Warning: preg_replace(): Compilation failed: unmatched parentheses at offset 8 in /home/lookformedical/www/faq.php on line 152

Warning: preg_replace(): Compilation failed: unmatched parentheses at offset 8 in /home/lookformedical/www/faq.php on line 152
  • neurons
  • Neuroscientist Chklovskii and his team have produced a colour-coded three dimensional map of the neurons in the fruit fly's optic medulla, the part of the brain which processesignals sent from insects' eyes. (reuters.com)
  • In all, 200,000 images were processed from 2800 brain slices, producing a complete three-dimensional image of a complex system of neurons and their connections, each a thousand times thinner than a human hair. (reuters.com)
  • A new Science study details DNA methylation in individual neurons, providing a new avenue for brain mapping studies. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • Many mapping techniques have a relatively low resolution, including hundreds of thousands of neurons in a single voxel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Neuron doctrine postulates several elementary aspects of neurons: The brain is made up of individual cells (neurons) that contain specialized features such as dendrites, a cell body, and an axon. (wikipedia.org)
  • For synchronization of multiple maps, replay of sensory input in circuits allows neurons to be organized into vertical topographic functional units before horizontal integration. (wikipedia.org)
  • circuitry
  • Fruit flies look nothing like humans, but they respond to movements in their environment in much the same way as people, which is why Dmitri Chklovskii and Shinya Takemura from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute have spent the past four years studying their brain circuitry. (reuters.com)
  • The technology may one day help treat Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, and enable the quest to map the circuitry of the brain. (photonicsonline.com)
  • SBMT
  • In 2013 SBMT Board and Members defined Brain Mapping as the study of the anatomy and function of the brain and spinal cord through the use of imaging (including intra-operative, microscopic, endoscopic and multi-modality imaging), immunohistochemistry, molecular & optogenetics, stem cell and cellular biology, engineering (material, electrical and biomedical), neurophysiology and nanotechnology. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychiatric
  • We need to understand the 'healthy' brain before we can take the next step and distinguish differences in people suffering from neurological or psychiatric disorders," explains Katrin Amunts. (fz-juelich.de)
  • SOUNDBITE) (English) KATRIN AMUNTS, JUELICH RESEARCH CENTRE, SAYING: "Well the human brain model is a tool for basic neuro science at the very beginning and it is clear that we need to have a profound understanding of how the brain is functioning and how it is structured before we can address questions about changes and diseases, neurological or psychiatric diseases. (reuters.com)
  • As a result of the brain mapping research, the Psychiatric team members were able to cure: Epilepsy, Psychomotor Epilepsy, Hallucinations, and Schizophrenia by lowering the neuronal activity in the Reticular Activating System located in the Brain Stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • neural
  • The White House says the idea would require the development of new technology that can record the electrical activity of individual cells and complex neural circuits in the brain "at the speed of thought. (nbc11news.com)
  • See also Connectome a, comprehensive map of neural connections in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disruptions in sensory maps reflect actual discontinuities in the receptor sheet, and evoked and spontaneous neural activity instruct variable features of sensory maps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basic wiring of the brain is established in vivo by a variety of molecular guidance cues, and the wiring is then refined by patterns of neural activity based in sensory experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • For a topographic map of the visual world, the map first forms during neural development via molecular signals, such as chemospecific matching between molecular gradients. (wikipedia.org)
  • anatomical
  • The left temporoparietal junction (lTPJ) contains both Wernicke's area and the angular gyrus, both prominent anatomical structures of the brain that are involved in language cognition, processing, and comprehension of both written and spoken language. (wikipedia.org)
  • spatial
  • List of known sensory maps: Somatotopic maps: homunculus, rat barrel cortex, star-nose mole nose Retino-topic maps: visual field position, orientation, direction, spatial frequency Tonotopic maps: interaural time difference, frequency tonotopic maps of the cochlea The computational map is the "key building block in the infrastructure of information processing by the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • More recently, the "elastic net" model has been proposed after studying how the primary visual cortex overlaps multiple visual maps, such as visual field position, orientation, direction, ocular dominance, and spatial frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visual signals provide the sensory information necessary for the brain to process spatial recognition of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • structures of the brain
  • Although Brodmann's discovery was groundbreaking, the hundredyear- old map is merely a schematic drawing, not the three-dimensional record that is needed today as a basis for comparison in modern imaging studies to assign patient data to the microscopic structures of the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • operate
  • SOUNDBITE (English) DR. DMITRI CHKLOVSKII PhD - HHMI, SAYING: "We would like to understand how the human brain works but we focus instead on simpler brains like those of fruit flies because we think that those brains operate on the same principles as human ones. (reuters.com)
  • Research
  • readership consists of neuroscientists, neurologists, neuroradiologists, and neurosurgeons looking for basic, clinical, technical and theoretical research in the interdisciplinary and rapidly expanding field of human brain mapping. (wiley.com)
  • Neuroscientist Prof. Dr. Katrin Amunts and her team go on a unique research expedition to create a three-dimensional atlas of the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • In this week's open-access journal PLoS Biology, research teams at the University of Utah John A. Moran Eye Center and the University of Colorado at Boulder report technical advances that have reduced the time it takes to process high-speed 'color' ultrastructure mapping of brain regions down to a few months. (innovations-report.com)
  • Our goals were to unleash a global network of electron microscopes and provide web-accessible imagery for battalions of brain network analysts," said Robert Marc, Ph.D., Director of Research for the Moran Eye Center at the University of Utah. (innovations-report.com)
  • SOUNDBITE) (English) KATRIN AMUNTS, JUELICH RESEARCH CENTRE, SAYING: "You can imagine that this 3D model of the human brain is something like Google Earth but here we speak about Google brain, you can zoom in, you can look to specific regions of interest and analyse these regions. (reuters.com)
