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  • neurons
  • Neuroscientist Chklovskii and his team have produced a colour-coded three dimensional map of the neurons in the fruit fly's optic medulla, the part of the brain which processesignals sent from insects' eyes. (reuters.com)
  • In all, 200,000 images were processed from 2800 brain slices, producing a complete three-dimensional image of a complex system of neurons and their connections, each a thousand times thinner than a human hair. (reuters.com)
  • Many mapping techniques have a relatively low resolution, including hundreds of thousands of neurons in a single voxel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Neuron doctrine postulates several elementary aspects of neurons: The brain is made up of individual cells (neurons) that contain specialized features such as dendrites, a cell body, and an axon. (wikipedia.org)
  • For synchronization of multiple maps, replay of sensory input in circuits allows neurons to be organized into vertical topographic functional units before horizontal integration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists
  • As part of this project, scientists at INM-1 are examining many thousands of histological brain sections. (fz-juelich.de)
  • WASHINGTON (AP) -- Scientists are hailing today's proposal from President Barack Obama that Congress spend $100 million next year to start a project that will explore details of the brain. (nbc11news.com)
  • Some scientists have criticized the brain image-based claims made in scientific journals and the popular press, like the discovery of "the part of the brain responsible" things like love or musical ability or a specific memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • More information about the Brain Mapping Days can be found at http://www.worldbrainmapping.org/brain-mapping-day and http://www.worldbrainmapping.org/brain-research-day.[full citation needed] Several notable scientists, such as Dr. Keith L. Black and Jean Paul Allain, have briefed congressional leaders during the Brain Mapping Days organized by BMF and SMBT. (wikipedia.org)
  • SBMT
  • In 2013 SBMT Board and Members defined Brain Mapping as the study of the anatomy and function of the brain and spinal cord through the use of imaging (including intra-operative, microscopic, endoscopic and multi-modality imaging), immunohistochemistry, molecular & optogenetics, stem cell and cellular biology, engineering (material, electrical and biomedical), neurophysiology and nanotechnology. (wikipedia.org)
  • spatial
  • List of known sensory maps: Somatotopic maps: homunculus, rat barrel cortex, star-nose mole nose Retino-topic maps: visual field position, orientation, direction, spatial frequency Tonotopic maps: interaural time difference, frequency tonotopic maps of the cochlea The computational map is the "key building block in the infrastructure of information processing by the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • More recently, the "elastic net" model has been proposed after studying how the primary visual cortex overlaps multiple visual maps, such as visual field position, orientation, direction, ocular dominance, and spatial frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visual signals provide the sensory information necessary for the brain to process spatial recognition of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuron
  • SOUNDBITE (English) DR. SHINYA TAKEMURA PhD - HHMI, SAYING: "I think this network structure is the basis to understand what's going on, what the neuron does so I'm interested in identifying the basic neuron structures in the brain. (reuters.com)
  • researchers
  • He is hopeful that in the years ahead, discoveries from researchers mapping the brain will help identify just what therapies work best for each sufferer, and lead more people out of the tangle of chronic pain. (voanews.com)
  • The device, developed by researchers at the University of Texas at Arlington, shows limited prefrontal cortex activity in the brains of veterans diagnosed with PTSD who are asked to recall information from seemingly simple memorization tasks. (photonics.com)
  • structures
  • Although Brodmann's discovery was groundbreaking, the hundredyear- old map is merely a schematic drawing, not the three-dimensional record that is needed today as a basis for comparison in modern imaging studies to assign patient data to the microscopic structures of the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • NeuroNames Defines the brain in terms of about 550 primary structures (about 850 unique structures) to which all other structures, names, and synonyms are related. (wikipedia.org)
  • computational
  • Computational anatomy is a field that evolved out of the field of Medical imaging specifically for Brain mapping. (wikipedia.org)
  • As well central to computational anatomy is mapping from one coordinate system to another via diffeomorphic mapping and LDDMM. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is significant evidence for experience-dependent development and maintenance of sensory maps, and there is growing evidence on the molecular basis, synaptic basis and computational basis of experience-dependent development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computational maps are involved in processing sensory information and motor programming, and they contain derived information that is accessible to higher-order processing regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first computational map to be proposed was the Jeffress model (1948) which stated that the computation of sound localization was dependent upon timing differences of sensory input. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancers
