice permits the diagnosis and certification of death on the premise that a person is dead when consciousness and the ability to breathe are permanently lost, regardless of continuing life in the body and parts of the brain, and that death of the brainstem alone is sufficient to produce this state. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the UK, the formal rules for the diagnosis of brainstem death have undergone only minor modifications since they were first published in 1976. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • This has spawned the idea of having stem cells transport drugs or immune stimulants to the tumor. (innovations-report.com)
  • Boston, MA - For the first time scientists have shown that brain stem cells are immune privileged, which means that they are invisible to a transplant recipient's immune system and do not trigger the immune system to reject them. (prohealth.com)
  • The team concluded, therefore, that the brain stem cells did possess antigens, but unless the recipient was primed or pre-immunized, the antigens were not visible to the immune system of the recipient and not rejected. (prohealth.com)
  • Understanding the immune properties of these stem cells could have an enormous effect on how we perform brain or retinal transplantations in the future. (prohealth.com)
  • Now we know that at least brain stem cells are immune privileged and can be used without the same worry about tissue matching or immunosuppression that is true for other types of tissue. (prohealth.com)
  • scan
  • In rare cases, a person may demonstrate some sense of response that can be detected using a brain scan, but not be able to interact with their surroundings. (www.nhs.uk)
  • syndrome
  • Researchers at a leading U.S. children's hospital have found new evidence linking sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to underlying abnormalities in babies' brain stems. (thestar.com)
  • In 1995, after a review by a Working Group of the Royal College of Physicians of London, the Conference of Medical Royal Colleges formally adopted the "more correct" term for the syndrome, "brainstem death"-championed by Pallis in a set of 1982 articles in the British Medical Journal -and advanced a new definition of human death as the basis for equating this syndrome with the death of the person. (wikipedia.org)
  • unresponsive
  • These are: There should be no doubt that the patient's condition - deeply comatose, unresponsive and requiring artificial ventilation-is due to irreversible brain damage of known cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • They were drafted in response to a perceived need for guidance in the management of deeply comatose patients with severe brain damage who were being kept alive by mechanical ventilators but showing no signs of recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • death
  • Confirming death is now more complex, because it's possible to keep the heart beating after the brain stem has permanently stopped functioning. (www.nhs.uk)
  • To save a person's family and friends from unnecessary suffering, once there's clear evidence that brain death has occurred, the person will be disconnected from the ventilator. (www.nhs.uk)
  • After brain death, it's not possible for someone to remain conscious. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Brain death can occur when the blood and/or oxygen supply to the brain is stopped. (www.nhs.uk)
  • There's a difference between brain death and a vegetative state , which can occur after extensive brain damage. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Therefore, a number of tests are carried out to check that brain death has actually occurred, such as shining a torch into both eyes to see if they react to the light. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Read more about confirming brain death . (www.nhs.uk)
  • After brain death has occurred, it may be possible for the person's organs to be used in transplantations, which can often save the lives of others. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Complete loss of brainstem function is regarded by some experts as equivalent to brain death . (britannica.com)
  • This concept of brainstem death is also accepted as grounds for pronouncing death for legal purposes in India and Trinidad & Tobago. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Ultimately these findings promise to improve the success of retinal transplantation to regenerate vision for millions with macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa and diabetic retinopathy and brain transplants to restore functioning for patients with disorders such as Parkinson's disease. (prohealth.com)
  • artificial
  • A person who is brain dead has no chance of recovery, because their body is unable to survive without artificial support. (www.nhs.uk)
  • treat
  • But research at Lund University in Sweden provides hope that it may be possible in the future to develop stem cells from the brain into a new way to treat gliomas. (innovations-report.com)
  • Steroids such as Decadron may be required to treat swelling in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • movement
  • Chiarenza G, Papakestopoulos D, Cazzullo A, Giordana G, Alde G (1982) Movement related brain macropotentials during skilled performance task in children with learning disabilities. (springer.com)
  • function
  • A person is confirmed as being dead when their brain stem function is permanently lost. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The lack of oxygen, which occurred as a result of no blood flow, quickly led to the permanent loss of brain stem function. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The brainstem also plays an important role in the regulation of cardiac and respiratory function. (wikipedia.org)
  • life
  • P.P v. Health Service Executive was a 2014 case in the Irish High Court to rule on whether a pregnant woman (anonymised as "N.P.") who was brain dead ought to be kept on life support until the foetus was viable and could be delivered. (wikipedia.org)
  • controls
  • That part of the brain controls breathing, heart rate, blood pressure and temperature control during sleep, so an impairment may leave these infants vulnerable. (thestar.com)
  • The brain stem also controls less essential abilities such as articulate speech. (smartdraw.com)
  • gene
  • Young and his colleagues took brain stem cells from green mice (mice in which the gene for green protein found in jellyfish has been inserted) and placed them under the kidney capsule in other normal non-green mice. (prohealth.com)
  • found
  • In a study released Monday, the investigators found that infants who had died suddenly and unexpectedly of SIDS, regardless of their sleep positions, had distinct differences in brain stem chemistry, lead investigator and neuropathologist Dr. Hannah Kinney of Boston Children's Hospital said in an interview. (thestar.com)
  • heart
  • Once the brain stem has permanently stopped functioning, there's no way of reversing it and the heart will eventually stop beating, even if a ventilator continues to be used. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Site
  • The Brain STEM unconference will also feature a unique on-site competition with teams of exceptionally talented young content creators building videos, games, and/or apps during an non-stop 48-hour sprint. (perimeterinstitute.ca)