  • In 1962 The origin of Brain Mapping Research was first started in Ohio, and conducted at the Columbus State Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • More than 500 subjects were scanned using the US patented Hyper-frequency Electroencephalograph (Hyfreeg) brain scanner for the Brain Mapping Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Journal of the American Medical Association also published a report concerning this brain mapping research: "Is Nervous System Amplitude or Frequency Oriented? (wikipedia.org)
  • A book has been published by Kindle Books describing the original Brain Mapping Research project conducted by Battelle Memorial Institute, and identifies a behavioral classification matrix and methods for personality modification. (wikipedia.org)
  • computational
  • There is significant evidence for experience-dependent development and maintenance of sensory maps, and there is growing evidence on the molecular basis, synaptic basis and computational basis of experience-dependent development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computational maps are involved in processing sensory information and motor programming, and they contain derived information that is accessible to higher-order processing regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first computational map to be proposed was the Jeffress model (1948) which stated that the computation of sound localization was dependent upon timing differences of sensory input. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancers
  • BMF has signed a formal consortium agreement with Dr. Charlie Teo's Cure Brain Cancer Foundation in Australia, which is focused on eradicating brain cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • principles
  • Since the introduction of the Jeffress model, more general guiding principles for relating brain maps to the properties of the computations they perform have been proposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nervous
  • Unlike cholecystokin which has a variety of roles in the gastrointestinal system as well as central nervous system effects, CCK-4 acts primarily in the brain as an anxiogenic, although it does retain some GI effects, but not as much as CCK-8 or the full length polypeptide CCK-58. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular level
  • As part of this project, the authors will soon reveal the very first molecular level map of the entire retina and neuronal networks in both a normal mammalian retina and genetic models of retinal degeneration. (innovations-report.com)
  • circuits
  • It may be that most brain functions will only be described correctly after being measured with much more fine-grained measurements that look not at large regions but instead at a very large number of tiny individual brain circuits. (wikipedia.org)
  • structural
  • The goal "is to develop a realistic, three-dimensional computer brain model based on structural, cytoarchitectonic, genetic, and molecular characteristics. (fz-juelich.de)
  • Amunts
  • Then the cellular architecture are statistically analyzed and digitally reconstructed in 3-D. With her colleague, Prof. Dr. Karl Zilles, and a large team of medical doctors, physicists, biologists, mathematicians and graduate students, Prof. Dr. Katrin Amunts is developing a unique brain atlas that will gradually replace Brodmann's map from 1909. (fz-juelich.de)
  • But Amunts says the 3D map is just one element in a much broader worldwide effort to learn as much as possible about the inner workings of the human brain. (reuters.com)
  • healthy
  • SOUNDBITE (English) DR. DMITRI CHKLOVSKII PhD - HHMI, SAYING: "I am convinced that to understand how to cure neurological diseases we need to understand the operation of a healthy brain first and my dream is that by understanding how the brain computes we will be able to help cure those diseases. (reuters.com)
  • With over 300 articles and a media rich environment, this resource provides exhaustive coverage of the methods and systems involved in brain mapping, fully links the data to disease (presenting side by side maps of healthy and diseased brains for direct comparisons), and offers data sets and fully annotated color images. (wisepress.com)
  • sensory
  • Sensory maps are not always are close to an exact topographic projection of the senses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fact that the brain is organized into sensory maps has wide implications for processing, such as that lateral inhibition and coding for space are byproducts of mapping. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of sensory maps requires learning, long term potentiation, experience-dependent plasticity, and innate characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maps are highly plastic and can be greatly altered depending on sensory experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sensory maps are formed largely by experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The molecular basis of sensory maps and brain development is a field that is being actively explored. (wikipedia.org)
  • connections in the brain
  • The lTPJ succeeds in this matter by taking in observations from external environments, such as conversations, making connections in the brain regarding past memories or incidents and then converting those thoughts and connections to written and spoken language. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurologists
  • Since the human brain mapping field is cross-disciplinary the members range from neurologists, psychiatrists and psychologists to physicists, engineers, software developers, vulcanologists, construction workers, and statisticians. (wikipedia.org)
  • cortex
  • The psychiatrist and anatomist Korbinian Brodmann mapped the cerebral cortex and divided it into about 50 areas. (fz-juelich.de)
  • they not only map the cerebral cortex, but also nuclei deep in the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • Of the 16 genes identified in these pathways, three were found to be dysregulated in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex portion of the brain in post-mortem studies, CACNA1C, GNG2, and ITPR2. (wikipedia.org)
  • assumption
  • Many functions also involve multiple parts of the brain, meaning that this type of claim is probably both unverifiable with the equipment used, and generally based on an incorrect assumption about how brain functions are divided. (wikipedia.org)
  • regions
  • One such map, called a connectogram, depicts cortical regions around a circle, organized by lobes. (wikipedia.org)
  • memories
  • In contrast, chronic pain activates brain areas tied to emotion and memories, and what Wager calls, "caring. (voanews.com)
  • main
  • The brain contains four main lobes: temporal lobe, parietal lobe, frontal lobe and the occipital lobe. (wikipedia.org)
  • image
  • NIR spectroscopy was used to image and map brain region activity and responses during number-ordering and other similar tasks on a computer. (photonics.com)
  • Brain mapping techniques are constantly evolving, and rely on the development and refinement of image acquisition, representation, analysis, visualization and interpretation techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Computation defined as the transformation in the representation of information is the essence of brain function. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • The population of the developing brain with cells, is a mass-migratory event that proceeds with algorithmic precision. (extremetech.com)