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  • Initiative
  • Some of the projects resulting from the 2013 government brain map initiative, according to the MIT Technology Review, have the potential to help scientists and physicians gain a better understanding of brain activities. (reference.com)
  • Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, introduces President Barack Obama at a White House press conference announcing the BRAIN Initiative on April 2. (ucsf.edu)
  • President Barack Obama on April 2 unveiled a $100 million public-private initiative to map the brain to gain greater insight on how we think, learn and remember and to better understand and treat diseases ranging from autism to schizophrenia. (ucsf.edu)
  • We have a chance to improve the lives of not just millions, but billions of people on this planet through the research that's done in this BRAIN Initiative alone," said President Obama. (ucsf.edu)
  • Keith Yamamoto , PhD, vice chancellor for research, who also witnessed the historic event at the White House, said UCSF faculty have been involved in some early discussions within the University about the brain initiative. (ucsf.edu)
  • With our remarkable spectrum of superb basic, clinical and population research and patient care, UCSF is ideally positioned to contribute to the BRAIN Initiative," Yamamoto said. (ucsf.edu)
  • The organization has played a significant role in President Obama's BRAIN initiative. (wikipedia.org)
  • NIH Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative Community outreach site for above where the public may comment Human Brain Project (EU) - 1 billion euro, 10-year project to simulate the human brain with supercomputers. (wikipedia.org)
  • SBMT played a significant role in the formulation, planning and execution of Obama's BRAIN Initiative and in 2013 pioneered the G20+ World Brain Mapping & Therapeutic Initiative, which is aimed at creating a global consortium focusing on integration of nanotechnology, imaging, cellular/stem cell therapeutics, Information Technology (IT) and devices (this approach called NanoBioElectronics) in Brain Mapping. (wikipedia.org)
  • http://g20istanbul2015.uskudar.edu.tr https://finance.yahoo.com/news/g20-world-brain-mapping-initiative-202700249.html http://www.worldbrainmapping.org/facts-about-sbmt http://www.uskudar.edu.tr/en/icerik/901/uskudar-university-will-make-the-brain-map-of-the-middle-east Administrator. (wikipedia.org)
  • The G20 World Brain Mapping & Therapeutic Scientific Summit aims to contribute to President Obama's BRAIN initiative and to expand action on the current and upcoming initiatives across the G20 nations, bringing the finest scientists, engineers, physicians and surgeons across the globe in order to rapidly introduce clinical solutions for neurological disorders, which cost the world economy hundreds of billions of dollars annually. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amen Clinics, Compumedics Inc, SBMT, and BMF held the first annual summit on G20 World Brain Mapping and Therapeutics Initiative in Brisbane, Australia on Nov. 13th in Mercure Hotel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Üsküdar University, Üsküdar University NPIstanbul Hospital and SBMT held second annual summit on G20 World Brain Mapping and Therapeutics Initiative in Istanbul, Turkey on 13th Nov.Then, the speakers met in Antalya where G20 Summit was held on November the 15th, the result of the preliminary report was announced by Prof. Nevzat Tarhan, Rector of Üsküdar University and G20 Summit Final report was published. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurons
  • By mapping the neurons it will be possible to find out how animals sleep and why. (medindia.net)
  • Neuroscientist Chklovskii and his team have produced a colour-coded three dimensional map of the neurons in the fruit fly's optic medulla, the part of the brain which processesignals sent from insects' eyes. (reuters.com)
  • In all, 200,000 images were processed from 2800 brain slices, producing a complete three-dimensional image of a complex system of neurons and their connections, each a thousand times thinner than a human hair. (reuters.com)
  • Many mapping techniques have a relatively low resolution, including hundreds of thousands of neurons in a single voxel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Neuron doctrine postulates several elementary aspects of neurons: The brain is made up of individual cells (neurons) that contain specialized features such as dendrites, a cell body, and an axon. (wikipedia.org)
  • For synchronization of multiple maps, replay of sensory input in circuits allows neurons to be organized into vertical topographic functional units before horizontal integration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists
  • Brain mapping is a comparatively new technique developed by French scientists and provides new ways of navigating the neural pathways of the brain. (medindia.net)
  • As part of this project, scientists at INM-1 are examining many thousands of histological brain sections. (fz-juelich.de)
  • WASHINGTON (AP) -- Scientists are hailing today's proposal from President Barack Obama that Congress spend $100 million next year to start a project that will explore details of the brain. (nbc11news.com)
  • Aug. 29 - Scientists at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Virginia have successfully mapped the circuitry in a small region of a fruit fly brain. (reuters.com)
  • And scientists think they can eventually apply the lessons learned about fruit fly brain circuitry to humans, creating models for future generations to develop sophisticated machines that can think and maps for medical scientists to develop treatments for neurological diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. (reuters.com)
  • Some scientists have criticized the brain image-based claims made in scientific journals and the popular press, like the discovery of "the part of the brain responsible" things like love or musical ability or a specific memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • More information about the Brain Mapping Days can be found at http://www.worldbrainmapping.org/brain-mapping-day and http://www.worldbrainmapping.org/brain-research-day.[full citation needed] Several notable scientists, such as Dr. Keith L. Black and Jean Paul Allain, have briefed congressional leaders during the Brain Mapping Days organized by BMF and SMBT. (wikipedia.org)
  • neural
  • The brain activation changes that accompany symptom relief in SD patients will determine alterations in central neural control that have a role in symptom generation in SD. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The White House says the idea would require the development of new technology that can record the electrical activity of individual cells and complex neural circuits in the brain "at the speed of thought. (nbc11news.com)