  • BMF has signed a formal consortium agreement with Dr. Charlie Teo's Cure Brain Cancer Foundation in Australia, which is focused on eradicating brain cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Neuroscientist Prof. Dr. Katrin Amunts and her team go on a unique research expedition to create a three-dimensional atlas of the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • In this week's open-access journal PLoS Biology, research teams at the University of Utah John A. Moran Eye Center and the University of Colorado at Boulder report technical advances that have reduced the time it takes to process high-speed 'color' ultrastructure mapping of brain regions down to a few months. (innovations-report.com)
  • Our goals were to unleash a global network of electron microscopes and provide web-accessible imagery for battalions of brain network analysts," said Robert Marc, Ph.D., Director of Research for the Moran Eye Center at the University of Utah. (innovations-report.com)
  • In 1962 The origin of Brain Mapping Research was first started in Ohio, and conducted at the Columbus State Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • More than 500 subjects were scanned using the US patented Hyper-frequency Electroencephalograph (Hyfreeg) brain scanner for the Brain Mapping Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Journal of the American Medical Association also published a report concerning this brain mapping research: "Is Nervous System Amplitude or Frequency Oriented? (wikipedia.org)
  • A book has been published by Kindle Books describing the original Brain Mapping Research project conducted by Battelle Memorial Institute, and identifies a behavioral classification matrix and methods for personality modification. (wikipedia.org)
  • reveal
  • The two images shown here reveal different representations of the same brain: as points and as a topology graph. (visualcomplexity.com)
  • He says current brain-scanning technologies can reveal the average activity of large populations of brain cells, but that the new project would be on an "entirely different scale. (nbc11news.com)
  • The test is done to map the brain to reveal any guilt. (hindustantimes.com)
  • As part of this project, the authors will soon reveal the very first molecular level map of the entire retina and neuronal networks in both a normal mammalian retina and genetic models of retinal degeneration. (innovations-report.com)
  • identifies
  • He wrote a procedure that automatically identifies the front, side and the top for two brains using Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and he also wrote a procedure that constructs a topology graph based on the curvature of a brain. (visualcomplexity.com)
  • principles
  • Since the introduction of the Jeffress model, more general guiding principles for relating brain maps to the properties of the computations they perform have been proposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nervous
  • Unlike cholecystokin which has a variety of roles in the gastrointestinal system as well as central nervous system effects, CCK-4 acts primarily in the brain as an anxiogenic, although it does retain some GI effects, but not as much as CCK-8 or the full length polypeptide CCK-58. (wikipedia.org)
  • circuits
  • The White House says the idea would require the development of new technology that can record the electrical activity of individual cells and complex neural circuits in the brain "at the speed of thought. (nbc11news.com)
  • It may be that most brain functions will only be described correctly after being measured with much more fine-grained measurements that look not at large regions but instead at a very large number of tiny individual brain circuits. (wikipedia.org)
  • structural
  • The goal "is to develop a realistic, three-dimensional computer brain model based on structural, cytoarchitectonic, genetic, and molecular characteristics. (fz-juelich.de)
  • sensory
  • Because sensory feedback has been identified as a factor in SD, the role of afferent input in vocalization will be investigated by comparing brain activation before and after topical anesthesia of the laryngeal mucosa. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Sensory maps are not always are close to an exact topographic projection of the senses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fact that the brain is organized into sensory maps has wide implications for processing, such as that lateral inhibition and coding for space are byproducts of mapping. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of sensory maps requires learning, long term potentiation, experience-dependent plasticity, and innate characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maps are highly plastic and can be greatly altered depending on sensory experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disruptions in sensory maps reflect actual discontinuities in the receptor sheet, and evoked and spontaneous neural activity instruct variable features of sensory maps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sensory maps are formed largely by experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basic wiring of the brain is established in vivo by a variety of molecular guidance cues, and the wiring is then refined by patterns of neural activity based in sensory experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The molecular basis of sensory maps and brain development is a field that is being actively explored. (wikipedia.org)
  • volunteers
  • Brain activation will be compared in normal volunteers and patients with spasmodic dysphonia (SD), muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) and vocal tremor. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Patients
  • The brain activation changes that accompany symptom relief in SD patients will determine alterations in central neural control that have a role in symptom generation in SD. (bioportfolio.com)
  • 2. To determine if only the brain activation network active for linguistic vocalization network differs between normal controls and dysphonia patients during equivalent voice production effort. (bioportfolio.com)
  • connections in the brain
  • See also Connectome a, comprehensive map of neural connections in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lTPJ succeeds in this matter by taking in observations from external environments, such as conversations, making connections in the brain regarding past memories or incidents and then converting those thoughts and connections to written and spoken language. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • Yau worked on data preprocessing and the automated brain mapping algorithm. (visualcomplexity.com)
  • With over 300 articles and a media rich environment, this resource provides exhaustive coverage of the methods and systems involved in brain mapping, fully links the data to disease (presenting side by side maps of healthy and diseased brains for direct comparisons), and offers data sets and fully annotated color images. (wisepress.com)
  • cortex
  • The psychiatrist and anatomist Korbinian Brodmann mapped the cerebral cortex and divided it into about 50 areas. (fz-juelich.de)
  • they not only map the cerebral cortex, but also nuclei deep in the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • Of the 16 genes identified in these pathways, three were found to be dysregulated in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex portion of the brain in post-mortem studies, CACNA1C, GNG2, and ITPR2. (wikipedia.org)
  • assumption
  • Many functions also involve multiple parts of the brain, meaning that this type of claim is probably both unverifiable with the equipment used, and generally based on an incorrect assumption about how brain functions are divided. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthy
  • SOUNDBITE (English) DR. DMITRI CHKLOVSKII PhD - HHMI, SAYING: "I am convinced that to understand how to cure neurological diseases we need to understand the operation of a healthy brain first and my dream is that by understanding how the brain computes we will be able to help cure those diseases. (reuters.com)
  • molecular
  • For a topographic map of the visual world, the map first forms during neural development via molecular signals, such as chemospecific matching between molecular gradients. (wikipedia.org)
  • neural activity
  • Coverage includes novel brain imaging methods, analyses for detecting or localizing neural activity, synergistic uses of multiple imaging modalities, and strategies for the design of behavioral paradigms and neural-systems modeling. (novapublishers.com)
  • temporal
  • The temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is an area of the brain where the temporal and parietal lobes meet, at the posterior end of the Sylvian fissure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The brain contains four main lobes: temporal lobe, parietal lobe, frontal lobe and the occipital lobe. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Computation defined as the transformation in the representation of information is the essence of brain function. (wikipedia.org)
  • atlas
  • Then the cellular architecture are statistically analyzed and digitally reconstructed in 3-D. With her colleague, Prof. Dr. Karl Zilles, and a large team of medical doctors, physicists, biologists, mathematicians and graduate students, Prof. Dr. Katrin Amunts is developing a unique brain atlas that will gradually replace Brodmann's map from 1909. (fz-juelich.de)
  • activity
  • NIR spectroscopy was used to image and map brain region activity and responses during number-ordering and other similar tasks on a computer. (photonics.com)
  • memories
  • In contrast, chronic pain activates brain areas tied to emotion and memories, and what Wager calls, "caring. (voanews.com)
  • cells
  • The population of the developing brain with cells, is a mass-migratory event that proceeds with algorithmic precision. (extremetech.com)
  • region
  • This is the region of the brain wherein "Mentalese", a term coined by Steven Pinker to explain the brain's language that translates itself into written and spoken language, is processed. (wikipedia.org)
  • regions
  • One such map, called a connectogram, depicts cortical regions around a circle, organized by lobes. (wikipedia.org)