  • See also Connectome a, comprehensive map of neural connections in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disruptions in sensory maps reflect actual discontinuities in the receptor sheet, and evoked and spontaneous neural activity instruct variable features of sensory maps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basic wiring of the brain is established in vivo by a variety of molecular guidance cues, and the wiring is then refined by patterns of neural activity based in sensory experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • For a topographic map of the visual world, the map first forms during neural development via molecular signals, such as chemospecific matching between molecular gradients. (wikipedia.org)
  • spatial
  • List of known sensory maps: Somatotopic maps: homunculus, rat barrel cortex, star-nose mole nose Retino-topic maps: visual field position, orientation, direction, spatial frequency Tonotopic maps: interaural time difference, frequency tonotopic maps of the cochlea The computational map is the "key building block in the infrastructure of information processing by the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • More recently, the "elastic net" model has been proposed after studying how the primary visual cortex overlaps multiple visual maps, such as visual field position, orientation, direction, ocular dominance, and spatial frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visual signals provide the sensory information necessary for the brain to process spatial recognition of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another 2010 study published in the journal Brain and Cognition found a male advantage in spatial and object working memory on an n-back test but not for verbal working memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, they still found greater male spatial working memory in studies published in the journals Brain Cognition and Intelligence. (wikipedia.org)
  • circuitry
  • Fruit flies look nothing like humans, but they respond to movements in their environment in much the same way as people, which is why Dmitri Chklovskii and Shinya Takemura from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute have spent the past four years studying their brain circuitry. (reuters.com)
  • Psychiatric
  • We need to understand the 'healthy' brain before we can take the next step and distinguish differences in people suffering from neurological or psychiatric disorders," explains Katrin Amunts. (fz-juelich.de)
  • As a result of the brain mapping research, the Psychiatric team members were able to cure: Epilepsy, Psychomotor Epilepsy, Hallucinations, and Schizophrenia by lowering the neuronal activity in the Reticular Activating System located in the Brain Stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuron
  • SOUNDBITE (English) DR. SHINYA TAKEMURA PhD - HHMI, SAYING: "I think this network structure is the basis to understand what's going on, what the neuron does so I'm interested in identifying the basic neuron structures in the brain. (reuters.com)
  • disorders
  • and 4) whether patients with voice disorders differ from people without voice disorders in the way the brain controls the voice box. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Accordingly, the brain correlates of vocalization in these disorders may both differ from each other and that of normal vocal function. (bioportfolio.com)
  • structures
  • Although Brodmann's discovery was groundbreaking, the hundredyear- old map is merely a schematic drawing, not the three-dimensional record that is needed today as a basis for comparison in modern imaging studies to assign patient data to the microscopic structures of the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • NeuroNames Defines the brain in terms of about 550 primary structures (about 850 unique structures) to which all other structures, names, and synonyms are related. (wikipedia.org)
  • computational
  • There is significant evidence for experience-dependent development and maintenance of sensory maps, and there is growing evidence on the molecular basis, synaptic basis and computational basis of experience-dependent development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computational maps are involved in processing sensory information and motor programming, and they contain derived information that is accessible to higher-order processing regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first computational map to be proposed was the Jeffress model (1948) which stated that the computation of sound localization was dependent upon timing differences of sensory input. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuroscientists
  • Government funding and technology help neuroscientists explore brain pathways and connections in new and more detailed ways than ever before. (reference.com)
  • cancers
  • BMF has signed a formal consortium agreement with Dr. Charlie Teo's Cure Brain Cancer Foundation in Australia, which is focused on eradicating brain cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • identifies
  • He wrote a procedure that automatically identifies the front, side and the top for two brains using Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and he also wrote a procedure that constructs a topology graph based on the curvature of a brain. (visualcomplexity.com)
  • A book has been published by Kindle Books describing the original Brain Mapping Research project conducted by Battelle Memorial Institute, and identifies a behavioral classification matrix and methods for personality modification. (wikipedia.org)
  • principles
  • Since the introduction of the Jeffress model, more general guiding principles for relating brain maps to the properties of the computations they perform have been proposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nervous
  • The Journal of the American Medical Association also published a report concerning this brain mapping research: "Is Nervous System Amplitude or Frequency Oriented? (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike cholecystokin which has a variety of roles in the gastrointestinal system as well as central nervous system effects, CCK-4 acts primarily in the brain as an anxiogenic, although it does retain some GI effects, but not as much as CCK-8 or the full length polypeptide CCK-58. (wikipedia.org)
  • circuits
  • It may be that most brain functions will only be described correctly after being measured with much more fine-grained measurements that look not at large regions but instead at a very large number of tiny individual brain circuits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • Neuroscientist Prof. Dr. Katrin Amunts and her team go on a unique research expedition to create a three-dimensional atlas of the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • In 1962 The origin of Brain Mapping Research was first started in Ohio, and conducted at the Columbus State Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • More than 500 subjects were scanned using the US patented Hyper-frequency Electroencephalograph (Hyfreeg) brain scanner for the Brain Mapping Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • structural
  • The goal "is to develop a realistic, three-dimensional computer brain model based on structural, cytoarchitectonic, genetic, and molecular characteristics. (fz-juelich.de)
  • data
  • Yau worked on data preprocessing and the automated brain mapping algorithm. (visualcomplexity.com)
  • These images are annotated and a database allows for querying and retrieval of data about brain structure and function. (programmableweb.com)
  • With over 300 articles and a media rich environment, this resource provides exhaustive coverage of the methods and systems involved in brain mapping, fully links the data to disease (presenting side by side maps of healthy and diseased brains for direct comparisons), and offers data sets and fully annotated color images. (wisepress.com)
  • sensory
  • Because sensory feedback has been identified as a factor in SD, the role of afferent input in vocalization will be investigated by comparing brain activation before and after topical anesthesia of the laryngeal mucosa. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Sensory maps are not always are close to an exact topographic projection of the senses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fact that the brain is organized into sensory maps has wide implications for processing, such as that lateral inhibition and coding for space are byproducts of mapping. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of sensory maps requires learning, long term potentiation, experience-dependent plasticity, and innate characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maps are highly plastic and can be greatly altered depending on sensory experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sensory maps are formed largely by experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The molecular basis of sensory maps and brain development is a field that is being actively explored. (wikipedia.org)
  • volunteers
  • Brain activation will be compared in normal volunteers and patients with spasmodic dysphonia (SD), muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) and vocal tremor. (bioportfolio.com)
  • atlas
  • Then the cellular architecture are statistically analyzed and digitally reconstructed in 3-D. With her colleague, Prof. Dr. Karl Zilles, and a large team of medical doctors, physicists, biologists, mathematicians and graduate students, Prof. Dr. Katrin Amunts is developing a unique brain atlas that will gradually replace Brodmann's map from 1909. (fz-juelich.de)
  • Brain Maps is an online, interactive brain atlas, including both primate and non-primate brains. (programmableweb.com)
  • Allen Brain Atlas 2003 $100 million project funded by Paul Allen (Microsoft) CONNECT. (wikipedia.org)
  • assumption
  • Many functions also involve multiple parts of the brain, meaning that this type of claim is probably both unverifiable with the equipment used, and generally based on an incorrect assumption about how brain functions are divided. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthy
  • SOUNDBITE (English) DR. DMITRI CHKLOVSKII PhD - HHMI, SAYING: "I am convinced that to understand how to cure neurological diseases we need to understand the operation of a healthy brain first and my dream is that by understanding how the brain computes we will be able to help cure those diseases. (reuters.com)
  • function
  • Computation defined as the transformation in the representation of information is the essence of brain function. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • A magnetic resonance imaging or MRI is a test that generates images of the brain and adjacent tissue by use of radio waves and magnetic fields, states Medl. (reference.com)
  • Using Positron Emission tomography to map inflammation, he has been able to show that even without obvious tissue damage, people who report whiplash pain have more inflammation in their necks. (voanews.com)
  • differences
  • Brain imaging from University of Colorado scientist Tor Wager shows differences between long term and sudden pain. (voanews.com)
  • main
  • The brain contains four main lobes: temporal lobe, parietal lobe, frontal lobe and the occipital lobe. (wikipedia.org)
  • memories
  • In contrast, chronic pain activates brain areas tied to emotion and memories, and what Wager calls, "caring. (voanews.com)
  • The lTPJ succeeds in this matter by taking in observations from external environments, such as conversations, making connections in the brain regarding past memories or incidents and then converting those thoughts and connections to written and spoken language. (wikipedia.org)
  • image
  • The Brain Maps API is a multiresolution image viewer with customizable label overlays. (programmableweb.com)
  • NIR spectroscopy was used to image and map brain region activity and responses during number-ordering and other similar tasks on a computer. (photonics.com)
  • Brain mapping techniques are constantly evolving, and rely on the development and refinement of image acquisition, representation, analysis, visualization and interpretation techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • images
  • The molecules appeared on a screen as highly-rendered images of the communications systems of the brain. (reference.com)
  • Pointing to MRI images, he explains that the pain signaling goes to many places in the brain at once. (voanews.com)
  • process
  • It was a time consuming process that began with a frozen fruit fly brain and hi-tech slicing machine. (reuters.com)
  • cells
  • The population of the developing brain with cells, is a mass-migratory event that proceeds with algorithmic precision. (extremetech.com)
  • According
  • In the owl, auditory units responded to specific locations in space, and units were arranged systematically according to the relative locations of their receptive fields, thereby creating a physiological map of auditory space. (wikipedia.org)
  • region
  • This is the region of the brain wherein "Mentalese", a term coined by Steven Pinker to explain the brain's language that translates itself into written and spoken language, is processed. (wikipedia.org)